A.P. Biology Chapter 4 (Carbon Chemistry)

30 Questions | Total Attempts: 3029

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AP Biology Quizzes & Trivia

This quiz is to test your knowledge on Chapter 4 of A. P. Biology. Chapter 4 will be included on Test #1, which will include Chapters 1-4. As such, you should also take the quizzes on Chapters 1-3 if you are studying for the test. Type your name in the box and click the green button to start.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    What does it mean if a substance is organic?
    • A. 

      The substance contains oxygen

    • B. 

      The substance contains carbon

    • C. 

      The substance is dead

    • D. 

      The substance is living

  • 2. 
    What is an isomer?
    • A. 

      Carbon molecule with same number of atoms, but different arrangement

    • B. 

      Carbon molecule with different number of atoms, but same arrangement

    • C. 

      Oxygen molecule with same number of atoms, but different arrangement

    • D. 

      Oxygen molecule with different number of atoms, but same arrangement

  • 3. 
    What is a structural isomer?
    • A. 

      A single bonded isomer

    • B. 

      A double bonded isomer

    • C. 

      A mirror image

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 4. 
    What is a geometric isomer?
    • A. 

      A single bonded isomer

    • B. 

      A double bonded isomer

    • C. 

      A mirror image

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 5. 
    What is the difference between the cisform and transform of a geometric isomer?
    • A. 

      In the cisform, atoms of the same elements are diagonal to each other, while in the transform, they are next to each other.

    • B. 

      In the cisform, atoms of the same elements are next to each other, while in the transform, they are diagonal to each other.

    • C. 

      None of the above

    • D. 

      Both A and B

  • 6. 
    What is an enantiomer?
    • A. 

      A single bonded isomer

    • B. 

      A double bonded isomer

    • C. 

      A mirror image

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 7. 
    What must you have in order to form an enantiomer?
    • A. 

      A symmetric carbon (4 same things attached)

    • B. 

      A symmetric carbon (4 different things attached)

    • C. 

      An asymmetric carbon (4 same things attached)

    • D. 

      An asymmetric carbon (4 different things attached)

  • 8. 
    What are the two types of isomers?
    • A. 

      L and D

    • B. 

      S and R

    • C. 

      Left and Right

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 9. 
    In what case is the usage of enantiomers useful?
    • A. 

      Pesticides

    • B. 

      Plant Fertilizer

    • C. 

      Prescription drugs

    • D. 

      When you can't think of what to put as a choice for letter D

  • 10. 
    Name all 7 functional groups
    • A. 

      Hydrogen, Carbon, Carboxyl, Amino, Sulfer, Phosphorus, Methyl

    • B. 

      Hydroxyl, Carbonyl, Carboxyl, Amino, Sulfhydral, Phosphate, Methyl

    • C. 

      Hydroxity, Carbonix, Carbonitrogen, Amino Acid, Sulfhydral, Phosphate, Methane

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 11. 
    In a hydroxyl, what happens if you attach an OH?
    • A. 

      It turns the substance into an a protein

    • B. 

      It turns the substance into a metal

    • C. 

      It turns the substance into a gel

    • D. 

      It turns the substance into an alcohol

  • 12. 
    What is one quality of alcohol / hydroxyls?
    • A. 

      Non-polar and dissolves in water

    • B. 

      Polar and dissolves in water

    • C. 

      Non-polar and expands in water

    • D. 

      Polar and expands in water

  • 13. 
    How is a carbonyl defined?
    • A. 

      A carbon with a double bonded oxygen

    • B. 

      A carbon with a single bonded oxygen

    • C. 

      A carbon with a double bonded nitrogen

    • D. 

      A carbon with a single bonded nitrogen

  • 14. 
    What is a keytone?
    • A. 

      A type of carbonyl in which the doubled bonded oxygen is at the end

    • B. 

      A type of carbonyl in which the doubled bonded oxygen is in the middle

    • C. 

      A type of carboxyl in which the doubled bonded oxygen is at the end

    • D. 

      A type of carboxyl in which the double bonded oxygen is in the middle

  • 15. 
    What is an example of an alcohol?
    • A. 

      Ethanol

    • B. 

      Acetone

    • C. 

      Fermaldehyde

    • D. 

      DNA

  • 16. 
    What is an example of a keytone?
    • A. 

      Ethanol

    • B. 

      Acetone

    • C. 

      Fermaldehyde

    • D. 

      DNA

  • 17. 
    What is an example of an aldehyde?
    • A. 

      Ethanol

    • B. 

      Acetone

    • C. 

      Fermaldehyde

    • D. 

      DNA

  • 18. 
    What is an acetone?
    • A. 

      A type of carbonyl in which the doubled bonded oxygen is at the end

    • B. 

      A type of carbonyl in which the doubled bonded oxygen is in the middle

    • C. 

      A type of carboxyl in which the doubled bonded oxygen is at the end

    • D. 

      A type of carboxyl in which the double bonded oxygen is in the middle

  • 19. 
    What is a carboxyl?
    • A. 

      A type of keytone

    • B. 

      The combination of a hydroxyl and a carbonyl

    • C. 

      A doubled bonded oxygen as well as a single bonded hydroxide

    • D. 

      Both B and C

  • 20. 
    What happens with OH leaves a carboxyl?
    • A. 

      It forms carboxylic acid, a weak organic acid

    • B. 

      It forms carboxylic acid, a strong organic acid

    • C. 

      It creates water

    • D. 

      It separates the molecule

  • 21. 
    Generally, around what pH are most organic acids?
    • A. 

      0 (Very Strong acid)

    • B. 

      2 (Somewhat Strong acid)

    • C. 

      4 (Moderate acid)

    • D. 

      6 (Weak acid)

  • 22. 
    What is the amino group?
    • A. 

      NH

    • B. 

      NH2

    • C. 

      H20

    • D. 

      H202

  • 23. 
    What happens if you ad an H+ to the amino group?
    • A. 

      It acts as a hose

    • B. 

      It acts as a guide

    • C. 

      It absorbs the other H atoms

    • D. 

      Nothing

  • 24. 
    What makes an amino acid?
    • A. 

      Amino + Hydrochloric Acid

    • B. 

      Amino + Sulfuric Acid

    • C. 

      Amino + Phosphoric Acid

    • D. 

      Amino + Carboxylic Acid

  • 25. 
    What is the sulfhydral group?
    • A. 

      SH

    • B. 

      SO

    • C. 

      SN

    • D. 

      This is the correct answer...maybe.

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