Philosophy Final Exam: MCQ Quiz!

52 Questions | Total Attempts: 36

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Philosophy Exam Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    What was Joel Feinberg's critique of the following argument supporting the existence of Psychological Egoism? "I am always pursuing something for myself or seeking my own satisfaction." If this description applies to all actions of all men, the it follows that all men in their actions are selfish.  
  • 2. 
    What was Joel Feinberg's critique of the following argument supporting the existence of Psychological Egoism? What we really want in every case is our own pleasure, and we pursue other things only as a means
  • 3. 
    What was Joel Feinberg's critique of the following argument supporting the existence of Psychological Egoism? Self-Deception: we deceive ourselves into thinking that we desire something fine or noble when what we really want is to be thought well of others or to congratulate ourselves, or to be able to enjoy the pleasures of a good conscience 
  • 4. 
    What are the problems with accepting Cultural Relativism? 
  • 5. 
    What are the key differences between the moral theory of Cultural Relativism and George Sher's concept of "But I Could Be Wrong"?
  • 6. 
    According to George Sher's concept of "But I Could Be Wrong", why might it be difficult to argue our own moral beliefs?
  • 7. 
    In regards to Higher Quality Pleasures, why is Utilitarianism so heavily criticized?
  • 8. 
    How does Utilitarianism relate to the concept of Egoism?
  • 9. 
    What are the roles of rules in Utilitarianism? 
  • 10. 
    What is the role of virtue in Utilitarianism?
  • 11. 
    What does Bernard Williams have to say about the role of integrity in Utilitarianism?
  • 12. 
    ________________________: answer the question, "what would be best for someone, or would be most in this person's interests, or would make this person's life go, for him, as well as possible?"
    • theories of the individual good
    • A. 

      Theories of Self-Interest

    • B. 

      Hedonistic Theories

    • C. 

      Desire-Fulfillment Theories

    • D. 

      Objective List Theories

  • 13. 
    ________________________: says what would be best for someone is what would make his life happiest.
    • A. 

      Theories of Self-Interest

    • B. 

      Hedonistic Theories

    • C. 

      Desire-Fullfillment Theories

    • D. 

      Objective List Theories

  • 14. 
    ________________________: says what would be best for someone is what, throughout his life, would best fulfill his desires.
    • A. 

      Theories of Self-Interest

    • B. 

      Hedonistic Theories

    • C. 

      Desire-Fulfillment Theories

    • D. 

      Objective List Theories

  • 15. 
    ________________________: says certain things are good or bad for us, whether or not we want to have the good things, or to avoid the bad things
    • example: professional success, friendship, freedom from disease etc.
    • A. 

      Theories of Self-Interest

    • B. 

      Hedonistic Theories

    • C. 

      Desire-Fulfillment Theories

    • D. 

      Objective List Theories

  • 16. 
    ________________________: answer the question "What would be best for someone, or would be most in this person's interests, or what would make this person's life go, for him, as well as possible?"
    • theories of the individual good
  • 17. 
    ________________________: says what would be best for someone is what would make his life happiest.
  • 18. 
    ________________________: says what would best for someone is what, throughout his life, would best fulfill his desires.
  • 19. 
    ________________________: says certain things are good or bad for us, whether or not we want to have the good things, or avoid the bad things.
  • 20. 
    Robert Nozick's "The Experience Machine" challenges this theory by arguing there is more to life than just experiences.
  • 21. 
    ________________________: according to Socrates, what gives a man this is his ability to admit he knows nothing.
  • 22. 
    ________________________: says all human actions, when properly understood, can be seen to be motivated by selfish desires
    • the only thing anyone is capable of desiring or pursuing is, ultimately, his own self-interest
    • altruistic and benevolent actions are only a means to an individual's own happiness
    • this is the case
    • A. 

      Psychological Egoism

    • B. 

      Ethical Egoism

    • C. 

      Cultural Relativism

    • D. 

      Negative Responsibility

  • 23. 
    ________________________: says all men ought to pursue their own wellbeing.
    • A. 

      Psychological Egoism

    • B. 

      Ethical Egoism

    • C. 

      Cultural Relativism

    • D. 

      Negative Responsibility

  • 24. 
    ________________________: a logical truth. A statement which is necessarily true because, by virtue of its logical form, it cannot be used to make a false assertion.
    • A. 

      Tautology

    • B. 

      Descriptive Claims

    • C. 

      Normative Claims

    • D. 

      Integrity

  • 25. 
    ________________________: how things actually are; how people do ​act.
    • A. 

      Tautology

    • B. 

      Descriptive Claims

    • C. 

      Normative Claims

    • D. 

      Integrity

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