Exam Review Unit 1 Cardiopulmonary A&p Of Resp System

110 Questions | Total Attempts: 24

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Exam Review Unit 1  Cardiopulmonary A&p Of Resp System

Cardiopulmonary A&P Chapter 1


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which of the following are primary components of the upper airway?
    • A. 

      Nose, oral cavity, pharynx

    • B. 

      Larynx, trachea, and bronchi

    • C. 

      Nose, oral cavity, larynx and trachea

    • D. 

      Nose, oral cavity, pharynx, larynx, and trachea

  • 2. 
    Which of the following is NOT a primary function of the nose?
    • A. 

      Humidfy inspired gas

    • B. 

      Conduct gas and food to lower airway

    • C. 

      Filter the inspired gas

    • D. 

      Warm the inspired gas

  • 3. 
    Which of the following are functions of the upper airway? I. Conduction of gas to lower airway II. Prevent foreign materials from entering lower airway III. Warm, filter, and humidify inspired gas IV Aid in speech and smell
    • A. 

      I, II, III, and IV

    • B. 

      I,  III, and IV only

    • C. 

      I, II, and III only

    • D. 

      I,  II, and IV only

  • 4. 
    Which structures form the upper third of the nose? I. Nasal bones II. Frontal process of maxilla III. Lateral nasal cartilage IV. Greater alar cartilage
    • A. 

      I, II, III and IV

    • B. 

      I, and II only

    • C. 

      II, III, IV

    • D. 

      II and IV only

    • E. 

      I, III, IV

  • 5. 
    Which structure form the lower two-thirds of the nose? I. Lateral nasal cartilage II. Lesser and greater alar cartilages III. Septal cartilage IV. Fibrous fatty tissue
    • A. 

      I, II, and III only

    • B. 

      I,  III, and IV only

    • C. 

       I, II, III, and IV

    • D. 

      I,  II, and IV only

  • 6. 
    What is the term for widening of the nostrils that can occur during respiratory distress?
    • A. 

      Grunting

    • B. 

      Retractions

    • C. 

      Alar collapse

    • D. 

      Nasal flaring

  • 7. 
     Which of the following structures form the anterior nasal septum?
    • A. 

      Septal cartilage

    • B. 

      Vomer

    • C. 

      Perpendicular plate of ethmoid bone

    • D. 

      Frontal process of maxilla

  • 8. 
    The lymphatic channels are larger and more numerous in what location?
    • A. 

      Upper lobes

    • B. 

      Right lower lobe

    • C. 

      Left lower lobe

    • D. 

      Middle lobes

  • 9. 
    What is the term for the openings created by the alae nasi and septal cartilage?
    • A. 

      Nares

    • B. 

      Glottis

    • C. 

      Vestibule

    • D. 

      Choana

  • 10. 
    What type of epithelium lines the anterior third of the nasal cavity?
    • A. 

      Cuboidal

    • B. 

      Pseudostratified ciliated columnar

    • C. 

      Stratified squamous

    • D. 

      Pseudostratified ciliated squamous

  • 11. 
    In which structure would vibrissae normally be found?
    • A. 

      Oropharynx

    • B. 

      Laryngopharynx

    • C. 

      Nasal cavity

    • D. 

      Trachea

  • 12. 
    What is the submucosal layer of the tracheobronchial tree?
    • A. 

      Lamina propria

    • B. 

      Cartilaginous layer

    • C. 

      Epithelial lining

    • D. 

      Mucous blanket

  • 13. 
    What is another term for conchae?
    • A. 

      Alae

    • B. 

      Choana

    • C. 

      Vestibule

    • D. 

      Turbinates

  • 14. 
    Where is the olfactory region located in the nasal cavity?
    • A. 

      Choana

    • B. 

      Vestibule

    • C. 

      Superior and middle turbinates

    • D. 

      Middle and inferior turbinates

  • 15. 
    Which of the following sinuses are considered to be paranasal sinuses? I. Maxillary II. Frontal III. Ethmoid IV. Sphenoid
    • A. 

      I, II, III, and IV

    • B. 

      I,  III, and IV only

    • C. 

      I, II, and III only

    • D. 

      I,  II, and IV only

  • 16. 
    What effect, if any, would be expected from the topical application of phenylephrine on the nasal mucosa?
    • A. 

      Vasoconstriction

    • B. 

      Vasodilation

    • C. 

      No known effect

    • D. 

      Bronchospasm

  • 17. 
    Among pediatric patients, in which age range is epistaxis most prevalent?
    • A. 

      10-14 years

    • B. 

      2-10 years

    • C. 

      8-16 years

    • D. 

      Newborn-2 years

  • 18. 
    Approximately what portion of the sense of taste is reliant upon the sense of smell?
    • A. 

      60%

    • B. 

      80%

    • C. 

      40%

    • D. 

      20%

  • 19. 
    Which of the following can cause sinusitis? I. Upper respiratory infection II. Dental infection III. Air travel IV. Scuba diving
    • A. 

      I, II, III, and IV  

    • B. 

      I,  III, and IV only

    • C. 

      I, II, and III only

    • D. 

      I,  II, and IV only

  • 20. 
    In the oral cavity, what is the term for the space between the teeth and lips?
    • A. 

      Vibrissae

    • B. 

      Ventricle

    • C. 

      Vallecula

    • D. 

      Vestibule

  • 21. 
    What is the name of the structure that secures the tongue to the floor of the mouth?
    • A. 

      Uvula

    • B. 

      Extrinsic lingual muscles

    • C. 

      Instrinsic lingual muscles

    • D. 

      Lingual frenulum

  • 22. 
    How many ribs are identified as true ribs, attached directly to the sternum?
    • A. 

      Seven

    • B. 

      Eight

    • C. 

      Four

    • D. 

      Six

  • 23. 
    To what structure is the uvula attached?
    • A. 

      Hard palate

    • B. 

      Palatopharyngeal arch

    • C. 

      Palatoglossal arch

    • D. 

      Soft palate

  • 24. 
    What is another name for the palatine tonsils?
    • A. 

      Adenoids

    • B. 

      Faucial

    • C. 

      Lingual

    • D. 

      Pharyngeal

  • 25. 
    Which structure extends from the posterior nares to the superior portion of the soft palate?
    • A. 

      Oropharynx

    • B. 

      Palatine tonsils

    • C. 

      Nasopharynx

    • D. 

      Tongue

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