This Is A Super Interesting Psychology Quiz!

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This Is A Super Interesting Psychology Quiz! - Quiz

Psychology is the science of mind and behavior. Psychology includes the study of conscious and unconscious phenomena, as well as feeling and thought. It is an academic discipline of immense scope.
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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Which researchers advanced the principle of homogamy?

    • A.

      Sampson and Lauritsen

    • B.

      Cullen and Fisher

    • C.

      Clarke and Cornish

    • D.

      Felson and Cohen

    Correct Answer
    A. Sampson and Lauritsen
    Explanation
    Sampson and Lauritsen advanced the principle of homogamy. Homogamy refers to the tendency for individuals to form relationships with others who are similar to them in terms of characteristics such as age, education, and social background. Sampson and Lauritsen likely conducted research or developed theories that provided evidence or explanations for why homogamy occurs in relationships.

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  • 2. 

    Who developed the general strain theory?

    • A.

      Robin Engel

    • B.

      Erving Goffman

    • C.

      Hans von Hentig

    • D.

      Robert Agnew

    Correct Answer
    D. Robert Agnew
    Explanation
    Robert Agnew developed the general strain theory. The general strain theory is a criminological theory that suggests that individuals engage in criminal behavior as a response to the strain or stress they experience in their lives. This strain can come from various sources, such as the failure to achieve goals, the removal of positive stimuli, or the presence of negative stimuli. Agnew's theory expands on previous strain theories by incorporating a wider range of strains and emphasizing the role of negative emotions in motivating criminal behavior.

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  • 3. 

    What theory can explain why some drug dealers experience property victimization?

    • A.

      Biosocial explanations

    • B.

      Dynamic causal perspective

    • C.

      Victim-rationality perspective

    • D.

      Routine activities and lifestyles theory

    Correct Answer
    D. Routine activities and lifestyles theory
    Explanation
    The routine activities and lifestyles theory suggests that drug dealers who engage in illegal activities are more likely to experience property victimization because their involvement in the drug trade exposes them to higher levels of risk. This theory argues that the convergence of three elements - a motivated offender, a suitable target, and the absence of a capable guardian - increases the likelihood of criminal victimization. In the context of drug dealers, their involvement in the drug trade makes them attractive targets for theft or robbery, and their illegal activities may also deter potential guardians from protecting them.

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  • 4. 

    What does the population heterogeneity perspective state?

    • A.

      Victimization and offending are not related

    • B.

      Victimization and offending both stem from risk lifestyles

    • C.

      Victimization and offending both stem from biological factors

    • D.

      Victimization and offending both are related to personality characteristics or environmental factors

    Correct Answer
    D. Victimization and offending both are related to personality characteristics or environmental factors
    Explanation
    The population heterogeneity perspective states that both victimization and offending are related to either personality characteristics or environmental factors. This means that individuals who have certain personality traits or who are exposed to certain environmental factors are more likely to both be victims of crime and engage in criminal behavior themselves. This perspective suggests that there are underlying factors that contribute to both victimization and offending, rather than them being unrelated or stemming solely from risk lifestyles or biological factors.

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  • 5. 

    Victims are said to experience ______ when they feel that responding to victimizations is useless.

    • A.

      Learned helplessness

    • B.

      Self-blame

    • C.

      PTSD

    • D.

      Anxiety

    Correct Answer
    A. Learned helplessness
    Explanation
    Learned helplessness refers to a psychological state in which individuals feel powerless and believe that their actions will not have any effect on their situation. In the context of the question, victims experiencing learned helplessness would feel that responding to victimizations is useless because they believe that their efforts will not make a difference. This can lead to a sense of resignation and passivity in the face of victimization.

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  • 6. 

    ______ is the most common reason victims report for why they did not report a crime to police.

    • A.

      Private or personal matter

    • B.

      Fear 

    • C.

      Involvement

    • D.

      Unsuccessful crime/property returned

    Correct Answer
    A. Private or personal matter
    Explanation
    Many victims choose not to report a crime to the police because they consider it a private or personal matter. They may feel that involving the police would bring unwanted attention or scrutiny to their personal lives. Additionally, they may believe that they can handle the situation on their own or that the police would not be able to help them effectively. This reluctance to involve the police is a common reason cited by victims for not reporting crimes.

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  • 7. 

    Most of the homicides for which the circumstances were known resulted from a(n) ______.

    • A.

      Argument

    • B.

      Intimate partner violence

    • C.

      Robbery

    • D.

      Carjacking

    Correct Answer
    A. Argument
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "argument." This suggests that in most cases where the circumstances of a homicide were known, they were the result of a disagreement or conflict between individuals. This could involve heated discussions, physical altercations, or other forms of violence that escalated to the point of homicide.

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  • 8. 

    Victimization does appear to be linked to ______.

    • A.

      Low self-esteem

    • B.

      Depression

    • C.

      Anxiety

    • D.

      All of these

    Correct Answer
    D. All of these
    Explanation
    Victimization is likely to be linked to low self-esteem, depression, and anxiety. This is because individuals who have experienced victimization may internalize the negative beliefs and feelings associated with the traumatic event, leading to a decrease in self-esteem. Additionally, the trauma may trigger symptoms of depression and anxiety, as the individual may struggle with feelings of sadness, hopelessness, and fear. Therefore, all of these factors are interconnected and can contribute to the aftermath of victimization.

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  • 9. 

    Which type of victimization suggests that a person has been a victim of the same crime more than once?

    • A.

      Repeat victimization

    • B.

      Recurring victimization

    • C.

      Revictimization

    • D.

      Near-repeat victimization

    Correct Answer
    A. Repeat victimization
    Explanation
    Repeat victimization refers to a situation where a person has been a victim of the same crime multiple times. This can occur when an individual becomes a target for repeated criminal activity, such as being repeatedly burglarized or harassed. The term "repeat victimization" suggests that the person has experienced victimization more than once, indicating a pattern or trend of victimization.

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  • 10. 

    ______ suggests that recurring victimization occurs because of the quality or character of a victim.

    • A.

      Risk heterogeneity (flag explanation)

    • B.

      State dependence (boost explanation)

    • C.

      Compounding vulnerability

    • D.

      Victimization salience

    Correct Answer
    A. Risk heterogeneity (flag explanation)
    Explanation
    Risk heterogeneity suggests that recurring victimization occurs because of the quality or character of a victim. This means that certain individuals may be more likely to be victimized repeatedly due to their personal characteristics, behaviors, or circumstances. These factors may make them more vulnerable or attractive targets for victimization, increasing their risk of being victimized again in the future.

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  • 11. 

    Intimate partner violence, rape, ______, and property victimizations are all at high risk of recurring victimization.

    • A.

      Assault

    • B.

      Homicide

    • C.

      Armed robbery

    • D.

      Arson

    Correct Answer
    A. Assault
    Explanation
    Intimate partner violence, rape, and assault are all forms of interpersonal violence that can put individuals at a high risk of recurring victimization. This is because the dynamics of these crimes often involve a power imbalance and control, making it more likely for the perpetrator to continue the abuse or assault. It is important to address and intervene in these situations to prevent further victimization and provide support to survivors.

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  • 12. 

    One is at higher risk of recurring victimization if he is a victim of crime and ______.

    • A.

      Looks foreign

    • B.

      Is autistic

    • C.

      Has aspergers

    • D.

      Has the 7-repeat allele of the DRD4 gene

    Correct Answer
    D. Has the 7-repeat allele of the DRD4 gene
    Explanation
    Having the 7-repeat allele of the DRD4 gene is associated with an increased risk of recurring victimization. This allele has been linked to impulsive and risky behavior, which may make individuals more vulnerable to becoming victims of crime repeatedly.

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  • 13. 

    Household-level risk factors that increase the likelihood of recurring victimization include all except which of the following?

    • A.

      Only one car for the household

    • B.

      Low-income household

    • C.

      Two or more adults in the home

    • D.

      Children

    Correct Answer
    A. Only one car for the household
    Explanation
    Household-level risk factors that increase the likelihood of recurring victimization include low-income household, two or more adults in the home, and children. The presence of only one car in the household is not a risk factor for recurring victimization.

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  • 14. 

    ______ type of a program is one in which a police officer and victim advocate will revisit an intimate partner violence victim to provide her or him with information on social and legal programs to assist her or him.

    • A.

      Second Responder Programs

    • B.

      First Responder Programs

    • C.

      Risk recognition programs

    • D.

      Prevention Advice Programs

    Correct Answer
    A. Second Responder Programs
    Explanation
    Second Responder Programs are a type of program where a police officer and victim advocate revisit an intimate partner violence victim to provide them with information on social and legal programs to assist them. These programs aim to provide additional support and resources to victims of intimate partner violence after the initial response by first responders.

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  • 15. 

    ______ is a term that is generally used for childhood recurring victimization, when a person has experienced multiple forms of victimization.

    • A.

      Poly-victimization

    • B.

      Near-repeat victimization

    • C.

      Repeat victimization

    • D.

      Revictimization

    Correct Answer
    A. Poly-victimization
    Explanation
    Poly-victimization refers to the experience of multiple forms of victimization during childhood. This term is used to describe the recurring victimization that a person may face, involving various types of abuse or harm. It highlights the cumulative impact of multiple victimization experiences on an individual's well-being and emphasizes the need for comprehensive support and intervention to address the complex effects of poly-victimization.

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  • 16. 

    Turanovic and Pratt (2014) found that victims with ______ are less likely than others to change their risky behaviors than those with higher levels.

    • A.

      Low levels of anxiety

    • B.

      Low levels of depression

    • C.

      Low levels of anger

    • D.

      Low self-control

    Correct Answer
    D. Low self-control
    Explanation
    Turanovic and Pratt (2014) conducted a study and found that victims with low self-control are less likely to change their risky behaviors compared to those with higher levels. This suggests that individuals with low self-control may struggle to resist the temptation to engage in risky behaviors, even after experiencing negative consequences.

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  • 17. 

    ______ financial remedy is coordinated by the state and does not require a court order to receive it.

    • A.

      Civil litigation

    • B.

      Restitution

    • C.

      Insurance

    • D.

      Victim compensation

    Correct Answer
    D. Victim compensation
    Explanation
    Victim compensation refers to a financial remedy that is coordinated by the state and does not require a court order to receive it. This means that individuals who have been victimized can receive compensation directly from the state without having to go through a lengthy court process. This type of compensation is typically provided to victims of crimes or accidents to help them recover from the financial losses or damages they have incurred.

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  • 18. 

    Which of the following crimes is not an eligible crime for which victims can apply for victim compensation?

    • A.

      Rape

    • B.

      Homicide

    • C.

      Burglary

    • D.

      Drunk driving

    Correct Answer
    C. Burglary
    Explanation
    Burglary is not an eligible crime for which victims can apply for victim compensation. Victim compensation programs typically provide financial assistance to victims of violent crimes such as rape, homicide, and drunk driving. Burglary, which is the unlawful entry into a building with the intent to commit a crime, is generally considered a property crime rather than a violent crime. Therefore, victims of burglary may not be eligible for compensation through these programs.

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  • 19. 

    Which of the following is the term for money paid directly from the offender?

    • A.

      Civil litigation

    • B.

      Restitution

    • C.

      Insurance

    • D.

      Victim compensation

    Correct Answer
    B. Restitution
    Explanation
    Restitution is the term for money paid directly from the offender. It refers to the act of compensating the victim for any harm or loss caused by the offender's actions. This payment is typically ordered by a court as part of the offender's punishment or as a way to restore the victim to their pre-offense state. Restitution aims to provide financial compensation to the victim and hold the offender accountable for their actions.

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  • 20. 

    One of the overarching goals of the victims' rights movement was to increase _______ and consultation by victims in all stages of the criminal justice system. 

    • A.

      Participation

    • B.

      Representation

    • C.

      Compensation

    • D.

      Observation

    Correct Answer
    A. Participation
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "participation". The victims' rights movement aimed to enhance the involvement and engagement of victims in every step of the criminal justice system. This means that victims should have the opportunity to actively participate, provide input, and have their voices heard throughout the entire process. This includes being informed about their rights, being included in decision-making processes, and having access to support and resources to help them navigate the justice system.

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  • 21. 

    Which of the following is not a common victims' right given by all the states?

    • A.

      Right to compensation

    • B.

      Notification of rights

    • C.

      Victim case worker

    • D.

      Notification of court appearances

    Correct Answer
    C. Victim case worker
    Explanation
    A victim case worker is not a common victims' right given by all states. While the other options listed (right to compensation, notification of rights, and notification of court appearances) are commonly provided to victims by all states, the provision of a victim case worker may vary from state to state. Some states may offer the services of a victim case worker to assist victims throughout the legal process, while others may not have this specific provision in place.

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  • 22. 

    Consultation may also occur before an offender is ________.

    • A.

      Paroled

    • B.

      Fined

    • C.

      Sentenced

    • D.

      Paroled and/or sentenced

    Correct Answer
    D. Paroled and/or sentenced
    Explanation
    Consultation may occur before an offender is paroled and/or sentenced. This means that before making a decision on whether to grant parole or impose a sentence, authorities may seek input or advice from various individuals or agencies. This consultation process allows for a comprehensive evaluation of the offender's circumstances, including their behavior, potential risks, and the potential for rehabilitation. It ensures that informed decisions are made regarding the appropriate course of action for the offender, taking into account the interests of both the individual and society.

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  • 23. 

    Which act included the Violence Against Women Act as well?

    • A.

      Child Victims' Bill of Rights

    • B.

      Victims of Crime Act

    • C.

      Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act

    • D.

      Federal Victim Witness Protection Act

    Correct Answer
    C. Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act
    Explanation
    The Violence Against Women Act was included in the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act. This act was passed in 1994 and aimed to address and prevent violence against women, including domestic violence, sexual assault, and stalking. It provided funding for programs and services to support victims, improved law enforcement response to these crimes, and enhanced penalties for offenders. The inclusion of the Violence Against Women Act in this act demonstrates the government's commitment to addressing and combating violence against women.

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  • 24. 

    Which act provided funding to process the backlog of rape kits?

    • A.

      Antiterrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act

    • B.

      Justice for All Act

    • C.

      Victims' Rights Clarification Act

    • D.

      Federal Victim Witness Protection Act

    Correct Answer
    B. Justice for All Act
    Explanation
    The Justice for All Act provided funding to process the backlog of rape kits. This act was passed in 2004 and aimed to improve the criminal justice system's response to sexual assault cases. It allocated funds to help eliminate the backlog of untested rape kits, which are crucial pieces of evidence in these cases. The act also included provisions to support victims and enhance their rights throughout the criminal justice process.

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  • 25. 

    Victims can be compensated for a wide variety of expenses including _______.

    • A.

      Medical care

    • B.

      Mental health

    • C.

      Funeral costs

    • D.

      All of these

    Correct Answer
    D. All of these
    Explanation
    Victims can be compensated for a wide variety of expenses including medical care, mental health, and funeral costs. This means that all of these expenses can be covered and reimbursed for victims who have suffered from various incidents or crimes. It is important for victims to receive compensation for these expenses to help them recover physically, emotionally, and financially from the harm they have endured.

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  • 26. 

    Ellen wakes up in the middle of the night to find her teenage daughter with a boy in her room. Without thinking, Ellen grabs a handgun from the hall closet, shoots, and kills the boy. This is an example of what kind of homicide?

    • A.

      Second-degree murder

    • B.

      First-degree murder

    • C.

      Manslaughter

    • D.

      Felony murder

    Correct Answer
    A. Second-degree murder
    Explanation
    This scenario can be classified as second-degree murder because Ellen acted with malice aforethought when she grabbed the handgun and shot the boy. Although she may not have premeditated the murder, her intentional actions resulted in the boy's death. Second-degree murder typically involves an intentional killing without premeditation or planning.

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  • 27. 

    In terms of race, homicide is an overwhelmingly ______ event.

    • A.

      Intra-racial

    • B.

      Interracial

    • C.

      White

    • D.

      Black

    Correct Answer
    A. Intra-racial
    Explanation
    In terms of race, homicide is an overwhelmingly intra-racial event. This means that the majority of homicides occur within the same racial group. This can be attributed to various factors such as social and economic disparities within communities, gang violence, and proximity. It is important to note that this does not imply that individuals of different races do not commit homicides against each other, but rather that the majority of homicides occur within the same racial group.

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  • 28. 

    As a whole, what kind of responses to gun- and gang-related homicides have been successful in decreasing homicide rates?

    • A.

      Court

    • B.

      Community

    • C.

      Police

    • D.

      Restorative justice

    Correct Answer
    A. Court
    Explanation
    Successful responses to gun- and gang-related homicides have involved the court system. This suggests that effective measures have been taken to address these crimes through legal proceedings and the criminal justice system. The court system plays a crucial role in holding offenders accountable for their actions and ensuring that justice is served. By prosecuting individuals involved in gun- and gang-related homicides, it sends a strong message that such crimes will not be tolerated, which can potentially deter others from engaging in similar activities.

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  • 29. 

    Which type of rape occurs when someone has sex with a person under the legal age of consent, even if that person may have verbally consented to the act?

    • A.

      Statutory rape

    • B.

      Drug- or alcohol-facilitated rape

    • C.

      Incapacitated rape

    • D.

      Forcible rape

    Correct Answer
    A. Statutory rape
    Explanation
    Statutory rape refers to the type of rape that occurs when someone engages in sexual activity with a person who is under the legal age of consent, even if the underage person may have verbally consented to the act. This is because the law recognizes that individuals under a certain age are not capable of giving informed consent due to their vulnerability and immaturity. Therefore, regardless of any verbal agreement, it is still considered a crime.

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  • 30. 

    What percentage of victims reported rapes that fell under categories of drug- or alcohol-facilitated or incapacitated rapes?

    • A.

      5%

    • B.

      10%

    • C.

      33%

    • D.

      20%

    Correct Answer
    A. 5%
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 5%. This means that out of all the reported rapes, only 5% of the victims reported that the rape fell under the categories of drug- or alcohol-facilitated or incapacitated rapes. This suggests that the majority of reported rapes do not involve the use of drugs or alcohol as a facilitator or the victim being incapacitated.

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  • 31. 

    The average cost of the rape crime to a victim, including quality of life costs is ______.

    • A.

      $87,000

    • B.

      $5,800

    • C.

      $150,000

    • D.

      $43,000

    Correct Answer
    A. $87,000
    Explanation
    The correct answer is $87,000. This amount represents the average cost of a rape crime to a victim, taking into account not only direct financial costs but also the quality of life costs. These quality of life costs can include physical and emotional trauma, loss of productivity, and the need for ongoing medical and psychological support. This high cost emphasizes the significant impact that rape crimes have on victims and the importance of addressing and preventing such crimes.

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  • 32. 

    What percentage of cases reported to police are actually discovered to be false?

    • A.

      Fewer than 5%

    • B.

      5%

    • C.

      34%

    • D.

      12.5%

    Correct Answer
    A. Fewer than 5%
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "fewer than 5%". This means that less than 5% of the cases reported to the police are discovered to be false. It suggests that the majority of cases reported to the police are genuine and not falsely reported.

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  • 33. 

    ______ occurs when a perpetrator says something or makes sounds that are intentionally condescending, sexual, or abusive.

    • A.

      Verbal abuse

    • B.

      Visual abuse

    • C.

      Sexual coercion

    • D.

      Unwanted sexual contact

    Correct Answer
    A. Verbal abuse
    Explanation
    Verbal abuse occurs when a perpetrator uses words or sounds that are intentionally condescending, sexual, or abusive. This form of abuse can include insults, name-calling, threats, or demeaning comments. It is a form of psychological abuse that aims to undermine the victim's self-esteem and manipulate or control them through verbal means. Verbal abuse can have long-lasting effects on the victim's mental and emotional well-being.

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  • 34. 

    As indicated in Krakauer's book, collection of evidence for a rape kit

    • A.

      Is a relatively simple procedure involving a few swabs

    • B.

      Can be done well by any medical provider

    • C.

      Involves hours of swabbing, combing, and examination

    • D.

      Is conducted in the police station

    Correct Answer
    C. Involves hours of swabbing, combing, and examination
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "involves hours of swabbing, combing, and examination." This answer is supported by the statement in the question that the collection of evidence for a rape kit involves "swabbing, combing, and examination" which suggests that it is a time-consuming process. The other options mentioned in the question do not align with the statement provided.

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  • 35. 

    As indicated in Krakauer's book, Kelsey Belnap was raped while mostly unconscious

    • A.

      Allegedly by her best friend's boyfriend

    • B.

      Allegedly by an acquaintance after a party

    • C.

      Allegedly by four football players she had just met

    • D.

      In a gym after a soccer meet

    Correct Answer
    C. Allegedly by four football players she had just met
    Explanation
    The correct answer suggests that Kelsey Belnap was allegedly raped by four football players whom she had just met. This information is based on the details provided in Krakauer's book.

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  • 36. 

    As indicated in Krakauer's book, the prosecutor in Kelsey Belnap's case refused to prosecute even though he had evidence

    • A.

      From the rape kit

    • B.

      From the bruises and abrasions on the victim

    • C.

      Of lack of and failure to give consent

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "all of the above." This means that the prosecutor in Kelsey Belnap's case refused to prosecute despite having evidence from the rape kit, the bruises and abrasions on the victim, and the lack of and failure to give consent. This suggests that the prosecutor had multiple pieces of evidence to support the case but still chose not to pursue it.

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  • 37. 

    As indicated in Krakauer's book, Keely Williams was raped

    • A.

      Allegedly by four football players she had just met

    • B.

      Allegedly by an acquaintance after a party

    • C.

      In a gym after a soccer meet

    • D.

      Allegedly in her dormitory bathroom by a friend

    Correct Answer
    B. Allegedly by an acquaintance after a party
    Explanation
    The given answer states that Keely Williams was allegedly raped by an acquaintance after a party. This suggests that the incident did occur, but the use of the word "allegedly" indicates that it has not been proven in a court of law. The information provided in Krakauer's book likely presents this account as a claim or accusation made by Keely Williams, but without conclusive evidence or legal proceedings, it remains an alleged incident.

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  • 38. 

    As indicated in Krakauer's book, when the alleged rapist in Kerry Barrett's case was interviewed by the police

    • A.

      A thorough statement was taken

    • B.

      The interrogating officer challenged what he said

    • C.

      The interrogating officer probed for more material

    • D.

      The interrogating officer assured the accused that she believed him

    Correct Answer
    D. The interrogating officer assured the accused that she believed him
    Explanation
    In Kerry Barrett's case, the interrogating officer assured the accused that she believed him. This means that the officer expressed confidence in the alleged rapist's statement, possibly to build trust and encourage him to provide more information. This assurance could have been given to create a more conducive environment for the suspect to open up and reveal additional details about the incident.

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  • 39. 

    As indicated in Krakauer's book, in studies by Lisak and Miller and separately by McWhorter, the researcher's found that

    • A.

      A majority of the unidentified rapists in their study were serial rapists

    • B.

      It was rare for an identified rapist in their study to rape again

    • C.

      Most of the rapist's victims, in these studies, were young boys

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. A majority of the unidentified rapists in their study were serial rapists
    Explanation
    The correct answer is that a majority of the unidentified rapists in their study were serial rapists. This is supported by the studies conducted by Lisak and Miller and separately by McWhorter, as mentioned in Krakauer's book. These studies found that a significant number of rapists who remained unidentified were repeat offenders, indicating a pattern of serial rape.

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  • 40. 

    Who coined the term victimology?

    • A.

      Benjamin Mendelsohn

    • B.

      Robert Agnew

    • C.

      Hans von Hentig

    • D.

      Stephen Schafer

    Correct Answer
    A. Benjamin Mendelsohn
    Explanation
    Benjamin Mendelsohn is credited with coining the term "victimology." This field of study focuses on the scientific study of victims and their experiences within the criminal justice system. Mendelsohn's work in the 1940s and 1950s helped establish victimology as a distinct discipline, separate from criminology. His research and writings laid the foundation for understanding the impact of crime on victims and the importance of considering their perspectives in the criminal justice system.

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  • 41. 

    Using fighting words is an example of _________.

    • A.

      Victim precipitation

    • B.

      Victim facilitation

    • C.

      Victim provocation

    Correct Answer
    A. Victim precipitation
    Explanation
    Using fighting words refers to the act of provoking or instigating someone to engage in a physical altercation. This can be seen as an example of victim precipitation, where the victim's actions or behavior contribute to the occurrence of a harmful event. In this case, by using provocative language or engaging in aggressive behavior, the person becomes a contributing factor to their own victimization.

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  • 42. 

    Leaving a purse or wallet in plain view and then having it stolen is an example of ________.

    • A.

      Victim facilitation

    • B.

      Victim precipitation

    • C.

      Victim provocation

    Correct Answer
    A. Victim facilitation
    Explanation
    Leaving a purse or wallet in plain view and then having it stolen is an example of victim facilitation. This term refers to actions or behaviors by the victim that make it easier for the crime to occur. In this case, the victim's decision to leave their valuable items in plain sight makes it more likely for someone to steal them. The victim's actions unintentionally facilitate the crime and make them more vulnerable to becoming a target.

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  • 43. 

    If a mugger attempts to steal a man's wallet, but the man responds by pulling out a gun and shooting the mugger, this is an example of _________.

    • A.

      Victim provocation

    • B.

      Victim facilitation

    • C.

      Victim precipitation 

    Correct Answer
    A. Victim provocation
    Explanation
    This scenario exemplifies victim provocation because the man's response of pulling out a gun and shooting the mugger can be seen as an action that provoked or incited the aggression from the mugger. The man's actions escalated the situation and contributed to the violence that occurred.

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  • 44. 

    Marvin Wolfgang found common characteristics in precipitated homicides, which included ______.

    • A.

      The victim and offender knew each other

    • B.

      Alcohol was likely involved

    • C.

      Homicides involved male victims and male offenders

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    Marvin Wolfgang's research on precipitated homicides revealed that these incidents commonly shared three characteristics: the victim and offender knew each other, alcohol was likely involved, and the homicides involved male victims and male offenders.

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  • 45. 

    Which victimology theorist proposed that victims and offenders needed to be considered in a dyad (criminal-victim dyad) in order to fully understand victimization?

    • A.

      Hans von Hentig

    • B.

      Marvin Wolfgang

    • C.

      Stephen Schafer

    • D.

      Benjamin Mendelsohn

    Correct Answer
    A. Hans von Hentig
    Explanation
    Hans von Hentig proposed that victims and offenders needed to be considered in a dyad (criminal-victim dyad) in order to fully understand victimization. This means that the relationship between the victim and the offender should be taken into account when studying victimization. Von Hentig believed that certain characteristics of victims could make them more susceptible to becoming targets of crime, and that understanding these dynamics is crucial in preventing victimization. His work emphasized the importance of examining both the victim and the offender in order to gain a comprehensive understanding of victimization.

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  • 46. 

    What do we study today in Victimology?

    • A.

      The crime victim

    • B.

      The offender

    • C.

      The crime itself

    • D.

      The laws surrounding punishment of offender

    Correct Answer
    A. The crime victim
    Explanation
    Victimology is the study of crime victims, including their experiences, behaviors, and the impact of crime on their lives. It focuses on understanding the victim's perspective, their vulnerabilities, and the consequences of victimization. By studying the crime victim, researchers and practitioners aim to develop strategies for prevention, intervention, and support services to assist victims in their recovery process. This field of study does not primarily focus on the offender, the crime itself, or the laws surrounding punishment, but instead places emphasis on the individuals who have been victimized.

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  • 47. 

    How do victimologists determine who is more likely to be a victim today?

    • A.

      Look at official data (UCR)

    • B.

      Victimization surveys (NCVS)

    • C.

      Victimization is more prevalent than previously thought

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    Victimologists determine who is more likely to be a victim today by considering all of the above methods. They look at official data from the Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) system, which provides information on reported crimes. They also use victimization surveys such as the National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS), which collects data directly from individuals about their experiences as victims of crime. Additionally, victimologists recognize that victimization is more prevalent than previously thought, indicating that anyone could potentially be a victim. By considering all these sources of information, victimologists can gain a comprehensive understanding of who is more likely to be a victim today.

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  • 48. 

    Who is the "typical" victim today?

    • A.

      Young male who lives in urban areas

    • B.

      Young female who lives in urban areas

    • C.

      Middle-aged male who lives in urban areas

    • D.

      Middle-aged female who lives in urban areas

    Correct Answer
    A. Young male who lives in urban areas
    Explanation
    The "typical" victim today is a young male who lives in urban areas. This is because research and crime statistics consistently show that young males are more likely to be victims of crime compared to other demographics. Factors such as their lifestyle, social interactions, and exposure to risky situations in urban areas contribute to their higher vulnerability.

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  • 49. 

    Two of the most popular theories to explain victimization are _______ theory and _______ theory.

    • A.

      Routine activities; lifestyle

    • B.

      Social learning; structural

    • C.

      Routine activities; social learning

    • D.

      Subculture of violence; lifestyle

    Correct Answer
    A. Routine activities; lifestyle
    Explanation
    The correct answer is routine activities; lifestyle. Routine activities theory suggests that victimization occurs when there is a convergence of a motivated offender, a suitable target, and the absence of a capable guardian. Lifestyle theory, on the other hand, proposes that individuals with high-risk lifestyles, such as those involved in illegal activities or with a history of victimization, are more likely to become victims. Therefore, the combination of routine activities theory and lifestyle theory provides a comprehensive explanation for victimization.

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  • 50. 

    Which of the following is a cost of victimization?

    • A.

      Mental health issues

    • B.

      Money spent by the CJS preventing and responding to crime

    • C.

      Fear of being a victim

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    All of the options listed - mental health issues, money spent by the criminal justice system preventing and responding to crime, and fear of being a victim - can be considered costs of victimization. Mental health issues can arise as a result of being a victim of a crime, causing emotional and psychological distress. The criminal justice system also incurs costs in terms of resources and funds to prevent and respond to crime. Additionally, the fear of being a victim can have a significant impact on a person's well-being and quality of life. Therefore, all of these factors can be considered costs associated with victimization.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • May 03, 2021
    Quiz Created by
    Themes
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