Nsg 353 Diabetes Mellitus

12 Questions | Total Attempts: 5059

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Nsg 353 Diabetes Mellitus

Diabetes is a health condition in which the body is unable to produce hormone insulin, which helps in the regulation and control of glucose. This quiz tests on how much you know about this disease, its symptoms and treatment.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The nurse enters a diabetic patient's room at 11:30 and notices that the patient is diaphoretic, tachycardic, anxious, states she is hungry, and doesn't remember where she is.  This patient is most likely showing signs of what?
    • A. 

      Hyperglycemic

    • B. 

      Hypoglycemic

    • C. 

      Diabetic ketoacidosis

    • D. 

      Hyperosmolar hyperglycemic noketotic coma

  • 2. 
    The nurse's first action upon finding a patient with mild hypoglycemia is to...
    • A. 

      Call the rapid response team

    • B. 

      Give 1 mg of glucagon

    • C. 

      Give 10-15 g of CHO or Orange juice

    • D. 

      Give insulin

  • 3. 
    A patient with severe hypoglycemia arrives at the ED unconscious by ambulance.  The nurse would first...
    • A. 

      Give regular insulin by IV

    • B. 

      Give NPH by IV

    • C. 

      Give 10-15 g CHO or Orange juice

    • D. 

      Give 1 mg glucagon

  • 4. 
    A patient arrives at the ED with a blood sugar of 578, serum osmolarity of 300, pH of 7.3, severe thirst, dehydration, and confusion.  The patient is breathing rapidly and has a fruity breath smell.  This patient has symptoms of......
    • A. 

      Diabetic ketoacidosis

    • B. 

      Hyperosmolar hyperglycemic noketotic coma

    • C. 

      Hypoglycemia

    • D. 

      Diabetic neuropathy

  • 5. 
    The nurse enters a patient's room and sees the patient breathing rapidly with a fruity breath smell.  This is known as...
    • A. 

      Trousseau's

    • B. 

      Cullen's

    • C. 

      Kussmaul's

    • D. 

      Bitot's

  • 6. 
    The diabetic patient's lab work comes back with a pH of 7.4, serum blood sugar of 950, serum osmolarity of 460, pCO2 of 35, HCO3 of 25.  The patient is confused and dehydrated.  This patient is showing signs and symptoms of....
    • A. 

      Diabetic ketoacidosis

    • B. 

      Hyperosmolar hyperglycemic noketotic coma

    • C. 

      Hypoglycemia

    • D. 

      Diabetic neuropathy

  • 7. 
    A urine test in an undiagnosed diabetic may show........
    • A. 

      Glucose and ketones in the urine

    • B. 

      glucose and high amounts of bilirubin in the urine

    • C. 

      Ketones in the urine

    • D. 

      ketones and adrenaline in the urine

  • 8. 
    The newly diagnosed diabetic patient asks the nurse why he needs to check his feet every day.  The nurse's best response is....
    • A. 

      To prevent leg amputation.

    • B. 

      To check for any cuts, sores, or dry cracked skin so they can be treated early to prevent infection or gangrene.

    • C. 

      To see if they hurt.

    • D. 

      You just need to do it.

  • 9. 
    What are the micro vascular complications of uncontrolled diabetes?
    • A. 

      Delayed gastric emptying

    • B. 

      Diarrhea

    • C. 

      Glomuerular injury

    • D. 

      Bleeding of retinal caplillaries

    • E. 

      Numbness of feet

    • F. 

      Impotence

  • 10. 
    What are Macro vascular complications of uncontrolled diabetes?
    • A. 

      Pain in lower legs

    • B. 

      Hyperlipidemia

    • C. 

      Impotence

    • D. 

      Ischemic heart disease

    • E. 

      Aortic disection

  • 11. 
    What is the number one complication of diabetes?
    • A. 

      Diabetic ketoacidosis

    • B. 

      Obesity

    • C. 

      Hypertension

    • D. 

      Cardiovascular disease

  • 12. 
    Which are potential complications of diabetes?
    • A. 

      Amputations (BKA)

    • B. 

      Cardiovascular disease

    • C. 

      Edema

    • D. 

      Peripheral neuropathy

    • E. 

      Hyperthyroidism

    • F. 

      Retinopathy

    • G. 

      Cardio neuropathy

    • H. 

      Coma

    • I. 

      Nephropathy

    • J. 

      Arteriosclerosis

    • K. 

      Hypertension

    • L. 

      Obesity

    • M. 

      Infections