Psychology Chapter Outlines Quiz

40 Questions | Total Attempts: 220

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Psychology Quizzes & Trivia

Psych 100 exam


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    In your text, psychology is defined as the
    • A. 

      Scientific study of the mind

    • B. 

      Empirical study of conscious and unconscious forces

    • C. 

      Study of mind and behavior

    • D. 

      Scientific study of behavior and mental processes

  • 2. 
    Dr. Lucille offers quick, on-the-spot advice to problems presented by her call-in radio listeners, using mostly her own common sense beliefs and values rather than scientific research.  This practive is more like _____ than _________.
    • A. 

      Critical thinking; psychology

    • B. 

      Social psychology; clinical psychology

    • C. 

      Pseudopsychology; psychology

    • D. 

      None of these options

  • 3. 
    Which of the following are the goals of psychology?
    • A. 

      Describe, manipulate, control, and examine behavior

    • B. 

      Describe, explain, predict, and change behavior

    • C. 

      Predict, control, examine, and change behavior

    • D. 

      Manipulate, control, explain, and change behavior

  • 4. 
    ________ is acknowledged as the "father of psychology."
    • A. 

      Freud

    • B. 

      Skinner

    • C. 

      Wundt

    • D. 

      Maslow

  • 5. 
    Who developed psychoanalytic theory?
    • A. 

      Freud

    • B. 

      James

    • C. 

      Wundt

    • D. 

      Watson

  • 6. 
    _______ emphasized objective, observable behaviors.
    • A. 

      Functionalism

    • B. 

      Gestalt psychology

    • C. 

      Freud

    • D. 

      Behavior perspective

  • 7. 
    The _______ views biological processes, psychological factors, and social forces as interrelated influences, and it is one of the most widely accepted themes of modern psychology.
    • A. 

      Eclectic perspective

    • B. 

      Nature-nurture model

    • C. 

      Interactionist position

    • D. 

      Biopsychosocial model

  • 8. 
    Applied research is conducted to study _______.
    • A. 

      How people apply knowledge in an educational setting

    • B. 

      Theoretical questions that may or may not have real-world applications

    • C. 

      The goals of psychology

    • D. 

      Real-world, practical problems

  • 9. 
    Research conducted to advance scientific knowledge rather than practical application is ______.
    • A. 

      Applied

    • B. 

      Descriptive

    • C. 

      Basic

    • D. 

      Correlation

  • 10. 
    Most scientific investigations begin with ____ and sometimes end with _______.
    • A. 

      A testable hypothesis; replication

    • B. 

      Designing a study; collecting data

    • C. 

      Identifying questions of interest; building a theory

    • D. 

      Reviewing the literature; theory

  • 11. 
    A precise description of how the variables in a study will be observed and measured is known as _______.
    • A. 

      A hypothesis

    • B. 

      An operational definition

    • C. 

      A theory

    • D. 

      The scientific method

  • 12. 
    What are the four major types of psychological research?
    • A. 

      Correlation, case study, naturalistic observation, survey

    • B. 

      Experiment, nonexperiment, pseudopsychology, correlational

    • C. 

      Structuralism, functionalism, behaviorism, psychoanalytic

    • D. 

      Experimental, descriptive, correlational, biological

  • 13. 
    Only the experiment allows researchers to determine _______.
    • A. 

      Relationships

    • B. 

      Correlations

    • C. 

      Cause and effect

    • D. 

      The goals of psychology

  • 14. 
    An experimenter wishes to see if there is a difference between two types of memory techniques.  She teacher one group of participants Technique A and another group Technique B.  Then she gives each group a list of words to memorize.  Two weeks later she tests the participants to measure how many words they have remembered.  What is the dependent variable in this experiment?
    • A. 

      Number of words in the list

    • B. 

      Memory techniques

    • C. 

      Sex of the experimenter

    • D. 

      Number of words remembered

  • 15. 
    What is the independent variable in the experiment described in the previous question?
    • A. 

      Number of words in the list

    • B. 

      Memory Technique A or B

    • C. 

      Sex of the experimenter

    • D. 

      Number of words remembered

  • 16. 
    When participants are not exposed to any amount or level of the independent variable, they are members of the _______.
    • A. 

      Control condition

    • B. 

      Experimental condition

    • C. 

      Observation group

    • D. 

      None of these options

  • 17. 
    The tendency of experimenters to influence the results of their experiment in an expected direction is called _____.
    • A. 

      Experimenter bias

    • B. 

      Control bias

    • C. 

      Observational bias

    • D. 

      Experimental bias

  • 18. 
    When both the researcher and the participants are unaware of who is in the experimental or control group, the research design can be called _______.
    • A. 

      Reliable

    • B. 

      A double-blind

    • C. 

      Valid

    • D. 

      Deceptive

  • 19. 
    A number that indicated the degree and direction of the relationship between two variables is known as ________.
    • A. 

      Statistics

    • B. 

      A correlation coefficient

    • C. 

      Statistical significance

    • D. 

      None of these options

  • 20. 
    The _______ indicated which areas of the brain are active or inactive during ordinary activities or responses.
    • A. 

      Computed tomography (CT)

    • B. 

      Positron emission tomography (PET)

    • C. 

      Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI)

    • D. 

      Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)

  • 21. 
    When you objectively evaluate, compare, analyze, and synthesize information about a ballot proposition or political candidate, you are using _______.
    • A. 

      Psychological processing

    • B. 

      Critical thinking

    • C. 

      Behaviorism

    • D. 

      The scientific method

  • 22. 
    One of the most enduring debates in science is the _________ controversy, which asks whether we're controlled by biological and genetic factors or by the environment and learning.
    • A. 

      Mind-body

    • B. 

      Nature-nurture

    • C. 

      Biopsychosocial

    • D. 

      None of these options

  • 23. 
    Hsao-Wei was sent to the school psychologist to be tested, and based on her IQ score, she was placed in a program for gifted children.  This illustrates psychology's goal of ________ behavior.
    • A. 

      Describing

    • B. 

      Explaining

    • C. 

      Predicting

    • D. 

      Changing

  • 24. 
    The goal of _____ is to tell "what" occurred, whereas the goal of _______ is to tell "why."
    • A. 

      Health psychologists; biological psychologists

    • B. 

      Description; explanation

    • C. 

      Psychologists; psychiatrists

    • D. 

      Pseudopsychologists; clinical psychologists

  • 25. 
    Observable behaviors are the primary focus in which of the following approaches to psychology?
    • A. 

      Humanistic

    • B. 

      Psychodynamic

    • C. 

      Behaviorism

    • D. 

      Cognitive