You Think You Know Everything About Physics? This Quiz Will Prove You Wrong

72 Questions | Total Attempts: 21

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You Think You Know Everything About Physics? This Quiz Will Prove You Wrong

Physics is the natural science that studies matter, its motion and behavior through space and time, and the related entities of energy and force. You Think You Know Everything About Physics? This Quiz Will Prove You Wrong ALL THE BEST!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    You have a 62 y.o. patient who had an ischemic stroke 2 years ago and is coming to you because she fell and broke her hip 8 weeks ago and thinks she is weak. She has 4 steps to enter her home and lives by herself. On assessment, you notice that she has an AFO on the R foot and evident flexion contracture in her R hand/UE. What are some treatment techniques worth considering? (select all that apply)
    • A. 

      Consider activities involving upper extremity WB in order to increase bone strength

    • B. 

      Consider aquatic therapy as the hydrostatic pressure may increase her BP as well as her strength

    • C. 

      ​​​​​​​ Consider FES to facilitate decreased spasticity in R hand/UE

    • D. 

       Consider cardiovascular training with emphasis on decreasing BP

  • 2. 
    Two athletes competing to win a one mile race separate. One stays at sea level, and one goes to the top of Mt. Everest. After 6 months of training at their respective locations, the Mt. Everest athlete comes back to sea level to compete. What are some possible scenarios? (select all that apply)
    • A. 

      The Mt. Everest athlete wins because everybody knows that when you train at high altitudes you always win because your muscles have been trained with low oxygen and now there is a ton of oxygen at sea level. 

    • B. 

      The Mt. Everest athlete loses because his blood is too viscous from increased hemoglobin and hematocrit after having lived in elevation for that long and the blood cannot circulate fast enough to provide energy to his muscles. 

    • C. 

      The Mt. Everest athlete loses because the air was so thin, lacking density and resistance, at Mt. Everest that his respiratory muscles are now weak.

    • D. 

      The Mt. Everest athlete wins because the lack of Oxygen at high altitudes leads to increased concentric hypertrophy of muscles

  • 3. 
    Exercise for people with CHF can be as beneficial if not more beneficial than the best drug therapies. What is the main goal of exercise programs designed for patients with CHF? (select one answer)
    • A. 

       Increase anaerobic metabolism

    • B. 

      Decrease aerobic metabolism

    • C. 

       Decrease anaerobic metabolism

    • D. 

      Exercise at an intensity of 80% VO2 max for 10 minutes with 2 minute rest breaks

  • 4. 
    For which condition(s) would a power lifting prescription be contraindicated? (select one answer)
    • A. 

      CHF

    • B. 

      Pulmonary dysfunction under discretion of the physician

    • C. 

      77 yo with balance deficits

    • D. 

      82 yo with strength deficits 

  • 5. 
    Your patient has COPD and has landed in the hospital due to hypoxia where he recently passed out and was brought to the ER. At your first visit, you could educate your patient on some techniques to allow for increased oxygen intake EXCEPT? (select one answer)
    • A. 

      Recommend increased supplemental oxygen at all times in order to keep O2 sats at 100%.

    • B. 

      Take small walks within moderate range on RPE scale instructing patient to stay between 2 and 3 and if he starts feeling winded, to stop and catch his breath

    • C. 

      Instruct patient on pursed lip breathing

    • D. 

      Recommend patient get oximeter for home use and use during your treatment session so patient can understand how to use it

  • 6. 
    Barb is an elite hockey player in training for the next Olympics. Her coach has told her she needs to work on her quick shots to beat the goalie. She has been training for 3 weeks, and without warm up, she steps on the ice and takes a snap shot into the upper left hand corner of the net, and then proceeds to do that 10 times in a row without missing. Her coach applauds all her hard work. (select one answer) This is an example of:
    • A. 

      Reversibility principle

    • B. 

      Specificity principle

    • C. 

      Overload principle

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 7. 
    Al is a healthy 68-year-old man who has noticed himself becoming weaker as he has gotten older. What type of exercise would likely be the most beneficial for improving his functionality as he ages? (select one answer)
    • A. 

      Performing slow and controlled leg exercises with resistance bands 

    • B. 

      Performing squats and coming up to standing as fast as he safely can

    • C. 

      Spending 30 minutes on an exercise bike set to low resistance

    • D. 

      Performing glute squeeze exercises while he sits in his chair, being mindful to hold the muscle contraction for 5 seconds each time

  • 8. 
    Which of the following statements are true about the typical changes seen in muscle as people age? (select all that apply)
    • A. 

      There is an overall decrease in strength and power

    • B. 

      There is a greater proportion of Type IIB muscle fibers

    • C. 

      There are fewer muscle fibers to a motor neuron

    • D. 

      Endurance increases

  • 9. 
    You are checking vitals as part of evaluation for a patient with obesity who uses a CPAP machine at night, who wishes to start an exercise program.  What lung sounds are you most likely to hear during auscultation, and what is the most appropriate exercise recommendation? (single best answer)
    • A. 

      Decreased sound transmission, and a walking program within the 55-60% VO2 max range, for 30 minutes a day.

    • B. 

       Bronchophony, and a walking program of 10 minute bouts, 10-30x a week

    • C. 

      Decreased sound transmission, and a strength training program for UE 2x a week, LE 3x a week.

    • D. 

      Rhonchi, and a HITT program in 10 minute bouts, 10-30x a week.

  • 10. 
    You are treating an elderly patient who suffered from a fall, combined with a history of cervical stenosis resulting in a SCI at C6.  Your patient suddenly starts to present a flushed face and neck, and complains of headache and blurred vision.  What is happening to the nervous system and circulatory system and what might you check on the patient to address autonomic dysreflexia? (single best answer)
    • A. 

      There is a sympathetic response below the level of injury, which is causing vasodilation and decreased blood pressure, which descending control from the brain cannot regulate.   Check for noxious stimuli below level of injury, like bladder/bowel fullness.

    • B. 

      There is a sympathetic response to positional change above the level of injury, which is causing vasoconstriction and increased blood pressure.  Check for spasticity in UE.

    • C. 

      There is a sympathetic response below the level of injury causing vasoconstriction and increased blood pressure, which descending control from the brain cannot regulate.  Check for noxious stimuli below level of injury, like bladder/bowel fullness.

    • D. 

      There is a parasympathetic response below the level of injury, which is causing vasodilation and decreased blood pressure which descending control from the brain cannot regulate.  Check for spasticity in LE.

  • 11. 
    You have a patient who is 75 years old and a fall risk, who does not believe strength training will help their condition, telling you, “I’m just getting old.”  Which of the following is the most scientifically accurate argument that strength training will help them (single best answer):
    • A. 

      Showing the patient pictures of elderly athletes and telling them “You can do it too!”

    • B. 

      Yes, as we age we lose motor neurons and motor units, but some of these effects are reversible.  If you strength train with heavy resistance at a slow speed, you can grow back the powerful muscles you had in your twenties.

    • C. 

      Yes, as we age we lose motor neurons and motor units, but some of these effects are reversible.  The resistance provided from water during swimming is enough to improve muscle strength and balance on land.

    • D. 

      Yes, as we age we lose motor neurons and motor units, but some of these effects are reversible.  Resistance training "as fast as you can" with moderate loads will increase muscle fiber size and improve balance.

  • 12. 
    Comparing a successful professional 100m dash sprinter with a successful professional marathon runner, we would expect to see:
    • A. 

       Higher glycogen stores and more capillaries in the sprinter, higher oxidative enzymes and mitochondria in the marathon runner. 

    • B. 

       Higher glycogen stores in the sprinter; more capillaries, oxidative enzymes, and mitochondria in the marathon runner. 

    • C. 

      More capillaries and mitochondria in the sprinter, higher glycogen stores and oxidative enzymes in the marathon runner. 

    • D. 

       More capillaries, oxidative enzymes and mitochondria in the sprinter; higher glycogen stores in the marathon runner.  

  • 13. 
    For which of the following patient populations, is pulmonary function or capacity NOT a limiting factor in aerobic performance? 
    • A. 

       Elite athlete 

    • B. 

       typical untrained client 

    • C. 

       client with emphysema 

    • D. 

      Client with cystic fibrosis

  • 14. 
    Who can potentially benefit from pursed lip breathing? 
    • A. 

       patients with asthma 

    • B. 

       patients with COPD 

    • C. 

       patients with emphysema 

    • D. 

       all of these patients

  • 15. 
    Skylar has experienced a spinal cord injury (SCI) at the level of T4. What treatment option(s) would be appropriate to give to your patient? Select all that apply.
    • A. 

      Functional electrical stimulation (FES)

    • B. 

      Decrease muscle tone

    • C. 

      Avoid stretching

    • D. 

      Practice motor retraining

  • 16. 
    When exercising a patient, which of the following is NOT a sign that you should immediately cease the exercise session?
    • A. 

       O2 saturation levels drop below 85%

    • B. 

       Systolic BP decreases more than 10 mmHg after the onset of activity

    • C. 

       A 61-year-old patient reaches a heart rate of 148 beats per minute

    • D. 

       You should immediately make the patient stop exercising in all of these situations

    • E. 

      A patient with exercise induced asthma has a 15-20% decrease in FEV1/FVC estimated with a peak flow meter

  • 17. 
    Patients with the following condition should be given exercise prescriptions that primarily involve only aerobic exercises of the lower extremities. 
    • A. 

      Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary disease

    • B. 

      Coronary artery disease

    • C. 

      Duchenne muscular dystrophy

    • D. 

      Osteoporosis

  • 18. 
    A group of friends decide they want to challenge each other during a workout competition to see who can get the most sore. Out of the following scenarios, which person will have the most delayed onset muscle soreness? (Select the single best answer)
    • A. 

      Friend who runs uphill

    • B. 

      Friend who runs downhill

    • C. 

      Friend who runs on flat terrain

    • D. 

      Friend who does a combination of the three (uphill, downhill, and flat terrain)

  • 19. 
    An athlete comes into the PT clinic 10 weeks post-op from his ACL reconstruction. He has been progressing as expected since his surgery at another clinic, and is transitioning to your clinic after his family moved. Which of the following would you instruct as his PT regarding resistance training? (Select the single best answer)
    • A. 

      Use free weights as they require greater accessory muscle activity to stabilize the load and therefore are more functional

    • B. 

      Use machines because they load other muscles/bones too

    • C. 

      Use machines because they will isolate one single muscle group

    • D. 

      Use free weights because they allow for increased load on cartilage

  • 20. 
     A 56 y/o patient comes into the clinic who you have never seen before. She is recovering from a left femur fracture after falling in her backyard (no other health conditions). You are attempting to prescribe the correct amount of load for her resistance training exercises. Which of the following should you use? (Select the single best answer)
    • A. 

      1-RM because it is the most accurate measure of strength

    • B. 

      7-10RM because of her age and diagnosis

    • C. 

      5RM since it is between the 1 rep maximum and 10 rep maximum and she is middle-aged and moderately healthy

    • D. 

      She should perform as many reps as she can every exercise session to overload the muscle

  • 21. 
    What are the most effective PT interventions for knee osteoarthritis? (Choose all that apply)
    • A. 

      Aerobic exercise

    • B. 

      Strengthening

    • C. 

      Aquatic exercise

    • D. 

      Flexibility

    • E. 

      Manual therapy

  • 22. 
    A 30 y/o female with a diagnosis of right shoulder dislocation comes into the clinic and you are taking her vitals at rest. Which of the following is not an appropriate vital sign and could potentially be a reason to delay exercise? (Select the single best answer)
    • A. 

      Sp02 < 90%

    • B. 

      RR: 19 breaths/min

    • C. 

      BP: 130/80

    • D. 

      HR: 65

  • 23. 
    You are working in the inpatient cardiac rehab unit and are about to see a patient who had an MI 3 days ago and coronary artery bypass graft (CABG). Which of the following considerations should you follow? (Choose all that apply)
    • A. 

      Use analgesics before exercise to reduce incisional pain leading to shallow breathing

    • B. 

      Avoid lifting over >20 lbs for 6-8 weeks

    • C. 

      Do not use the arms to get in/out of the bed, chair, or front wheel walker

    • D. 

      Relaxation during low intensity exercise (1-2 METS)

    • E. 

      Light aerobic exercise on the treadmill immediately to prevent the formation of clots

  • 24. 
    During lung auscultation, crackles are heard in:
    • A. 

      Cystic fibrosis

    • B. 

      Pulmonary fibrosis

    • C. 

      Musculoskeletal deformities

    • D. 

      Pneumothorax

  • 25. 
    During lung auscultation, wheezes are heard in:
    • A. 

      Cystic fibrosis

    • B. 

      Pulmonary fibrosis

    • C. 

      Musculoskeletal deformities

    • D. 

      Pneumothorax

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