Basic Nursing Duty Quiz

Clinically Reviewed by Nicolette Natale
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Basic Nursing Duty Quiz - Quiz

Welcome to our Basic Nursing Duty Quiz, designed to assess your understanding of foundational nursing principles and responsibilities. In this quiz, you'll encounter questions covering essential topics such as patient care, medical procedures, infection control, and ethical considerations.

Whether you're a nursing student preparing for exams, a healthcare professional seeking to refresh your knowledge, or simply interested in learning more about nursing duties, this quiz is for you. It provides an opportunity to test your comprehension of fundamental nursing concepts and practices.

By participating in this quiz, you'll have the chance to evaluate your competence in areas such Read moreas vital signs monitoring, medication administration, wound care, and patient communication. You'll also gain insights into the importance of professionalism, interdisciplinary collaboration, and ethical decision-making in nursing practice.


Basic Nursing Duty Questions and Answers

  • 1. 

    What needs of a patient does a nurse address?

    • A.

      Physical

    • B.

      Emotional

    • C.

      Mental

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    Nurses address a patient's physical needs through medical care, administer emotional support to alleviate stress, and attend to mental well-being by considering cognitive aspects. Their holistic approach ensures comprehensive care, fostering overall health and recovery for individuals under their supervision.

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  • 2. 

    A client has developed thrombophlebitis of the left leg. Which nursing intervention should be given the highest priority?

    • A.

      Elevate leg on 2 pillows

    • B.

      Apply support stockings

    • C.

      Apply warm compresses

    • D.

      Maintain complete bed rest

    Correct Answer
    A. Elevate leg on 2 pillows
    Explanation
    Elevating the leg on two pillows is a nursing intervention commonly used to manage thrombophlebitis. By elevating the leg, the goal is to reduce swelling and enhance venous return, helping to alleviate symptoms and promote healing. This position aids in preventing stasis of blood in the affected leg and may contribute to overall comfort.

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  • 3. 

    Which of these is an example of a variation in the newborn resulting from the presence of maternal hormones?

    • A.

      Engorgement of the breasts

    • B.

      Mongolian spots

    • C.

      Edema of the scrotum

    • D.

      Lanugo

    Correct Answer
    A. Engorgement of the breasts
    Explanation
    Engorgement of the breasts is an example of a variation in the newborn resulting from the presence of maternal hormones. During pregnancy, maternal hormones stimulate the development of the mammary glands in the fetus. After birth, the sudden withdrawal of these hormones can lead to breast engorgement in both male and female infants. This is a temporary and normal variation that typically resolves on its own as the infant's body adjusts to the postnatal environment.

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  • 4. 

    The nurse is assigned to a newly delivered woman with HIV/AIDS. The student asks the nurse about how it is determined that a person has AIDS other than a positive HIV test. The nurse responds

    • A.

      "The complaints of at least 3 common findings."

    • B.

      "The absence of any opportunistic infection."

    • C.

      "CD4 lymphocyte count is less than 200."

    • D.

      "Developmental delays in children."

    Correct Answer
    C. "CD4 lymphocyte count is less than 200."
    Explanation
    The correct answer is C: "CD4 lymphocyte count is less than 200." CD4 lymphocyte counts are normally 600 to 1000. In 1993 the Center for Disease Control defined AIDS as having a positive HIV plus one of these – the presence of an opportunistic infection or a CD4 lymphocyte count of less than 200.

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  • 5. 

    The nursing care plan for a client with decreased adrenal function should include

    • A.

      Encouraging activity

    • B.

      Placing client in reverse isolation

    • C.

      Limiting visitors

    • D.

      Measures to prevent constipation

    Correct Answer
    C. Limiting visitors
    Explanation
    A diagnosis of AIDS (Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome) is typically made when the CD4 lymphocyte count drops below 200 cells per cubic millimeter of blood, indicating severe immunosuppression. This criterion is one of the key indicators used to determine the progression of HIV infection to AIDS. The other options are not specific criteria for the diagnosis of AIDS.

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  • 6. 

    The nurse is planning care for a client with pneumococcal pneumonia. Which of the following would be most effective in removing respiratory secretions?

    • A.

      Administration of cough suppressants

    • B.

      Increasing oral fluid intake to 3000 cc per day

    • C.

      Maintaining bed rest with bathroom privileges

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. Increasing oral fluid intake to 3000 cc per day
    Explanation
    Increasing oral fluid intake to 3000 cc per day is a reasonable and supportive intervention for a client with pneumococcal pneumonia. Adequate hydration helps to thin respiratory secretions, making them easier to mobilize and clear. While chest physiotherapy is a more direct method for removing secretions, promoting hydration is a valuable complementary measure. It is essential to consider a holistic approach to care, combining strategies that support both hydration and respiratory clearance for optimal outcomes in pneumonia management.

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  • 7. 

    While assessing a client in an outpatient facility with a panic disorder, the nurse completes a thorough health history and physical exam. Which finding is most significant for this client?

    • A.

      Compulsive behavior

    • B.

      Sense of impending doom

    • C.

      Fear of flying

    • D.

      Predictable episodes

    Correct Answer
    B. Sense of impending doom
    Explanation
    A sense of impending doom is a common and characteristic symptom of panic attacks in individuals with panic disorder. It is often described as an overwhelming feeling of fear, apprehension, or impending catastrophe. This symptom distinguishes panic disorder from other anxiety disorders. Compulsive behavior, fear of flying, and predictable episodes may be associated with other anxiety disorders but are not as specific to panic disorder.

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  • 8. 

    The nurse is reviewing a depressed client's history from an earlier admission. Documentation of anhedonia is noted. The nurse understands that this finding refers to

    • A.

      Reports of difficulty falling and staying asleep

    • B.

      Expression of persistent suicidal thoughts

    • C.

      Lack of enjoyment in usual pleasures

    • D.

      Reduced senses of taste and smell

    Correct Answer
    C. Lack of enjoyment in usual pleasures
    Explanation
    Anhedonia is a key symptom of depression and is characterized by a diminished ability to experience pleasure or interest in activities that were previously enjoyable. It can affect various aspects of life, including hobbies, social interactions, and other activities that used to bring joy. The other options, such as difficulty sleeping, persistent suicidal thoughts, and reduced senses of taste and smell, are associated with depression but do not specifically represent anhedonia.

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  • 9. 

    The nurse is caring for a client in the coronary care unit. The display on the cardiac monitor indicates ventricular fibrillation. What should the nurse do first?

    • A.

      Perform defibrillation

    • B.

      Administer epinephrine as ordered

    • C.

      Assess for presence of pulse

    • D.

      Institute CPR

    Correct Answer
    C. Assess for presence of pulse
    Explanation
    The correct answer is C: Assess for presence of pulse
    Artifact can mimic ventricular fibrillation on a cardiac monitor. If the client is truly in ventricular fibrillation, no pulse will be present. The standard of care is to verify the monitor display with an assessment of the client’s pulse.

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  • 10. 

    A nurse evaluating a special needs 2-year-old in a clinic should stress which goal when talking to the child's mother?

    • A.

      Teaching the child self care skills

    • B.

      Preparing for independent toileting

    • C.

      Promoting the child's optimal development

    • D.

      Helping the family decide on long term care

    Correct Answer
    C. Promoting the child's optimal development
    Explanation
    Promoting optimal development is a key focus in the care of special needs children. This involves addressing the child's individual needs, milestones, and abilities, and providing interventions and support to maximize their overall development. While aspects of self-care skills and toileting may be part of the child's development plan, the overarching goal is to ensure the child reaches their highest potential in all aspects of growth and development.

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Nicolette Natale |BA |
Medical Expert
Nicolette is an accomplished physician, research coordinator, and medical writer, boasting over 6 years of expertise in healthcare, research, psychology, and education. Her qualifications include a D.O. from Nova Southeastern University and B.A. degrees in English Literature and Psychology from the University of Miami. Nicolette is deeply involved in medical research and patient care, demonstrating a commitment to advancing the field of medicine.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 15, 2024
    Quiz Edited by
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    Expert Reviewed by
    Nicolette Natale
  • Aug 12, 2009
    Quiz Created by
    Philippinenursin
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