APHUG Test 6

30 Questions | Total Attempts: 2945

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APHUG Test 6

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Analysis of the charts in this chapter indicates that in the world population,
    • A. 

      More than half of the people are nonreligious

    • B. 

      Less than one-fifth of the people are non-religious

    • C. 

      More than half of the people are Christian

    • D. 

      About half of the people are Muslim

    • E. 

      About two-thirds of the people are Christian

  • 2. 
    Analysis of this map indicates that in Scotland,
    • A. 

      Catholics are the majority in the north, while Protestants are the majority in the south

    • B. 

      Protestants are the majority

    • C. 

      The majority of the people are nonreligious

    • D. 

      Protestants account for the majority in the south, while Catholics are the majority in the north and west

    • E. 

      The population is roughly divided between Protestants and Catholics

  • 3. 
    Almost 90 percent of people in the Western Hemisphere claim adherence to
    • A. 

      Christianity.

    • B. 

      Roman Catholicism

    • C. 

      Protestantism

    • D. 

      Eastern Orthodoxy

    • E. 

      Fundamentalist and nondenominational Christian churches

  • 4. 
    Lutheranism is an example of a Christian
    • A. 

      Branch

    • B. 

      Denomination

    • C. 

      Religion

    • D. 

      Sect

    • E. 

      Family.

  • 5. 
    The dominant branch of Islam in Iran is
    • A. 

      Medina

    • B. 

      Eastern Orthodoxy

    • C. 

      Mecca

    • D. 

      Sunni

    • E. 

      Shiite

  • 6. 
    Which of the following is not a universalizing religion?
    • A. 

      Buddhism

    • B. 

      Sikhism

    • C. 

      Islam

    • D. 

      Judaism

    • E. 

      Christianity

  • 7. 
    Which is not an ethnic Asian religion?
    • A. 

      Buddhism

    • B. 

      Confucianism

    • C. 

      Shintoism

    • D. 

      Daoism

    • E. 

      Hinduism

  • 8. 
    Hinduism's caste system
    • A. 

      Assigns everyone to a distinct class

    • B. 

      Decrees the pilgrimages which should be taken

    • C. 

      Is a substitute for the lack of a holy book

    • D. 

      Identifies a family's important deities

    • E. 

      Is the basis for seasonal celebrations

  • 9. 
    An ethnic religion is
    • A. 

      Based on only one language

    • B. 

      Appealing mostly to one group of people in one place

    • C. 

      Based on belief in one particular spiritual leader

    • D. 

      Younger than a universalizing religion

    • E. 

      More peaceful than a universalizing religion

  • 10. 
    Which of the following is currently the most important religion in the homeland of the man who founded it?
    • A. 

      Buddhism

    • B. 

      Christianity

    • C. 

      Hinduism

    • D. 

      Islam

    • E. 

      Shintoism

  • 11. 
    Unlike other universalizing religions, Buddhism
    • A. 

      Remained primarily concentrated in one region of the world

    • B. 

      Was not begun by an individual founder and then diffused elsewhere

    • C. 

      Was founded in China

    • D. 

      Worships more than one god

    • E. 

      Diffused primarily by colonization

  • 12. 
    Which of the following would be more characteristic of a universalizing religion?
    • A. 

      Several priests build temples at the tops of the world's highest volcanoes

    • B. 

      Several priests travel across the world to establish missions on remote islands

    • C. 

      A religious leader proclaims that you cannot join her church unless your mother was previously a member of that church

    • D. 

      Priests follow a calendar of religious services based largely on seasonal changes

    • E. 

      Priests and adherents of a particular church pledge that they will not support warfare in any form

  • 13. 
    Which of the following would we be more likely to classify as a characteristic of an ethnic religion?
    • A. 

      Priests build temples in cities around the world

    • B. 

      Priests travel across the world to establish missions on remote islands

    • C. 

      A religious leader proclaims that you cannot join her church as a full member unless you bring two or three people with you, as converts to her religion.

    • D. 

      The religious calendar is based largely on seasonal changes in a particular region

    • E. 

      The adherents of a church pledge that they will not support warfare in any form

  • 14. 
    Roman Catholics are clustered in the U.S. southwest primarily because of migration of
    • A. 

      Roman Catholics from Latin America

    • B. 

      Roman Catholics from the northeastern United States

    • C. 

      Roman Catholics from Ireland

    • D. 

      Protestants to the north

    • E. 

      Protestants to the east

  • 15. 
    It is reasonable to surmise that historically, when signs were posted in store windows warning "No Irish Need Apply," the store owner may also have been
    • A. 

      A Protestant discriminating against Roman Catholic immigrants

    • B. 

      A Roman Catholic discriminating against Jewish and Protestant immigrants

    • C. 

      A Roman Catholic from Ireland

    • D. 

      A nonreligious entrepreneur discriminating against all religious adherents

    • E. 

      A Protestant attempting to welcome Roman Catholics but not Jewish immigrants

  • 16. 
    The agricultural calendar is relatively unimportant to which type of religions?
    • A. 

      Animist

    • B. 

      Ethnic

    • C. 

      Traditional

    • D. 

      Universalizing

    • E. 

      Judaism, Shintoism, and Daoism

  • 17. 
    Which of the following best describes the situation of religion in Tibet?
    • A. 

      Only a few practice Buddhism; the majority observe Confucianism

    • B. 

      Tibetan leaders have a high degree of local control over the policies of their province

    • C. 

      The population has become almost entirely atheist since the Chinese invasion

    • D. 

      Its spiritual leader is in exile and the government discourages observance

    • E. 

      Freedom of religion is protected by provincial law

  • 18. 
    Jerusalem's geography represents a particularly difficult religious conflict to resolve because
    • A. 

      Sacred sites to Jews and Muslims are literally built on top of one another

    • B. 

      The population of Jerusalem is majority Christian but surrounded by majority Jewish and Muslim populations on either side

    • C. 

      The Israeli government has separated the most sacred sites with a massive concrete wall

    • D. 

      Israel captured the Sinai peninsula from Egypt

    • E. 

      Few Muslims and Jews are allowed within the city

  • 19. 
    The barrier between Israel and the West Bank
    • A. 

      Has been ruled as illegal by both Israeli and international courts but is supported by other elements of the Israeli government

    • B. 

      Is welcomed by both sides within the Palestinian and Israeli governments, regardless of their political affiliations

    • C. 

      Represents the natural landscape feature of the Jordan River as described in early religious texts.

    • D. 

      Follows the previous border between Israel and Jordan

    • E. 

      Has established peace in the Middle East

  • 20. 
    The example of Jerusalem indicates that in regards to the geographic landscape,
    • A. 

      Sacred sites may be equally important to universalizing and ethnic religions

    • B. 

      The population of Jerusalem is majority Christian but surrounded by majority Jewish and Muslim populations on either side

    • C. 

      The sacred sites for universalizing religions do not overlap with the sacred sites of ethnic religions

    • D. 

      There is almost always a clear distinction between the uses of sacred spaces by both ethnic and universalizing religions

    • E. 

      Islam and Christianity are not good examples of universalizing religions

  • 21. 
    Cremation is more important than burial in which religion?
    • A. 

      Buddhism

    • B. 

      Christianity

    • C. 

      Hinduism

    • D. 

      Islam

    • E. 

      Judaism

  • 22. 
    Palestinians include all but which of the following groups?
    • A. 

      Residents of refugee camps

    • B. 

      Residents of territories occupied by Israel

    • C. 

      Citizens of other states calling themselves Palestinians

    • D. 

      Jewish citizens of Israel

    • E. 

      Muslim citizens of Israel

  • 23. 
    Which of these penalties were imposed by the Taliban in Afghanistan?
    • A. 

      Men were beaten for shaving their beards.

    • B. 

      Homosexuals were buried alive

    • C. 

      Prostitutes were hanged in public, and men were stoned for committing adultery

    • D. 

      Thieves' hands were cut off, and women with nail polish had their fingers cut off

    • E. 

      All of these answers are correct

  • 24. 
    Which of the following religions is also part of a territorial concern for the Chinese government?
    • A. 

      Judaism

    • B. 

      Christianity

    • C. 

      Hinduism

    • D. 

      Islam

    • E. 

      Buddhism

  • 25. 
    It is reasonable to hypothesize that during the Mexican-American War (1846-1848) when some Irish soldiers deserted from the U.S. Army to join the Mexican Army instead, most were at least partly motivated by
    • A. 

      Feelings of loyalty toward fellow Roman Catholics

    • B. 

      Feelings of loyalty toward fellow Protestant immigrants

    • C. 

      Feelings of loyalty toward nonreligious immigrants

    • D. 

      Anti-war philosophies prevalent in the Protestantism of the time

    • E. 

      The commands of Protestant church leaders

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