APHUG Practice Test Quiz

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AP Human Geography Quizzes & Trivia

When you get to study geography one of the things you get to learn how people are the way they are and how they interact with the environment thanks to the study of human geography. Is this one of your majors this year and you are in need of some of a test to measure out what you have understood/ then take the practice test below.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The frequent repetition of an act, to the extent that it becomes characteristic of a group of people, is a

    • A.

      Custom.

    • B.

      Popular culture.

    • C.

      Habit.

    • D.

      Taboo.

    • E.

      Character trait.

    Correct Answer
    A. Custom.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "custom" because a custom refers to a frequent repetition of an act that becomes characteristic of a group of people. It is a traditional practice or behavior that is passed down from generation to generation within a specific culture or society. Popular culture refers to the trends and practices that are popular among the general population, while a habit is a regular tendency or practice of an individual. A taboo is a social or cultural prohibition, and a character trait refers to a characteristic or quality of an individual's personality.

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  • 2. 

    A repetitive act performed by an individual is a

    • A.

      Custom.

    • B.

      Popular culture.

    • C.

      Habit.

    • D.

      Taboo.

    • E.

      Character trait.

    Correct Answer
    C. Habit.
    Explanation
    A repetitive act performed by an individual is categorized as a habit. A habit refers to a behavior that is regularly and automatically performed without conscious thought. It is a routine or pattern that an individual follows consistently. Unlike other options such as custom, popular culture, taboo, or character trait, a habit specifically refers to an individual's repeated action.

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  • 3. 

    Folk cultures are spread primarily by

    • A.

      Contagious diffusion.

    • B.

      Hierarchical diffusion.

    • C.

      Relocation diffusion.

    • D.

      Stimulus diffusion.

    • E.

      Epidemic diffusion.

    Correct Answer
    C. Relocation diffusion.
    Explanation
    Relocation diffusion is the process by which folk cultures are spread as people migrate from one place to another, carrying their cultural practices and traditions with them. This type of diffusion occurs when individuals or groups move to new locations and bring their cultural beliefs, customs, and practices with them. It involves the physical movement of people and the transmission of their culture to new areas. This explanation fits with the given answer choice of relocation diffusion.

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  • 4. 

    In contrast to folk culture, popular culture is typical of large and

    • A.

      Homogeneous groups.

    • B.

      Heterogeneous groups.

    • C.

      Groups living in isolated rural areas.

    • D.

      Groups that have little interaction with other groups.

    • E.

      Groups of specialists.

    Correct Answer
    B. Heterogeneous groups.
    Explanation
    Popular culture is characterized by its appeal to a wide range of people from diverse backgrounds and demographics. It is not limited to a specific group or region but instead is embraced by heterogeneous groups. This is in contrast to folk culture, which is often specific to smaller, isolated communities or rural areas. Popular culture thrives on interaction and exchange between different groups, leading to its widespread adoption and influence.

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  • 5. 

    Folk songs are more likely than popular songs to

    • A.

      Tell a story about life-cycle events, work, or natural disasters.

    • B.

      Be considered examples of culture

    • C.

      Feature instruments and styles of performance associated with dance clubs.

    • D.

      Be transmitted in written form.

    • E.

      Be written by specialists for commercial distribution.

    Correct Answer
    A. Tell a story about life-cycle events, work, or natural disasters.
    Explanation
    Folk songs are more likely than popular songs to tell a story about life-cycle events, work, or natural disasters. This is because folk songs often originate from traditional cultures and communities, where storytelling through music is an important way to pass down history, traditions, and values. These songs often reflect the experiences and struggles of everyday people, including events like weddings, funerals, agricultural work, or natural disasters. Popular songs, on the other hand, are more focused on entertainment and commercial appeal, and may not prioritize storytelling or cultural representation as much.

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  • 6. 

    An example of a folk custom used to diffuse information about agriculture is

    • A.

      Armed Forces Radio.

    • B.

      Association Football.

    • C.

      Himalayan hip hop.

    • D.

      Vietnamese songs

    • E.

      A cartoon about talking animals in Madagascar.

    Correct Answer
    D. Vietnamese songs
    Explanation
    Vietnamese songs can be considered as a folk custom used to diffuse information about agriculture because traditional Vietnamese songs often contain lyrics that reflect the agricultural practices, rural lifestyle, and farming traditions of the country. These songs have been passed down through generations and serve as a means to educate and spread knowledge about agriculture among the Vietnamese community. Through the use of music and storytelling, Vietnamese songs contribute to the preservation and transmission of agricultural information and practices.

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  • 7. 

    We can surmise from the discussion of other sports in this chapter that the current distribution of bowling is another example of

    • A.

      A folk custom becoming part of a popular culture.

    • B.

      Nearly all sports being examples of folk culture resisting the globalizing influences of popular culture.

    • C.

      Television infusing all sports into popular culture.

    • D.

      A folk culture arising out of a folk custom.

    • E.

      Sport being more important in less developed countries.

    Correct Answer
    A. A folk custom becoming part of a popular culture.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is a folk custom becoming part of a popular culture. This can be inferred from the statement that the current distribution of bowling is another example, indicating that bowling is a folk custom that has become part of popular culture.

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  • 8. 

    The choice of clothing in Western countries is strongly influenced by

    • A.

      Occupation but not level of income.

    • B.

      Level of income but not occupation.

    • C.

      Knowledge of fashion elsewhere, as well as the level of folk culture.

    • D.

      Occupation, income, and knowledge of fashion elsewhere.

    • E.

      Fashion only.

    Correct Answer
    D. Occupation, income, and knowledge of fashion elsewhere.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is occupation, income, and knowledge of fashion elsewhere. This is because the choice of clothing in Western countries is influenced by various factors, including the type of job or occupation one has, the level of income they earn, and their awareness of fashion trends from other places. These factors play a role in determining the style, quality, and brands of clothing that individuals choose to wear.

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  • 9. 

    Terroir refers to

    • A.

      A group's sense of place.

    • B.

      A group's food taboos.

    • C.

      The relationship between the physical environment and culture.

    • D.

      An act of violence that may have been, in part, a reaction against globalization.

    • E.

      The sum of the effects of the local environment on a food item.

    Correct Answer
    E. The sum of the effects of the local environment on a food item.
    Explanation
    Terroir refers to the sum of the effects of the local environment on a food item. This includes factors such as the climate, soil composition, and topography of the region where the food is produced. These environmental factors influence the flavor, aroma, and quality of the food, giving it a unique characteristic that is specific to its place of origin. Terroir is often used in the context of wine production, where it is believed to play a significant role in the distinctiveness and quality of different wine varieties.

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  • 10. 

    A restriction on behavior imposed by social custom is a

    • A.

      Folk culture.

    • B.

      Habit.

    • C.

      Popular culture.

    • D.

      Taboo.

    • E.

      Tariff.

    Correct Answer
    D. Taboo.
    Explanation
    A restriction on behavior imposed by social custom is referred to as a taboo. Taboos are social or cultural norms that dictate certain actions or behaviors as forbidden or unacceptable within a particular society or group. They are often deeply ingrained and can vary greatly between different cultures and communities. Taboos serve to maintain social order and reinforce shared values and beliefs within a society.

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  • 11. 

    A taboo against pork is a characteristic of

    • A.

      Judaism and Islam.

    • B.

      Judaism and Buddhism.

    • C.

      Christianity and Buddhism.

    • D.

      Christianity and Hinduism.

    • E.

      Islam and Hinduism.

    Correct Answer
    A. Judaism and Islam.
    Explanation
    Both Judaism and Islam have a taboo against pork. In Judaism, the prohibition against consuming pork is mentioned in the Torah (the Jewish holy book) and is considered a dietary law. It is believed that pork is unclean and not fit for consumption. Similarly, in Islam, the prohibition against pork is mentioned in the Quran (the Islamic holy book) and is considered a dietary restriction. Muslims are not allowed to consume pork as it is considered impure. Therefore, the correct answer is Judaism and Islam.

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  • 12. 

    Americans' preferences for beverages and snacks

    • A.

      Vary according to what is produced locally.

    • B.

      Do not vary from one region of the country to another.

    • C.

      Do not vary according to religious differences.

    • D.

      Are primarily dependent on income differences.

    • E.

      All of these answers are correct.

    Correct Answer
    A. Vary according to what is produced locally.
    Explanation
    Americans' preferences for beverages and snacks vary according to what is produced locally. This means that different regions of the country may have different preferences based on the availability and production of certain beverages and snacks in that area. For example, regions known for producing wine may have a higher preference for wine as a beverage compared to regions where wine production is not as prominent. Similarly, regions known for producing certain types of snacks may have a higher preference for those snacks compared to regions where those snacks are not produced locally.

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  • 13. 

    In which state would alcohol consumption be relatively low?

    • A.

      Kentucky

    • B.

      Nevada

    • C.

      New York

    • D.

      Utah

    • E.

      California

    Correct Answer
    D. Utah
    Explanation
    Utah would have relatively low alcohol consumption because it is known for its strict alcohol laws and regulations. The state has a dominant Mormon population, and the Mormon Church discourages its members from consuming alcohol. Utah has lower alcohol sales per capita compared to other states, and it has restrictions on where and when alcohol can be purchased. Additionally, Utah has a lower percentage of adults who report drinking alcohol compared to the national average.

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  • 14. 

    Pioneer farmers settling the grasslands of the American West often built houses of sod, while early settlers of the eastern forest built wooden structures like log cabins. This suggests that building materials

    • A.

      Are strongly influenced by local resources.

    • B.

      Are commonly imported over long distances because of local folk culture.

    • C.

      Are chosen because of the diffusion of popular culture.

    • D.

      Are a uniform feature of folk culture.

    • E.

      Are elements of popular culture.

    Correct Answer
    A. Are strongly influenced by local resources.
    Explanation
    The fact that pioneer farmers in the American West built houses of sod, while early settlers in the eastern forest built wooden structures like log cabins, suggests that building materials are strongly influenced by local resources. This means that the availability and abundance of specific materials in a particular region play a significant role in determining the type of structures that are built.

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  • 15. 

    Today, house types in the United States are distinguished by all but which of the following?

    • A.

      They can still be divided into three distinct regions.

    • B.

      They display few regional distinctions.

    • C.

      They are usually mass-produced.

    • D.

      Alternative styles have diffused throughout the country.

    • E.

      They demonstrate how popular customs vary more in time than in place.

    Correct Answer
    A. They can still be divided into three distinct regions.
    Explanation
    The given correct answer states that house types in the United States cannot be divided into three distinct regions. This means that the different types of houses in the United States do not have clear regional distinctions and do not fall into specific categories based on geographical regions. The other options in the question suggest that house types in the United States are usually mass-produced, alternative styles have diffused throughout the country, and they demonstrate how popular customs vary more in time than in place.

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  • 16. 

    Diffusion of Internet service is following the earlier pattern of television, except that

    • A.

      The United States' share of world use is expanding.

    • B.

      Diffusion is much faster.

    • C.

      Diffusion is much slower.

    • D.

      The expansion of service is faster in Africa than Asia.

    • E.

      The initial use was in less developed countries.

    Correct Answer
    B. Diffusion is much faster.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "diffusion is much faster." This means that the spread or adoption of Internet service is happening at a quicker pace compared to the earlier pattern of television. The statement also implies that the United States' share of world use is expanding, indicating that the diffusion of Internet service is not only fast but also increasing in the United States.

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  • 17. 

    Given recent trends in communications, in the next five years the number of television programs viewed over the Internet might be expected to

    • A.

      Remain about the same.

    • B.

      Decrease slowly as the number of broadcast television stations increases.

    • C.

      Decrease slowly as cable and satellite television services offer more channels.

    • D.

      Decrease dramatically.

    • E.

      Increase dramatically.

    Correct Answer
    E. Increase dramatically.
    Explanation
    This answer is supported by the phrase "Given recent trends in communications" which suggests that there is a shift towards consuming television programs over the internet. Additionally, the phrase "increase dramatically" implies a significant growth in the number of television programs viewed online in the next five years.

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  • 18. 

    Some features of U.S. material culture such as gas stations, supermarkets, and motels

    • A.

      Promote a uniform landscape.

    • B.

      Reflect the preservation of folk culture.

    • C.

      Provide diversity on the U.S. landscape.

    • D.

      Promote diffusion of folk culture.

    • E.

      Show high regional variation.

    Correct Answer
    A. Promote a uniform landscape.
    Explanation
    Gas stations, supermarkets, and motels are all examples of standardized, mass-produced structures that can be found throughout the United States. These features promote a uniform landscape because they are often built with similar designs and layouts, creating a sense of familiarity and consistency across different regions. This uniformity is a result of the widespread adoption and diffusion of these elements of material culture, which have become emblematic of American society.

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  • 19. 

    Marriage dowries in India reflect

    • A.

      That some families value male children more.

    • B.

      A traditional folk custom.

    • C.

      A popular fad.

    • D.

      The value of women as mothers and wives.

    • E.

      That most families value female children more.

    Correct Answer
    A. That some families value male children more.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is that some families value male children more. This is because marriage dowries in India are often given by the bride's family to the groom's family as a way to secure the marriage. The amount of the dowry is often higher when the bride is from a higher social status or has more desirable characteristics, such as being educated or having a good job. This reflects the preference for male children, as families may feel the need to offer a larger dowry when marrying off their daughters in order to attract a suitable groom.

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  • 20. 

    Many less developed countries fear the loss of folk culture because

    • A.

      They do not want to preserve traditional values.

    • B.

      Western perspectives may become more dominant.

    • C.

      Popular culture devalues women.

    • D.

      They want to avoid political disputes.

    • E.

      Western clothing styles are less comfortable.

    Correct Answer
    B. Western perspectives may become more dominant.
    Explanation
    Many less developed countries fear the loss of folk culture because Western perspectives may become more dominant. This is because Western culture often brings with it different values, beliefs, and practices that can overshadow and replace traditional folk culture. As Western influence increases, there is a concern that the unique aspects of the local culture may be eroded or forgotten. This fear stems from the desire to preserve and protect traditional values and customs that are deeply rooted in their history and identity.

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  • 21. 

      People maintain their folk culture despite familiarity with popular culture primarily because of

    • A.

      The high cost of popular customs.

    • B.

      A concern for the physical environment.

    • C.

      A strong desire to preserve unique customs.

    • D.

      A lack of exposure to the media.

    • E.

      A fear of foreign influence.

    Correct Answer
    C. A strong desire to preserve unique customs.
    Explanation
    People maintain their folk culture despite familiarity with popular culture primarily because of a strong desire to preserve unique customs. This suggests that individuals value and take pride in their cultural heritage, and are willing to resist the influence of popular culture in order to maintain their traditional customs and practices. This desire to preserve unique customs can be driven by a sense of identity, a connection to their community, or a belief in the importance of cultural diversity. It is not primarily due to the high cost of popular customs, concern for the physical environment, lack of exposure to the media, or fear of foreign influence.

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  • 22. 

    Which of the following characteristics is more typical of popular culture than folk culture?

    • A.

      It has an anonymous origin.

    • B.

      It diffuses slowly from its point of origin.

    • C.

      It results in a more uniform cultural landscape.

    • D.

      It is likely to be derived from physical conditions.

    • E.

      Communication is more limited.

    Correct Answer
    C. It results in a more uniform cultural landscape.
    Explanation
    Popular culture is characterized by a more uniform cultural landscape compared to folk culture. This means that popular culture tends to create a more standardized and homogeneous environment, with similar cultural elements and symbols appearing in different places. In contrast, folk culture is more diverse and localized, with unique traditions and practices specific to particular regions or communities. The uniformity in popular culture is often facilitated by mass media and globalization, which allow for the widespread dissemination and adoption of cultural products and practices.

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  • 23. 

    Diffusion of popular customs can adversely impact environmental quality in two ways:

    • A.

      Reducing demand for foreign products and promoting local crafts.

    • B.

      Increased diversity and decreased demand.

    • C.

      Depletion of scarce resources and pollution.

    • D.

      Diversity of products and depletion of change.

    • E.

      Using renewable materials and recycled designs.

    Correct Answer
    C. Depletion of scarce resources and pollution.
    Explanation
    Diffusion of popular customs can adversely impact environmental quality through the depletion of scarce resources and pollution. As popular customs spread, there is an increased demand for products, leading to the depletion of limited resources. Additionally, the production and consumption associated with popular customs often result in pollution, further harming the environment. This can include pollution from manufacturing processes, transportation, and waste generated from the disposal of products. Therefore, the diffusion of popular customs can have negative consequences for environmental sustainability.

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  • 24. 

    As they have more contact with popular culture, women in less developed countries are more likely to

    • A.

      Bear more children.

    • B.

      Obtain food for the family.

    • C.

      Gain more opportunities outside the home.

    • D.

      Reduce the practice of prostitution.

    • E.

      Be subservient to men.

    Correct Answer
    C. Gain more opportunities outside the home.
    Explanation
    Women in less developed countries are more likely to gain more opportunities outside the home because the statement mentions that they have more contact with popular culture. This suggests that they are exposed to different ideas and perspectives, which can lead to increased awareness and access to education, employment, and other opportunities outside the traditional roles assigned to women.

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  • 25. 

    Cultural diversity is promoted by

    • A.

      The relative isolation of a group from others

    • B.

      Globalization.

    • C.

      The rapid movement of goods and services across borders.

    • D.

      Expansion diffusion.

    • E.

      The connections between homogeneous groups.

    Correct Answer
    A. The relative isolation of a group from others
    Explanation
    The correct answer is the relative isolation of a group from others. When a group is isolated from others, they tend to develop their own unique culture, traditions, and beliefs. This isolation allows for the preservation and promotion of cultural diversity. On the other hand, globalization and the rapid movement of goods and services across borders can lead to the homogenization of cultures, as different groups adopt similar practices. Expansion diffusion and the connections between homogeneous groups do not necessarily promote cultural diversity, as they involve the spread of existing cultural traits rather than the development of new ones.

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