Physical Science Semester 1 Exam

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Physical Science Quizzes & Trivia

Freshman year can be a tough time for any young individual, both from a personal and an academic perspective. We’re here to help make things a little easier with a quiz on all you need to know about physics.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What is scientific law? 

    • A.

      An explanation of an event or events that are supported by evidence that has been collected over time

    • B.

      Rules that scientists must follow when conducting experiments to ensure that processes are safe and results are reliable

    • C.

      A process of learning that begins with a hypothesis and proceeds to prove or change the hypothesis by comparing with scientific evidence

    • D.

      A set of principles that explain and predict scientific discoveries

    Correct Answer
    C. A process of learning that begins with a hypothesis and proceeds to prove or change the hypothesis by comparing with scientific evidence
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "a process of learning that begins with a hypothesis and proceeds to prove or change the hypothesis by comparing with scientific evidence". This explanation accurately describes the scientific law as a process of learning that involves formulating a hypothesis, testing it through experimentation, and either confirming or revising the hypothesis based on the evidence collected. It highlights the iterative and evidence-based nature of scientific inquiry.

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  • 2. 

    What is a scientific theory?

    • A.

      A scientific explanation supported by evidence collected over time

    • B.

      A scientific idea that is developed prior to conducting an experiment

    • C.

      The first step in developing a scientific law

    • D.

      An educated guess

    Correct Answer
    A. A scientific explanation supported by evidence collected over time
    Explanation
    A scientific theory is a well-substantiated explanation of some aspect of the natural world that is based on a collection of evidence gathered over time. It is not merely an idea or a guess, but rather a comprehensive and tested explanation that has been repeatedly confirmed through experimentation and observation. This distinguishes it from a hypothesis, which is an initial prediction or guess that has yet to be fully tested and supported by evidence. Therefore, the correct answer is "a scientific explanation supported by evidence collected over time."

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  • 3. 

    What is the difference between a scientific law and a scientific theory?

    • A.

      A scientific law is set in stone. A scientific theory is just an idea.

    • B.

      A scientific theory must be supported by alot of evidence. A scientific law does not.

    • C.

      A scientific law is a description of an observed phenomenon. A scientific theory is an explanation of an observed phenomenon.

    • D.

      None of the above.

    Correct Answer
    C. A scientific law is a description of an observed phenomenon. A scientific theory is an explanation of an observed phenomenon.
    Explanation
    A scientific law is a statement that describes a natural phenomenon or relationship that has been consistently observed and confirmed through experiments and observations. It is considered to be universally true and does not require any further evidence or explanation. On the other hand, a scientific theory is a well-substantiated explanation of an aspect of the natural world that is based on a vast amount of empirical evidence. It is a comprehensive framework that explains why a certain phenomenon occurs and is supported by multiple lines of evidence.

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  • 4. 

    Matter that contains a combination of different elements and/or compounds and can be separated by physical means.

    • A.

      Substance

    • B.

      Mixture

    • C.

      Bond

    • D.

      Polymer

    Correct Answer
    B. Mixture
    Explanation
    A mixture is the correct answer because it refers to matter that contains a combination of different elements and/or compounds and can be separated by physical means. Unlike substances, which are pure and cannot be separated into other components, mixtures can be broken down into their individual parts through methods such as filtration or distillation. Bond, polymer, and substance are not the correct answers as they do not specifically describe matter that can be separated by physical means.

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  • 5. 

    A pure substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substances by physical or chemical means.

    • A.

      Element

    • B.

      Mixture

    • C.

      Polymer

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. Element
    Explanation
    An element is a pure substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substances by physical or chemical means. It consists of only one type of atom. Elements are the building blocks of matter and are represented by symbols on the periodic table. Examples of elements include hydrogen, oxygen, and carbon.

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  • 6. 

    A pure substance is

    • A.

      Matter that contains a combination of elements and/or compounds

    • B.

      Matter that cannot be broken down into simpler substances by physical or chemical means

    • C.

      An element or compound that consists of only one component with definite physical and chemical properties and a definite composition

    • D.

      B and c

    Correct Answer
    D. B and c
    Explanation
    A pure substance is a type of matter that cannot be broken down into simpler substances by physical or chemical means. It can be either an element or a compound that consists of only one component with definite physical and chemical properties and a definite composition. Therefore, the correct answer is b and c.

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  • 7. 

    Deposition is _____________________________________________________________________________.

    Correct Answer
    when water vapor turns directly into a solid
    Explanation
    Deposition refers to the process in which water vapor bypasses the liquid state and transforms directly into a solid, such as ice or frost. This occurs when the temperature of the air is below the dew point, causing the water vapor to condense and freeze onto surfaces. Deposition is the opposite of sublimation, where a solid directly transforms into a gas without going through the liquid phase.

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  • 8. 

    An ionic bond transfers an electron from one atom to another resulting in ____________________________________.

    Correct Answer
    attraction between oppositely charged ions
    Explanation
    An ionic bond is formed when one atom transfers an electron to another atom. This transfer creates ions, which are atoms with a positive or negative charge. The atom that loses an electron becomes positively charged, while the atom that gains an electron becomes negatively charged. These oppositely charged ions attract each other, leading to the formation of an ionic bond.

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  • 9. 

    A covalent bond iss formed by atoms that are ________________________________.

    Correct Answer
    sharing one or more electrons
    Explanation
    A covalent bond is formed when atoms share one or more electrons. In a covalent bond, the participating atoms have a strong attraction for the shared electrons, resulting in a stable molecule. This type of bond is commonly found in nonmetallic elements and compounds. The sharing of electrons allows both atoms to achieve a more stable electron configuration, fulfilling the octet rule for most elements.

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  • 10. 

    Organic chemistry is a branch of chemistry that specializes in the study of carbon compounds.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Organic chemistry is indeed a branch of chemistry that focuses on the study of carbon compounds. Carbon is unique in its ability to form a wide range of molecules due to its ability to bond with other carbon atoms and various other elements. Organic chemistry plays a crucial role in understanding and synthesizing organic compounds, including those found in living organisms. Therefore, the statement "Organic chemistry is a branch of chemistry that specializes in the study of carbon compounds" is true.

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  • 11. 

    Organic compounds are

    • A.

      Carbon-based

    • B.

      Also known as organic molecules

    • C.

      Found in every living thing

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    Organic compounds are carbon-based molecules that are found in every living thing. This includes all organisms, such as plants, animals, and microorganisms. The term "organic" refers to the presence of carbon atoms in these compounds, which are essential for life processes and the formation of complex biomolecules. Therefore, the correct answer is "all of the above" as organic compounds are carbon-based, also known as organic molecules, and found in every living thing.

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  • 12. 

    A carbohydrate is

    • A.

      Bad for you

    • B.

      A group of energy-rich compounds

    • C.

      A chain of amino acids

    Correct Answer
    B. A group of energy-rich compounds
    Explanation
    Carbohydrates are a group of energy-rich compounds that are essential for providing fuel to the body. They are one of the three macronutrients, along with proteins and fats, and are the primary source of energy for the body. Carbohydrates are broken down into glucose, which is then used by the cells for energy production. They are found in foods such as grains, fruits, vegetables, and dairy products. Consuming carbohydrates in moderation is important for maintaining a balanced diet and ensuring proper energy levels.

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  • 13. 

    A protein is  a complex natural substance that has a globular or fibrous structure composed of linked amino acids. Proteins are essential to the structure and function of all living cells and viruses.

    • A.

      A group of very large molecules made of carbon, nitrogen, hydrogen, and oxygen, and sometimes sulfur

    • B.

      A long chain of amino acids linked together

    • C.

      A complex natural substance found in most body tissue

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "all of the above." This is because the given statement accurately describes the characteristics of proteins. Proteins are indeed a group of very large molecules made of carbon, nitrogen, hydrogen, and oxygen, and sometimes sulfur. They are also a long chain of amino acids linked together, and they are a complex natural substance found in most body tissues. Therefore, all of these options correctly describe proteins.

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  • 14. 

    A polymer is

    • A.

      A tiny molecule

    • B.

      A solid substance containing protein

    • C.

      A single molecule found in most compounds

    • D.

      A compound that is composed of long chains of smaller molecules

    Correct Answer
    D. A compound that is composed of long chains of smaller molecules
    Explanation
    A polymer is a compound that is composed of long chains of smaller molecules. Polymers are formed through a process called polymerization, where smaller molecules called monomers join together to form long chains. These chains can be made up of the same type of monomer or different types of monomers. Polymers can have a wide range of properties and are used in various applications, such as plastics, rubber, and fibers.

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  • 15. 

    The ability of an object to change or cause change.

    • A.

      Movement

    • B.

      Energy

    • C.

      Force

    • D.

      Kinetic

    Correct Answer
    B. Energy
    Explanation
    Energy is the correct answer because it refers to the ability of an object to change or cause change. Energy can exist in various forms such as kinetic energy (energy of motion), potential energy (stored energy), thermal energy (heat), and so on. It is a fundamental concept in physics and is essential for any kind of movement or force to occur.

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  • 16. 

    _________________ energy is due to temperature.

    Correct Answer
    thermal
    Explanation
    Thermal energy is the energy that is due to the temperature of a substance. Temperature is a measure of the average kinetic energy of the particles in a substance. As the temperature increases, the particles gain more kinetic energy, leading to an increase in thermal energy. Therefore, thermal energy is directly related to temperature and is a result of the motion and vibration of particles in a substance.

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  • 17. 

    Molecules that change from a liquid to a gas at temperatures below the boiling point.

    • A.

      Evaporation

    • B.

      Condensation

    • C.

      Sublimation

    • D.

      Precipitation

    Correct Answer
    A. Evaporation
    Explanation
    Evaporation refers to the process in which molecules change from a liquid to a gas at temperatures below the boiling point. This occurs when the molecules in the liquid gain enough energy to overcome the attractive forces holding them together and escape into the surrounding environment as gas molecules. Unlike boiling, which occurs at a specific temperature, evaporation can happen at any temperature. It is a gradual process that takes place on the surface of the liquid.

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  • 18. 

    Molecules that change from a solid directly to a gas with no liquid phase when heat energy is added.

    • A.

      Evaporation

    • B.

      Condensation

    • C.

      Sublimation

    • D.

      Precipitation

    Correct Answer
    C. Sublimation
    Explanation
    Sublimation refers to the process in which molecules transition directly from a solid state to a gaseous state without passing through the liquid phase. This occurs when heat energy is added to the solid, causing the molecules to gain enough energy to break their intermolecular bonds and enter the gas phase. Therefore, sublimation is the correct answer for molecules that change from a solid directly to a gas with no liquid phase when heat energy is added.

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  • 19. 

    Amino acids are

    • A.

      A group of smaller molecules

    • B.

      The building blocks of proteins

    • C.

      Made up of carbohydrates

    • D.

      Both a and b

    Correct Answer
    D. Both a and b
    Explanation
    Amino acids are both a group of smaller molecules and the building blocks of proteins. They are the individual units that combine to form proteins, and they are also considered smaller molecules on their own. This means that they have dual roles, serving as the smaller components of larger protein structures and also being independent molecules with their own unique properties.

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  • 20. 

    What theory states that all phases of matter, atoms, and molecules exhibit random motion?

    • A.

      Theory of natural motion

    • B.

      Molecular orbital theory

    • C.

      Theory of relativity

    • D.

      Kinetic molecular theory

    Correct Answer
    D. Kinetic molecular theory
    Explanation
    The kinetic molecular theory states that all phases of matter, atoms, and molecules exhibit random motion. This theory explains the behavior of gases, liquids, and solids based on the motion and interactions of individual particles. It states that particles are in constant motion, colliding with each other and the walls of their container, and that the temperature of a substance is related to the average kinetic energy of its particles. This theory provides a foundation for understanding the properties and behavior of matter at the microscopic level.

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  • 21. 

    Gases have a very high density.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Gases actually have a very low density compared to liquids and solids. This is because the particles in gases are spread out and move freely, resulting in a lower mass per unit volume. The density of a substance is determined by dividing its mass by its volume, and since gases have low mass and high volume, their density is low. Therefore, the statement that gases have a very high density is false.

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  • 22. 

    Why do gases have low density?

    • A.

      The molecules in gas are separated from each other

    • B.

      The molecules in gases are closer together

    • C.

      Gases are high in temperature

    • D.

      Gases are low in temperature

    Correct Answer
    A. The molecules in gas are separated from each other
    Explanation
    Gases have low density because the molecules in gas are separated from each other. Unlike liquids and solids, where molecules are closely packed, gas molecules have more space between them. This results in a lower mass per unit volume, leading to low density.

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  • 23. 

    What are the properties of gases?

    • A.

      They are easy to compress and expand to fill containers

    • B.

      They occupy more space than liquids or solids

    • C.

      Molecules in gas are far apart

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    The properties of gases include being easy to compress and expand to fill containers, occupying more space than liquids or solids, and having molecules that are far apart. Therefore, the correct answer is "all of the above" as all of these statements accurately describe the properties of gases.

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  • 24. 

    What law states that at a constant temperature, the volume of a confined gas varies inversely with its pressure.

    Correct Answer
    Boyle's Law
    Explanation
    Boyle's Law states that at a constant temperature, the volume of a confined gas varies inversely with its pressure. This means that as the pressure of a gas increases, its volume decreases, and vice versa, as long as the temperature remains constant. This law is based on the observation that when the volume of a gas is decreased, the gas particles collide more frequently with the walls of the container, resulting in an increase in pressure. Conversely, when the volume is increased, the gas particles collide less frequently with the walls, causing a decrease in pressure.

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  • 25. 

    What law states that the volume and temperature of gas are directly proportional, for example the volume of a gas increases with increasing temperature.

    Correct Answer
    Charle's Law
    Explanation
    Charle's Law states that the volume and temperature of gas are directly proportional. This means that as the temperature of a gas increases, its volume also increases, and vice versa. This law is based on the assumption that the pressure and amount of gas are constant. It is a fundamental principle in thermodynamics and is used to explain the behavior of gases at different temperatures.

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  • 26. 

    Energy flows from

    • A.

      High to low

    • B.

      Low to high

    • C.

      Depends on various factors

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. Low to high
    Explanation
    Energy flows from low to high because it naturally seeks equilibrium. In a system, energy will always move from areas of lower energy to areas of higher energy until a balance is reached. This can be observed in various processes such as heat transfer, where heat flows from a hotter object to a cooler object. Additionally, energy flows from low to high when work is done on a system, increasing its energy level. Therefore, the correct answer is "low to high."

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  • 27. 

    How is the periodic table arranged?

    • A.

      Alphabetically

    • B.

      Numerically

    • C.

      By atomic number

    • D.

      By abbreviation

    Correct Answer
    C. By atomic number
    Explanation
    The periodic table is arranged by atomic number. Atomic number is the number of protons in an atom's nucleus, and it determines the element's identity. The periodic table is organized in such a way that elements with similar properties are placed in the same group or column. This arrangement allows scientists to easily identify and compare the properties of different elements.

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  • 28. 

    What is the purpose of the periodic table?

    Correct Answer
    to organize elements
    Explanation
    The purpose of the periodic table is to organize elements in a systematic and logical manner. It arranges elements based on their atomic number, electron configuration, and recurring chemical properties. This organization allows scientists to easily identify and understand the characteristics and relationships between different elements. It provides a comprehensive framework for studying and predicting the behavior of elements, as well as for discovering new elements and their properties.

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  • 29. 

    How are noble gases unique?

    Correct Answer
    They don't naturally form chemical bonds
    Explanation
    Noble gases are unique because they do not naturally form chemical bonds. Unlike other elements, noble gases have a full valence electron shell, making them stable and unreactive. This makes them highly resistant to bonding with other elements and explains why noble gases are often found in their pure, elemental form in nature. Their lack of reactivity and inability to form chemical bonds is what sets noble gases apart from other elements.

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