Quiz: Do You Know Piliavin's Core Study Of Psychology?

20 Questions | Total Attempts: 73

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Quiz: Do You Know Piliavin

Bystander apathy is the phenomenon of when observers of an emergency situation do not intervene, and it was tested by Piliaavin and other psychologists following the murder of Kitty Genovese in New York in 1964 because of not a single person out of 40 people who witnessed the murder that spanned for about half an hour tried to help the victim. Take this test and learn more about it!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    What is the definition of altruism?
    • A. 

      A desire to do good but expect a reward.

    • B. 

      A desire to do good without expecting any rewards.

    • C. 

      A desire to help.

  • 2. 
    The study aimed to:
    • A. 

      Investigate reaction times to an emergency situation.

    • B. 

      Investigate if helping behaviour was influenced by the number of people present.

    • C. 

      Investigate why people helped.

    • D. 

      Investigate factors affecting helping behaviour.

  • 3. 
    A state of arousal can be reduced by:
    • A. 

      Helping the victim.

    • B. 

      Convincing yourself the victim doesn't deserve help.

    • C. 

      Being close to the emergency.

    • D. 

      Leaving the scene.

  • 4. 
    The experiment was conducted:
    • A. 

      In a New York train station.

    • B. 

      On a bus in New York.

    • C. 

      On a New York subway train.

  • 5. 
    The experiment was held between ___ over a six-week period.
    • A. 

      11 am and 4 pm

    • B. 

      10 am and 3 pm

    • C. 

      10 am and 4 pm

    • D. 

      11 am and 3 pm

  • 6. 
    70 seconds into the journey the victim:
    • A. 

      Choked

    • B. 

      Collapsed

    • C. 

      Fell over

    • D. 

      Sneezed

  • 7. 
    If no help was offered by the time the train slowed, the model:
    • A. 

      Left the victim on the floor.

    • B. 

      Helped the victim to his feet.

    • C. 

      Encouraged someone else to help the victim.

  • 8. 
    The victims were aged between:
    • A. 

      26 and 35

    • B. 

      20 and 25

    • C. 

      30 and 40

    • D. 

      37 and 42

  • 9. 
    What were the independent variables?
    • A. 

      Race

    • B. 

      Type (drunk/ill)

    • C. 

      Gender

    • D. 

      Presence of a helping 'model'

    • E. 

      Absence of a helping 'model'

    • F. 

      Group size

  • 10. 
    What was the type of data collected?
    • A. 

      Qualitative

    • B. 

      Quantitative

    • C. 

      Both

  • 11. 
    The most help came from:
    • A. 

      Larger groups.

    • B. 

      Smaller groups.

    • C. 

      Groups on the train earlier in the day.

    • D. 

      Groups on the train later in the day.

  • 12. 
    The 'cane' victim received spontaneous help __ of the time.
    • A. 

      80%

    • B. 

      90%

    • C. 

      95%

    • D. 

      96%

  • 13. 
    In all but __ case/cases, the victim received help before the model acted.
    • A. 

      1

    • B. 

      4

    • C. 

      2

    • D. 

      3

  • 14. 
    Women were slightly more likely to help than men.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 15. 
    When more than seven people were present, the reaction times were:
    • A. 

      Faster

    • B. 

      Slower

  • 16. 
    What is the cost-reward model?
    • A. 

      The risk people take in helping someone in hope of gaining a reward.

    • B. 

      The potential harm you will cause in helping someone.

    • C. 

      The rate of response to an emergency situation when a reward is involved.

    • D. 

      The response to an emergency situation on a cost-reward analysis of the situation.

  • 17. 
    'The tendency for people in a group to mislead each other about an emergency' is the definition of what?
    • A. 

      Diffusion of responsibility.

    • B. 

      Pluralistic Ignorance.

    • C. 

      Lying

    • D. 

      Bystander Apathy.

  • 18. 
    'When bystanders offer help' is a definition of what?
    • A. 

      Bystander Apathy

    • B. 

      Bystander Invtervention

  • 19. 
    Did diffusion of responsibility occur?
    • A. 

      Yes

    • B. 

      No

  • 20. 
    According to Piliavin et al., an individual's motivation for helping others in an emergency situation is based on:
    • A. 

      Altruism

    • B. 

      Desire to do good.

    • C. 

      Desire to remove a negative emotional state.

    • D. 

      Desire to gain a reward.