Psychology Final Exam

59 Questions | Total Attempts: 793

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Psychology Final Exam

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    A complex behavior that has a fixed pattern throughout a species and is unlearned. 
    • A. 

      Motivation

    • B. 

      Instinct

    • C. 

      Drive-Reduction Theory

    • D. 

      Personality

  • 2. 
    Division of the nervous system that arouses the body in times of stress. If something alarms you, this nervous system will accelerate your heartbeat, blood pressure, etc, getting you ready for action.
    • A. 

      Parasympathetic Nervous System

    • B. 

      Pscyhonalaysis

    • C. 

      Sympathetic Nervous System

    • D. 

      Autonomic Nervous System

  • 3. 
    Order Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs from least to greatest:
    • A. 

      Belongingness and love need, safety needs, Physiological needs, esteem needs, self-actualization needs, self-transcendence needs.

    • B. 

      Physiological needs, esteem needs, belongingness and love needs, safety needs, self-actualization needs, self-transcendence needs.

    • C. 

      Physiological needs, safety needs, belongingness and love needs, esteem needs, self-transcendence needs, self-actualization needs.

    • D. 

      Physiological needs, safety needs, belongingness and love needs, esteem needs, self-actualization needs, self-transcendence needs.

  • 4. 
    A need or desire that energizes and directs behavior.
    • A. 

      Motivation

    • B. 

      Instinct

    • C. 

      Social Psychology

    • D. 

      Personality

  • 5. 
    A person's characteristic pattern of thinking, feeling and acting.
    • A. 

      Social Psychology

    • B. 

      Id

    • C. 

      Personaity

    • D. 

      Openness

  • 6. 
    A balanced internal state.
    • A. 

      Hierarchy of Needs

    • B. 

      Homeostasis

    • C. 

      Instinct

    • D. 

      Social Faciliation

  • 7. 
    Traits peculiar to an individual. 
  • 8. 
    Division of the nervous system that calms the body by conserving energy, decreasing your heartbeat, lowering blood pressure, blood sugar, etc. 
  • 9. 
    ______ theory of personality that attributes thoughts and actions to unconscious motives and conflicts. This psychologist established it during the Victorian era. 
    • A. 

      Freud; Psychoanalysis

    • B. 

      Freud; Psychosocial

    • C. 

      Maslow; Humanistic

    • D. 

      Bandura; The Big 5 Theory

  • 10. 
    Maslow's pyramids of human needs, beginning with physiological needs and then moving up to higher-level psychological needs.
  • 11. 
    Entails being imaginative, independent, and preferring variety.
    • A. 

      Conscientiousness

    • B. 

      Openness

    • C. 

      Extraversion

    • D. 

      Agreeableness

    • E. 

      Neuroticism

  • 12. 
    Unconscious energy that cares nothing about the outside world. It only wants to satisfy basic drives to survive, reproduce, and aggress. It operates on the pleasure principle, meaning it seeks instant gratification. It is considered the "devil" of personality. 
    • A. 

      Id

    • B. 

      Ego

    • C. 

      Superego

  • 13. 
    When we overestimate the influence of personality and underestimate the influence of situations. 
    • A. 

      Reaction Formation

    • B. 

      Displacement

    • C. 

      Personal Disposition

    • D. 

      Fundamental Attribution Error

  • 14. 
    The idea that a physiological need creates an aroused tension state (drive) that motives organisms to satisfy those needs.
    • A. 

      Instinct

    • B. 

      Drive-Reduction Theory

    • C. 

      Motivation

    • D. 

      Psychoanalysis

  • 15. 
    Stronger responses on simple or well-learned tasks in the presence of others. When an athlete does more well in a sport because he believes people are “watching” him. 
    • A. 

      Social Facilitation

    • B. 

      Social Loafing

    • C. 

      Bystander Effect

    • D. 

      Situational Influence

  • 16. 
    When one retreats to a more infantile stage, where some psychic energy remains fixated. A little boy sucks on his thumb for oral comfort because it’s the first day of school.
    • A. 

      Regression

    • B. 

      Reaction Formation

    • C. 

      Projection

    • D. 

      Displacement

  • 17. 
    The conscious "exectutive" of personality that mediates between the id and the superego. Allows us to do what's appropriate in the real world. It is considered the "mediator". 
    • A. 

      Id

    • B. 

      Ego

    • C. 

      Superego

  • 18. 
    When we ___________________ or when we are unable to control our environment, we become more susceptible to _______. Workers with more stressful jobs will usually die more often and quicker than those who don’t. The more control workers have, the ____________.
    • A. 

      Perceive a loss of control; illness; shorter they live

    • B. 

      Illness; perceive a loss of control; longer they live

    • C. 

      Perceive a loss of control; illness; longer they live

  • 19. 
    Patterns of thoughts, feelings, or action that are deviant, distressful, and dysfunctional.
    • A. 

      Deviant

    • B. 

      Psychological Disorder

    • C. 

      Biopsychosocial Approach

    • D. 

      Social Phobia

  • 20. 
    When people put less effort into things because they are working in a group. When a group of people are hosting a carwash and one person just watches others do the work while he stands there doing nothing.
    • A. 

      Social Facilitation

    • B. 

      Bystander Effect

    • C. 

      Social Loafing

    • D. 

      Conformity

  • 21. 
    Switching unacceptable impulses into their opposites. Holding back angry feelings or someone being exaggeratingly friendly. 
    • A. 

      Regression

    • B. 

      Reaction Formation

    • C. 

      Projection

    • D. 

      Displacement

  • 22. 
    In women who experienced ________ after caregiving for children with disorders, studies found that their telomeres ________. So stress causes telomeres to shorten, which may be why stressed people always look ______ than they actually are.
    • A. 

      Stress; got longer; older

    • B. 

      Stress; shortened; younger

    • C. 

      Stress; shortened; older

    • D. 

      Loneliness; shortened; younger

  • 23. 
    Helps us name and describe psychological disorders using a 5 axis criteria. 
    • A. 

      DSM-IV

    • B. 

      DSM-IV IR

    • C. 

      DSM-IV TR

    • D. 

      DSM-V TR

  • 24. 
    The tendency for any given bystander to be less likely to give aid to someone if other bystanders are around as well. 
    • A. 

      Social Facilitation

    • B. 

      Bystander Effect

    • C. 

      Social Loafing

    • D. 

      GAD

  • 25. 
    Therapy that prescribes medication or procedures that act directly on a person's physiology.
    • A. 

      Psychoanalysis

    • B. 

      Cognitive Therapy

    • C. 

      Counterconditioning

    • D. 

      Biomedical Therapy

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