Homeostasis And Cell Transport Review

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Homeostasis And Cell Transport Review - Quiz

Welcome to the Electronic Learning Environment for Advanced Biology class. The purpose of cell transport is to maintain homeostasis. The different kinds of cell transport are divided into two categories: those that require energy and those that do not. You are given an unlimited number of attempts at this review. Each attempt will randomly sort questions and answers to help you with learning and test-taking skills.
GOOD LUCK!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    When a human red blood cell is placed in a hypotonic solution environment, it will ____

    • A.

      Undergo cytolysis

    • B.

      Undergo plasmolysis

    • C.

      Experience a decrease in turgor pressure

    • D.

      Be at equilibrium

    Correct Answer
    A. Undergo cytolysis
    Explanation
    When a human red blood cell is placed in a hypotonic solution environment, it will undergo cytolysis. In a hypotonic solution, the concentration of solutes outside the cell is lower than inside the cell. As a result, water will move into the cell through osmosis, causing the cell to swell and potentially burst. This process is known as cytolysis.

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  • 2. 

    The shrinking of plant cells when water leaves so the cell membrane pulls away from the cell wall. What condition is occuring as the cell is into a _____ solution.   (Please enter your answer in all lower case letters.)

    Correct Answer
    hypertonic
    Explanation
    The correct answer is hypertonic. When a plant cell is placed in a hypertonic solution, water leaves the cell causing it to shrink. The cell membrane pulls away from the cell wall due to the loss of water, resulting in the shrinking of the plant cell.

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  • 3. 

    Cells stay the same size when placed into a(n)_____ solution, because the amount of water leaving the cell is the same and the amount of water entering.

    • A.

      Hypertonic

    • B.

      Isotonic

    • C.

      Hypotonic

    • D.

      Mesotonic

    Correct Answer
    B. Isotonic
    Explanation
    When a cell is placed in an isotonic solution, the concentration of solutes inside and outside the cell is equal. This means that the amount of water leaving the cell is the same as the amount of water entering the cell, resulting in no net movement of water. As a result, the cell remains the same size.

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  • 4. 

    During diffusion molecules tend to move ____.

    • A.

      Up/against the concentration gradient

    • B.

      From an area of lower to higher concentration gradient

    • C.

      From an area of higher to lower concentration gradient

    • D.

      In a direction that doesn't depend on concentration

    • E.

      Down with the concentration gradient

    Correct Answer
    E. Down with the concentration gradient
    Explanation
    During diffusion, molecules tend to move from an area of higher concentration to an area of lower concentration gradient. This is because diffusion is a passive process where molecules move randomly and spontaneously to achieve equilibrium. As a result, molecules naturally move down the concentration gradient, from regions of higher concentration to regions of lower concentration, until an equal distribution is reached.

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  • 5. 

    When the concentration of solute inside and outside a cell membrane is the same, the cell has reached _____ _____.

    • A.

      Maximum concentration

    • B.

      Osmotic pressure

    • C.

      Homeostasis pressure

    • D.

      Dynamic equilibrium

    Correct Answer
    D. Dynamic equilibrium
    Explanation
    When the concentration of solute inside and outside a cell membrane is the same, the cell has reached dynamic equilibrium. This means that there is an equal movement of solute molecules in and out of the cell, resulting in no net change in concentration. At this point, the cell is in a balanced state where there is no overall movement of water or solute across the membrane.

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  • 6. 

    _____ _____ is the movement of materials across a membrane from an area of lower concentration to an area of higher concentration.

    • A.

      Active transport

    • B.

      Passive transport

    • C.

      Endocytosis

    • D.

      Phagocytosis

    • E.

      Ion Channel transport

    Correct Answer
    A. Active transport
    Explanation
    Active transport is the movement of materials across a membrane from an area of lower concentration to an area of higher concentration. This process requires the use of energy, usually in the form of ATP, to transport molecules against their concentration gradient. Unlike passive transport, which relies on diffusion and does not require energy, active transport allows cells to maintain concentration gradients and regulate the movement of specific molecules. Examples of active transport include the sodium-potassium pump and the transport of glucose in the intestines.

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  • 7. 

    A _____ is a membrane-bound organelle that pinches off from the cell membrane during endocytosis or fuses with the cell membrane during exocytosis.

    • A.

      Active transport

    • B.

      Passive transport

    • C.

      Endocytosis

    • D.

      Phagocytosis

    • E.

      Ion Channel transport

    • F.

      Vesicle

    Correct Answer
    F. Vesicle
    Explanation
    A vesicle is a membrane-bound organelle that pinches off from the cell membrane during endocytosis or fuses with the cell membrane during exocytosis. This process allows for the transportation of materials into or out of the cell. Vesicles play a crucial role in various cellular functions, including the uptake of nutrients, secretion of molecules, and communication between cells. They are formed through the invagination or budding of the cell membrane, and their membrane composition can be modified to accommodate specific cargo molecules.

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  • 8. 

    _____ is a type of enodcytosis in which cells ingest large particles of whole cells.

    • A.

      Active transport

    • B.

      Passive transport

    • C.

      Endocytosis

    • D.

      Phagocytosis

    • E.

      Ion Channel transport

    • F.

      Vesicle

    Correct Answer
    D. Phagocytosis
    Explanation
    Phagocytosis is a type of endocytosis in which cells engulf and ingest large particles or whole cells. This process is commonly performed by specialized cells like macrophages and neutrophils as a defense mechanism to eliminate pathogens and foreign substances. During phagocytosis, the cell membrane extends around the particle, forming a phagosome. The phagosome then fuses with lysosomes, forming a phagolysosome, where the engulfed material is broken down and digested. This process is essential for immune responses and maintaining tissue homeostasis.

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  • 9. 

    _____ transport requires energy from ATP to move substances across membranes.   (Please enter your answer with a capital letter.)

    Correct Answer
    Active
    Explanation
    Active transport requires energy from ATP to move substances across membranes. This process involves the use of specific carrier proteins that pump molecules against their concentration gradient, requiring energy input in the form of ATP. Active transport is essential for the movement of ions, nutrients, and other molecules across cell membranes, allowing the cell to maintain homeostasis and perform various functions.

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  • 10. 

    Facilitated-diffusion carrier proteins and cell-membrane pumps both?

    • A.

      Require an input of energy (ADP_

    • B.

      Specific for the kinds of substances they transport

    • C.

      Transport substance up their concentration gradients

    • D.

      Transport substance down their concentration gradients

    • E.

      Carry out active transport

    Correct Answer
    B. Specific for the kinds of substances they transport
    Explanation
    Facilitated-diffusion carrier proteins and cell-membrane pumps are both specific for the kinds of substances they transport. This means that they can only transport certain substances that match their specific binding sites. They do not require an input of energy (ADP) and do not carry out active transport. Additionally, they can transport substances both up and down their concentration gradients, depending on the specific needs of the cell.

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  • 11. 

    The sodium-potassium pump transports Potassium ions out of the cell and Sodium ions into the cell.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The sodium-potassium pump actually transports three sodium ions out of the cell for every two potassium ions it brings into the cell. This process requires energy in the form of ATP and is crucial for maintaining the proper balance of sodium and potassium ions across the cell membrane.

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  • 12. 

    The sodium-potassium pump transports Sodium ions out of the cell and Potassium ions into the cell.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The sodium-potassium pump is a vital mechanism in maintaining the balance of sodium and potassium ions inside and outside of the cell. It actively transports three sodium ions out of the cell for every two potassium ions it brings into the cell. This process requires energy in the form of ATP. Therefore, the statement that the sodium-potassium pump transports sodium ions out of the cell and potassium ions into the cell is true.

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  • 13. 

    _____ is the movement of a substance down the substance's concentration gradient.

    • A.

      Diffusion

    • B.

      Hypertonic solution

    • C.

      Exocytosis

    • D.

      Sodium - Potassium Pump

    • E.

      Carrier protein

    Correct Answer
    A. Diffusion
    Explanation
    Diffusion is the movement of a substance down its concentration gradient, meaning it moves from an area of higher concentration to an area of lower concentration. This process occurs naturally and does not require any energy input. It is a passive transport mechanism that allows molecules to spread out and evenly distribute throughout a medium, such as a liquid or gas. Diffusion plays a crucial role in various biological processes, such as the exchange of gases in the lungs and the movement of nutrients and waste products across cell membranes.

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  • 14. 

    _____ is the movement of a substance by a vesicle to the outside of a cell membrane.

    • A.

      Diffusion

    • B.

      Hypertonic solution

    • C.

      Exocytosis

    • D.

      Sodium - Potassium Pump

    • E.

      Carrier protein

    Correct Answer
    C. Exocytosis
    Explanation
    Exocytosis is the process by which substances are transported out of a cell through the fusion of vesicles with the cell membrane. This allows the release of large molecules or waste materials from the cell. Unlike diffusion, which is the passive movement of substances from an area of high concentration to an area of low concentration, exocytosis requires energy and is an active process. Therefore, exocytosis is the correct answer for the given question.

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  • 15. 

    Ion channels use transport proteins through which ions can pass.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Ion channels are specialized proteins that form pores in the cell membrane, allowing ions to pass through. These transport proteins are responsible for the selective movement of ions across the membrane, which is essential for various cellular processes such as nerve impulse transmission and muscle contraction. Therefore, the statement that ion channels use transport proteins through which ions can pass is true.

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  • 16. 

    _____ _____ is the movement of a substance against the substance's concentration gradient.   (Please observe correct sentence punctuation when entering your answers.)

    Correct Answer
    Active transport
    Explanation
    Active transport is the movement of a substance against its concentration gradient. In this process, energy is required to transport molecules or ions across a cell membrane, from an area of lower concentration to an area of higher concentration. This is in contrast to passive transport, where substances move down their concentration gradient without the need for energy. Active transport is essential for maintaining proper cellular function and is involved in processes such as nutrient uptake, ion balance, and the removal of waste products.

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  • 17. 

    Substance listed blew that can not pass through cell membranes by diffusion include.  (Please note that multiple answer are required for this question.)

    • A.

      Carbon Dioxide

    • B.

      Sodium ions

    • C.

      Chloride ions

    • D.

      Glucose

    • E.

      Oxygen

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. Sodium ions
    C. Chloride ions
    D. Glucose
    Explanation
    Sodium ions, chloride ions, and glucose cannot pass through cell membranes by diffusion because they are charged molecules or larger molecules that cannot easily cross the lipid bilayer of the cell membrane. Oxygen and carbon dioxide, on the other hand, are small, uncharged molecules that can passively diffuse through the cell membrane.

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  • 18. 

    The contractile vacuole of a paramecium should be active when the paramecium is in a(n):

    • A.

      An isotonic environment

    • B.

      A hypotonic environment

    • C.

      A hypertonic environment

    • D.

      Any environment

    Correct Answer
    B. A hypotonic environment
    Explanation
    The contractile vacuole of a paramecium should be active when the paramecium is in a hypotonic environment. In a hypotonic environment, the concentration of solutes outside the paramecium is lower than inside the cell. As a result, water enters the paramecium through osmosis, causing the cell to swell and potentially burst. The contractile vacuole actively pumps out excess water to maintain the cell's internal balance and prevent it from bursting. In an isotonic or hypertonic environment, the concentration of solutes is balanced or higher outside the cell, respectively, so there is no need for the contractile vacuole to be active.

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  • 19. 

    Facilitated diffusion is often used to transport molecules that are not soluble in lipids.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Facilitated diffusion is a type of passive transport that uses specific carrier proteins to transport molecules across the cell membrane. This process is often used to transport molecules that are not soluble in lipids, such as ions and large polar molecules. These molecules cannot easily pass through the hydrophobic lipid bilayer of the cell membrane on their own, so they require the assistance of carrier proteins to facilitate their movement across the membrane. Therefore, the statement that facilitated diffusion is often used to transport molecules that are not soluble in lipids is true.

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  • 20. 

    The substance that dissolves to make a solution is called a(n)____.

    • A.

      Ionic solvent

    • B.

      Diffuser

    • C.

      Solvent

    • D.

      Solute

    • E.

      Concentrate

    Correct Answer
    D. Solute
    Explanation
    The substance that dissolves to make a solution is called a solute. In a solution, the solute is the component that is being dissolved by the solvent. It can be a solid, liquid, or gas, and it is typically present in a smaller amount compared to the solvent. The solute particles disperse evenly throughout the solvent, resulting in a homogeneous mixture.

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  • 21. 

    The diffusion of water across a selectively permeable membrane is called a(n)_____.

    • A.

      Active transport

    • B.

      Facilitated diffusion

    • C.

      Passive transport

    • D.

      Osmosis

    • E.

      Phagocytosis

    Correct Answer
    D. Osmosis
    Explanation
    Osmosis is the correct answer because it refers to the diffusion of water molecules across a selectively permeable membrane. In osmosis, water moves from an area of lower solute concentration to an area of higher solute concentration, in order to equalize the concentration on both sides of the membrane. This process does not require energy and is considered a type of passive transport.

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  • 22. 

    Energy (ATP) for active transport comes from a cell's organelle termed_____.   (Please enter your answer in all lower case letters.)

    Correct Answer
    mitochondrion
    mitochondria
    Explanation
    The energy (ATP) for active transport comes from a cell's organelle called mitochondria. Mitochondria are known as the powerhouses of the cell because they produce the majority of the cell's energy in the form of ATP through cellular respiration. This energy is then used for various cellular processes, including active transport, which requires energy to move molecules against their concentration gradient across the cell membrane.

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  • 23. 

    _____ is the process by which cells ingest external fluid, macromolecules, and large particles.

    • A.

      Active transport

    • B.

      Passive transport

    • C.

      Endocytosis

    • D.

      Phagocytosis

    • E.

      Ion Channel transport

    • F.

      Vesicle

    Correct Answer
    C. Endocytosis
    Explanation
    Endocytosis is the process by which cells ingest external fluid, macromolecules, and large particles. It involves the formation of a vesicle, which surrounds and engulfs the material to be taken in by the cell. This process is different from active and passive transport, which involve the movement of molecules across cell membranes, and phagocytosis, which specifically refers to the ingestion of solid particles by cells. Ion channel transport, on the other hand, refers to the movement of ions across cell membranes through specialized channels. Therefore, the correct answer is endocytosis.

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  • 24. 

    The energy needed to power the Sodium-Potassium Pump is provided by the:

    • A.

      Binding of ATP to the Na - K Pump

    • B.

      Binding of ADP to the Na - K Pump

    • C.

      Removal of phosphate group from ADP

    • D.

      Removal of phosphate group from ATP

    • E.

      Formation of ATP

    Correct Answer
    D. Removal of phosphate group from ATP
    Explanation
    The correct answer is removal of phosphate group from ATP. The Sodium-Potassium Pump is an active transport protein that moves sodium ions out of the cell and potassium ions into the cell. This process requires energy, which is provided by the hydrolysis of ATP. When ATP is hydrolyzed, one of its phosphate groups is removed, releasing energy that is used to power the pump. Therefore, the removal of the phosphate group from ATP is what provides the energy needed for the Sodium-Potassium Pump to function.

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  • 25. 

    Pinocytosis involves the transport of _____

    • A.

      Large particles out of a cell.

    • B.

      Fluids into a cell.

    • C.

      Whole cells into another cell.

    • D.

      Lysosomes out of a cell.

    • E.

      The endoplasmic reticulum system into a cell.

    Correct Answer
    B. Fluids into a cell.
    Explanation
    Pinocytosis is a form of endocytosis where the cell engulfs extracellular fluids and brings them into the cell. This process allows the cell to take in nutrients, ions, and other dissolved substances present in the surrounding fluid. Therefore, the correct answer is "fluids into a cell."

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  • 26. 

    _____ is a way for cells to release large molecules, such as proteins.

    • A.

      Active transport

    • B.

      Passive transport

    • C.

      Endocytosis

    • D.

      Phagocytosis

    • E.

      Ion Channel transport

    • F.

      Vesicle

    • G.

      Exocytosis

    Correct Answer
    G. Exocytosis
    Explanation
    Exocytosis is the process by which cells release large molecules, such as proteins, to the extracellular space. During exocytosis, a vesicle containing the molecules fuses with the cell membrane, allowing the contents to be secreted outside the cell. This process is essential for various cellular functions, including the release of neurotransmitters in nerve cells and the secretion of hormones by endocrine cells. Unlike passive transport, active transport, and ion channel transport, which involve the movement of molecules across the cell membrane, exocytosis specifically refers to the release of molecules from within the cell.

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  • 27. 

    _____ causes  a cell to shrink because of osmosis.

    • A.

      Diffusion

    • B.

      Hypertonic solution

    • C.

      Exocytosis

    • D.

      Sodium - Potassium Pump

    • E.

      Carrier protein

    Correct Answer
    B. Hypertonic solution
    Explanation
    A hypertonic solution causes a cell to shrink because of osmosis. In a hypertonic solution, there is a higher concentration of solutes outside the cell compared to inside the cell. As a result, water molecules move out of the cell through osmosis to equalize the concentration on both sides. This loss of water causes the cell to shrink or shrinkage.

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  • 28. 

    _____ is an example of a cell membrane "pump".

    • A.

      Diffusion

    • B.

      Hypertonic solution

    • C.

      Exocytosis

    • D.

      Sodium - Potassium Pump

    • E.

      Carrier protein

    Correct Answer
    D. Sodium - Potassium Pump
    Explanation
    The correct answer is the Sodium - Potassium Pump. This is because the Sodium - Potassium Pump is a type of carrier protein found in the cell membrane that actively transports sodium ions out of the cell and potassium ions into the cell, against their concentration gradients. This process requires energy in the form of ATP and helps maintain the electrochemical gradient across the cell membrane.

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  • 29. 

    A _____ _____ is used to transport specific substances across a membrane.

    • A.

      Diffusion

    • B.

      Hypertonic solution

    • C.

      Exocytosis

    • D.

      Sodium - Potassium Pump

    • E.

      Carrier protein

    Correct Answer
    E. Carrier protein
    Explanation
    Carrier proteins are used to transport specific substances across a membrane. They bind to the specific substance and undergo conformational changes to transport it across the membrane. This process is called facilitated diffusion, where the carrier protein helps in the movement of substances such as ions, sugars, and amino acids across the membrane. Unlike simple diffusion, facilitated diffusion is selective and requires the presence of carrier proteins to transport specific substances.

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  • 30. 

    A(n) _____ is an organelle that fuses with lysosomes in order that contents can be digested.    (Please enter your answer in all lower case letters.)

    Correct Answer
    vesicle
    Explanation
    A vesicle is an organelle that fuses with lysosomes in order for the contents to be digested. Vesicles are small sacs that transport molecules within cells and between different cellular compartments. They can carry various substances, including proteins, lipids, and other cellular components, to the lysosomes for degradation and recycling. The fusion of vesicles with lysosomes allows the enzymes present in lysosomes to break down the contents of the vesicle and release the building blocks for reuse by the cell.

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  • 31. 

    Toward what condition does diffusion eventually lead, in the absence of other influences?(HINT: Please enter your answer in all lower case letters.)

    Correct Answer
    equilibrium
    Explanation
    Diffusion is the process of particles moving from an area of high concentration to an area of low concentration until they are evenly distributed. In the absence of other influences, diffusion will continue until equilibrium is reached. At equilibrium, there is an equal concentration of particles throughout the system, and there is no net movement of particles. Therefore, equilibrium is the condition that diffusion eventually leads to.

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  • 32. 

    How is osmosis related to diffusion?

    • A.

      Diffusion is active transport

    • B.

      Diffusion is passive transport

    • C.

      Osmosis is the diffusion of solvent

    • D.

      Osmosis is facilitated diffusion

    Correct Answer
    C. Osmosis is the diffusion of solvent
    Explanation
    Osmosis is a specific type of diffusion that involves the movement of solvent molecules across a selectively permeable membrane. In osmosis, solvent molecules move from an area of lower solute concentration to an area of higher solute concentration, in order to equalize the concentration on both sides of the membrane. This process is similar to diffusion, which is the movement of particles from an area of higher concentration to an area of lower concentration. Therefore, osmosis can be considered as a specific type of diffusion that specifically refers to the movement of solvent molecules.

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  • 33. 

    Carrier proteins bind to molecules on one side of the cell membrane, the _____ change shape, and then _____ release the molecules on the other side of the cell membrane.(HINT: enter your answer only one time.)

    Correct Answer
    proteins
    Explanation
    Carrier proteins are responsible for transporting molecules across the cell membrane. They bind to specific molecules on one side of the membrane, which causes them to change shape. This change in shape allows the carrier protein to carry the molecules across the membrane and release them on the other side. Therefore, the correct answer is proteins.

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  • 34. 

    What would happen to a jellyfish placed into a freshwater lake?

    • A.

      It would grow larger than in the ocean.

    • B.

      It would not grow larger than in the ocean.

    • C.

      It would die in the freshwater lake.

    • D.

      There would not affect upon the organism.

    Correct Answer
    C. It would die in the freshwater lake.
    Explanation
    Jellyfish are marine organisms that have adapted to live in saltwater environments. They have specific physiological adaptations that enable them to survive in the ocean, such as the ability to regulate their internal salt concentration. Placing a jellyfish in a freshwater lake would disrupt its osmotic balance, as the freshwater has a lower salt concentration than its body. This would cause water to enter the jellyfish's cells, leading to cellular damage and ultimately death. Therefore, the jellyfish would not be able to survive in a freshwater lake.

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  • 35. 

    As turgor pressure decreases, a plant cell shrinks from the cell wall. This shrinkage is called _____.

    Correct Answer
    plasmolysis
    Explanation
    Plasmolysis occurs when the turgor pressure in a plant cell decreases, causing the cell to shrink away from the cell wall. This happens when there is a loss of water from the cell, leading to a decrease in pressure inside the cell. Plasmolysis can occur in response to various factors such as drought or high salt concentration in the surrounding environment.

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  • 36. 

    In the process of pinocytosis, the cell is _____.

    Correct Answer
    drinking
    Explanation
    Pinocytosis is a type of endocytosis where the cell takes in fluid and dissolved solutes from the surrounding environment by forming small vesicles. This process is often referred to as "cell drinking" because it resembles the act of a cell engulfing and internalizing liquid substances. Therefore, the correct answer for this question is "drinking."

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  • 37. 

    Ion channels aid the movement of which substances?

    • A.

      Ions across a cell membrane

    • B.

      Water across a cell membrane

    • C.

      Molecules up a concentration gradient

    • D.

      Carrier proteins within the lipid biliayer

    Correct Answer
    A. Ions across a cell membrane
    Explanation
    Ion channels aid the movement of ions across a cell membrane. Ion channels are specialized proteins that create a pore or channel in the cell membrane, allowing specific ions to pass through. These channels are selective and only allow certain ions to pass, based on factors such as size and charge. This movement of ions is important for various cellular processes, including maintaining the balance of ions inside and outside the cell, transmitting electrical signals, and regulating cell volume.

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  • 38. 

    The sodium-potassium pump transports which of the following?

    • A.

      Both Na and K ions into the cell

    • B.

      Both Na and K ions out of the cell

    • C.

      Na into the cell and K into the cell

    • D.

      Na out of the cell and K into the cell

    Correct Answer
    D. Na out of the cell and K into the cell
    Explanation
    The sodium-potassium pump is responsible for transporting sodium ions out of the cell and potassium ions into the cell. This process is essential for maintaining the proper balance of ions inside and outside the cell, as well as for generating electrical impulses necessary for nerve and muscle function.

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  • 39. 

    Which process do some animal cells use to engulf, digest, and destroy invading bacteria? 

    • A.

      Phagocytosis

    • B.

      Diffusion

    • C.

      Pinocytosis

    • D.

      Active transport

    • E.

      Passive transport

    Correct Answer
    A. Phagocytosis
    Explanation
    Phagocytosis is the process by which some animal cells engulf, digest, and destroy invading bacteria. During phagocytosis, the cell membrane surrounds the bacteria, forming a sac called a phagosome. The phagosome then fuses with lysosomes, which contain digestive enzymes, to form a phagolysosome. The enzymes in the phagolysosome break down the bacteria, destroying it. This process is a form of active transport, as it requires energy to engulf and digest the bacteria. Diffusion and pinocytosis are not specifically involved in engulfing and destroying bacteria, while passive transport does not require energy.

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  • 40. 

    Which of the following cannot pass through a plasma membrane in animals?(HINT: This is a multiple answer question.)

    • A.

      Urea

    • B.

      Glucoses

    • C.

      Sucrose

    • D.

      Sodium Ions

    • E.

      Water

    • F.

      Carbon Dioxide

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Urea
    B. Glucoses
    C. Sucrose
    D. Sodium Ions
  • 41. 

    The proteins or waste during exocytosis are taken to the _____ _____. Where the materials are packaged with membrane bound vesicle.

    Correct Answer(s)
    Golgi Apparatus
    Explanation
    During exocytosis, proteins or waste materials are transported to the Golgi Apparatus. This organelle plays a crucial role in processing and packaging these materials into membrane-bound vesicles. The Golgi Apparatus modifies and sorts the proteins or waste, adding necessary molecules or tags, and then packages them into vesicles for transport to their final destination within or outside the cell.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Oct 16, 2013
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    John Mitchell
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