Psychology Chapter 3

40 Questions | Total Attempts: 1468

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Psychology Chapter 3

Psychology chapter 3 quiz psychology in action 9th ed. (huffman)


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    According to your text, stress is _______.
    • A. 

      A nonspecific response of the body to any demand made on it

    • B. 

      The arousal to situations or events we perceive as threatening or challenging

    • C. 

      Both of these options

    • D. 

      None of these options

  • 2. 
    Life changes may affect health because they _______.
    • A. 

      Require adjustments in behavior and lifestyle

    • B. 

      Cause us to reassess our lifestyle

    • C. 

      Are always the result of something bad happening

    • D. 

      Are known to increase the level of cortisol above normal

  • 3. 
    A bad marriage, poor working conditions, and an intolerable political climate are all examples of possible ______.
    • A. 

      Life changes

    • B. 

      Avoidance-avoidance conflicts

    • C. 

      Chronic stressors

    • D. 

      Hassles

  • 4. 
    An example of a(n) _____ conflict world be trying to decide which of two equally good concerts to attend on a Friday night.
    • A. 

      Approach-avoidance conflict

    • B. 

      Avoidance-avoidance conflict

    • C. 

      Approach-approach conflict

    • D. 

      Transitory positive conflict

  • 5. 
    Research has shown that ____ can permanently damage the hippocampus, a key part of the brain involved in memory.
    • A. 

      Prolonged stress

    • B. 

      Cortisol

    • C. 

      Corticoamnestics

    • D. 

      All but one of these options

  • 6. 
    Which is NOT a factor know to contribute to the onset of cancer?
    • A. 

      Heredity

    • B. 

      Essential hypertension

    • C. 

      Environment

    • D. 

      Immune system changes

  • 7. 
    A heart attack is _______.
    • A. 

      A disorder of the lining of the heart

    • B. 

      Death of heart muscle tissue

    • C. 

      Elevated blood pressure that leads to death

    • D. 

      Elevated blood pressure because of kidney failure

  • 8. 
    A laid back, calm, relaxed attitude toward life are characteristic of ________.
    • A. 

      Brain disease

    • B. 

      Type A personalities

    • C. 

      Type B personalities

    • D. 

      Alzheimer's disease

  • 9. 
    Hardy people see changes as _____.
    • A. 

      Obstacles to self-actualization

    • B. 

      A challenge rather than a threat

    • C. 

      A chance for purposeful activity and problem solving

    • D. 

      Opportunities for enlisting social support

  • 10. 
    People who survive a horrific attack or personal tragedy may develop _____.
    • A. 

      An approach-approach conflict

    • B. 

      Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)

    • C. 

      A problem-focused form of coping with stress

    • D. 

      A Type A personality

  • 11. 
    ________ studies how biological, psychological, and social factors interact in health and illness.
    • A. 

      Environmental psychology

    • B. 

      Gestalt psychology

    • C. 

      Humanistic psychology

    • D. 

      Health psychology

  • 12. 
    Why do young people start smoking?
    • A. 

      Peer pressure

    • B. 

      Imitation of role models

    • C. 

      Simple curiosity

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 13. 
    If you wanted to help teenagers stop smoking, you should emphasize the _______.
    • A. 

      Link between nicotine and lung cancer

    • B. 

      Link between nicotine and emphysema

    • C. 

      Link between smoking and bad breath

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 14. 
    The American Medical Association considers ____ to be the most dangerous and damaging of all drugs.
    • A. 

      Cocaine

    • B. 

      Methamphetamine

    • C. 

      Alcohol

    • D. 

      None of these options

  • 15. 
    Which of the following statements is true?
    • A. 

      Chronic pain should never last longer than a few days.

    • B. 

      Exercise is an effective way to treat chronic pain

    • C. 

      Chronic pain is the leading cause of drug addiction in the 45-60 year old age group

    • D. 

      All of these options

  • 16. 
    Naturally produced brain chemicals that reduce pain perception are called _______.
    • A. 

      Opiates

    • B. 

      Adrenaline

    • C. 

      Endorphins

    • D. 

      Epinephrine

  • 17. 
    During ______, we assess our resources and choose a coping method.
    • A. 

      Health psychology intervention

    • B. 

      Biofeedback

    • C. 

      Secondary appraisal

    • D. 

      Complaint-catharsis therapy

  • 18. 
    _____ deals directly with a stressor to decrease or eliminate it.
    • A. 

      Problem-focused coping

    • B. 

      Emotion-focused coping

    • C. 

      Both of these options

    • D. 

      None of these options

  • 19. 
    Which of the following is a good resource for effectively coping with stress?
    • A. 

      Sense of humor

    • B. 

      Health and energy

    • C. 

      Social skills

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 20. 
    _____ refers to a person's belief that life's circumstance are under his or her internal, person control or outside, external factors.
    • A. 

      Positive beliefs

    • B. 

      Locus of control

    • C. 

      Self-efficacy

    • D. 

      None of these options

  • 21. 
    An unpleasant state of tension resulting from a blocked goal is called ________.
    • A. 

      Conflict

    • B. 

      Burnout

    • C. 

      Heart disease

    • D. 

      Frustration

  • 22. 
    ____ is a forced choice between two or more incompatible goals.
    • A. 

      Frustration

    • B. 

      Burnout

    • C. 

      Distress

    • D. 

      Conflict

  • 23. 
    Approach-avoidance conflicts are caused by _______.
    • A. 

      Increasing life demands, hassles, and chronic stressors

    • B. 

      An exaggerated response to a real or perceived threat

    • C. 

      Forced choice between two or more alternatives, both of which have desirable and undesirable results

    • D. 

      A blocked goal

  • 24. 
    The SAM system _________.
    • A. 

      Is activated by the hypothalamus during stress

    • B. 

      Increases heart rate

    • C. 

      Releases hormones such as epinephrine and norepinephrine

    • D. 

      All of these options

  • 25. 
    Hans Selye described a generalized physiological reaction to severe stressors that he called the ______.
    • A. 

      HPA axis

    • B. 

      Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)

    • C. 

      General adaptation syndrome (GAS)

    • D. 

      Internal locus of control (ILOC)

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