Chapter 6 Test - AP Biology

40 Questions | Total Attempts: 1388

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AP Biology Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which of the following are prokaryotic cells?
    • A. 

      Plants

    • B. 

      Fungi

    • C. 

      Bacteria

    • D. 

      Animals

  • 2. 
    All of the following are part of a prokaryotic cell except
    • A. 

      DNA.

    • B. 

      A cell wall.

    • C. 

      A plasma membrane.

    • D. 

      Ribosomes.

    • E. 

      An endoplasmic reticulum.

  • 3. 
    The volume enclosed by the plasma membrane of plant cells is often much larger than the corresponding volume in animal cells. The most reasonable explanation for this observation is that
    • A. 

      Plant cells are capable of having a much higher surface-to-volume ratio than animal cells.

    • B. 

      Plant cells have a much more highly convoluted (folded) plasma membrane than animal cells. ) the basic functions of plant cells are very different from those of animal cells.

    • C. 

      Plant cells contain a large vacuole that reduces the volume of the cytoplasm.

    • D. 

      Animal cells are more spherical, while plant cells are elongated.

    • E. 

      The basic functions of plant cells are very different from those of animal cells.

  • 4. 
    Which of the following comparisons between prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells is incorrect?
    • A. 

      The lack of organelles in prokaryotes means that they are structurally less complex than eukaryotes.

    • B. 

      The lack of internal membranes means that prokaryotes cannot compartmentalize function to the same extent as eukaryotes.

    • C. 

      All membrane function in prokaryotes is accomplished in the plasma membrane, while in eukaryotes, these functions are more distributed among the organelles.

    • D. 

      The specialization of function in organelles suggests that eukaryotes will contain a wider variety of phospholipids than prokaryotes.

    • E. 

      The lack of organelles in prokaryotes means that the basic cellular functions are different in prokaryotes than in eukaryotes.

  • 5. 
    For the following, choose the most inclusive category: plasma membrane
    • A. 

      A feature of all cells

    • B. 

      Found in prokaryotic cells only

    • C. 

      Found in eukaryotic cells only

    • D. 

      Found in plant cells only

    • E. 

      Found in animal cells only

  • 6. 
    For the following, choose the most inclusive category: tonoplast
    • A. 

      A feature of all cells

    • B. 

      Found in prokaryotic cells only

    • C. 

      Found in eukaryotic cells only

    • D. 

      Found in plant cells only

    • E. 

      Found in animal cells only

  • 7. 
    For the following, choose the most inclusive category: nucleoid
    • A. 

      A feature of all cells

    • B. 

      Found in prokaryotic cells only

    • C. 

      Found in eukaryotic cells only

    • D. 

      Found in plant cells only

    • E. 

      Found in animal cells only

  • 8. 
    Which of the following does not contain functional ribosomes?
    • A. 

      A prokaryotic cell

    • B. 

      A plant mitochondrion

    • C. 

      A chloroplast

    • D. 

      An animal mitochondrion

    • E. 

      A nucleolus

  • 9. 
    Large numbers of ribosomes are present in cells that specialize in producing which of the following molecules?
    • A. 

      Lipids

    • B. 

      Starches

    • C. 

      Proteins

    • D. 

      Steroids

    • E. 

      Glucose

  • 10. 
    Which of the following compounds require the presence of the nuclear pores to move between the cytoplasm and the interior of the nucleus?
    • A. 

      Ribosomal RNA

    • B. 

      Messenger RNA

    • C. 

      Proteins synthesized in the cytoplasm that are part of ribosomes

    • D. 

      Ribosomal RNA and messenger RNA

    • E. 

      Ribosomal RNA, messenger RNA, and proteins synthesized in the cytoplasm that are part of ribosomes

  • 11. 
    Which of the following incorrectly matches the type of cell, type of protein, and site of the protein's synthesis?
    • A. 

      Prokaryote, cytoplasmic protein, free cytoplasmic ribosome

    • B. 

      Eukaryote, plasma membrane protein, rough ER

    • C. 

      Prokaryote, plasma membrane protein, ribosome bound to plasma membrane

    • D. 

      Eukaryote, cytoplasmic protein, free cytoplasmic ribosome

    • E. 

      Prokaryote, secreted protein, free cytoplasmic ribosome

  • 12. 
    Under which of the following conditions would you expect to find a cell with a predominance of free ribosomes?
    • A. 

      A cell that is secreting proteins

    • B. 

      A cell that is producing cytoplasmic enzymes

    • C. 

      A cell that is constructing its cell wall or extracellular matrix

    • D. 

      A cell that is digesting food particles

    • E. 

      A cell that is enlarging its vacuole

  • 13. 
    Which type of organelle is primarily involved in the synthesis of oils, phospholipids, and steroids?
    • A. 

      Ribosome

    • B. 

      Lysosome

    • C. 

      Smooth endoplasmic reticulum

    • D. 

      Mitochondrion

    • E. 

      Contractile vacuole

  • 14. 
    Which structure is the site of the synthesis of proteins that may be exported from the cell?
    • A. 

      Rough ER

    • B. 

      Lysosomes

    • C. 

      Plasmodesmata

    • D. 

      Golgi vesicles

    • E. 

      Tight junctions

  • 15. 
    Which of the following structures is most directly associated with the secretion of compounds that will become part of the plant cell wall?
    • A. 

      Smooth ER

    • B. 

      Rough ER

    • C. 

      Plasmodesmata

    • D. 

      Golgi-derived vesicles

    • E. 

      Golgi apparatus

  • 16. 
    The Golgi apparatus has a polarity or sidedness to its structure and function. Which of the following statements correctly describes this polarity?
    • A. 

      Transport vesicles fuse with one side of the Golgi and leave from the opposite side.

    • B. 

      Proteins in the membrane of the Golgi may be sorted and modified as they move from one side of the Golgi to the other.

    • C. 

      Lipids in the membrane of the Golgi may be sorted and modified as they move from one side of the Golgi to the other.

    • D. 

      Soluble proteins in the cisternae (interior) of the Golgi may be sorted and modified as they move from one side of the Golgi to the other.

    • E. 

      All of the other statements listed correctly describe polar characteristics of the Golgi function.

  • 17. 
    Of the following, which is probably the most common route for membrane flow in the endomembrane system?
    • A. 

      Golgi → lysosome → ER → plasma membrane

    • B. 

      Tonoplast → plasma membrane → nuclear envelope → smooth ER

    • C. 

      Nuclear envelope → lysosome → Golgi → plasma membrane

    • D. 

      Rough ER → vesicles → Golgi → plasma membrane

    • E. 

      ER → chloroplasts → mitochondrion → cell membrane

  • 18. 
    Which of the following cell components is not directly involved in synthesis or secretion?
    • A. 

      Ribosome

    • B. 

      Rough endoplasmic reticulum

    • C. 

      Golgi body

    • D. 

      Smooth endoplasmic reticulum

    • E. 

      Lysosome

  • 19. 
    The fact that the outer membrane of the nuclear envelope has bound ribosomes allows one to most reliably  conclude that
    • A. 

      At least some of the proteins that function in the nuclear envelope are made by the ribosomes on the nuclear envelope.

    • B. 

      The nuclear envelope is not part of the endomembrane system.

    • C. 

      The nuclear envelope is physically continuous with the endoplasmic reticulum.

    • D. 

      Small vesicles from the Golgi fuse with the nuclear envelope.

    • E. 

      Nuclear pore complexes contain proteins.

  • 20. 
    The difference in lipid and protein composition between the membranes of the endomembrane system is largely determined by
    • A. 

      The physical separation of most membranes from each other.

    • B. 

      The transportation of membrane among the endomembrane system by small membrane vesicles.

    • C. 

      The function of the Golgi apparatus in sorting membrane components.

    • D. 

      The modification of the membrane components once they reach their final destination.

    • E. 

      The synthesis of lipids and proteins in each of the organelles of the endomembrane system.

  • 21. 
    In animal cells, hydrolytic enzymes are packaged to prevent general destruction of cellular components. Which of the following organelles functions in this compartmentalization?
    • A. 

      Chloroplast

    • B. 

      Lysosome

    • C. 

      Central vacuole

    • D. 

      Peroxisome

    • E. 

      Glyoxysome

  • 22. 
    Which of the following statements correctly describes some aspect of protein excretion in prokaryotic cells?
    • A. 

      Prokaryotes are unlikely to be able to excrete proteins because they lack an endomembrane system.

    • B. 

      The mechanism of protein excretion in prokaryotes is probably the same as that in eukaryotes.

    • C. 

      Proteins that are excreted by prokaryotes are synthesized on ribosomes that are bound to the cytoplasmic surface of the plasma membrane.

    • D. 

      In prokaryotes, the ribosomes that are used for the synthesis of secreted proteins are located outside of the cell.

    • E. 

      Prokaryotes contain large pores in their plasma membrane that permit the movement of proteins out of the cell.

  • 23. 
    Choose the most appropriate term for the following: produces and modifies polysaccharides that will be secreted
    • A. 

      Lysosome

    • B. 

      Vacuole

    • C. 

      Mitochondrion

    • D. 

      Golgi apparatus

    • E. 

      Peroxisome

  • 24. 
    Choose the most appropriate term for the following: contains hydrolytic enzymes  
    • A. 

      Lysosome

    • B. 

      Vacuole

    • C. 

      Mitochondrion

    • D. 

      Golgi apparatus

    • E. 

      Peroxisome

  • 25. 
    Choose the most appropriate term for the following: helps to recycle the cell's organic material
    • A. 

      Lysosome

    • B. 

      Vacuole

    • C. 

      Mitochondrion

    • D. 

      Golgi apparatus

    • E. 

      Peroxisome

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