Trivia Quiz On Range Of Motion Exercises!

23 Questions | Total Attempts: 783

SettingsSettingsSettings
Please wait...
Joint Quizzes & Trivia

The Range of Motion is the measurement of movement around a specific joint or body part which is measured by a physical therapist using a device called Goniometer. It is basically a painless procedure. There is a list of 23 basic and hard questions that are designed to assist in learning the basics in "Range Of Motion". So, let's try out the quiz. All the best!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The definition of RANGE OF MOTION (ROM) is
    • A. 

      The amount of strength that occurs at a joint.

    • B. 

      Amount of movement that occurs at a joint

  • 2. 
    Is this statement true of false: "Norms are sensitive enough to reflect differences based on age, gender, occupation or sociocultural considerations"
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 3. 
    True of false: X-ray vs. goniometric measures have Low correlation which provides concurrent or congruent validity
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 4. 
    A/An __________ is standard tool of joint measurement
    • A. 

      X-ray

    • B. 

      Goniometer

    • C. 

      Compass

    • D. 

      Arthrometer

  • 5. 
    Match the definitions with the meanings 1) PROM: _ 2) AROM: _ 3) AAROM: _ 4) FROM: _ A.)Arc of motion through which a joint passes when moved by an outside force B)amount of motion necessary to perform essential activities of daily living without adaptation or equipment C)Arc of motion through which a joint passes when moved INITIALLY by muscles then COMPLETED by an outside force D.)arc of motion through which a joint passes when moved by muscles acting on the joint
    • A. 

      D,B,A,C

    • B. 

      C,B,A,D

    • C. 

      A,D,C,B

    • D. 

      A,C,D,B

  • 6. 
    The Fulcrum is:
    • A. 

      The rivet of the goniometer

    • B. 

      Used to described the amount of pressure used to position a clients U.E in order to measure AAROM.

  • 7. 
    GONIOMETRIC PLACEMENT: which is correct.
    • A. 

      1)Moveable arm: is placed on a specific bony landmark; may move throughout range of movement- (2)Fulcrum : lies parallel to the longitudinal axis (fulcrum) of the FIXED distal joint or will point toward a distal bony prominence (3)Stationary arm  lies parallel to the longitudinal axis of the MOVING distal joint segment and./or points toward the proximal bony prominence

    • B. 

      (1)Fulcrum: is placed on a specific bony landmark; may move throughout range of movement- (2)Stationary arm : lies parallel to the longitudinal axis (fulcrum) of the FIXED proximal joint or will point toward a distal bony prominence (3)Moveable arm lies parallel to the longitudinal axis of the MOVING distal joint segment and./or points toward the distal bony prominence

    • C. 

      (1)Stationary arm: is placed on a specific bony landmark; may move throughout range of movement- (2)Fulcrum : lies parallel to the longitudinal axis (fulcrum) of the FIXED proximal joint or will point toward a distal bony prominence (3)Moveable arm  lies parallel to the longitudinal axis of the MOVING distal joint segment and./or points toward the distal bony prominence

    • D. 

      (1)Stationary arm: is placed on a specific bony landmark; may move throughout range of movement- (2)Fulcrum : lies parallel to the longitudinal axis (fulcrum) of the Moving proximal joint or will point toward a distal bony prominence (3)Moveable arm lies parallel to the longitudinal axis of the FIXED distal joint segment and./or points toward the distal bony prominence

  • 8. 
    Two systems used when recording ROM results are:
    • A. 

      Metric and English (Most common)

    • B. 

      180 degree (most common)and 360 degree

    • C. 

      Acute (more common) and obtuse

    • D. 

      O.S and D.O.S

  • 9. 
    Used to describe which system when recording ROM results: "neutral zero or starting position is with body in anatomical position with the zero position toward the feet, body is in plane in which motion occurs; system most widely adopted (AMA, ASHT, etc.)"
    • A. 

      180 degree system

    • B. 

      360 degree system

  • 10. 
    Used to describe which system when recording ROM results: "zero starting position is overhead with the arc of motion related to a full circle"
    • A. 

      180 degree system

    • B. 

      360 degree system

  • 11. 
    -13/135 elbow flexion would be stated as
    • A. 

      Hyperextension measurements

    • B. 

      13 additional degrees of extension available past the zero starting point and that there was 135 degrees of flexion

    • C. 

      As lacking 13 degrees of extension but having 135 degrees of flexion

  • 12. 
    True or false: PROM is generally GREATER than AROM
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 13. 
    PROM provides information on/is
    • A. 

      More objective due to motion is controlled by the examiners

    • B. 

      How much dead weight the therapist can lift

    • C. 

      the integrity of the articular surfaces, the extensibility of the joint capsule, ligaments and muscles

    • D. 

      Both A and C

  • 14. 
    FACTORS INFLUENCING RANGE OF MOTION (ROM) include
    • A. 

      Subject,Psychological and Psychosocial,Environmental Skeletal and Methodological and Measurement Factors

    • B. 

      Adl's, work, play, leisure,social,cultural

    • C. 

      The time of day, how much swelling a patient has at time of therapy,type of injury, how lubricated the joint is.

  • 15. 
    The_________factor/s that influence ROM include: May vary due to genetic predisposition Hyper (more) or Hypo (less) mobility Overall health of the client Joint disease, injury, edema, pain, skin tightness, scarring, muscle/tendon shortening, weakness, muscle tone abnormalities, excess adipose tissue Age and gender Decreased ROM with increased age Greater flexibility in females Level of effort and/or cooperation during testing
    • A. 

      Subject

    • B. 

      Psychological and Psychosocial

    • C. 

      Environmental

    • D. 

      Skeletal

    • E. 

      Methodological and Measurement Factors

  • 16. 
    The_________factor/s that influence ROM include: Motivation to move Fear of injury or re-injury Anxiety and Stress Level of cooperation Level of cognition
    • A. 

      Skeletal

    • B. 

      Subject

    • C. 

      Psychological and Psychosocial

    • D. 

      Environmental

    • E. 

      Methodological and Measurement Factors

  • 17. 
    The_________factor/s that influence ROM include: Temperature Noise Level # of people in the room Time of day
    • A. 

      Environmental

    • B. 

      Skeletal

    • C. 

      Methodological and Measurement

    • D. 

      Psychological and Psychosocial

    • E. 

      Subject

  • 18. 
    The_________factor/s that influence ROM include: Characteristics of bones Hardest of all connective tissue types Structure of joints
    • A. 

      Methodological and measurement

    • B. 

      Skeletal

    • C. 

      Environmental

    • D. 

      Subject

    • E. 

      Psychological and psychosocial

  • 19. 
    The_________factor/s that influence ROM include: Affects the precision of measurement, accuracy/stability of results and worth of test to functional activities Instrument used Experience of tester Stabilization Axis Goniometer placement Posture Instructions
    • A. 

      Skeletal

    • B. 

      Methodological and measurement

    • C. 

      Environmental

    • D. 

      Psychosocial & psychological

    • E. 

      Subject

  • 20. 
    A ________End Feel is described by the following: Soft end feel found in soft tissue (e.g.: knee/elbow/CMC thumb flexion) Firm end feel found in muscular, capsular or ligamentous stretch (e.g.: Scapular elevation/depression/abduction/adduction/rotation, Shoulder extension, internal/external rotation, horizontal abduction/adduction, Wrist flexion/extension, radial/ulnar deviation, Digit MCP/CMC extension of thumb, PIP extension, DIP flexion/extension of thumb) Hard End Feel found in bone against bone (e.g.: elbow extension, forearm pronation, PIP flexion and MCP flexion of thumb)
    • A. 

      Physiologic (NORMAL)

    • B. 

      Pathological

  • 21. 
    A ________End Feel is described by the following: Soft end feel  occurs during ROM, found in joints normally firm or hard; feels BOGGY (e.g.: synovitis, edema) Firm end feel found in joints normally soft or hard (e.g.: increased tone, capsular, muscular or ligamentous shortening) Hard end feel found in joints normally soft or firm/ bony grating or blocked feel (e.g.: osteoarthritis, Chondromalacia, loose bodies in joint, fractures, Myositis Ossificans) Empty end feel ROM never reached due to pain; no resistance (e.g.: acute joint inflammation, Bursitis, far fractures abscesses, Psychogenic)
    • A. 

      Physiologic (NORMAL)

    • B. 

      Pathological

  • 22. 
    Contraindications of ROM include: 1.) Dislocation or unhealed fracture 2.)Immediately following surgery to tendons, ligaments, muscle joint capsules or skin 3.)In the presence of Myositis Ossificans
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 23. 
    Identify all the precautions for ROM. (Check more than one letter)
    • A. 

      Regions of marked osteoporosis In assessment of hypermobile or subluxed joints

    • B. 

      Client has a fever, and osteoarthritis is suspected

    • C. 

      in painful conditions where ROM may increase suffering in people with hemophilia

    • D. 

      In regions of hematomas, especially elbows, hips and/or knees in assessing joints if bony ankylosis is suspected Immediately after injury with soft tissue damage

    • E. 

      Use extra care in presence of infectious or inflamed joints Client on pain or muscle relaxants; may mask pain response to too vigorous ROM