PSY3041- Quiz 2

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| By Catherine Antcliff
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Catherine Antcliff
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Quizzes Created: 5 | Total Attempts: 5,245
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PSY3041- Quiz 2 - Quiz

Have you been studying? It’s time to find out if it was enough, as we delve into this exam on psychology – which looks at the science of behaviour and mind in this multifaceted discipline. How many can you get right?


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Q1. You are interested in developing a test for social adjustment in a college fraternity or sorority. You begin by interviewing persons who had graduated from college after having been a member of a fraternity or sorority for at least 2 years. Which stage of test development BEST describes the stage you are in?

    • A.

      A. the test-tryout stage

    • B.

      B. the pilot work stage

    • C.

      C. the test construction stage

    • D.

      D. none of these

    Correct Answer
    B. B. the pilot work stage
    Explanation
    The given correct answer, "b. the pilot work stage," is the best description for the stage the person is in. In this stage, the person is conducting interviews with individuals who have graduated from college after being a member of a fraternity or sorority for at least 2 years. This is a preliminary phase where the test is being tried out or piloted to gather information and feedback before further development. It helps in identifying any issues or areas of improvement in the test before it is finalized and used on a larger scale.

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  • 2. 

    Q2. A test item written in a multiple choice format has three elements. Which of these following is NOT on of those elements?

    • A.

      A. foil

    • B.

      B. stem

    • C.

      C. leaf

    • D.

      D. correct option

    Correct Answer
    C. C. leaf
    Explanation
    The question asks which of the following is NOT one of the three elements of a test item written in a multiple choice format. The options provided are "foil," "stem," "leaf," and "correct option." The correct answer is "c. leaf" because "leaf" is not one of the elements typically found in a multiple choice question. The elements of a multiple choice question usually include the "foil" (distractor), "stem" (question or problem), and "correct option" (the correct answer).

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  • 3. 

     Q3. As part of the test development process, a test revision may entail

    • A.

      A. re-wording, deletion, or development of new items

    • B.

      B. development of a new edition of a test

    • C.

      C. reprinting of a test

    • D.

      D. both a and b

    Correct Answer
    D. D. both a and b
    Explanation
    A test revision may entail re-wording, deletion, or development of new items, as well as the development of a new edition of a test. This means that when revising a test, changes can be made to the wording of existing questions, removing questions that are no longer relevant or effective, and creating new questions. Additionally, a new edition of the test may be developed, which could involve significant changes to the content, structure, or format of the test. Therefore, both options a and b are correct.

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  • 4. 

    Q4. Ideally, psychological or educational tests are revised

    • A.

      A. every decade

    • B.

      B. when the test is no longer useful

    • C.

      C. as a function of annual test sales

    • D.

      D. none of these

    Correct Answer
    B. B. when the test is no longer useful
    Explanation
    Psychological or educational tests are ideally revised when they are no longer useful. This means that when the test no longer accurately measures what it is intended to measure or fails to provide relevant and reliable information, it should be revised. Regular revisions are necessary to ensure that the test remains valid and effective in assessing the targeted psychological or educational constructs. This helps to maintain the quality and usefulness of the test over time.

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  • 5. 

    Q5. An item bank is

    • A.

      A. a test item not currently in use

    • B.

      B. the optimum combination of reliability and validity in an item

    • C.

      C. a set of items from which a test can be constructed

    • D.

      D. a statistical “Keogh plan” for data relating to high and low scores on a test

    Correct Answer
    C. C. a set of items from which a test can be constructed
    Explanation
    An item bank refers to a collection or set of items that can be used to construct a test. It includes a variety of test items, such as multiple-choice questions, true/false statements, or open-ended questions, that cover different topics or skills. These items are stored in the item bank and can be selected and combined to create different versions of a test. The purpose of an item bank is to provide a pool of items that can be used to assess knowledge or skills in a standardized and reliable manner.

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  • 6. 

    Q6. Ideally, the first draft of a test should include at least how many items as compared with the final version of the test?

    • A.

      A. about twice the number of the final version

    • B.

      B. about half the number of the final version

    • C.

      C. about three times the number of the final version

    • D.

      D. roughly the same number as the final version

    Correct Answer
    A. A. about twice the number of the final version
    Explanation
    Ideally, the first draft of a test should include about twice the number of items as compared with the final version. This is because the first draft allows for the inclusion of extra items that can be reviewed, revised, and potentially eliminated during the editing process. Including more items in the first draft provides flexibility and ensures that the final version of the test is well-curated and accurately assesses the intended content or skills.

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  • 7. 

    Q7. In creating a test designed to measure personality constructs, the test developer’s first step would BEST be to 

    • A.

      A. determine which item would lead to socially desirable responses

    • B.

      B. create a large pool of potential items

    • C.

      C. define the construct or constructs being measured

    • D.

      D. select a representative sample of test takers for test tryout

    Correct Answer
    C. C. define the construct or constructs being measured
    Explanation
    The test developer's first step in creating a test designed to measure personality constructs would be to define the construct or constructs being measured. This is important because it provides a clear understanding of what aspects of personality the test is intended to assess. Defining the construct or constructs helps the test developer in creating relevant and valid test items that accurately measure the intended personality traits. Without a clear definition of the constructs being measured, it would be difficult to create an effective and reliable personality test.

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  • 8. 

    Q8. A close friend, who is now a beauty school dropout is hear to complain: “I spent all night studying “Shampoo” for the final examination and there was not a single question on that subject!” As a budding expert in testing an assessment you hear that complaint as:

    • A.

      A. “I have a problem with that test’s content validity!”

    • B.

      B. “There was excessive error variance in the test administration procedures!”

    • C.

      C. “The instructor should have paid more attention to the test’s construct validity!”

    • D.

      D. “Now I am going to have to reconsider a career as a tanning technician!”

    Correct Answer
    A. A. “I have a problem with that test’s content validity!”
    Explanation
    The friend's complaint suggests that they studied a specific subject, "Shampoo," for the final examination, but there were no questions on that topic. This indicates a problem with the test's content validity, as the test did not adequately cover the material that was supposed to be assessed.

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  • 9. 

    Q9.  With regard to the test revision process, it typically

    • A.

      A. takes about a year to complete

    • B.

      B. includes all of the steps the initial test development includes

    • C.

      C. is much less expensive than the original development of a test

    • D.

      D. all of these

    Correct Answer
    B. B. includes all of the steps the initial test development includes
    Explanation
    The correct answer is b. The test revision process includes all of the steps that the initial test development includes. This means that when revising a test, all the necessary steps such as item writing, item review, pilot testing, and standard setting are repeated to ensure the validity and reliability of the revised test. This ensures that the revised test is as rigorous and accurate as the original test.

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  • 10. 

    Q10. Factor analysis can help the test developer

    • A.

      A. to eliminate or revise items that do not load on the predicted factor

    • B.

      B. to identify whether the test items appear to be measuring the same construct

    • C.

      C. both a and b

    • D.

      D. none of these

    Correct Answer
    C. C. both a and b
    Explanation
    Factor analysis is a statistical technique used to identify underlying factors or dimensions in a set of variables. By analyzing the relationships between variables, factor analysis can help the test developer in two ways. Firstly, it can identify items that do not load on the predicted factor, meaning they are not measuring the intended construct and may need to be eliminated or revised. Secondly, it can determine whether the test items appear to be measuring the same construct, ensuring the test's validity and reliability. Therefore, both options a and b are correct.

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  • 11. 

    Q11. So-called ‘smiley face’ scales may be used with

    • A.

      A. young children

    • B.

      B. adolescents who have limited language skills

    • C.

      C. adults who have limited language skills

    • D.

      D. all of these

    Correct Answer
    D. D. all of these
    Explanation
    Smiley face scales are a visual representation of a person's feelings or experiences, using a series of smiley faces with different expressions. These scales are often used as a tool for assessing and measuring emotions or pain levels. They are particularly useful for individuals who may have limited language skills, such as young children or adults with communication difficulties. Therefore, smiley face scales can be used with young children, adolescents who have limited language skills, and adults who have limited language skills. Hence, the correct answer is d. all of these.

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  • 12. 

     Q12. Pilot work refers to the

    • A.

      A. job of someone whose responsibility it is to fly an airplane, jet, or space vehicle

    • B.

      B. preliminary research entailed in finalizing the form of a test

    • C.

      C. efforts of the lead researcher on a test development team

    • D.

      D. preliminary research conducted prior to the stage of test construction

    Correct Answer
    D. D. preliminary research conducted prior to the stage of test construction
    Explanation
    Pilot work refers to the preliminary research conducted prior to the stage of test construction. This means that before designing and creating a test, researchers conduct preliminary research to gather information, identify variables, and test the feasibility of the test design. This pilot work helps researchers refine and improve the test design before it is finalized and administered to participants. It allows them to identify potential issues or limitations and make necessary adjustments to ensure the validity and reliability of the test.

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  • 13. 

    Q13. As with the use of other rating scales, the use of Likert scales typically yields _________ -level data

    • A.

      A. nominal

    • B.

      B. ordinal

    • C.

      C. interval

    • D.

      D. ratio

    Correct Answer
    B. B. ordinal
    Explanation
    The use of Likert scales typically yields ordinal-level data. This is because Likert scales measure the degree of agreement or disagreement with a statement or the frequency of a behavior on a scale with multiple response options. These response options are typically ordered from least to most agreement or from least to most frequency. However, Likert scales do not have equal intervals between the response options, which is a characteristic of interval or ratio-level data. Therefore, the data obtained from Likert scales is considered ordinal, where responses can be ranked but not measured on a continuous scale.

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  • 14. 

    Q14. The idea for a new test may come from

    • A.

      A. social need

    • B.

      B. review of the available literature

    • C.

      C. common sense appeal

    • D.

      D. all of these

    Correct Answer
    D. D. all of these
    Explanation
    The idea for a new test may come from a variety of sources. It can be driven by a social need, where there is a demand for a test to address a specific problem or issue. It can also be inspired by a review of the available literature, where researchers identify gaps or areas that need further investigation. Additionally, common sense appeal can play a role, where individuals may intuitively recognize the need for a new test based on their own observations or experiences. Therefore, all of these factors can contribute to the generation of a new test idea.

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  • 15. 

    Q15. To increase the precision of a test, test developers may have

    • A.

      A. increase the number of items

    • B.

      B. increase the number of response options

    • C.

      C. both A and B

    • D.

      D. none of these

    Correct Answer
    C. C. both A and B
    Explanation
    To increase the precision of a test, test developers may increase the number of items and/or increase the number of response options. By increasing the number of items, the test can cover a wider range of content and provide more opportunities for accurate assessment. Increasing the number of response options can help differentiate between different levels of knowledge or skill, leading to more precise measurement. Therefore, both options A and B can contribute to increasing the precision of a test.

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  • 16. 

    Q16. Test items that contain alternatives with five points ranging from ‘strongly agree’ to ‘strongly disagree’ are characterized as using the approach to scaling

    • A.

      A. Guttman scaling

    • B.

      B. Likert scaling

    • C.

      C. Nielson scaling

    • D.

      D. Opinion scaling

    Correct Answer
    B. B. Likert scaling
    Explanation
    Test items that contain alternatives with five points ranging from 'strongly agree' to 'strongly disagree' are characterized as using the approach to scaling called Likert scaling. Likert scaling is a commonly used method in survey research where respondents are asked to indicate their level of agreement or disagreement with a series of statements. The responses are then assigned numerical values and analyzed to measure attitudes or opinions. This type of scaling allows for a quantitative analysis of subjective data.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Jun 10, 2015
    Quiz Created by
    Catherine Antcliff
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