Respiratory System Multiple Choice Questions And Answers

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Respiratory System Multiple Choice Questions And Answers - Quiz

Take up this "Respiratory system multiple choice questions and answers" quiz in order to find out just how much you know about this amazing system that helps us breathe. The respiratory system is a complex system with many parts that are crucial in the proper functioning of the human body as well as its well-being. Remember to have fun while taking the quiz and share it with all your friends so that they can take the test to see how well they know the human body's respiratory system as well! Good luck!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Your body couldn't breathe without this system.Which one is it?

    • A.

      It is the Perspiration system.

    • B.

      It is the Respiratory system.

    • C.

      It is the Photosynthsis

    • D.

      It is the Urinary system.

    Correct Answer
    B. It is the Respiratory system.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is the Respiratory system. This system is responsible for the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide in the body. Without it, the body would not be able to take in oxygen and remove carbon dioxide, which are essential for cellular respiration and energy production.

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  • 2. 

    The Respiratory system is made up of trachea, the lungs, and the ______________. 

    • A.

      Liver.

    • B.

      Diaphragm.

    • C.

      Esophagus.

    • D.

      Pancreas.

    Correct Answer
    B. Diaphragm.
    Explanation
    The respiratory system consists of the trachea, lungs, and the diaphragm. The trachea is a tube that carries air to and from the lungs, while the lungs are the main organs responsible for breathing. The diaphragm is a dome-shaped muscle located beneath the lungs that plays a crucial role in the process of breathing by contracting and relaxing to help expand and contract the lungs. The liver, esophagus, and pancreas are not directly involved in the respiratory system.

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  • 3. 

    When you breath in  air, you bring oxygen into your lungs and blow out_________________.

    • A.

      Carbon dioxide.

    • B.

      Carbon monoxide.

    • C.

      Oxygen.

    • D.

      Hydrogen.

    Correct Answer
    A. Carbon dioxide.
    Explanation
    When you breathe in air, you bring oxygen into your lungs, which is then transported to your body's cells to support various functions. However, during this process, your cells produce carbon dioxide as a waste product. When you exhale, you release this carbon dioxide from your lungs back into the air. Therefore, the correct answer is carbon dioxide.

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  • 4. 

    When you inhale, your lungs _________________.

    • A.

      Inflate

    • B.

      Turn purple

    • C.

      Deflate

    • D.

      Disappear.

    Correct Answer
    A. Inflate
    Explanation
    When you inhale, your lungs inflate. This is because the diaphragm, a muscle located beneath the lungs, contracts and moves downward, creating more space in the chest cavity. As a result, air rushes into the lungs through the airways, causing them to expand and fill with oxygen. This process is essential for respiration, as it allows oxygen to enter the bloodstream and be transported to the body's cells.

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  • 5. 

    What is the name of the tiny air sacs in the lungs?

    • A.

      The name of the tiny air sacs in the lungs is called Bronchioles.

    • B.

      The name of the tiny air sacs in the lungs is called Ravioli.

    • C.

      The name of the tiny air sacs in the lungs is called Alveoli.

    • D.

      The name of the tiny air sacs in the lungs is called Bronx.

    Correct Answer
    C. The name of the tiny air sacs in the lungs is called Alveoli.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Alveoli. Alveoli are the tiny air sacs in the lungs where gas exchange takes place. They are surrounded by capillaries and allow oxygen to enter the bloodstream and carbon dioxide to be removed from the body.

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  • 6. 

    _________________ is not good for lungs.

    • A.

      Exercising

    • B.

      Singing

    • C.

      Smoking

    • D.

      Yelling

    Correct Answer
    C. Smoking
    Explanation
    Smoking is not good for lungs because it contains harmful chemicals and toxins that can damage the respiratory system. When smoke is inhaled, it irritates the airways and causes inflammation, leading to chronic lung diseases such as bronchitis and emphysema. Smoking also increases the risk of developing lung cancer. Therefore, smoking is detrimental to lung health and should be avoided.

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  • 7. 

    The trachea is also called the ________________.

    • A.

      Lungs.

    • B.

      Diaphragm.

    • C.

      Windpipe.

    • D.

      Bronchus.

    Correct Answer
    C. Windpipe.
    Explanation
    The trachea is commonly known as the windpipe. It is a tube-like structure that connects the larynx (voice box) to the bronchi in the lungs. Its main function is to allow air to pass through and reach the lungs. The term "windpipe" is used to describe the trachea because it carries the flow of air in and out of the respiratory system, just like wind flows through a pipe.

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  • 8. 

    The tiny hairs that keep mucus and dirt out of your lungsare called _____________.

    • A.

      Lung hairs.

    • B.

      Stubble.

    • C.

      Bronchioles

    • D.

      Cilia

    Correct Answer
    D. Cilia
    Explanation
    Cilia are tiny hair-like structures that line the respiratory tract and help to move mucus and trapped particles out of the lungs. They constantly beat in coordinated waves, pushing the mucus and debris up towards the throat where it can be swallowed or coughed out. This helps to keep the lungs clean and free from harmful substances. Therefore, cilia is the correct answer as they are specifically designed to keep mucus and dirt out of the lungs.

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  • 9. 

    The vioce box is also known as the ______________________.

    • A.

      Alveoli

    • B.

      Larynx

    • C.

      Trachea

    • D.

      Motormouth

    Correct Answer
    B. Larynx
    Explanation
    The voice box is also known as the larynx. It is a part of the respiratory system located in the throat. The larynx contains the vocal cords, which vibrate to produce sound when air passes through them. It plays a crucial role in speech and phonation. The other options listed, such as alveoli, trachea, and motormouth, are not correct terms for the voice box.

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  • 10. 

    As you breathe, this contracts and flattens to give your lungs room to fill up with air ____________________. 

    • A.

      Laxynx.

    • B.

      Lung balloon.

    • C.

      Diaphragm

    • D.

      Bronchiole

    Correct Answer
    C. Diaphragm
    Explanation
    The diaphragm is a dome-shaped muscle located beneath the lungs. It contracts and flattens when you breathe in, creating more space in the chest cavity. This allows the lungs to expand and fill up with air.

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  • 11. 

    What happens when you breathe in?

    • A.

      When you breathe in your diaphragm expands and your ribcage contracts.

    • B.

      When you breathe in your diaphragm contracts and your ribcage expands.

    • C.

      When you breathe in your diaphragm explodes and your ribcage contradicts.

    • D.

      When you breathe in your diaphragm does not move and your ribcage expands.

    Correct Answer
    B. When you breathe in your diaphragm contracts and your ribcage expands.
    Explanation
    When you breathe in, your diaphragm contracts, which means it moves downward. This contraction creates more space in your chest cavity, allowing your lungs to expand. At the same time, your ribcage expands outward, further increasing the space available for your lungs to fill with air. This expansion of the diaphragm and ribcage allows air to enter your lungs, providing oxygen to your body.

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  • 12. 

    Air enters your lungs through the _________________.

    • A.

      Trachea.

    • B.

      Esophagus.

    • C.

      Alveoli.

    • D.

      Laxynx.

    Correct Answer
    A. Trachea.
    Explanation
    The trachea is the correct answer because it is the tube that connects the throat to the lungs, allowing air to enter and exit the respiratory system. The esophagus, on the other hand, is the tube that carries food from the mouth to the stomach and does not play a role in breathing. The alveoli are tiny air sacs in the lungs where gas exchange occurs, but air does not directly enter the lungs through them. Laxynx is not a recognized anatomical term and does not relate to the respiratory system.

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  • 13. 

    How many lungs do humans have?

    • A.

      Humans have four lungs.

    • B.

      Humans have one lung.

    • C.

      Humans have three lungs.

    • D.

      Humans have two lungs.

    Correct Answer
    D. Humans have two lungs.
    Explanation
    Humans have two lungs. This is the correct answer because the majority of humans have a pair of lungs. The lungs are vital organs responsible for breathing and oxygenating the blood. Each lung is located on either side of the chest and is divided into lobes. Having two lungs allows for efficient gas exchange and ensures the body receives enough oxygen for proper functioning.

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  • 14. 

    What are bronchial tubes?

    • A.

      Bronchial tubes are air passages inside your lungs.

    • B.

      Bronchial tubes are blood vessels inside your body.

    • C.

      Bronchial tubes are tiny air sacs that deliver oxygen to the blood .

    • D.

      Bronchial tubes are large air sacs that deliver oxygen to the blood.

    Correct Answer
    A. Bronchial tubes are air passages inside your lungs.
    Explanation
    Bronchial tubes are the air passages inside your lungs. These tubes carry air in and out of the lungs, allowing for the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide. They branch off from the trachea and extend into smaller tubes called bronchioles, which eventually lead to the air sacs in the lungs where oxygen is transferred to the bloodstream. Understanding what bronchial tubes are is important in comprehending the respiratory system and how oxygen is delivered to the body.

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  • 15. 

    What muscles allow you to breathe in and out?

    • A.

      The muscles that allow you to breathe in and out is the nose.

    • B.

      The muscles that allow you to breathe in and out is the trachea.

    • C.

      The muscles that allow you to breathe in and out is the tongue.

    • D.

      The muscles that allow you to breathe in and out is the diaphragm.

    Correct Answer
    D. The muscles that allow you to breathe in and out is the diaphragm.
    Explanation
    The diaphragm is a dome-shaped muscle located below the lungs that plays a crucial role in the breathing process. When you inhale, the diaphragm contracts and moves downward, increasing the space in the chest cavity and allowing the lungs to expand and fill with air. When you exhale, the diaphragm relaxes and moves upward, pushing the air out of the lungs. This repetitive contraction and relaxation of the diaphragm muscles enable the process of breathing in and out.

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  • 16. 

    Which can not be stored by the body?

    • A.

      Vitamin s can not be stored by the body.

    • B.

      Energy can not be stored by the body.

    • C.

      Minerals can not be stored by the body.

    • D.

      Oxygen can not be stored by the body.

    Correct Answer
    D. Oxygen can not be stored by the body.
    Explanation
    Oxygen cannot be stored by the body because it is constantly needed for various biological processes, especially for cellular respiration. Unlike vitamins, minerals, and energy, which can be stored in the body for later use, oxygen needs to be continuously supplied through respiration to meet the body's demands.

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  • 17. 

    When you breathe out, what gas does the body get rid of? 

    • A.

      When you breathe out your body gets rid of nitrigen gas.

    • B.

      When you breathe out your body gets rid of carbon dioxide gas.

    • C.

      When you breathe out your body gets rid of oxygen gas.

    • D.

      When you breathe out your body gets rid of carbon monoxide gas.

    Correct Answer
    B. When you breathe out your body gets rid of carbon dioxide gas.
    Explanation
    When you breathe out, your body gets rid of carbon dioxide gas. This is because during the process of respiration, your cells use oxygen to produce energy and carbon dioxide is produced as a waste product. The carbon dioxide then travels through your bloodstream to your lungs, where it is exhaled out of your body when you breathe out.

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  • 18. 

    What are capillaries?

    • A.

      Capillaries are tiny lung sacs in your lungs.

    • B.

      Capillaries are tiny blood vessels in your lungs.

    • C.

      Capillaries are tiny blood cells in your lungs.

    • D.

      Capillaries are large blood cells in your lungs.

    Correct Answer
    B. Capillaries are tiny blood vessels in your lungs.
    Explanation
    Capillaries are tiny blood vessels in your lungs. They are responsible for the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide between the bloodstream and the surrounding tissues. They have thin walls that allow for the diffusion of gases and nutrients. Capillaries connect arteries and veins, allowing oxygenated blood to reach the tissues and deoxygenated blood to return to the heart.

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  • 19. 

    What are alveoli?

    • A.

      Alveoli are tiny cells.

    • B.

      Alveoli are large blood vessels.

    • C.

      Alveoli are tiny blood vessels.

    • D.

      Alveoli are tiny sacs in the lungs.

    Correct Answer
    D. Alveoli are tiny sacs in the lungs.
    Explanation
    Alveoli are tiny sacs in the lungs that play a crucial role in the respiratory system. They are responsible for the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide between the lungs and the bloodstream. The thin walls of the alveoli allow for efficient gas exchange, ensuring that oxygen is taken in and carbon dioxide is expelled. These tiny sacs greatly increase the surface area available for gas exchange, allowing for the efficient oxygenation of the blood.

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  • 20. 

    What disease can be caused by smoking?

    • A.

      The disease that can be caused by smoking is Emphysema.

    • B.

      The disease that can be caused by smoking is Bronchitis.

    • C.

      The disease that can be caused by smoking is Alveolitis.

    • D.

      The disease that can be caused by smoking is Diabetes.

    Correct Answer
    A. The disease that can be caused by smoking is Emphysema.
    Explanation
    Smoking can cause various diseases, but one of the most common and well-known diseases associated with smoking is Emphysema. Emphysema is a lung condition that occurs when the air sacs in the lungs are damaged and enlarged, leading to difficulty in breathing. Smoking introduces harmful chemicals and toxins into the lungs, which can cause inflammation and damage to the delicate tissues and air sacs. Over time, this damage can lead to the development of Emphysema.

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