Psych Practice Test #4

78 Questions | Total Attempts: 102

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Practice Test #4: Chapters 7 & 8


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which of the following does the theory of parallel processing NOT support:
    • A. 

      We automatically identify primitive features of objects

    • B. 

      Different features are analyzed by separate systems

    • C. 

      All systems process simultaneously

    • D. 

      We can attend selectively to a single feature by blocking the other processes

    • E. 

      None of the Above

  • 2. 
    The ________ ______ phenomenon is an analogy to selective listening. It says that in the midst of a loud, chaotic party, you can focus on a single conversation but will respond to pertinent stimulus.
  • 3. 
    Change Blindness is the phenomenon where we fail to notice large changes in the environment.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 4. 
    The model of memory that compares memory to a computer has three phases of memory processing: ________, _______ and _________.
  • 5. 
    The three part system that involves sensory memory, short-term or working memory and long-term memory is known as:
    • A. 

      System Memory Model

    • B. 

      Modal Memory Model

    • C. 

      Cognitive Memory Model

    • D. 

      Serial Memory Model

  • 6. 
    The capacity to acquire and retain usable skills and knowledge is known as:
    • A. 

      Chunking

    • B. 

      Change Blindness

    • C. 

      Change Awareness

    • D. 

      Memory

  • 7. 
    Approximately how long does sensory memory last (choose the best answer)?
    • A. 

      1 minute

    • B. 

      10 seconds

    • C. 

      5 seconds

    • D. 

      Less than 1 second

  • 8. 
    How long does working memory last?
    • A. 

      20-30 minutes

    • B. 

      5-10 minutes

    • C. 

      20-30 seconds

    • D. 

      10-20 seconds

  • 9. 
    Short term memory is sometimes referred to as immediate memory.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 10. 
    George Miller noted the memory span (limit of information that can be remembered) of working memory is generally around how many items?
  • 11. 
    UTPHDNYUMAUCLABAMIT -> UT PHD NYU MA UCLA BA MITThe above process is known as:
    • A. 

      Serial Position Effect

    • B. 

      Chunking

    • C. 

      Episodic Buffer

    • D. 

      Visuospatial Sketchpad

  • 12. 
    Check the four working memory components:
    • A. 

      Central Executive

    • B. 

      Episodic Buffer

    • C. 

      Implicit memory

    • D. 

      Visuospatial Sketchpad

    • E. 

      Explicit memory

    • F. 

      Phonological loop

    • G. 

      Retrieval cue

  • 13. 
    The serial position effect is the ability to recall items from a list depending on its presentation.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 14. 
    The primacy effect is where:
    • A. 

      Rehearsing material many times will allow you to recall it better later

    • B. 

      Objects presented last are remembered better than those presented in the middle

    • C. 

      Objects presented first are better remembered than those presented in the middle

    • D. 

      People act like primates when presented with primary reinforcers

  • 15. 
    Which of the following temporarily holds information about one's self?
    • A. 

      Central Executive

    • B. 

      Visuospatial sketchpad

    • C. 

      Episodic Buffer

    • D. 

      Phonological loop

  • 16. 
    Check the types of memory that require conscious effort (some may be subsections of other types):
    • A. 

      Explicit

    • B. 

      Implicit

    • C. 

      Declarative

    • D. 

      Procedural

    • E. 

      Episodic

    • F. 

      Semantic

  • 17. 
    Prospective memory:
    • A. 

      Is memory for knowledge about the world

    • B. 

      Is memory for ones past experiences

    • C. 

      Is memory for how to do things automatically

    • D. 

      Is memory for doing something at some future time

  • 18. 
    It is easier to remember something with personal meaning to us than something we repetitively memorize.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 19. 
    Which type of encoding is the most effective?
    • A. 

      Visual

    • B. 

      Acoustic

    • C. 

      Semantic

    • D. 

      All are equal

  • 20. 
    The encoding specificity principle says that not every stimulus encoded with an experience can later trigger a memory for the experience.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 21. 
    A group of divers learn a list of words underwater and are tested both on land and underwater for how many they can remember. They recall more words while in the water. This is an example of all but which of the following:
    • A. 

      Encoding specificity principle

    • B. 

      Context dependent memory

    • C. 

      Association memory

    • D. 

      State dependent memory

  • 22. 
    Which of the following brain regions is associated with working memory?
    • A. 

      Prefrontal Cortex

    • B. 

      Hippocampus

    • C. 

      Temporal Lobe

    • D. 

      Amygdala

    • E. 

      Cerebellum

  • 23. 
    Which of the following is associated with fear learning?
    • A. 

      Prefrontal Cortex

    • B. 

      Hippocampus

    • C. 

      Temporal Lobe

    • D. 

      Amygdala

    • E. 

      Cerebellum

  • 24. 
    Which of the following is associated with motor memory?
    • A. 

      Prefrontal Cortex

    • B. 

      Hippocampus

    • C. 

      Temporal Lobe

    • D. 

      Amygdala

    • E. 

      Cerebellum

  • 25. 
    Which of the following is responsible for spatial memory?
    • A. 

      Prefrontal Cortex

    • B. 

      Hippocampus

    • C. 

      Temporal Lobe

    • D. 

      Amygdala

    • E. 

      Cerebellum

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