Psych Practice Test #4

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Practice Test #4: Chapters 7 & 8


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which of the following does the theory of parallel processing NOT support:
    • A. 

      We automatically identify primitive features of objects

    • B. 

      Different features are analyzed by separate systems

    • C. 

      All systems process simultaneously

    • D. 

      We can attend selectively to a single feature by blocking the other processes

    • E. 

      None of the Above

  • 2. 
    The ________ ______ phenomenon is an analogy to selective listening. It says that in the midst of a loud, chaotic party, you can focus on a single conversation but will respond to pertinent stimulus.
  • 3. 
    Change Blindness is the phenomenon where we fail to notice large changes in the environment.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 4. 
    The model of memory that compares memory to a computer has three phases of memory processing: ________, _______ and _________.
  • 5. 
    The three part system that involves sensory memory, short-term or working memory and long-term memory is known as:
    • A. 

      System Memory Model

    • B. 

      Modal Memory Model

    • C. 

      Cognitive Memory Model

    • D. 

      Serial Memory Model

  • 6. 
    The capacity to acquire and retain usable skills and knowledge is known as:
    • A. 

      Chunking

    • B. 

      Change Blindness

    • C. 

      Change Awareness

    • D. 

      Memory

  • 7. 
    Approximately how long does sensory memory last (choose the best answer)?
    • A. 

      1 minute

    • B. 

      10 seconds

    • C. 

      5 seconds

    • D. 

      Less than 1 second

  • 8. 
    How long does working memory last?
    • A. 

      20-30 minutes

    • B. 

      5-10 minutes

    • C. 

      20-30 seconds

    • D. 

      10-20 seconds

  • 9. 
    Short term memory is sometimes referred to as immediate memory.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 10. 
    George Miller noted the memory span (limit of information that can be remembered) of working memory is generally around how many items?
  • 11. 
    UTPHDNYUMAUCLABAMIT -> UT PHD NYU MA UCLA BA MITThe above process is known as:
    • A. 

      Serial Position Effect

    • B. 

      Chunking

    • C. 

      Episodic Buffer

    • D. 

      Visuospatial Sketchpad

  • 12. 
    Check the four working memory components:
    • A. 

      Central Executive

    • B. 

      Episodic Buffer

    • C. 

      Implicit memory

    • D. 

      Visuospatial Sketchpad

    • E. 

      Explicit memory

    • F. 

      Phonological loop

    • G. 

      Retrieval cue

  • 13. 
    The serial position effect is the ability to recall items from a list depending on its presentation.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 14. 
    The primacy effect is where:
    • A. 

      Rehearsing material many times will allow you to recall it better later

    • B. 

      Objects presented last are remembered better than those presented in the middle

    • C. 

      Objects presented first are better remembered than those presented in the middle

    • D. 

      People act like primates when presented with primary reinforcers

  • 15. 
    Which of the following temporarily holds information about one's self?
    • A. 

      Central Executive

    • B. 

      Visuospatial sketchpad

    • C. 

      Episodic Buffer

    • D. 

      Phonological loop

  • 16. 
    Check the types of memory that require conscious effort (some may be subsections of other types):
    • A. 

      Explicit

    • B. 

      Implicit

    • C. 

      Declarative

    • D. 

      Procedural

    • E. 

      Episodic

    • F. 

      Semantic

  • 17. 
    Prospective memory:
    • A. 

      Is memory for knowledge about the world

    • B. 

      Is memory for ones past experiences

    • C. 

      Is memory for how to do things automatically

    • D. 

      Is memory for doing something at some future time

  • 18. 
    It is easier to remember something with personal meaning to us than something we repetitively memorize.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 19. 
    Which type of encoding is the most effective?
    • A. 

      Visual

    • B. 

      Acoustic

    • C. 

      Semantic

    • D. 

      All are equal

  • 20. 
    The encoding specificity principle says that not every stimulus encoded with an experience can later trigger a memory for the experience.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 21. 
    A group of divers learn a list of words underwater and are tested both on land and underwater for how many they can remember. They recall more words while in the water. This is an example of all but which of the following:
    • A. 

      Encoding specificity principle

    • B. 

      Context dependent memory

    • C. 

      Association memory

    • D. 

      State dependent memory

  • 22. 
    Which of the following brain regions is associated with working memory?
    • A. 

      Prefrontal Cortex

    • B. 

      Hippocampus

    • C. 

      Temporal Lobe

    • D. 

      Amygdala

    • E. 

      Cerebellum

  • 23. 
    Which of the following is associated with fear learning?
    • A. 

      Prefrontal Cortex

    • B. 

      Hippocampus

    • C. 

      Temporal Lobe

    • D. 

      Amygdala

    • E. 

      Cerebellum

  • 24. 
    Which of the following is associated with motor memory?
    • A. 

      Prefrontal Cortex

    • B. 

      Hippocampus

    • C. 

      Temporal Lobe

    • D. 

      Amygdala

    • E. 

      Cerebellum

  • 25. 
    Which of the following is responsible for spatial memory?
    • A. 

      Prefrontal Cortex

    • B. 

      Hippocampus

    • C. 

      Temporal Lobe

    • D. 

      Amygdala

    • E. 

      Cerebellum

  • 26. 
    The cells in the hippocampus that aid spatial memory are known as _____ cells.
  • 27. 
    Consolidation is a neural process involved when memories are recalled and stored again for later retrieval.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 28. 
    A broad, pervasive theme or pattern that is deeply entrenched and central to the sense of ones self is called a...
  • 29. 
    Deep encoding tasks will more likely lead to frontal activation of the brain than will shallow encoding tasks.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 30. 
    Ryan experiences frequent nightmares, intrusive thoughts and flashbacks to his time in World War II. Ryan likely has...
    • A. 

      Schizophrenia

    • B. 

      Shellshock

    • C. 

      Posttraumatic Stress Disorder

    • D. 

      Retrograde Amnesia

  • 31. 
    Forgetting is defined as...
    • A. 

      The removal of memory from long term storage.

    • B. 

      The inability to retrieve memory from long-term storage

    • C. 

      I can't remember the definition...

  • 32. 
    One difference in gender between females' and males' underlying brain mechanisms for memory is found in...
    • A. 

      Motor Memory

    • B. 

      Emotional Memory

    • C. 

      Childhood Memory

    • D. 

      Explicit Memory

    • E. 

      There are no differences in memory.

  • 33. 
    What changes occur at the synapses when people learn and remember? Check all that apply.
    • A. 

      Neural connections are strengthened

    • B. 

      Reuptake is enhanced

    • C. 

      Neurons make more synaptic connections

    • D. 

      Brain regions associated with learning and remembering become more sensitive to glucose

    • E. 

      The amygdala grows larger

  • 34. 
    Transcience is the pattern of forgetting over time.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 35. 
    The temporary inability to remember something that is known is called:
  • 36. 
    Mike knows a man named Fred. He then meets a man named George that looks just like him and keeps calling him Fred. This is an example of retroactive interference.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 37. 
    The inattentive or shallow encoding of events is known as:
    • A. 

      Misattribution

    • B. 

      Suggestibility

    • C. 

      Bias

    • D. 

      Absentmindedness

  • 38. 
    Epinephrine enhances memory
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 39. 
    Retrograde amnesia is a condition where you lose the ability to make future memories and anterograde amnesia is where you forget past memories.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 40. 
    Long term alcohol abuse can lead to amnesia.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 41. 
    Which of the following is an example of a Flashbulb Memory?
    • A. 

      The first time you rode a two wheel bike

    • B. 

      Last Tuesday's homework

    • C. 

      What you had for dinner on Thursday

    • D. 

      What time the exam is at on Wednesday

  • 42. 
    The Von Restoroff effect is the phenomenon where:
    • A. 

      Vivid memories tend to be more accurate than trivial ones

    • B. 

      Vivid memories are easier recalled than trivial ones, even if not accurate

    • C. 

      Vivid memories are harder to recall than trivial ones, even if they are more accurate

    • D. 

      Vivid memories are less accurately recalled than trivial ones.

  • 43. 
    Cryptomnesia is an example of which type of memory problem
    • A. 

      Suggestibility

    • B. 

      Bias

    • C. 

      Persistence

    • D. 

      Source Misattribution

  • 44. 
    The development of biased memories when people are provided with misleading information is known as...
  • 45. 
    Jenny tells Billy a rumor. Billy tells the rumor to Joe, and Joe asks where he heard it from. Billy can't remember. What is this an example of?
    • A. 

      Source Amnesia

    • B. 

      Rumor Conundrum

    • C. 

      Confabulation

    • D. 

      Rumor Memory Effect

  • 46. 
    Confabulation is the false recollection of episodic memory.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 47. 
    The changing of memories over time to be consistent with prior beliefs is known as memory bias.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 48. 
    Saying ROY G. BIV to remember the colors of the rainbow is known as what:
    • A. 

      Visual Imagery

    • B. 

      Mnemonics

    • C. 

      Overlearning

    • D. 

      Phonics

  • 49. 
    A picture of a violin is an example of a(n):
    • A. 

      Analogical Representation

    • B. 

      Symbolic Representation

    • C. 

      Defining Attribute Model

  • 50. 
    A _______ is a mental representation that groups or categorizes objects, events or relations around common themes
  • 51. 
    All fruits are sweet, colorful and grow on trees. This is an example of which kind of model:
    • A. 

      Defining Attribute Model

    • B. 

      Prototype Model

    • C. 

      Exemplar Model

  • 52. 
    If I ask you to define a superhero, you tell me "superman". This is an example of what model?
    • A. 

      Defining Attribute Model

    • B. 

      Exemplar Model

    • C. 

      Prototype Model

  • 53. 
    Using information to determine if a conclusion is valid or reasonable.
  • 54. 
    Attempting to select the best alternative among several options.
  • 55. 
    Finding a way around an obstacle to reach a goal.
  • 56. 
    People at UBC Okanagan are generally friendly. Mike is from UBC Okanagan, so he must be friendly. This is an example of inductive reasoning.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 57. 
    Jaws is ferocious and a shark. Therefore, all sharks are ferocious. This is inductive reasoning.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 58. 
    In the northern hemisphere, moss generally grows on the south side of trees. This is an example of:
    • A. 

      An Algorithm

    • B. 

      Heuristics

    • C. 

      Neither

  • 59. 
    Zach is making cookies and is out of white sugar, so he uses brown sugar. This is an example of what kind of heuristic?
  • 60. 
    A mystery person does many experiments, is scientifically minded and skeptical. Using representative heuristics, you can determine that the person is likely...
    • A. 

      A Scientist

    • B. 

      Hockey Player

    • C. 

      Garbage truck driver

  • 61. 
    Mike writes a book that is bound with a stapler. Jared writes a book that is published professionally. Regardless of quality, you will likely buy Jared's book because it looks nicer. This is called:
    • A. 

      Loss Aversion

    • B. 

      Affective Forecasting

    • C. 

      Framing

    • D. 

      Expected Utility Theory

  • 62. 
    The USA comes second place in Olympic Hockey. They stand in their rightful place as second best as Team Canada soaks in the glory of gold medals. Then tears of sadness slowly fall down their dejected ugly faces. Although they have made an achievement of coming second place, their sadness is known as:
    • A. 

      Affective forecasting

    • B. 

      Extraneous subgoals

    • C. 

      Insight

  • 63. 
    Expected utility theory says that humans rarely select the outcome that yields the greatest reward.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 64. 
    A new way of thinking about a problem that aids its solution is known as:
  • 65. 
    A problem solving strategy that has worked in the past is known as...
  • 66. 
    The human ability to use knowledge, solve problems, understand complex ideas, learn quickly and adapt to environmental challenges is known as...
  • 67. 
    People believe or do something because many other people do the same. This is known as:
    • A. 

      Base rate fallacy

    • B. 

      Choice-supportive bias

    • C. 

      Bandwagon effect

    • D. 

      Endowment effect

    • E. 

      Extraordinarity bias

    • F. 

      Illusion of control

  • 68. 
    Mike sells a glass of water that Elvis drunk from for $10000 on eBay. This is known as:
    • A. 

      Base rate fallacy

    • B. 

      Choice-supporting bias

    • C. 

      Confirmation bias

    • D. 

      Extraordinary bias

    • E. 

      Illusion of control

    • F. 

      Endowment effect

  • 69. 
    Zach buys Mike's Elvis water on eBay and trys to tell himself it was worth the money. This is known as:
    • A. 

      Base rate fallacy

    • B. 

      Need for Closure

    • C. 

      Reactance

    • D. 

      Post-purchase rationalization

    • E. 

      Mere exposure effect

  • 70. 
    The parents tell their children not to drink alcohol. The kids drink alcohol. What is this known as?
    • A. 

      The crappy parenting effect

    • B. 

      Need for Closure

    • C. 

      Mere exposure effect

    • D. 

      Illusion of Control

    • E. 

      Reactance

  • 71. 
    1800's scientists made up a bunch of pseudoscience trash about black people being "primitive" compared to white people. This is known as...
    • A. 

      Base rate fallacy

    • B. 

      Choice-supportive bias

    • C. 

      Confirmation bias

    • D. 

      Endowment effect

    • E. 

      Illusion of control

  • 72. 
    Some people who fly on planes are terrified of death, even though the odds of dying on a plane are astronomically low. This is:
    • A. 

      Base rate fallacy

    • B. 

      Choice-supportive bias

    • C. 

      Endowment effect

    • D. 

      Information bias

  • 73. 
    The tendency to remember ones choices as better than they actually were is known as:
    • A. 

      Choice-supportive bias

    • B. 

      Need for Closure

    • C. 

      Mere exposure effect

    • D. 

      Just-world phenomenon

  • 74. 
    Bob's pet hamster dies. Jen thinks Bob deserved it though because Bob stole her teddy bear. This is known as:
    • A. 

      Illusion of Control

    • B. 

      Just-World Phenomenon

    • C. 

      Need for Closure

    • D. 

      Endowment effect

  • 75. 
    Jack is from California and is fascinated by snow. Mike is uninterested in snow because he lives in Kelowna and has always seen it. This is known as:
    • A. 

      Endowment effect

    • B. 

      Illusion of control

    • C. 

      Information bias

    • D. 

      Mere exposure effect

    • E. 

      Need for closure

  • 76. 
    Jane always needs to know who is dating who, even if she can't do anything about it. This is known as the:
    • A. 

      Need for Closure

    • B. 

      Information bias

    • C. 

      Illusion of Control

    • D. 

      Endowment effect

  • 77. 
    Mike wants to know who murdered his dog. This is:
    • A. 

      Need for closure

    • B. 

      Illusion of control

    • C. 

      Endowment effect

  • 78. 
    Mike bought his Elvis water for $5 and refused to sell it for less than $1000. This is known as:
    • A. 

      Illusion of Control

    • B. 

      Endowment effect