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Want To Pass The BCBA Exam? Take This Mock Test - Quiz

A Board Certified Behavior Analyst (BCBA) is a person with a certification in applied behavior analysis. BCBAs receive this certification through the Behavior Analyst Certification Board. Applied behavior analysis (ABA) uses scientific and systematic processes to help influence an individual's behavior.
This is a mock exam created by me, especially for all of you! Hopefully, this test will help you pass the BIG BCBA exam!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    I collect data from two behaviorists I am supervising and want to find what the interobserver agreement is. I will find the mean of each of the intervals and then average all those means. Which IOA method am I using?

    • A.

      A) Mean count-per-interval IOA

    • B.

      B) Mean total-per-interval IOA

    • C.

      C) Mean duration-per-interval IOA

    • D.

      D) Total count IOA

    • E.

      Option 5

    Correct Answer
    A. A) Mean count-per-interval IOA
    Explanation
    The correct answer is A) Mean count-per-interval IOA. This is because the question states that the individual wants to find the mean of each interval and then average all those means. This aligns with the method of calculating the mean count-per-interval IOA, where the count of behavior occurrences is calculated for each interval and then averaged across intervals.

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  • 2. 

    When utilizing a“demand” condition” in a functional analysis a BCBA would:

    • A.

      A) Ask a client to complete relatively easy tasks in quick succession

    • B.

      B) Present a demand and withdraw it each interval and record target behavior

    • C.

      C) Present a demand contingent upon target behavior occurrence

    • D.

      D) Ask the client to complete a task and remove the demand upon the target behavior occurrence.

    Correct Answer
    D. D) Ask the client to complete a task and remove the demand upon the target behavior occurrence.
    Explanation
    In a functional analysis, when utilizing a "demand condition," a BCBA would ask the client to complete a task and remove the demand upon the occurrence of the target behavior. This means that the BCBA would initially present a demand to the client and then remove it as soon as the target behavior occurs. This allows the BCBA to observe the client's response to the demand and the impact it has on the occurrence of the target behavior.

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  • 3. 

    A behavior analyst should always measure behavior that is observable and measurable. Which behavior below is the most measurable?

    • A.

      A)The number of times she agreed, as measured by nodding her head.

    • B.

      B) Having fun at the beach, as measured by satisfaction surveys

    • C.

      C) Walking fast as measured by video observation

    • D.

      D) Sitting upright as measured by duration

    • E.

      Option 5

    Correct Answer
    A. A)The number of times she agreed, as measured by nodding her head.
    Explanation
    The most measurable behavior among the options is A) The number of times she agreed, as measured by nodding her head. This behavior can be easily observed and quantified by counting the number of times she nods her head in agreement. It is a clear and objective measure of behavior that can be reliably recorded and analyzed.

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  • 4. 

    I am studying for my BCBA exam, I am using note cards, study guides, modules, study groups, practice exams, and worksheets to study for the exam. Which of the following strategies am I utilizing to study?

    • A.

      Response discrimination

    • B.

      B) Stimulus materials

    • C.

      C) Response generalization

    • D.

      D) Stimulus generalization

    • E.

      Option 5

    Correct Answer
    D. D) Stimulus generalization
    Explanation
    The correct answer is D) Stimulus generalization. Stimulus generalization refers to the transfer of a learned response to stimuli that are similar to the original stimulus. In this case, the individual is using a variety of study materials such as note cards, study guides, modules, study groups, practice exams, and worksheets. These materials are different stimuli that are similar to the exam content, and by studying with them, the individual is hoping to transfer their learning to the actual exam stimuli.

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  • 5. 

    Riley has made good progress in the past 5 months. Her RBT is helping accept bites of food. She generally enjoys this and has eaten the food, but in the past few days she has been spitting the food out. Which is the LEAST likely consideration at this juncture?

    • A.

      A) Have her mother make a Doctor’s appointment

    • B.

       B)Conduct a functional behavior assessment to analyze the change in her behavior.

    • C.

      C) Look for recent changes in the  environment

    • D.

      D) Vary Reinforcers

    • E.

      Option 5

    Correct Answer
    D. D) Vary Reinforcers
    Explanation
    The least likely consideration at this juncture is to vary reinforcers. This is because Riley has been making good progress in accepting bites of food with the help of her RBT. The fact that she has been spitting out the food in the past few days suggests a recent change in her behavior, which indicates the need for a functional behavior assessment. It is also important to consider any recent changes in the environment that may be affecting her behavior. While it is always important to consider different strategies and approaches, varying reinforcers may not be the most immediate concern in this situation.

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  • 6. 

    A BCBA is observing a classroom  and is recording how often a student shouts “Diaperface!”  Which is the least appropriate measure in the scenario? 

    • A.

      A) Momentary time sampling

    • B.

      B) A teacher completed scatterplot

    • C.

      C) Partial interval recording

    • D.

      D) Frequency

    • E.

      Option 5

    Correct Answer
    A. A) Momentary time sampling
    Explanation
    Momentary time sampling is the least appropriate measure in this scenario because it involves observing and recording behavior at specific moments in time rather than continuously. This method may not accurately capture the frequency of the student shouting "Diaperface!" since it only records behavior during brief intervals. The other options, such as a teacher completed scatterplot, partial interval recording, and frequency, would provide more comprehensive and accurate data on the frequency of the behavior.

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  • 7. 

    Riley has learned how to follow written directions, using a checklist in her summer school class. She turns in the checklist along with the completed tasks, at this rate that has met her primary goal. Next week Riley will be starting Middle school. She has four new teachers. Which is the most appropriate recommendation regarding behavioral maintenance?

    • A.

      A) The BCBA should increase the goal of Riley's checklist to 100%

    • B.

      B) Ensure that Riley’s new teachers will support the checklist completion

    • C.

      C) Have Riley go to school with her BCBA the day before school starts and introduce herself to her new teachers

    • D.

      D) Terminate services for Riley because she already met her primary goal

    • E.

      Option 5

    Correct Answer
    B. B) Ensure that Riley’s new teachers will support the checklist completion
    Explanation
    The most appropriate recommendation regarding behavioral maintenance for Riley is to ensure that her new teachers will support the checklist completion. This is important because Riley has learned how to follow written directions using a checklist, and it has been successful in helping her meet her primary goal. By ensuring that her new teachers are aware of and supportive of this method, Riley will have a better chance of continuing to use the checklist and maintaining her behavioral progress in middle school.

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  • 8. 

    Which type of differential reinforcement utilizes IRT?

    • A.

      DRA

    • B.

      DRO

    • C.

      DRL

    • D.

      DRI

    Correct Answer
    C. DRL
    Explanation
    Differential reinforcement of low rates of behavior (DRL) is the type of differential reinforcement that utilizes Interresponse Time (IRT). In DRL, reinforcement is provided only if the behavior occurs after a specified period of time has elapsed since the last response. This type of reinforcement is commonly used to decrease the frequency of a behavior by reinforcing longer intervals between responses.

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  • 9. 

    Cordelia is a BCBA and she is interested in tracking the frequency of “loud vocalizations” for five children in a classroom throughout the school day. She has noticed that the behaviors generally occur for 5 seconds or less.  Which observation method is most likely to be appropriate?

    • A.

      A) Partial interval recording for each class.

    • B.

      B) Duration recording

    • C.

      C) Momentary time sampling at the end of each class.

    • D.

      D) Whole interval recording for each class.

    • E.

      Option 5

    Correct Answer
    A. A) Partial interval recording for each class.
    Explanation
    Partial interval recording is the most appropriate observation method in this scenario because it involves dividing the observation period into intervals and recording whether the behavior occurred at any point during each interval. This method is suitable when the behavior being observed is brief and occurs intermittently, which is the case for "loud vocalizations" that last for 5 seconds or less. Duration recording, on the other hand, would require tracking the exact length of each occurrence, which may not be practical or necessary for this behavior. Momentary time sampling and whole interval recording would not capture the intermittent nature of the behavior.

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  • 10. 

    Which method of data collection overestimates the overall duration of a behavior. 

    • A.

      Whole Interval Recording

    • B.

      Momentary Time Sampling

    • C.

      Interresponse Time

    • D.

      Partial Interval Recording

    • E.

      Option 5

    Correct Answer
    D. Partial Interval Recording
    Explanation
    Partial Interval Recording is a method of data collection that overestimates the overall duration of a behavior. This method involves dividing the observation period into intervals and recording whether the behavior occurred at any time during each interval. If the behavior occurs even once during the interval, it is recorded as present. This method tends to overestimate the duration of the behavior because it does not take into account the exact timing or duration of the behavior within each interval.

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  • 11. 

    Reggie hits his peers. After 6 months of ABA therapy, the parents ask to see his growth. Which would be the best graphic display to show parents?

    • A.

      A scatterplot showing when hitting occurs.

    • B.

      A line graph of hits per hour. 

    • C.

      Cummulative Graph of hitting for the last 6 months

    • D.

      A histogram/bargraph showing average monthly data.

    • E.

      Option 5

    Correct Answer
    D. A histogram/bargraph showing average monthly data.
    Explanation
    A histogram/bar graph showing average monthly data would be the best graphic display to show parents because it would provide a clear visual representation of Reggie's hitting behavior over the course of the 6 months. It would allow parents to see any patterns or trends in his hitting, such as if it has decreased or increased over time. Additionally, the average monthly data would provide a comprehensive overview of his hitting behavior, giving parents a better understanding of his progress during the therapy.

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  • 12. 

    You are teaching a client how to use a fork while eating. First, you would reinforce the client picking up the fork, then you would reinforce putting food on the fork, next you would reinforce place the fork to their mouth, Finally, you would reinforce the client eating the food off the fork. What type of shaping is being used?

    • A.

      Across Response Topography

    • B.

      Successive Approximations

    • C.

      Within Response Topography

    • D.

      Total Task Chaining

    • E.

      Option 5

    Correct Answer
    A. Across Response Topography
    Explanation
    The explanation for the correct answer "Across Response Topography" is that the shaping technique being used involves reinforcing different responses that are all part of the overall behavior of using a fork while eating. Each step in the process, such as picking up the fork, putting food on the fork, placing the fork to the mouth, and eating the food off the fork, is reinforced individually, but they all contribute to the final behavior of using a fork while eating. This type of shaping focuses on shaping different responses that together form a complete behavior.

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  • 13. 

    Celeration charts are used in what form of individualized teaching?

    • A.

      Direct Instruction

    • B.

      Personalized System of Instruction 

    • C.

      Precision Teaching

    • D.

      Discrete Trial Training 

    • E.

      Option 5

    Correct Answer
    C. Precision Teaching
    Explanation
    Celeration charts are used in Precision Teaching. Precision Teaching is a form of individualized teaching that focuses on measuring and increasing the frequency and fluency of targeted skills. Celeration charts are used to graph and analyze the rate of learning progress over time, allowing educators to make data-driven decisions and track the effectiveness of interventions.

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  • 14. 

    Bobby would like to increase the number of math problems he can complete on his math test. What Type of shaping procedure would be best to use for his intervention? 

    • A.

      Noncontingent Reinforcement

    • B.

      Within Response Topography

    • C.

      Modeling

    • D.

      Across Response Topography

    • E.

      Option 5

    Correct Answer
    B. Within Response Topography
    Explanation
    Within response topography shaping procedure would be best to use for Bobby's intervention. This procedure involves breaking down the desired behavior (completing math problems) into smaller, achievable steps and reinforcing each step until the desired behavior is reached. By focusing on the specific responses involved in solving math problems, Bobby can gradually increase the number of problems he can complete. This method allows for targeted reinforcement and helps build fluency in the desired behavior.

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  • 15. 

    Functional Communication Training, Noncontingent Reinforcement and Behavioral momentum are all considered to be? 

    • A.

      Punishments

    • B.

      Consequences

    • C.

      Prompts

    • D.

      Antecedents

    • E.

      Option 5

    Correct Answer
    D. Antecedents
    Explanation
    Functional Communication Training, Noncontingent Reinforcement, and Behavioral Momentum are all considered to be antecedents. Antecedents are events or stimuli that occur before a behavior and can influence the likelihood of that behavior occurring. In this case, these three strategies are used as proactive interventions to prevent or reduce challenging behaviors by addressing the underlying functions or motivations of those behaviors. They set the stage for more appropriate communication or behavior by providing alternative means for individuals to express their needs or desires.

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  • 16. 

    Who developed the Direct Instruction form of teaching?

    • A.

      Keller

    • B.

      Skinner

    • C.

      Engelmann

    • D.

      Lindsley

    • E.

      Option 5

    Correct Answer
    C. Engelmann
    Explanation
    Engelmann is the correct answer because he developed the Direct Instruction form of teaching. Direct Instruction is a teaching method that focuses on explicit and systematic instruction, providing students with clear and structured lessons. Engelmann's work in developing this approach has had a significant impact on education, particularly in improving student outcomes and closing achievement gaps.

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  • 17. 

    Which is not a step when creating a token economy?

    • A.

      Identify Target behavior and rules

    • B.

      Set up exchange rate

    • C.

      Develop Protocol for when requirements are not met

    • D.

      Having Students vote on which token they like best? 

    • E.

      Option 5

    Correct Answer
    D. Having Students vote on which token they like best? 
    Explanation
    A step that is not involved in creating a token economy is having students vote on which token they like best. Creating a token economy involves identifying target behavior and rules, setting up an exchange rate, and developing a protocol for when requirements are not met. However, having students vote on their preferred token is not a necessary step in this process.

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  • 18. 

    Trials to criterion and percentage of occurrence both considered ________________.

    • A.

      Deriviative Measures

    • B.

      Definitional Measures

    • C.

      Accurate Measures

    • D.

      Reliable Measures

    • E.

      Option 5

    Correct Answer
    A. Deriviative Measures
    Explanation
    Trials to criterion and percentage of occurrence are both considered derivative measures. These measures are derived from other data or variables and provide additional information or insights. In the context of the question, trials to criterion and percentage of occurrence are likely calculated based on some underlying data or variables, and they serve as derivative measures to assess or evaluate a certain phenomenon or behavior.

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  • 19. 

    I am collecting data and trying to figure out if I should find a new way to drive to work. I have driven the same route to work every day for the past year and have found that it takes me 59 minutes round trip. Some days on my way home, my wife asks me to bring her an iced coffee. My wife's request could affect the ___________of my data collection. 

    • A.

      Validity

    • B.

      Accuracy

    • C.

      Reliability

    • D.

      B and C

    • E.

      None of the above

    • F.

      Option 6

    Correct Answer
    D. B and C
    Explanation
    The correct answer is B and C. Both accuracy and reliability of the data collection could be affected by the wife's request for an iced coffee. Accuracy refers to the correctness of the data, and if the request causes the person to take a different route or make additional stops, it could affect the accuracy of the data collected. Reliability refers to the consistency and dependability of the data, and if the request leads to variations in the route or travel time, it could also affect the reliability of the data collected.

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  • 20. 

    Which is the most stringent form of IOA?

    • A.

       Exact Occurrence per Interval 

    • B.

      Exact Number  per IOA

    • C.

      Exact Count per Interval

    • D.

      Mean Count per Interval

    Correct Answer
    C. Exact Count per Interval
    Explanation
    The most stringent form of IOA is "Exact Count per Interval" because it requires the exact number of occurrences to be counted within a specific interval. This means that any deviation from the exact count, even by one occurrence, would result in a failure to meet the criteria. This form of IOA is the most precise and demanding, as it leaves no room for any variation or approximation in the count of occurrences.

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  • 21. 

    In Precision Teaching, the founder Ogden Lindsley uses a ____________ to show data tracking the clien't self monitioring.

    • A.

      Line graph

    • B.

      Bar Graph

    • C.

      Scatterplot Graph

    • D.

      Semi-logarithmic chart

    • E.

      Option 5

    Correct Answer
    D. Semi-logarithmic chart
    Explanation
    In Precision Teaching, the founder Ogden Lindsley uses a semi-logarithmic chart to show data tracking the client's self-monitoring. A semi-logarithmic chart is a type of graph that uses a logarithmic scale on one axis and a linear scale on the other. This type of chart is commonly used to display data that covers a wide range of values, as it allows for both small and large values to be represented accurately. By using a semi-logarithmic chart, Lindsley can effectively track and analyze the client's progress over time, particularly when dealing with data that may have exponential growth or decay.

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  • 22. 

    An operational definition should be all of the following except?

    • A.

      Operational

    • B.

      Objective

    • C.

      Clear

    • D.

      Complete

    • E.

      Option 5

    Correct Answer
    A. Operational
    Explanation
    An operational definition should be objective, clear, and complete. The term "operational" in the question implies that an operational definition is necessary, so it cannot be excluded from the list. Therefore, the correct answer is "Operational."

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  • 23. 

    What is the acronym for Forced-Choice Reinforcer Assessment?

    • A.

      Paired Stimulus Reinforcer Assessment

    • B.

      Multiple Schedule Reinforcer Schedule

    • C.

      Concurrent Schedule Reinforcer Assessment

    • D.

      Progressive Ratio Schedule Reinforcer Assessment

    • E.

      Option 5

    Correct Answer
    A. Paired Stimulus Reinforcer Assessment
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Paired Stimulus Reinforcer Assessment. This assessment involves presenting two stimuli simultaneously and allowing the individual to choose one of them. The chosen stimulus is then paired with a reinforcer, such as a preferred item or activity, to strengthen the association between the stimulus and the reinforcer. This assessment helps identify the most effective reinforcers for an individual, which can be used to increase desired behaviors and improve intervention outcomes.

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  • 24. 

    Which is the most common error used in visual analysis in ABA? 

    • A.

      Type I

    • B.

      External Validity

    • C.

      Type II

    • D.

      Extinction

    • E.

      Option 5

    Correct Answer
    C. Type II
    Explanation
    Type II error is the most common error used in visual analysis in ABA. Type II error refers to the failure to detect a true effect or relationship when it actually exists. In visual analysis, this error occurs when a researcher fails to identify a meaningful change or effect in the data, leading to incorrect conclusions or decisions. It is important to minimize Type II errors in visual analysis to ensure accurate and reliable interpretations of data.

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  • 25. 

    What is a type of secretive reinforcement that is not a part of the behavior plan?

    • A.

      Positive Reinforcement

    • B.

      Negative Reinforcement

    • C.

      Bootleg reinforcement

    • D.

      Matrix Reinforcement

    • E.

      Option 5

    Correct Answer
    C. Bootleg reinforcement
    Explanation
    Bootleg reinforcement refers to a type of secretive reinforcement that is not included in the behavior plan. It implies that this form of reinforcement is not officially recognized or approved, and may be carried out without the knowledge or consent of the individuals involved. It is likely to be considered as an unauthorized or unprofessional method of reinforcement, which is not recommended or supported by the behavior plan.

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  • 26. 

    Which type of validity evaluates the extent to which results of a study can be generalized to the world at large or "the real" world?

    • A.

      Internal Validity

    • B.

      Social Validity

    • C.

      External Validity

    • D.

      Peer Validity

    • E.

      Option 5

    Correct Answer
    C. External Validity
    Explanation
    External validity refers to the extent to which the findings of a study can be generalized to the real world or a larger population. It assesses whether the results obtained from a study can be applied to different settings, populations, and situations. In other words, it examines whether the study's findings can be considered representative of the broader population or if they are limited to the specific conditions of the study. Therefore, external validity is the appropriate type of validity to evaluate the generalizability of study results to the world at large.

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  • 27. 

    ___________ shows that change is definitely because of the Independent variable. 

    • A.

      External Validity

    • B.

      Social Validity

    • C.

      Internal Validity

    • D.

      Paired Validity

    • E.

      Option 5

    Correct Answer
    C. Internal Validity
    Explanation
    Internal validity refers to the degree to which a study provides evidence that the observed changes in the dependent variable are indeed caused by the independent variable and not by other factors. It ensures that the study has controlled for potential confounding variables and has established a cause-and-effect relationship between the variables being studied. Therefore, internal validity is the correct answer as it directly relates to demonstrating that the change observed is definitely due to the independent variable.

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  • 28. 

    Which of the following are not related to a Codic Verbal Discriminative Stimulus?

    • A.

      Point to point Correspondence, Formal similarity

    • B.

      Point to Point Correspondence, Non-Formal Similarity

    • C.

      Transcription

    • D.

      Textual 

    • E.

      Option 5

    Correct Answer
    A. Point to point Correspondence, Formal similarity
    Explanation
    Point to point correspondence and formal similarity are both related to a Codic Verbal Discriminative Stimulus. Codic verbal discriminative stimulus refers to the specific features or characteristics of a stimulus that signal a particular response. Point to point correspondence means that each element or part of the stimulus corresponds to a specific element or part of the response. Formal similarity means that the stimulus and the response share similar physical or visual characteristics. Therefore, the correct answer is Point to Point Correspondence, Formal similarity.

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  • 29. 

    Penelope wants to increase the interresponse time between when her team kicks the soccer ball during practice. Which of the following differential reinforcements would be the best approach to address her goal?

    • A.

      DRA

    • B.

      DRO

    • C.

      DRL

    • D.

      DRD

    • E.

      Option 5

    Correct Answer
    C. DRL
    Explanation
    DRL (differential reinforcement of low rates) would be the best approach to address Penelope's goal of increasing the interresponse time between when her team kicks the soccer ball during practice. DRL involves reinforcing the behavior when it occurs after a specified period of time has elapsed since the last occurrence of the behavior. This would encourage the team to wait longer between kicks, effectively increasing the interresponse time.

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  • 30. 

    Which of the following schedules has a post reinforcement pause? 

    • A.

      FI

    • B.

      VR

    • C.

      VR 10

    • D.

      VI

    • E.

      Option 5

    Correct Answer
    A. FI
    Explanation
    A fixed interval (FI) schedule is a reinforcement schedule in which the first response after a fixed amount of time has elapsed is reinforced. After the reinforcement is delivered, there is typically a pause in responding, known as a post reinforcement pause, before the next response occurs. This pause is observed because the individual knows that they do not need to respond immediately to receive the reinforcement, as it will only be available after a specific amount of time has passed. Therefore, the correct answer, FI, is the schedule that has a post reinforcement pause.

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  • 31. 

    A friend from class is walking with you in the park and says "Look, see dog!" Which of the following tact extensions would this statement best fit?

    • A.

      Metaphorical

    • B.

      Metonymical

    • C.

      Generic 

    • D.

      Solistic

    • E.

      Option 5

    Correct Answer
    D. Solistic
    Explanation
    The statement "Look, see dog!" suggests that the friend is pointing out a specific dog in the park, using the word "dog" to refer to that particular animal. This fits the definition of the term "solistic," which means using a specific instance to represent a general category. The friend is using the specific dog they see as an example of dogs in general.

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  • 32. 

    I see a bowl and say "cereal". What type of extended tact is this?

    • A.

      Solistic

    • B.

      Generic

    • C.

      Metonymical

    • D.

      Metaphorical

    • E.

      Option 5

    Correct Answer
    C. Metonymical
    Explanation
    This is an example of a metonymical extended tact because the word "cereal" is used to refer to the entire concept of breakfast or a meal, rather than the specific item in the bowl. The word "cereal" is being used as a substitute or a symbol for the larger category or concept it represents.

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  • 33. 

    Which of the following is a verbal discriminative stimulus?

    • A.

      Tact

    • B.

      Echoic

    • C.

      Mand

    • D.

      Imitation

    • E.

      Option 5

    Correct Answer
    B. Echoic
    Explanation
    A verbal discriminative stimulus is a type of stimulus that signals a specific response in the presence of certain verbal stimuli. An echoic is a type of verbal behavior where a person repeats or imitates what has been said to them. This repetition is a response that is specifically evoked by the verbal stimulus. Therefore, an echoic is a verbal discriminative stimulus because it is a specific response that is evoked by a particular verbal stimulus.

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  • 34. 

    Which of the following is a Non-verbal Discriminative Stimulus?

    • A.

      Textual

    • B.

      Mand

    • C.

      Tact

    • D.

      Intraverbal

    Correct Answer
    B. Mand
    Explanation
    A "Mand" is a Non-verbal Discriminative Stimulus in the context of Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) and behavior analysis. In ABA, a "Mand" is a request or demand made by an individual to obtain something they desire, and it is typically a non-verbal expression of a need or want. It is an essential concept in behavior analysis as it relates to communication and functional behavior.

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  • 35. 

    "I really wish I had a Unicorn" is which type of mand?

    • A.

      Superstitious

    • B.

      Extended

    • C.

      Magical

    • D.

      Solitary

    • E.

      Option 5

    Correct Answer
    C. Magical
    Explanation
    The phrase "I really wish I had a Unicorn" expresses a desire for something that is considered fantastical and imaginary, which aligns with the concept of magic. It implies a longing for a mythical creature that does not exist in reality, suggesting that the mand is of a magical nature.

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  • 36. 

    An orange and a  strawberry fall under which type of stimulus class? 

    • A.

      Feature Stimulus Class

    • B.

      Arbitrary Stimulus Class

    • C.

      Edible Stimulus Class

    • D.

      Stimulus Equivalent Class

    • E.

      Option 5

    Correct Answer
    B. Arbitrary Stimulus Class
    Explanation
    An orange and a strawberry fall under the Arbitrary Stimulus Class because they are not related by any natural or inherent characteristics. They do not share common features or properties that would categorize them together. Instead, they are grouped together based on arbitrary human classification or labeling.

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  • 37. 

     Which of the following is defined as a competing stimulus that blocks the evocative power of the original stimulus, therefore decreasing its effectiveness? 

    • A.

      Stimulus Salience

    • B.

      Masking

    • C.

      Over Shadowing

    • D.

      Mirroring

    • E.

      Option 5

    Correct Answer
    B. Masking
    Explanation
    Masking is defined as a competing stimulus that blocks the evocative power of the original stimulus, therefore decreasing its effectiveness. This means that when a masking stimulus is present, it can overshadow or hide the original stimulus, making it less noticeable or influential.

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  • 38. 

    How quickly should a reinforcer be provided after the functionally equivalent replacement behavior is emitted?

    • A.

      10-30 seconds

    • B.

      0-60 seconds

    • C.

      0-10 seconds

    • D.

      5-15 seconds

    • E.

      Option 5

    Correct Answer
    C. 0-10 seconds
    Explanation
    The reinforcer should be provided within 0-10 seconds after the functionally equivalent replacement behavior is emitted. This is because providing the reinforcer immediately after the behavior increases the likelihood of the behavior being repeated in the future. Waiting too long to provide the reinforcer may weaken the association between the behavior and the reinforcement, making it less effective in promoting the desired behavior.

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  • 39. 

    If an IOA has over a 70% agreement which type of IOA should you use?

    • A.

      Scored IOA

    • B.

      Unscored IOA

    • C.

      Total Count IOA

    • D.

      Mean Count IOA

    • E.

      Option 5

    Correct Answer
    B. Unscored IOA
    Explanation
    If an IOA has over a 70% agreement, the appropriate type of IOA to use would be an Unscored IOA. This means that the agreement between the observers is high, indicating a high level of consistency in their observations. Unscored IOA does not involve assigning scores or ratings to the observed behavior, but rather focuses on the overall agreement between the observers. This type of IOA is commonly used when the behavior being observed is categorical or when precise measurement is not required.

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  • 40. 

    A german shepherd, poodle, golden retriever and golden doodle are all part of what type of stimulus class?

    • A.

      Arbitrary

    • B.

      Selective

    • C.

      Feature

    • D.

      Canine

    • E.

      Option 5

    Correct Answer
    C. Feature
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Feature" because all the mentioned dog breeds (german shepherd, poodle, golden retriever, and golden doodle) share a common characteristic or feature, which is being a type of dog breed. Therefore, they can be classified together as a stimulus class based on this shared feature.

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  • 41. 

    _____________ predicts the relative probability that one event will occur, based on the presence of the other event.

    • A.

      Pragmatism

    • B.

      Covariation

    • C.

      Empiricism

    • D.

      Determinism

    • E.

      Option 5

    Correct Answer
    B. Covariation
    Explanation
    Covariation is the correct answer because it refers to the prediction of the relative probability of one event occurring based on the presence of another event. This means that the occurrence of one event is seen as being related to or influenced by the presence or absence of another event. Covariation is a statistical concept that is often used in research and analysis to understand the relationship between variables and make predictions about the likelihood of certain outcomes.

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  • 42. 

    Smell, Taste, Touch, Hear, and See are all....

    • A.

      Proprioceptive

    • B.

      Exteroceptive

    • C.

      Introceptive

    • D.

      The five senses

    • E.

      Option 5

    Correct Answer
    B. Exteroceptive
    Explanation
    The correct answer is exteroceptive. Exteroceptive refers to the senses that perceive stimuli from the external environment, such as smell, taste, touch, hearing, and sight. These senses allow us to interact with and understand the world around us. Proprioceptive refers to the perception of body position and movement, introceptive refers to the perception of internal bodily sensations, and "The five senses" is a general statement that encompasses all the senses.

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  • 43. 

    Which increases the engaging in the behavior?

    • A.

      Abolishing Operation

    • B.

      Establishing Operation

    • C.

      Value Altering Effect

    • D.

      Behavior Altering Effect

    • E.

      Option 5

    • F.

      Option 6

    Correct Answer
    B. Establishing Operation
    Explanation
    An establishing operation refers to a condition or event that increases the effectiveness of a consequence and therefore increases the likelihood of engaging in a behavior. It can either increase the value of a reinforcer (value-altering effect) or alter the behavior itself (behavior-altering effect). In this case, the correct answer is establishing operation because it suggests that the behavior is more likely to occur due to the presence of certain conditions or events that increase its effectiveness or value.

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  • 44. 

    A ______________ is conducted with the family before you begin an intervention with a new client. 

    • A.

      Mediation

    • B.

      Preliminary assessment

    • C.

      Operant analysis

    • D.

      Informal meeting

    • E.

      Option 5

    Correct Answer
    B. Preliminary assessment
    Explanation
    Before starting an intervention with a new client, it is important to conduct a preliminary assessment with the family. This assessment helps gather information about the client's background, family dynamics, and specific needs. It allows the interventionist to gain a better understanding of the client's situation and develop an appropriate intervention plan. The preliminary assessment also helps establish rapport and build trust with the family, which is crucial for the success of the intervention.

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  • 45. 

    In order to teach a novel behavior with imitation training, you need to have which of the following?

    • A.

      Model, controlled relation, prompts

    • B.

      Formal similarity, prompts, reinforcement

    • C.

      Controlled relation, immediacy, formal similarity, model

    • D.

      Model, immediacy, reinforcement, prompts

    • E.

      Option 5

    Correct Answer
    C. Controlled relation, immediacy, formal similarity, model
    Explanation
    To teach a novel behavior with imitation training, several factors are necessary. One of them is a controlled relation, which refers to establishing a specific connection between the model and the learner. Immediacy is also important as it ensures that the model's actions are presented in close proximity to the learner's behavior. Formal similarity is required to ensure that the learner imitates the model's behavior accurately. Lastly, a model is needed to provide a demonstration of the desired behavior. These factors together facilitate effective imitation training.

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  • 46. 

    Maria's Mother just told you how excited she is about the new program a local aquarium is offering, Soothing Sea Lions. She tells you the brochure says the class is for kids with autism and sensory needs and her daughter loves animals. She tells you that the class will meet 3 times a week, so she will have to cut back on her ABA in-home services. She asks you for your opinion. What would be the BEST way for you to respond?

    • A.

      That sounds great! I am going to look it up when I get home, so I can tell my other clients.

    • B.

      That sounds interesting, but as a BCBA, I am not able to recommend any programs that are not scientifically proven to work. 

    • C.

      That sounds fascinating. I would like to attend with you and maybe I could work with your daughter in the class. 

    • D.

      Animal therapy is a great alternative to ABA services. 

    Correct Answer
    B. That sounds interesting, but as a BCBA, I am not able to recommend any programs that are not scientifically proven to work. 
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "That sounds interesting, but as a BCBA, I am not able to recommend any programs that are not scientifically proven to work." This response acknowledges the mother's excitement about the program but also highlights the professional responsibility of a BCBA to only recommend evidence-based interventions. It emphasizes the importance of relying on scientifically proven methods to ensure the best outcomes for the child.

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