Yr 9 Science Disease

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Quizzes Created: 6 | Total Attempts: 21,248
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Disease Quizzes & Trivia

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    It is most effective to wash your hands

    • A.

      In warm water

    • B.

      In warm water with soap

    • C.

      In cold water

    • D.

      Any of the above are effective

    • E.

      Non of the above are effective

    Correct Answer
    B. In warm water with soap
    Explanation
    Washing hands in warm water with soap is the most effective method because warm water helps to remove dirt and oils from the skin more effectively than cold water. Soap helps to break down and remove germs, bacteria, and viruses from the hands. The combination of warm water and soap creates a lather that can effectively clean the hands and reduce the risk of spreading infections. Washing hands in cold water or not using soap may not be as effective in removing germs and ensuring proper hand hygiene.

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  • 2. 

    The Immune System protects us from billions of bacteria, viruses, and other?

    • A.

      Parasites

    • B.

      Skins

    • C.

      Allergies

    • D.

      Hives

    Correct Answer
    A. Parasites
    Explanation
    The immune system is responsible for protecting the body against various harmful microorganisms, including bacteria, viruses, and parasites. While the skin acts as a physical barrier against pathogens, allergies and hives are not directly related to the immune system's defense mechanism. Therefore, the correct answer is parasites, as the immune system plays a crucial role in identifying and eliminating these harmful organisms from the body.

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  • 3. 

    What is a substance that can cause a person to become sensitive to, and produce antibodies against it?

    • A.

      Thymosin

    • B.

      Complement

    • C.

      Humor

    • D.

      Antigen

    Correct Answer
    D. Antigen
    Explanation
    An antigen is a substance that can cause a person to become sensitive to it and produce antibodies against it. Antigens are typically foreign substances such as bacteria, viruses, or toxins that trigger an immune response in the body. When an antigen enters the body, it stimulates the production of specific antibodies by the immune system. These antibodies then bind to the antigen and help to neutralize or eliminate it from the body. This immune response is important for defending against infections and diseases.

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  • 4. 

    Is a monocyte a red or white blood cell?

    • A.

      Red

    • B.

      White

    Correct Answer
    B. White
    Explanation
    A monocyte is a type of white blood cell. White blood cells are part of the immune system and help to fight off infections and diseases. Monocytes are a specific type of white blood cell that play a role in the immune response by engulfing and removing foreign substances, such as bacteria and viruses, from the body. They are larger than red blood cells and have a nucleus, unlike red blood cells. Therefore, the correct answer is white.

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  • 5. 

    What is a substance that can cause a person to become sensitive to, and produce antibodies against it?

    • A.

      Thymosin

    • B.

      Complement

    • C.

      Humor

    • D.

      Antigen

    Correct Answer
    D. Antigen
    Explanation
    An antigen is a substance that can cause a person to become sensitive to it and produce antibodies against it. When an antigen enters the body, it triggers an immune response, leading to the production of specific antibodies that can recognize and neutralize the antigen. This immune response is important for defending the body against harmful pathogens and foreign substances.

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  • 6. 

    Is a monocyte a red or white blood cell?

    • A.

      Red

    • B.

      White

    Correct Answer
    B. White
    Explanation
    A monocyte is a type of white blood cell. White blood cells are responsible for fighting infections and diseases in the body. Monocytes are part of the immune system and play a role in engulfing and destroying foreign substances such as bacteria and viruses. They are larger than red blood cells and have a nucleus. Monocytes are produced in the bone marrow and then released into the bloodstream, where they can travel to different parts of the body to carry out their immune functions.

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  • 7. 

    When you collected bacteria from around the school, their main source of food was:

    • A.

      Particles in the air contained within the petri dish

    • B.

      Other microbes that were brought into the dish with the bacteria sample

    • C.

      Organic material that followed them from where they were collected

    • D.

      The agar in the petri dish

    • E.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. The agar in the petri dish
    Explanation
    The agar in the petri dish is the correct answer because agar is a gelatinous substance that provides a solid surface for the bacteria to grow on. It contains essential nutrients that the bacteria can use as a food source. The other options, such as particles in the air and other microbes, may also contribute to the bacteria's food source to some extent, but the agar in the petri dish is the main and most significant source of food for the bacteria.

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  • 8. 

    Bacteria can be found:

    • A.

      In yogurt, vitamins, and cheese

    • B.

      In the intestines of animals to help them digest food

    • C.

      On plant roots to help them turn nitrogen gas to usable nitrogen

    • D.

      All of the above

    • E.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    Bacteria can be found in yogurt, vitamins, and cheese as they play a crucial role in the fermentation process that produces these products. They can also be found in the intestines of animals where they aid in the digestion of food. Additionally, bacteria can be found on plant roots where they form symbiotic relationships and help convert nitrogen gas into a usable form for plants. Therefore, the correct answer is "all of the above" as bacteria can be found in all of these mentioned places.

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  • 9. 

    What is the main purpose of a flagella on a bacterial cell?

    • A.

      Obtaining and digesting food

    • B.

      Locomotion (movement)

    • C.

      Attaching to another cell for entry

    • D.

      It has no purpose, it is a vestigal structure

    • E.

      It looks cool!

    Correct Answer
    B. Locomotion (movement)
    Explanation
    The main purpose of a flagella on a bacterial cell is locomotion or movement. Flagella are long, whip-like structures that extend from the cell surface and help the bacterium to move through its environment. They rotate like propellers, allowing the bacterium to swim towards nutrients or away from harmful substances. This movement is essential for the bacterium to survive and thrive in its surroundings.

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  • 10. 

    We heat up and refridgerate food because it helps to:

    • A.

      It helps us avoid bacterial growth that could make us ill

    • B.

      It helps us avoid viral growth that could make us ill

    • C.

      It allows us to prevent endospores from forming and being transported into the air for other transport

    • D.

      All of the above

    • E.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. It helps us avoid bacterial growth that could make us ill
    Explanation
    Heating up and refrigerating food helps us avoid bacterial growth that could make us ill. Bacteria can multiply rapidly in food that is not properly stored at the correct temperature. Heating food kills most bacteria, while refrigeration slows down their growth. By doing so, we reduce the risk of consuming contaminated food and getting sick from bacterial infections.

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  • 11. 

    When you collected bacteria from around the school, their main source of food was:

    • A.

      Particles in the air contained within the petri dish

    • B.

      Other microbes that were brought into the dish with the bacteria sample

    • C.

      Organic material that followed them from where they were collected

    • D.

      The agar in the petri dish

    • E.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. The agar in the petri dish
    Explanation
    The correct answer is the agar in the petri dish. Agar is a gelatinous substance that is used as a medium for bacterial growth. It provides essential nutrients and a solid surface for bacteria to grow on. The other options may also contribute to the bacteria's food source, but the agar is the main source of food in this scenario.

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  • 12. 

    The best treatment for an unknown viral disease is 

    • A.

      An antibiotic

    • B.

      Bed rest

    • C.

      Exercise

    • D.

      A vaccine

    Correct Answer
    B. Bed rest
    Explanation
    Bed rest is the best treatment for an unknown viral disease because it allows the body to conserve energy and focus on fighting off the infection. By resting, the body can redirect its resources towards the immune system, which helps in faster recovery. Additionally, bed rest prevents further strain on the body and reduces the risk of complications that may arise from physical activity. While exercise can be beneficial for overall health, it may not be suitable during illness as it can further weaken the immune system. Antibiotics are ineffective against viral infections, and a vaccine is not available for an unknown viral disease.

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  • 13. 

    A chemical that can kill bacteria without harming the human body is a(n)

    • A.

      Antibiotic

    • B.

      Virus

    • C.

      Vaccine

    • D.

      Water

    Correct Answer
    A. Antibiotic
    Explanation
    An antibiotic is a chemical substance that has the ability to kill or inhibit the growth of bacteria, without causing harm to the human body. It specifically targets bacteria and disrupts their vital processes, such as cell wall synthesis or protein production. Antibiotics are commonly used to treat bacterial infections in humans, as they effectively eliminate the harmful bacteria while leaving the human cells unharmed. Therefore, an antibiotic is the correct answer as it meets the criteria of killing bacteria without harming the human body.

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  • 14. 

    In order to multiply, a virus must

    • A.

      Conjugate with another virus

    • B.

      Invade a host cell

    • C.

      Manufacture extra food

    • D.

      Remain hidden

    Correct Answer
    B. Invade a host cell
    Explanation
    In order to multiply, a virus needs to invade a host cell. Viruses are not capable of reproducing on their own and rely on host cells to replicate their genetic material and produce more virus particles. Once inside a host cell, the virus takes over the cellular machinery and uses it to manufacture more viral components, ultimately leading to the production of new virus particles. This process allows the virus to multiply and spread throughout the body or infect other individuals.

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  • 15. 

    What are Bacteria?

    • A.

      Single celled microorganisms

    • B.

      Multiple cells microorgansims

    • C.

      Germs that are found only in the barbershop

    • D.

      Germs that are found only on your hands

    Correct Answer
    A. Single celled microorganisms
    Explanation
    Bacteria are single-celled microorganisms that can be found in various environments. They are microscopic and have a simple cellular structure, lacking a nucleus and other membrane-bound organelles. Bacteria can be found in soil, water, air, and even inside the human body. They play a crucial role in various ecological processes, such as nutrient cycling and decomposition. Some bacteria are beneficial, aiding in digestion and producing vitamins, while others can cause diseases. Overall, bacteria are diverse and abundant microorganisms that have a significant impact on the ecosystem and human health.

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  • 16. 

    A substance that triggers and immune response is an

    • A.

      Antibody

    • B.

      Antigen

    • C.

      Allergy

    • D.

      Antibiotic

    Correct Answer
    B. Antigen
    Explanation
    An antigen is a substance that triggers an immune response in the body. When an antigen enters the body, it is recognized by the immune system as foreign and potentially harmful. This recognition stimulates the production of antibodies, which are proteins that help to neutralize or eliminate the antigen. Antigens can be found on the surface of pathogens such as bacteria or viruses, as well as on other foreign substances like pollen or certain foods. The immune response triggered by antigens is an important defense mechanism that helps to protect the body from infections and diseases.

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  • 17. 

    Which of the following are examples of nonspecific defense?

    • A.

      Skin

    • B.

      Macrophages

    • C.

      T-cells

    • D.

      B-cells

    • E.

      Fever

    • F.

      Mucus membranes

    • G.

      Antibiodies

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Skin
    B. Macrophages
    E. Fever
    F. Mucus membranes
    Explanation
    The examples listed - skin, macrophages, fever, and mucus membranes - are all examples of nonspecific defense mechanisms in the immune system. Nonspecific defense mechanisms are the body's first line of defense against pathogens and do not target specific pathogens. The skin acts as a physical barrier to prevent pathogens from entering the body. Macrophages are immune cells that engulf and destroy pathogens. Fever is a response triggered by the body to help fight off infections. Mucus membranes, such as those in the respiratory and digestive tracts, produce mucus to trap and remove pathogens.

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  • 18. 

    White blood cells that can engulf pathogens are known as

    • A.

      Antibodies

    • B.

      Antigens

    • C.

      B-cells

    • D.

      Phagocytes

    Correct Answer
    D. Phagocytes
    Explanation
    Phagocytes are a type of white blood cells that have the ability to engulf and destroy pathogens, such as bacteria and viruses. They play a crucial role in the immune response by recognizing and engulfing foreign particles, helping to protect the body against infections. Antibodies are proteins produced by B-cells that bind to specific antigens to help neutralize or eliminate pathogens. While B-cells are involved in the production of antibodies, they do not directly engulf pathogens. Therefore, the correct answer is phagocytes.

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  • 19. 

    Proteins that bind to specific chemicals on the surface of foreign cells are called

    • A.

      Phagocytes

    • B.

      Antigens

    • C.

      Antibodies

    • D.

      T-cells

    Correct Answer
    B. Antigens
    Explanation
    Proteins that bind to specific chemicals on the surface of foreign cells are called antigens. Antigens are molecules that can trigger an immune response in the body, leading to the production of antibodies. Phagocytes, antibodies, and T-cells are all components of the immune system that play different roles in recognizing and eliminating foreign substances, but they do not specifically bind to chemicals on the surface of foreign cells like antigens do.

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  • 20. 

    Vaccines work because they allow the immune system to build up antibodies against the pathogen.  Then if you are infected with the pathogen you can immediately attack it and not get sick. 

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Vaccines work by stimulating the immune system to produce antibodies against a specific pathogen. These antibodies help the body recognize and attack the pathogen if it enters the body in the future. This immune response allows the body to effectively fight off the pathogen and prevent illness. Therefore, the statement that vaccines work by allowing the immune system to build up antibodies against the pathogen and prevent sickness is true.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Jul 27, 2014
    Quiz Created by
    Aponator
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