Psych 111 Practice Test

48 Questions | Total Attempts: 604

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Psychology Quizzes & Trivia

A practice test for Psych 111's first test (Chapters 1 and 2). Meant for personal, private use only.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Critical thinking is:
    • A. 

      Questioning everything you read or hear and refusing to believe anything you have not seen for yourself

    • B. 

      Criticizing the way other people think

    • C. 

      Becoming an authority on everything so you don't need to rely on other's judgements

    • D. 

      Using specific thinking skills to reach reasonable conclusions

  • 2. 
    • A. 

      The mind cannot adapt to new surroundings

    • B. 

      A new mathematical revolution is energizing research

    • C. 

      The brain and mind are inseparable

    • D. 

      We often are unaware of the multiple influences on how we think, feel and act

    • E. 

      Nature and nurture act independently

  • 3. 
    In Psychological science, evolutionary theory emphasizes the inherited, adaptive value of behavior.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 4. 
    The social level of psychological analysis focuses on:
    • A. 

      Thoughts, actions and behaviors in different cultural groups

    • B. 

      Perception and cognition behavior

    • C. 

      Genetics

    • D. 

      Interpersonal behavior

  • 5. 
    What marked the beginning of Experimental Psychology?
    • A. 

      Aptitude tests of the Han Dynasty

    • B. 

      Ancient Greeks and Galen's Humors

    • C. 

      Structuralism

    • D. 

      Introspection

  • 6. 
    Gestalt Psychology says that the experience is equal to the sum of its parts.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 7. 
    Which of the following psychologists did not support structuralism?
    • A. 

      William James

    • B. 

      Wilhelm Wundt

    • C. 

      Edward Titchener

  • 8. 
    What influential book of Psychology did William James publish in 1890?
    • A. 

      A System of Logic

    • B. 

      On the Origin of Species

    • C. 

      Cognitive Psychology

    • D. 

      Principles of Psychology

  • 9. 
    A "stream of consciousness" refers to:
    • A. 

      The progression of psychological research

    • B. 

      An ever changing, continuous series of thoughts

    • C. 

      A river in Consciousness, Alabama

    • D. 

      The way the scientific method works

  • 10. 
    The approach that functions of the mind, rather than the elements of the mind should be the focus of psychology is known as cognitive psychology.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 11. 
    • A. 

      Emphasis on the unconcious

    • B. 

      Opposed to structuralism

    • C. 

      Perception is based on context and patterns

    • D. 

      Perceptions of objects are objective

    • E. 

      We organize our experiences randomly

  • 12. 
    The Law of Continuity states that elements with the same moving direction are perceived as a collective or unit.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 13. 
    Sigmund Freud pioneered the psychological field of:
  • 14. 
    Behaviorism was first proposed by:
    • A. 

      Sigmund Freud

    • B. 

      BF Skinner

    • C. 

      John B. Watson

    • D. 

      George A. Miller

    • E. 

      Ivan Pavlov

  • 15. 
    According to Behaviorism, what is most important:
    • A. 

      Conscious and Unconscious processes

    • B. 

      Stimulus and Response

    • C. 

      Higher order mental functions

    • D. 

      Structure of the mind

  • 16. 
    Cognitive Psychology is modeled after what?
    • A. 

      Computers

    • B. 

      Organs of the brain that control specific functions

    • C. 

      BF Skinner's haircut

    • D. 

      Similarity of thoughts

  • 17. 
    CBT stands for:
  • 18. 
    Which of the following are not Law(s) of Pragnanz?
    • A. 

      Law of Closure

    • B. 

      Law of Large Numbers

    • C. 

      Law of Similarity

    • D. 

      Law of Proximity

    • E. 

      Law of Continuity

    • F. 

      Law of Common Fate

  • 19. 
    A theory of Psychology, based in Physiology, now known to be extremely flawed, is known as:
  • 20. 
    The person who started Phrenology was:
    • A. 

      Ivan Pavlov

    • B. 

      Carl Rogers

    • C. 

      Francis Gall

    • D. 

      Luke Fon Fabre

    • E. 

      Abraham Maslow

  • 21. 
    The cognitive model says that a situation produces __________ which lead(s) to _________.
    • A. 

      A stimulus, response

    • B. 

      Automatic thoughts, reaction

    • C. 

      Rational thoughts, reaction

    • D. 

      Impulse, response

  • 22. 
    The cognitive triad consists of which of the following:
    • A. 

      Negative view of self

    • B. 

      Negative view of science

    • C. 

      Negative view of world

    • D. 

      Negative view of God

    • E. 

      Negative view of the future

  • 23. 
    An example of an Automatic Thought is catastrophizing.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 24. 
    A hypothesis is an interconnected idea or model of behavior.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 25. 
    Which are common problems of Psychological research?
    • A. 

      Direction of variable relationships

    • B. 

      Correlational reasonings (correlation does not imply causation)

    • C. 

      Third variables

    • D. 

      Observer bias

  • 26. 
    The independent variable is:
    • A. 

      The variable that is affected by manipulation of the dependent variable

    • B. 

      The variable that is manipulated to affect the dependent variable

    • C. 

      A variable that may or may not be working unknown to change the experiment

    • D. 

      A lie made up by the government

  • 27. 
    An important characteristic of a Dependent Variable is:
    • A. 

      There may be more than one of them

    • B. 

      They must be under the direct control of the researcher

    • C. 

      The variable cannot fail

    • D. 

      The variable must be possible to fail

  • 28. 
    The group you want to know about is called the:
    • A. 

      Sample

    • B. 

      Population

    • C. 

      Popular kids

  • 29. 
    The Law of Large Numbers state:
    • A. 

      The larger number of $20 bills you have, the happier you are

    • B. 

      The more people from one ethnic group in population, the more accurate it is

    • C. 

      The more people in a sample, the more accurate.

    • D. 

      The more monkeys typing on a computer, the more likely they are to type Shakespeare's work

  • 30. 
    Errors that cancel each other out are called systematic errors.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 31. 
    • A. 

      EEG

    • B. 

      TMS

    • C. 

      MRI

    • D. 

      FMRI

    • E. 

      PET

  • 32. 
    Confidentiality means collecting no personal information.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 33. 
    Indicate which quality of good data is violated by the following description.A booth at the local carnival announces the discovery of a new way to assess intelligence. The assessment method involves interpreting the patterns of creases on one's left palm.
    • A. 

      Accuracy

    • B. 

      Reliability

    • C. 

      Validity

  • 34. 
    Indicate which quality of good data is violated by the following description.At the end of a long night of grading, a professor reads what he believes to be the last essay in the pile. He assigns it a grade of 80%. When he goes to write the grade on the back of the paper, he realizes he has already graded the paper earlier this evening- and only gave it a 70% the first time around.
    • A. 

      Accuracy

    • B. 

      Reliability

    • C. 

      Validity

  • 35. 
    Indicate which quality of good data is violated by the following description.A five-year-old counts the jelly beans in a jar, often skipping over numbers ending in 8 (e.g. 8, 18, 28).
    • A. 

      Accuracy

    • B. 

      Reliability

    • C. 

      Validity

  • 36. 
    What denotes a strong relationship?
    • A. 

      A correlation near +1

    • B. 

      A correlation near -1

    • C. 

      A correlation near zero

    • D. 

      A correlation near +1 or -1

  • 37. 
    Which is not a form of Response performance?
    • A. 

      Stimulus judgments

    • B. 

      Response accuracy

    • C. 

      Response reliability

    • D. 

      Reaction time

  • 38. 
    Anything that affects a dependent variable and may unintentionally vary between the experimental conditions of a study is known as a
  • 39. 
    Meta-analyses provide stronger evidence than single studies.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 40. 
    When groups are not equivalent because participants differ between conditions in unexpected ways, the condition is known as:
  • 41. 
    The only way to make groups equivalency more likely is random assignment.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 42. 
    Research subjects behaving differently because they know they are being watched is know as _______. (AKA the Hawthorne effect).
    • A. 

      Observer Bias

    • B. 

      Observational Technique

    • C. 

      Reactivity

    • D. 

      Poorly handled research

  • 43. 
    Double blinding (where the observer is unaware of who is in the control group and who is in the experimental group) is used to eliminate which of the following:
    • A. 

      Observer Bias

    • B. 

      Experimenter expectancy effect

    • C. 

      Variables

    • D. 

      BC Lions fumbling the football

  • 44. 
    Naturalistic Observation is where a researcher is involved in a situation.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 45. 
    Cross sectional studies compare different groups to make inferences about both while longitudinal studies involve observing changes that occur in the same people over time.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 46. 
    Name differences between Common Sense and scientific thinking. (Question not graded, explanation contains answer)
  • 47. 
    Identify the independent variable, dependent variable and mode of operationalization in a study summary (Question not graded, answer in explanation).
  • 48.