Psychology Chapter 3 Quiz Questions And Answers

Approved & Edited by ProProfs Editorial Team
The editorial team at ProProfs Quizzes consists of a select group of subject experts, trivia writers, and quiz masters who have authored over 10,000 quizzes taken by more than 100 million users. This team includes our in-house seasoned quiz moderators and subject matter experts. Our editorial experts, spread across the world, are rigorously trained using our comprehensive guidelines to ensure that you receive the highest quality quizzes.
Learn about Our Editorial Process
| By Ascribble16
A
Ascribble16
Community Contributor
Quizzes Created: 2 | Total Attempts: 3,416
Questions: 40 | Attempts: 2,709

SettingsSettingsSettings
Psychology Chapter 3 Quiz Questions And Answers - Quiz

Are you on the verge of being a psychologist? Do you know how to handle mental stress and emotional behavior? Check out this psychology chapter 3 quiz and see if you really know the answers to the questions of this quiz. Psychology is the scientific discipline that studies the human mind and behavior. If you pass this test with at least 70% marks, you will be a good psychologist. In case you don't, you still need to learn more in this field. Good luck with a bright future!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    According to your text, stress is _______.

    • A.

      A nonspecific response of the body to any demand made on it

    • B.

      The arousal to situations or events we perceive as threatening or challenging

    • C.

      Both of these options

    • D.

      None of these options

    Correct Answer
    C. Both of these options
    Explanation
    According to the text, stress is both a nonspecific response of the body to any demand made on it and the arousal to situations or events we perceive as threatening or challenging. This means that stress can be triggered by any demand placed on the body, and it can also be a response to situations or events that we find threatening or challenging.

    Rate this question:

  • 2. 

    Life changes may affect health because they _______.

    • A.

      Require adjustments in behavior and lifestyle

    • B.

      Cause us to reassess our lifestyle

    • C.

      Are always the result of something bad happening

    • D.

      Are known to increase the level of cortisol above normal

    Correct Answer
    A. Require adjustments in behavior and lifestyle
    Explanation
    Life changes may affect health because they require adjustments in behavior and lifestyle. When we experience significant life changes such as moving to a new city, starting a new job, or becoming a parent, our routines and habits often need to be modified. These adjustments can impact our physical and mental well-being. For example, a new job may require longer hours and increased stress, leading to changes in sleep patterns and dietary habits. Similarly, becoming a parent may necessitate changes in sleep, exercise, and nutrition. Adapting to these life changes is crucial for maintaining good health.

    Rate this question:

  • 3. 

    A bad marriage, poor working conditions, and an intolerable political climate are all examples of possible ______.

    • A.

      Life changes

    • B.

      Avoidance-avoidance conflicts

    • C.

      Chronic stressors

    • D.

      Hassles

    Correct Answer
    C. Chronic stressors
    Explanation
    Chronic stressors refer to ongoing or long-term stressful situations or events that individuals may experience in their lives. A bad marriage, poor working conditions, and an intolerable political climate are all examples of such chronic stressors. These are not one-time or short-term stressors, but rather persistent and continuous sources of stress that can have a significant impact on an individual's well-being and overall quality of life.

    Rate this question:

  • 4. 

    An example of a(n) _____ conflict world be trying to decide which of two equally good concerts to attend on a Friday night.

    • A.

      Approach-avoidance conflict

    • B.

      Avoidance-avoidance conflict

    • C.

      Approach-approach conflict

    • D.

      Transitory positive conflict

    Correct Answer
    C. Approach-approach conflict
    Explanation
    In this scenario, the individual is faced with a conflict of having to choose between two equally good concerts to attend on a Friday night. This is an example of an approach-approach conflict, where the person is torn between two desirable options. They are motivated to approach both concerts because they are equally appealing, but can only choose one.

    Rate this question:

  • 5. 

    Research has shown that ____ can permanently damage the hippocampus, a key part of the brain involved in memory.

    • A.

      Prolonged stress

    • B.

      Cortisol

    • C.

      Corticoamnestics

    • D.

      All but one of these options

    Correct Answer
    D. All but one of these options
    Explanation
    All but one of these options can permanently damage the hippocampus, a key part of the brain involved in memory. This means that all options except for one have been shown by research to have negative effects on the hippocampus. It is unclear which specific option does not have this damaging effect, as it is not mentioned in the question.

    Rate this question:

  • 6. 

    Which is NOT a factor know to contribute to the onset of cancer?

    • A.

      Heredity

    • B.

      Essential hypertension

    • C.

      Environment

    • D.

      Immune system changes

    Correct Answer
    B. Essential hypertension
    Explanation
    Essential hypertension is not a known factor that contributes to the onset of cancer. Essential hypertension refers to high blood pressure that has no identifiable cause, and while it can increase the risk of other health conditions such as heart disease and stroke, it is not directly linked to the development of cancer. On the other hand, heredity, environment, and immune system changes are all recognized factors that can play a role in the onset of cancer.

    Rate this question:

  • 7. 

    A heart attack is _______.

    • A.

      A disorder of the lining of the heart

    • B.

      Death of heart muscle tissue

    • C.

      Elevated blood pressure that leads to death

    • D.

      Elevated blood pressure because of kidney failure

    Correct Answer
    B. Death of heart muscle tissue
    Explanation
    A heart attack is the death of heart muscle tissue. During a heart attack, a blockage in the coronary arteries prevents blood flow to a section of the heart, causing the heart muscle in that area to be deprived of oxygen and nutrients. Without prompt medical intervention, the affected heart muscle tissue can die, leading to serious complications and potentially death.

    Rate this question:

  • 8. 

    A laid back, calm, relaxed attitude toward life are characteristic of ________.

    • A.

      Brain disease

    • B.

      Type A personalities

    • C.

      Type B personalities

    • D.

      Alzheimer's disease

    Correct Answer
    C. Type B personalities
    Explanation
    Type B personalities are known for their laid back, calm, and relaxed attitude toward life. Unlike Type A personalities who are more competitive, ambitious, and time-conscious, Type B individuals tend to be more easygoing, patient, and less prone to stress. They are often described as being more relaxed and less driven by a sense of urgency. This personality type is associated with a lower risk of heart disease and a better overall well-being.

    Rate this question:

  • 9. 

    Hardy people see changes as _____.

    • A.

      Obstacles to self-actualization

    • B.

      A challenge rather than a threat

    • C.

      A chance for purposeful activity and problem solving

    • D.

      Opportunities for enlisting social support

    Correct Answer
    B. A challenge rather than a threat
    Explanation
    Hardy people see changes as a challenge rather than a threat because they have a resilient mindset and are able to adapt and thrive in the face of adversity. They view changes as opportunities for growth, learning, and problem-solving, rather than something that will hinder their progress. This perspective allows them to approach challenges with a positive attitude and a sense of purpose, enabling them to overcome obstacles and achieve self-actualization.

    Rate this question:

  • 10. 

    People who survive a horrific attack or personal tragedy may develop _____.

    • A.

      An approach-approach conflict

    • B.

      Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)

    • C.

      A problem-focused form of coping with stress

    • D.

      A Type A personality

    Correct Answer
    B. Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
    Explanation
    Surviving a horrific attack or personal tragedy can lead to the development of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). This is a mental health condition that occurs after experiencing or witnessing a traumatic event. Symptoms of PTSD can include flashbacks, nightmares, intrusive thoughts, and heightened anxiety. It is a common response to trauma and can significantly impact a person's daily life and functioning.

    Rate this question:

  • 11. 

    ________ studies how biological, psychological, and social factors interact in health and illness.

    • A.

      Environmental psychology

    • B.

      Gestalt psychology

    • C.

      Humanistic psychology

    • D.

      Health psychology

    Correct Answer
    D. Health psychology
    Explanation
    Health psychology is the correct answer because it specifically focuses on understanding how biological, psychological, and social factors interact to influence health and illness. This field of psychology examines various aspects such as the impact of stress, lifestyle choices, social support, and individual behaviors on physical well-being. It aims to promote health, prevent illness, and improve healthcare outcomes by considering the interplay between biological, psychological, and social factors.

    Rate this question:

  • 12. 

    Why do young people start smoking?

    • A.

      Peer pressure

    • B.

      Imitation of role models

    • C.

      Simple curiosity

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    Young people start smoking for various reasons, and all of the options listed - peer pressure, imitation of role models, and simple curiosity - contribute to their decision. Peer pressure plays a significant role as young individuals may feel pressured to fit in or be accepted by their peers who smoke. They may also imitate role models, such as family members or celebrities, who smoke. Additionally, simple curiosity can lead them to try smoking out of a desire to experiment or explore new experiences. Therefore, all of these factors combined can explain why young people start smoking.

    Rate this question:

  • 13. 

    If you wanted to help teenagers stop smoking, you should emphasize the _______.

    • A.

      Link between nicotine and lung cancer

    • B.

      Link between nicotine and emphysema

    • C.

      Link between smoking and bad breath

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    C. Link between smoking and bad breath
    Explanation
    To effectively help teenagers stop smoking, emphasizing the link between smoking and bad breath would be a suitable approach. This is because bad breath is a visible and immediate consequence of smoking, which can be a powerful deterrent for teenagers. By highlighting this connection, teenagers may become more aware of the negative impact smoking has on their personal hygiene and social interactions, thereby motivating them to quit smoking. Additionally, focusing on bad breath avoids potential resistance or skepticism that may arise when discussing more severe long-term health effects such as lung cancer or emphysema.

    Rate this question:

  • 14. 

    The American Medical Association considers ____ to be the most dangerous and damaging of all drugs.

    • A.

      Cocaine

    • B.

      Methamphetamine

    • C.

      Alcohol

    • D.

      None of these options

    Correct Answer
    C. Alcohol
    Explanation
    Alcohol is considered to be the most dangerous and damaging of all drugs by the American Medical Association. This is because alcohol can have severe health effects, including liver damage, addiction, and increased risk of accidents and violence. It is also associated with various long-term health problems, such as cardiovascular diseases and certain types of cancer. Additionally, excessive alcohol consumption can impair judgment and lead to risky behaviors. Therefore, the AMA recognizes alcohol as the most harmful drug.

    Rate this question:

  • 15. 

    Which of the following statements is true?

    • A.

      Chronic pain should never last longer than a few days.

    • B.

      Exercise is an effective way to treat chronic pain

    • C.

      Chronic pain is the leading cause of drug addiction in the 45-60 year old age group

    • D.

      All of these options

    Correct Answer
    B. Exercise is an effective way to treat chronic pain
    Explanation
    Exercise is an effective way to treat chronic pain. Regular physical activity can help improve flexibility, strength, and endurance, which can in turn reduce pain and improve overall function. Exercise can also release endorphins, which are natural painkillers produced by the body. Additionally, staying active can prevent muscles from becoming weak or stiff, which can exacerbate chronic pain. While exercise may not completely eliminate all pain, it can be a beneficial component of a comprehensive pain management plan.

    Rate this question:

  • 16. 

    Naturally produced brain chemicals that reduce pain perception are called _______.

    • A.

      Opiates

    • B.

      Adrenaline

    • C.

      Endorphins

    • D.

      Epinephrine

    Correct Answer
    C. Endorphins
    Explanation
    Endorphins are naturally produced brain chemicals that reduce pain perception. They act as natural painkillers and are released by the body in response to stress or pain. Endorphins bind to opioid receptors in the brain, similar to opiates, and produce feelings of pleasure and well-being. Adrenaline and epinephrine are stress hormones that increase heart rate and blood flow, while endorphins specifically target pain relief. Therefore, the correct answer is endorphins.

    Rate this question:

  • 17. 

    During ______, we assess our resources and choose a coping method.

    • A.

      Health psychology intervention

    • B.

      Biofeedback

    • C.

      Secondary appraisal

    • D.

      Complaint-catharsis therapy

    Correct Answer
    C. Secondary appraisal
    Explanation
    Secondary appraisal refers to the process of assessing our resources and choosing a coping method in response to a stressful situation. This involves evaluating our ability to handle the situation and determining the most effective way to manage it. In the context of the question, secondary appraisal is the appropriate term as it aligns with the process described. Health psychology intervention, biofeedback, and complaint-catharsis therapy are not directly related to the assessment of resources and coping methods.

    Rate this question:

  • 18. 

    _____ deals directly with a stressor to decrease or eliminate it.

    • A.

      Problem-focused coping

    • B.

      Emotion-focused coping

    • C.

      Both of these options

    • D.

      None of these options

    Correct Answer
    A. Problem-focused coping
    Explanation
    Problem-focused coping refers to a coping strategy that deals directly with the stressor itself, aiming to decrease or eliminate it. This approach involves taking active steps to solve the problem, such as seeking information, making plans, or taking action to address the source of stress. It focuses on problem-solving and taking control of the situation, rather than just managing the emotional distress caused by the stressor. Therefore, problem-focused coping is the correct answer as it directly addresses the stressor.

    Rate this question:

  • 19. 

    Which of the following is a good resource for effectively coping with stress?

    • A.

      Sense of humor

    • B.

      Health and energy

    • C.

      Social skills

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    All of the options listed (sense of humor, health and energy, social skills) can be considered good resources for effectively coping with stress. A sense of humor can help in finding lightness and positivity in difficult situations, while maintaining good health and energy levels can provide the necessary physical and mental stamina to deal with stress. Additionally, having strong social skills can enable individuals to seek support from others and build a network of relationships that can help alleviate stress. Therefore, all of these resources can contribute to effective stress management.

    Rate this question:

  • 20. 

    _____ refers to a person's belief that life's circumstance are under his or her internal, person control or outside, external factors.

    • A.

      Positive beliefs

    • B.

      Locus of control

    • C.

      Self-efficacy

    • D.

      None of these options

    Correct Answer
    B. Locus of control
    Explanation
    Locus of control refers to a person's belief that life's circumstances are either under their internal control or influenced by external factors. It is the degree to which individuals believe they have control over the events and outcomes in their lives. This concept is important as it can affect a person's motivation, behavior, and overall well-being. Those with an internal locus of control believe they have control over their own actions and can influence outcomes, while those with an external locus of control believe that external forces or luck determine their fate.

    Rate this question:

  • 21. 

    An unpleasant state of tension resulting from a blocked goal is called ________.

    • A.

      Conflict

    • B.

      Burnout

    • C.

      Heart disease

    • D.

      Frustration

    Correct Answer
    D. Frustration
    Explanation
    Frustration refers to an unpleasant state of tension that arises when an individual is unable to achieve a desired goal due to obstacles or barriers. It is a common emotional response that occurs when one's efforts are thwarted, leading to feelings of dissatisfaction, annoyance, and disappointment. Unlike conflict, which involves a clash of interests or opinions, frustration specifically pertains to the negative emotions experienced when facing a blocked goal. Burnout and heart disease are unrelated to the concept of frustration.

    Rate this question:

  • 22. 

    ____ is a forced choice between two or more incompatible goals.

    • A.

      Frustration

    • B.

      Burnout

    • C.

      Distress

    • D.

      Conflict

    Correct Answer
    D. Conflict
    Explanation
    Conflict refers to a situation where there is a clash or disagreement between two or more incompatible goals. It involves opposing interests or views that cannot be easily reconciled, leading to tension or disagreement. In this context, frustration, burnout, and distress do not necessarily involve conflicting goals but rather relate to feelings of dissatisfaction, exhaustion, or emotional strain. Therefore, conflict is the most appropriate answer as it specifically addresses the concept of incompatible goals.

    Rate this question:

  • 23. 

    Approach-avoidance conflicts are caused by _______.

    • A.

      Increasing life demands, hassles, and chronic stressors

    • B.

      An exaggerated response to a real or perceived threat

    • C.

      Forced choice between two or more alternatives, both of which have desirable and undesirable results

    • D.

      A blocked goal

    Correct Answer
    C. Forced choice between two or more alternatives, both of which have desirable and undesirable results
    Explanation
    Approach-avoidance conflicts occur when individuals are faced with a situation where they have to choose between two or more alternatives, each of which has both desirable and undesirable outcomes. This creates a conflict because the individual is simultaneously attracted to the positive aspects of each alternative (approach) and repelled by the negative aspects (avoidance). This conflict arises because the individual cannot have both the desirable outcomes and must make a decision that involves trade-offs.

    Rate this question:

  • 24. 

    The SAM system _________.

    • A.

      Is activated by the hypothalamus during stress

    • B.

      Increases heart rate

    • C.

      Releases hormones such as epinephrine and norepinephrine

    • D.

      All of these options

    Correct Answer
    D. All of these options
    Explanation
    The SAM system refers to the sympathetic-adrenal-medullary system, which is activated by the hypothalamus during stress. This system increases heart rate and releases hormones such as epinephrine and norepinephrine. Therefore, the correct answer is that all of these options are true for the SAM system.

    Rate this question:

  • 25. 

    Hans Selye described a generalized physiological reaction to severe stressors that he called the ______.

    • A.

      HPA axis

    • B.

      Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)

    • C.

      General adaptation syndrome (GAS)

    • D.

      Internal locus of control (ILOC)

    Correct Answer
    C. General adaptation syndrome (GAS)
    Explanation
    Hans Selye described a generalized physiological reaction to severe stressors that he called the general adaptation syndrome (GAS). This term refers to the body's response to stress, which involves three stages: alarm, resistance, and exhaustion. During the alarm stage, the body prepares for a potential threat by releasing stress hormones. In the resistance stage, the body tries to adapt and cope with the stressor. If the stress continues for a prolonged period, the exhaustion stage occurs, leading to various health problems. The concept of GAS helps to understand how the body responds to stress and the potential consequences of prolonged exposure to stressors.

    Rate this question:

  • 26. 

    _______ is an interdisciplinary field that studies the effects of psychological factors on the immune system.

    • A.

      Health psychology

    • B.

      Psychiatry

    • C.

      Psychoneuroimmunology

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    C. Psychoneuroimmunology
    Explanation
    Psychoneuroimmunology is the correct answer because it is the interdisciplinary field that specifically focuses on studying the effects of psychological factors on the immune system. This field explores the relationship between the mind and the body, investigating how psychological processes, such as stress, emotions, and social factors, can impact immune functioning. By understanding these connections, psychoneuroimmunology aims to enhance our knowledge of the mind-body connection and its implications for overall health and well-being.

    Rate this question:

  • 27. 

    Chest pain due to an insufficient blood supply to the heart is called _______.

    • A.

      Angina

    • B.

      Heart disease

    • C.

      Atherosclerosis

    • D.

      A heart attack

    Correct Answer
    A. Angina
    Explanation
    Angina is chest pain that occurs when there is a lack of blood supply to the heart. It is typically caused by narrowed or blocked coronary arteries, which restrict the flow of oxygen-rich blood to the heart muscle. This insufficient blood supply leads to temporary episodes of chest pain or discomfort. Heart disease refers to a range of conditions that affect the heart, while atherosclerosis is the buildup of plaque in the arteries. A heart attack, on the other hand, occurs when there is a complete blockage of blood flow to a portion of the heart muscle, leading to tissue damage.

    Rate this question:

  • 28. 

    Having a Type A personality is associated with _______.

    • A.

      Chronic pain

    • B.

      Cancer

    • C.

      Smoking cigarettes

    • D.

      Heart disease

    Correct Answer
    D. Heart disease
    Explanation
    Having a Type A personality is associated with heart disease. Type A personality traits include being competitive, ambitious, impatient, and highly organized. These individuals tend to experience higher levels of stress and are more prone to developing heart disease. The constant drive to achieve, combined with the inability to relax and manage stress effectively, can lead to elevated blood pressure, increased heart rate, and other risk factors for heart disease. Therefore, individuals with Type A personalities should be mindful of their stress levels and adopt healthy coping mechanisms to reduce the risk of heart disease.

    Rate this question:

  • 29. 

    Hardiness is _____.

    • A.

      A high level of phenylalanine

    • B.

      A resilient personality characteristic

    • C.

      Aerobic stamina

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. A resilient personality characteristic
    Explanation
    Hardiness refers to a resilient personality characteristic rather than a high level of phenylalanine or aerobic stamina. It is the ability to cope with stress, adversity, and change, and involves traits such as commitment, control, and challenge. Hardiness individuals are more likely to view stressful situations as opportunities for growth and have a greater capacity to bounce back from setbacks.

    Rate this question:

  • 30. 

    An increase in acetylcholine and norepinephrine is associated with _____.

    • A.

      Nicotine

    • B.

      Any alcohol consumption

    • C.

      Binge drinking

    • D.

      Stress

    Correct Answer
    A. Nicotine
    Explanation
    An increase in acetylcholine and norepinephrine is associated with nicotine. Nicotine is a stimulant drug that activates the release of neurotransmitters such as acetylcholine and norepinephrine in the brain. Acetylcholine is involved in cognitive functions like attention and memory, while norepinephrine is associated with arousal and stress response. Therefore, when nicotine is consumed, it leads to an increase in these neurotransmitters, resulting in heightened alertness, improved concentration, and increased heart rate.

    Rate this question:

  • 31. 

    Once you begin smoking, you continue because ______.

    • A.

      Nicotine is addictive

    • B.

      It increases alertness

    • C.

      It stimulates the release of dopamine

    • D.

      All of these options

    Correct Answer
    D. All of these options
    Explanation
    The statement "Once you begin smoking, you continue because all of these options" suggests that all the given options contribute to the reason why someone continues smoking. Nicotine is known to be addictive, causing a physical and psychological dependence on smoking. Smoking also increases alertness due to the stimulating effects of nicotine on the central nervous system. Additionally, smoking stimulates the release of dopamine, a neurotransmitter associated with pleasure and reward, which can further reinforce the habit. Therefore, all of these factors combined contribute to the continuation of smoking.

    Rate this question:

  • 32. 

    Chronic pain from tension headaches and lower back pain has been effectively treated with ______.

    • A.

      EMG biofeedback

    • B.

      EEG biofeedback

    • C.

      Psychopharmacology

    • D.

      Emotion-focused forms of coping

    Correct Answer
    A. EMG biofeedback
    Explanation
    EMG biofeedback is a technique that helps individuals become aware of and gain control over their muscle tension. It has been found to be effective in treating chronic pain from tension headaches and lower back pain. By providing real-time feedback on muscle activity, EMG biofeedback allows individuals to learn how to relax their muscles and reduce pain. This non-invasive and drug-free treatment option can be a valuable tool in managing chronic pain and improving overall well-being.

    Rate this question:

  • 33. 

    Chronic pain is frequently ___________.

    • A.

      Increased by psychological factors

    • B.

      Treated with behavior modifications

    • C.

      Helped by regular exercise

    • D.

      All of these options

    Correct Answer
    D. All of these options
    Explanation
    Chronic pain is frequently influenced by psychological factors, meaning that factors like stress, anxiety, and depression can exacerbate the pain. It is also commonly treated with behavior modifications, such as relaxation techniques, cognitive-behavioral therapy, and stress management. Regular exercise has been shown to be beneficial in managing chronic pain by improving strength, flexibility, and overall well-being. Therefore, all of these options are valid explanations for how chronic pain can be addressed and managed.

    Rate this question:

  • 34. 

    Deciding if a situation is harmful, threatening, or challenging is known as ________.

    • A.

      Problem-focused forms of coping

    • B.

      Emotional approaches

    • C.

      Primary appraisal

    • D.

      Secondary appraisal

    Correct Answer
    C. Primary appraisal
    Explanation
    Primary appraisal refers to the process of evaluating a situation to determine if it is harmful, threatening, or challenging. It involves assessing the significance and meaning of the situation for one's well-being. This initial evaluation helps individuals decide how to respond and cope with the situation. Problem-focused forms of coping and emotional approaches are strategies or responses that individuals may employ after the primary appraisal. Therefore, primary appraisal is the most suitable term to describe the process of deciding if a situation is harmful, threatening, or challenging.

    Rate this question:

  • 35. 

    When you manage your emotional reaction to stress, you are using _________.

    • A.

      An emotion-focused form of coping

    • B.

      a problem-solving set

    • C.

      A problem-focused form of coping

    • D.

      a practical defense mechanism

    Correct Answer
    A. An emotion-focused form of coping
    Explanation
    When you manage your emotional reaction to stress, you are using an emotion-focused form of coping. This means that instead of directly addressing the problem causing the stress, you focus on regulating your emotions and finding ways to reduce the negative impact of stress on your well-being. This can involve techniques such as relaxation exercises, mindfulness, seeking social support, or engaging in activities that help you feel better emotionally.

    Rate this question:

  • 36. 

    Taking this practice test is a(n) _______ form of coping.

    • A.

      Primary appraisal

    • B.

      Overachiever's

    • C.

      Problem-focused

    • D.

      Resource enlisted coping style (RECS)

    Correct Answer
    C. Problem-focused
    Explanation
    Taking this practice test is a problem-focused form of coping. Problem-focused coping refers to strategies that aim to directly address and manage the underlying cause of stress or difficulty. In this case, the individual is using the practice test as a way to actively engage with and tackle the challenges they may face in their actual test. This approach focuses on finding practical solutions and taking action to solve the problem, rather than simply avoiding or ignoring it.

    Rate this question:

  • 37. 

    Compared to nonprocrastinators, students who procrastinate on class assignments _______.

    • A.

      Get higher grades because they work better under pressure

    • B.

      Drop out of college in greater numbers

    • C.

      Have fewer illnesses because they are less stressed

    • D.

      Receive lower grades on term papers

    Correct Answer
    D. Receive lower grades on term papers
    Explanation
    Students who procrastinate on class assignments are more likely to receive lower grades on term papers. This is because procrastination often leads to rushed and last-minute work, which can result in a lack of thorough research, poor organization, and limited time for revision. As a result, the quality of the term papers may suffer, leading to lower grades compared to non-procrastinators who have dedicated more time and effort to their assignments.

    Rate this question:

  • 38. 

    A(n) _____ locus of control is associated with better coping skills.

    • A.

      Extrinsic

    • B.

      Internal

    • C.

      Heightened

    • D.

      Relaxed

    Correct Answer
    B. Internal
    Explanation
    Internal locus of control refers to the belief that individuals have control over their own lives and outcomes. They believe that their actions and decisions can influence their circumstances. This belief is associated with better coping skills because individuals with an internal locus of control are more likely to take responsibility for their actions, problem-solve effectively, and seek out support when needed. They are less likely to feel helpless or overwhelmed during challenging situations, which can contribute to better coping and adaptation.

    Rate this question:

  • 39. 

    John has been diagnosed with hypertension and is making no attempts to follow his doctor's advice because he thinks he has little or no power over his health.  John is likely to have a(n) ______.

    • A.

      Type A personality

    • B.

      Hardy personality

    • C.

      Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)

    • D.

      External locus of control

    Correct Answer
    D. External locus of control
    Explanation
    John's belief that he has little or no power over his health indicates an external locus of control. This means that he attributes the outcomes of his health to external factors, such as fate or luck, rather than believing that he has control over his own health. This belief can lead to a lack of motivation to follow medical advice, as John may feel that his actions will not make a difference in improving his health.

    Rate this question:

  • 40. 

    _______ helps people recognize the difference between tense and relaxed muscles.

    • A.

      Biomuscular training

    • B.

      Progressive relaxation

    • C.

      Posttraumatic stress retraining (PTSR)

    • D.

      None of these options

    Correct Answer
    B. Progressive relaxation
    Explanation
    Progressive relaxation is a technique that helps individuals become aware of the difference between tense and relaxed muscles. It involves systematically tensing and then releasing each muscle group in the body, allowing individuals to recognize the physical sensations associated with tension and relaxation. By practicing progressive relaxation, people can learn to identify and release muscle tension, promoting relaxation and reducing stress.

    Rate this question:

Quiz Review Timeline +

Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Jul 17, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Apr 20, 2010
    Quiz Created by
    Ascribble16
Back to Top Back to top
Advertisement
×

Wait!
Here's an interesting quiz for you.

We have other quizzes matching your interest.