History Of Nursing MCQs Quiz With Answers

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History Of Nursing MCQs Quiz With Answers - Quiz

Are you into the profession of nursing? Let's check your understanding of nursing with this history of nursing MCQs quiz. Here, in this quiz, we have covered the history, concepts, and theories related to nursing. You can choose the correct answers for the best results. Along with practicing, you can learn many things that would be of great help during your professional practice. All the best for a perfect score! Don't forget to share this quiz with your friends from the same profession.


History Of Nursing Questions and Answers

  • 1. 

    The four major concepts in nursing theory are the

    • A.

      Person, Environment, Nurse, Health

    • B.

      Nurse, Person, Environment, Cure

    • C.

      Promotive, Preventive, Curative, Rehabilitative

    • D.

      Person, Environment, Nursing, Health

    Correct Answer
    D. Person, Environment, Nursing, Health
    Explanation
    This is an actual board exam question and is a common board question. Theorist always describes The nursing profession by first defining what is NURSING, followed by the PERSON, ENVIRONMENT, and HEALTH CONCEPT. The most popular theory was perhaps Nightingale's. She defined nursing as the utilization of the person's environment to assist him towards recovery. She defined the person as somebody who has reparative capabilities mediated and enhanced by factors in his environment. She describes the environment as something that would facilitate the person's reparative process and identifies different factors like sanitation, noise, etc., that affect a person's reparative state.

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  • 2. 

    The act of utilizing the environment of the patient to assist him in his recovery is theorized by

    • A.

      Nightingale

    • B.

      Benner

    • C.

      Swanson

    • D.

      King

    Correct Answer
    A. Nightingale
    Explanation
    Florence nightingale did not believe in the germ theory, and perhaps this was her biggest mistake. Yet, her theory was the first in nursing. She believed that manipulation of environment that includes appropriate noise, nutrition, hygiene, light, comfort, sanitation etc. could provide the client’s body the nurturance it needs for repair and recovery.

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  • 3. 

    For her, Nursing is a theoretical system of knowledge that prescribes a process of analysis and action related to the care of the ill person.

    • A.

      King

    • B.

      Henderson

    • C.

      Roy

    • D.

      Leininger

    Correct Answer
    C. Roy
    Explanation
    Remember the word "THEOROYTICAL "For Callista Roy; Nursing is a theoretical body of knowledge that prescribes analysis and action to care for an ill person. She introduced the ADAPTATION MODEL and viewed the person as a BIOSPSYCHOSOCIAL BEING. She believed that by adaptation, Man could maintain homeostasis.

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  • 4. 

    According to her, Nursing is a helping or assistive profession to persons who are wholly or partly dependent or when those who are supposedly caring for them can no longer give care.

    • A.

      Henderson

    • B.

      Orem

    • C.

      Swanson

    • D.

      Neuman

    Correct Answer
    B. Orem
    Explanation
    In self-care deficit theory, Nursing is defined as A helping or assistive profession to a person who is wholly or partly dependent or when people who are to give care to them are no longer available. Self-care is the activities that a person does for himself to maintain health, life, and well-being.

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  • 5. 

    Nursing is a unique profession, Concerned with all the variables affecting an individual’s response to stressors, which are intra, inter, and extra personal in nature.

    • A.

      Neuman

    • B.

      Johnson

    • C.

      Watson

    • D.

      Parse

    Correct Answer
    A. Neuman
    Explanation
    Neuman divided stressors as either intra, inter, and extra personal in nature. She said that NURSING is concerned with eliminating these stressors to obtain a maximum level of wellness. The nurse helps the client through PRIMARY, SECONDARY, AND TERTIARY prevention modes. Please do not confuse this with LEAVELL and CLARK’S level of prevention.

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  • 6. 

    The unique function of the nurse is to assist the individual, sick or well, in the performance of those activities contributing to health that he would perform unaided if he has the necessary strength, will and knowledge, and do this in such a way as to help him gain independence as rapidly as possible.

    • A.

      Henderson

    • B.

      Abdellah

    • C.

      Levin

    • D.

      Peplau

    Correct Answer
    A. Henderson
    Explanation
    This was an actual board question. Remember this definition and associate it with Virginia Henderson. Henderson also describes the NATURE OF NURSING theory. She identified 14 basic needs of the client. She describes nursing roles as SUBSTITUTIVE: Doing everything for the client, SUPPLEMENTARY: Helping the client, and COMPLEMENTARY: Working with the client. According to her, breathing normally, Eliminating waste, Eating and drinking adequately, worship, and Playing are some of the basic needs.

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  • 7. 

    Caring is the essence and central unifying, a dominant domain that distinguishes nursing from other health disciplines. Care is an essential human need.    

    • A.

      Benner

    • B.

      Watson

    • C.

      Leininger

    • D.

      Swanson

    Correct Answer
    C. Leininger
    Explanation
    There are many theorists that describe nursing as CARE. The most popular was Jean Watson’s Human Caring Model. But this question pertains to Leininger's definition of caring. 

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  • 8. 

     Caring involves 5 processes: knowing, being with, doing for, enabling, and maintaining belief.

    • A.

      Benner

    • B.

      Watson

    • C.

      Leininger

    • D.

      Swanson

    Correct Answer
    D. Swanson
    Explanation
     Caring, according to Swanson, involves 5 processes. Knowing means understanding the client. Being with emphasizes the physical presence of the nurse for the patient. Doing for means doing things for the patient when he is incapable of doing it for himself. Enabling means helping clients transcend maturational and developmental stressors in life while maintaining belief is the ability of the nurse to inculcate meaning to these events.

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  • 9. 

    Caring is healing; it is communicated through the consciousness of the nurse to the individual being cared for. It allows access to a higher human spirit.  

    • A.

      Benner

    • B.

      Watson

    • C.

      Leininger

    • D.

      Swanson

    Correct Answer
    B. Watson
    Explanation
    The deepest and spiritual definition of Caring came from Jean Watson. For her, Caring expands the limits of openness and allows access to a higher human spirit.

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  • 10. 

    Caring means that person, events, projects, and things matter to people. It reveals stress and coping options. Caring creates responsibility. It is an inherent feature of nursing practice. It helps the nurse assist clients in recovering in the face of the illness.

    • A.

      Benner

    • B.

      Watson

    • C.

      Leininger

    • D.

      Swanson

    Correct Answer
    A. Benner
    Explanation
    I think of CARE BEAR to facilitate the retention of Benner's beliefs. As in, Care Benner. For her, Caring means being CONNECTED or making things matter to people. Caring, according to Benner, gives meaning to illness and reestablishes connection.

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  • 11. 

    Which of the following is NOT TRUE about profession according to Marie Jahoda?  

    • A.

      A profession is an organization of an occupational group based on the application of special knowledge

    • B.

      It serves specific interest of a group

    • C.

      It is altruistic

    • D.

      Quality of work is of greater importance than the rewards

    Correct Answer
    B. It serves specific interest of a group
    Explanation
    Believe it or not, you should know the definition of profession according to Jahoda because it is asked in the Local boards. A profession should serve the WHOLE COMMUNITY and not just a group's specific interest. Everything else is correct.

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  • 12. 

    Which of the following is NOT an attribute of a professional?

    • A.

      Concerned with quantity

    • B.

      Self-directed

    • C.

      Committed to spirit of inquiry

    • D.

      Independent

    Correct Answer
    A. Concerned with quantity
    Explanation
    A professional is concerned with QUALITY and not QUANTITY. In nursing, We have quality assurance and control methods to evaluate the effectiveness of nursing care. Nurses are never concerned with QUANTITY of care provided.

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  • 13. 

    The unique characteristic of nursing as a profession is .

    • A.

      Education

    • B.

      Theory

    • C.

      Caring

    • D.

      Autonomy

    Correct Answer
    C. Caring
    Explanation
    Caring and caring alone is the unique quality of the Nursing Profession. It is the one that delineates Nursing from other professions.

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  • 14. 

    These are the distinctive individual qualities that differentiate people.    

    • A.

      Philosophy

    • B.

      Personality

    • C.

      Charm

    • D.

      Character

    Correct Answer
    B. Personality
    Explanation
     

    Personality is qualities that make us different from each other. These are impressions that we made or the footprints that we leave behind. This is the result of the integration of one's talents, behavior, appearance, mood, character, morals, and impulses into one harmonious whole. Philosophy is the basic truth that fuels our soul and gives our life a purpose; it shapes the facets of a person's character. Charm is to attract other people to be a change agent. Character is our moral values and belief that guides our actions in life.

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  • 15. 

      Refers to the moral values and beliefs that are used as guides to personal behavior and actions.

    • A.

      Philosophy

    • B.

      Personality

    • C.

      Charm

    • D.

      Character

    Correct Answer
    D. Character
    Explanation
    Personality are qualities that make us different from each other. These are impressions that we made, or the footprints that we leave behind. This is the result of the integration of one's talents, behavior, appearance, mood, character, morals and impulses into one harmonious whole. Philosophy is the basic truth that fuel our soul and give our life a purpose, it shapes the facets of a person's character. Charm is to attract other people to be a change agent. Character is our moral values and belief that guides our actions in life.

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  • 16. 

      As a nurse manager, which of the following best describes this function?

    • A.

      Initiate modification on client’s lifestyle

    • B.

      Protect client’s right

    • C.

      Coordinates the activities of other members of the health team in managing patient care

    • D.

      Provide in-service education programs, Use accurate nursing audits, formulate philosophy and vision of the institution.

    Correct Answer
    D. Provide in-service education programs, Use accurate nursing audits, formulate philosophy and vision of the institution.
    Explanation
    A refers to being a change agent. B is a role of a patient advocate. C is a case manager, while D basically summarized the functions of a nurse manager. If you haven't read Lydia Venzon's Book: NURSING MANAGEMENT TOWARDS QUALITY CARE, I suggest reading it in advance for your management subjects in graduate school. Formulating philosophy and vision is in PLANNING. Nursing Audit is in CONTROLLING; In-service education programs are included in DIRECTING. These are the processes of Nursing Management.

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  • 17. 

    What best describes nurses as care providers?

    • A.

      Determine client’s needs.

    • B.

      Provide direct nursing care.

    • C.

      Help clients recognize and cope with stressful psychological situations.

    • D.

      Works in a combined effort with all those involved in patient’s care.

    Correct Answer
    A. Determine client’s needs.
    Explanation
    You can never provide nursing care if you don't know what the client's needs are. How can you provide effective postural drainage if you do not know the bulk of the client's secretion? Therefore, the best description of a care provider is the accurate and prompt determination of the client's need to render appropriate nursing care.

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  • 18. 

    The nurse questions a doctor's order of Morphine sulfate 50 mg, IM for a client with pancreatitis. Which role best fits that statement?

    • A.

      Change agent

    • B.

      Client advocate

    • C.

      Case manager

    • D.

      Collaborator

    Correct Answer
    B. Client advocate
    Explanation
    As a client's advocate, nurses protect the client's rights and promote what is best. Knowing that Morphine causes spasms of the sphincter of Oddi and will lead to further increase in the client's pain, The nurse knew that the best treatment option for the client was not provided and intervened to provide the best possible care.

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  • 19. 

    These are nursing interventions that require knowledge, skills, and expertise of multiple health professionals.    

    • A.

      Dependent

    • B.

      Independent

    • C.

      Interdependent

    • D.

      Intradependent

    Correct Answer
    C. Interdependent
    Explanation
    Interdependent functions are those that needs expertise and skills of multiple health professionals. Example is when a child was diagnosed with nephrotic syndrome and the doctor ordered a high protein diet, they work together with the dietician about the age appropriate high protein foods that can be given to the child, Including the preparation to entice the child into eating the food. NOTE : It is still debated if the diet in NS is low, moderate or high protein, In the U.S, Protein is never restricted and can be taken in moderate amount. As far as the local examination is concerned, answer LOW PROTEIN HIGH CALORIC DIET.

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  • 20. 

    What type of patient care model is the most common for student nurses and private duty nurses?

    • A.

      Total patient care

    • B.

      Team nursing

    • C.

      Primary Nursing

    • D.

      Case management

    Correct Answer
    A. Total patient care
    Explanation
    This is also known as case nursing. It is a method of nursing care wherein, one nurse is assigned to one patient for the delivery of total care. These are the method use by Nursing students, Private duty nurses and those in critical or isolation units.

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  • 21. 

      This is the best patient care model when there are many nurses but few patients.

    • A.

      Functional nursing

    • B.

      Team nursing

    • C.

      Primary nursing

    • D.

      Total patient care

    Correct Answer
    D. Total patient care
    Explanation
    Total patient care works best if there are many nurses but few patients.

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  • 22. 

    This patient care model works best when there are plenty of patient but few nurses

    • A.

      Functional nursing

    • B.

      Team nursing

    • C.

      Primary nursing

    • D.

      Total patient care

    Correct Answer
    A. Functional nursing
    Explanation
    Functional nursing is task oriented, One nurse is assigned on a particular task leading to task expertise and efficiency. The nurse will work fast because the procedures are repetitive leading to task mastery. This care is not recommended as this leads fragmented nursing care.

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  • 23. 

    RN assumes 24 hour responsibility for the client to maintain continuity of care across shifts, days or visits.    

    • A.

      Functional nursing

    • B.

      Team nursing

    • C.

      Primary nursing

    • D.

      Total patient care

    Correct Answer
    C. Primary nursing
    Explanation
    Your keyword in Primary nursing is the 24 hours. This does not necessarily mean the nurse is awake for 24 hours, She can have a SECONDARY NURSES that will take care of the patient in shifts where she is not around.

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  • 24. 

    Who developed the first theory of nursing?    

    • A.

      Hammurabi

    • B.

      Alexander

    • C.

      Fabiola

    • D.

      Nightingale

    Correct Answer
    D. Nightingale
    Explanation
    Florence Nightingale was a celebrated English social reformer, statistician, and the founder of modern nursing. Born in 1820, she gained prominence for her pioneering work in nursing during the Crimean War (1853-1856). Nightingale and her team of nurses cared for wounded soldiers and implemented significant improvements in sanitary conditions at the British army field hospital in Scutari, Turkey.

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  • 25. 

    She introduces the NATURE OF NURSING MODEL.    

    • A.

      Henderson

    • B.

      Nightingale

    • C.

      Parse

    • D.

      Orlando

    Correct Answer
    A. Henderson
    Explanation
    This was an actual board question. Remember this definition and associate it with Virginia Henderson. Henderson also describes the NATURE OF NURSING theory. She identified 14 basic needs of the client. She describes nursing roles as SUBSTITUTIVE : Doing everything for the client, SUPPLEMENTARY : Helping the client and COMPLEMENTARY : Working with the client. Breathing normally, Eliminating waste, Eating and drinking adequately, worshiping and playing are some of the basic needs according to her.

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  • 26. 

    She described the four conservation principles.    

    • A.

      Levin

    • B.

      Leininger

    • C.

      Orlando

    • D.

      Parse

    Correct Answer
    A. Levin
    Explanation
    Myra Levin described the 4 Conservation principles which are concerned with the Unity and Integrity of an individual. These are ENERGY : Our output to facilitate meeting of our needs. STRUCTURAL INTEGRITY : We must maintain the integrity of our organs, tissues and systems to be able to function and prevent harmful agents entering our body. PERSONAL INTEGRITY : These refers to our self esteem, self worth, self concept, identity and personality. SOCIAL INTEGRITY : Reflects our societal roles to our society, community, family, friends and fellow individuals.

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  • 27. 

    Proposed the HEALTH CARE SYSTEM MODEL.

    • A.

      Henderson

    • B.

      Orem

    • C.

      Parse

    • D.

      Neuman

    Correct Answer
    D. Neuman
    Explanation
    Betty Neuman asserted that nursing is a unique profession and is concerned with all the variables affecting the individual's response to stressors. These are INTRA or within ourselves, EXTRA or outside the individual, INTER means between two or more people. She proposed the HEALTH CARE SYSTEM MODEL which states that by PRIMARY, SECONDARY and TERTIARY prevention, The nurse can help the client maintain stability against these stressors.

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  • 28. 

    Conceptualized the BEHAVIORAL SYSTEM MODEL    

    • A.

      Orem

    • B.

      Johnson

    • C.

      Henderson

    • D.

      Parse

    Correct Answer
    B. Johnson
    Explanation
    According to Dorothy Johnson, Each person is a behavioral system that is composed of 7 subsystems. Man adjust or adapt to stressors by using a LEARNED PATTERN OF RESPONSE. Man uses his behavior to meet the demands of the environment, and is able to modify his behavior to support these demands.

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  • 29. 

    Developed the CLINICAL NURSING – A HELPING ART MODEL

    • A.

      Swanson

    • B.

      Hall

    • C.

      Weidenbach

    • D.

      Zderad

    Correct Answer
    C. Weidenbach
    Explanation
    Just remember ERNESTINE WEIDENBACHLINICAL.

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  • 30. 

    Developed the ROLE MODELING and MODELING theory    

    • A.

      Erickson,Tomlin,Swain

    • B.

      Neuman

    • C.

      Newman

    • D.

      Benner and Wrubel

    Correct Answer
    A. Erickson,Tomlin,Swain
    Explanation
    The Theory of Modeling and Role-Modeling (developed by Erickson, Tomlin, & Swain in 1983) allows nurses to provide personalized care to each client, acknowledging and honoring their individuality. This approach to caregiving demonstrates theory-guided clinical practice centered on meeting the specific needs of clients.

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  • 31. 

    Proposed the GRAND THEORY OF NURSING AS CARING  

    • A.

      Erickson, Tomlin, Swain

    • B.

      Peterson,Zderad

    • C.

      Benner,Wrubel

    • D.

      Boykin,Schoenhofer

    Correct Answer
    D. Boykin,Schoenhofer
    Explanation
     This theory was called GRAND THEORY because Boykin and Schoenhofer thinks that all men are caring, And that nursing is a response to this unique call. According to them, CARING IS A MORAL IMPERATIVE, meaning, ALL PEOPLE will tend to help a man who fell down the stairs even if he is not trained to do so.

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  • 32. 

    Postulated the INTERPERSONAL ASPECT OF NURSING  

    • A.

      Travelbee

    • B.

      Swanson

    • C.

      Zderad

    • D.

      Peplau

    Correct Answer
    A. Travelbee
    Explanation
    Travelbee's theory was referred to as INTERPERSONAL theory because she postulated that NURSING is to assist the individual and all people that affects this individual to cope with illness, recover and FIND MEANING to this experience. For her, Nursing is a HUMAN TO HUMAN relationship that is formed during illness. To her, an individual is a UNIQUE and irreplaceable being in a continuous process of becoming, evolving and changing. PLEASE do remember, that it is PARSE who postulated the theory of HUMAN BECOMING and not TRAVELBEE, for I read books that say it was TRAVELBEE and not PARSE.

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  • 33. 

    He proposed the theory of morality that is based on MUTUAL TRUST  

    • A.

      Freud

    • B.

      Erikson

    • C.

      Kohlberg

    • D.

      Peters

    Correct Answer
    C. Kohlberg
    Explanation
    Kohlberg states that relationships are based on mutual trust. He postulated the levels of morality development. At the first stage, called the PREMORAL or pre-conventional stage, a child does things and labels them as BAD or GOOD depending on the PUNISHMENT or REWARD they get. They have no concept of justice, fairness, and equity. For them, If I punch this kid and mom gets mad, that's WRONG. But if I dance and sing, mama smiles and gives me a new toy, then I am doing something good. At the Conventional level, The individual acts based on the response of the people around him. He will follow the rules, regulations, laws, and morality the society upholds. If the law states that I should not resuscitate this man with a DNR order, then I would not. However, at the post-conventional level or the AUTONOMOUS level, the individual still follows the rules but can make a rule or bend part of these rules according to his own MORALITY. He can change the rules if he thinks that it needs to be changed. An example is that A nurse still continues resuscitating the client even if the client has a DNR order because he believes that the client can still recover and his mission is to save lives, not watch patients die.

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  • 34. 

    He proposed the theory of morality based on PRINCIPLES

    • A.

      Freud

    • B.

      Erikson

    • C.

      Kohlberg

    • D.

      Peters

    Correct Answer
    D. Peters
    Explanation
    Remember PETERS for PRINCIPLES. P is to P. He believes that morality has 3 components : EMOTION or how one feels, JUDGEMENT or how one reason and BEHAVIOR or how one actuates his EMOTION and JUDGEMENT. He believes that MORALITY evolves with the development of PRINCPLES or the person's virtue and traits. He also believes in AUTOMATICITY of virtues or he calls HABIT, like kindness, charity, honesty, sincerity and thrift which are innate to a person and therefore, will be performed automatically.

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  • 35. 

    Freud postulated that child adopts parental standards and traits through  

    • A.

      Imitation

    • B.

      Introjection

    • C.

      Identification

    • D.

      Regression

    Correct Answer
    C. Identification
    Explanation
    A child, according to Freud, adopts parental standards, traits, habits and norms through identication. A good example is the corned beef commercial " WALK LIKE A MAN, TALK LIKE A MAN " Where the child identifies with his father by wearing the same clothes and doing the same thing.

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  • 36. 

    According to them, Morality is measured by how people treat human beings and that a moral child strives to be kind and just.

    • A.

      Zderad and Peterson

    • B.

      Benner and Wrubel

    • C.

      Fowler and Westerhoff

    • D.

      Schulman and Mekler

    Correct Answer
    D. Schulman and Mekler
    Explanation
    According to Schulman and Mekler, there are 2 components that make an action MORAL : The intention should be good and the Act must be just. A good example is ROBIN HOOD. His intention is GOOD but the act is UNJUST, which makes his action IMMORAL.

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  • 37. 

    Postulated that FAITH is the way of behaving. He developed four theories of faith and development based on his experience.  

    • A.

      Giligan

    • B.

      Westerhoff

    • C.

      Fowler

    • D.

      Freud

    Correct Answer
    B. Westerhoff
    Explanation
    There are only 2 theorists of FAITH that might be asked in the board examinations. Fowler and Westerhoff. What differs them is that, FAITH of fowler is defined abstractly, Fowler defines faith as a FORCE that gives a meaning to a person's life while Westerhoff defines faith as a behavior that continuously develops through time.

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  • 38. 

    He described the development of faith. He suggested that faith is a spiritual dimension that gives meaning to a person's life. Faith, according to him, is a relational phenomenon.

    • A.

      Giligan

    • B.

      Westerhoff

    • C.

      Fowler

    • D.

      Freud

    Correct Answer
    C. Fowler
    Explanation
    There are only 2 theorist of FAITH that might be asked in the board examinations. Fowler and Westerhoff. What differs them is that, FAITH of fowler is defined abstractly, Fowler defines faith as a FORCE that gives a meaning to a person's life while Westerhoff defines faith as a behavior that continuously develops through time.

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  • 39. 

     Established in 1906 by the Baptist Foreign Mission Society of America. Miss Rose Nicolet was its first superintendent.

    • A.

      St. Paul Hospital School of nursing

    • B.

      Iloilo Mission Hospital School of nursing

    • C.

      Philippine General Hospital School of nursing

    • D.

      St. Luke’s Hospital School of nursing

    Correct Answer
    B. Iloilo Mission Hospital School of nursing
  • 40. 

    Anastacia Giron-Tupas was the first Filipino nurse to occupy the position of chief nurse in this hospital.

    • A.

      St. Paul Hospital

    • B.

      Iloilo Mission Hospital

    • C.

      Philippine General Hospital

    • D.

      St. Luke’s Hospital

    Correct Answer
    C. Philippine General Hospital
    Explanation
    Anastacia Giron-Tupas became the first Filipino nurse to hold the position of chief nurse in the Philippine General Hospital. This hospital is well-known and respected in the Philippines, serving as a teaching hospital and providing quality healthcare to patients. Giron-Tupas's achievement signifies her exceptional skills, experience, and dedication to the nursing profession. Her appointment as chief nurse in such a prestigious institution highlights her leadership abilities and the recognition of her contributions to the field of nursing.

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  • 41. 

    She was the daughter of Hungarian kings, who fed 300-900 people every day at their gate, built hospitals, and cared for the poor and sick herself.

    • A.

      Elizabeth

    • B.

      Catherine

    • C.

      Nightingale

    • D.

      Sairey Gamp

    Correct Answer
    A. Elizabeth
    Explanation
    Saint Elizabeth of Hungary was the daughter of a King and is the patron saint of nurses. She builds hospitals and feeds hungry people every day using the kingdom's money. She is a princess but devoted her life to feeding the hungry and serving the sick.

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  • 42. 

    She dies of yellow fever in her search for the truth to prove that yellow fever is carried by mosquitoes.  

    • A.

      Clara louise Maas

    • B.

      Pearl Tucker

    • C.

      Isabel Hampton Robb

    • D.

      Caroline Hampton Robb

    Correct Answer
    A. Clara louise Maas
    Explanation
    Clara Louise Maas sacrificed her life in research of YELLOW FEVER. People during her time do not believe that yellow fever was brought by mosquitoes. To prove that they are wrong, She allowed herself to be bitten by the vector and after days, She died.

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  • 43. 

      He was called the father of sanitation.

    • A.

      Abraham

    • B.

      Hippocrates

    • C.

      Moses

    • D.

      Willam Halstead

    Correct Answer
    C. Moses
    Explanation
    Moses is called the father of sanitation because he implemented various practices and laws related to cleanliness and hygiene during his time. In the book of Leviticus in the Old Testament, Moses introduced regulations for waste disposal, purification rituals, and quarantine measures to prevent the spread of diseases. These practices laid the foundation for modern sanitation systems and emphasized the importance of cleanliness for maintaining public health. Therefore, Moses is recognized as the father of sanitation for his significant contributions in promoting hygiene and sanitation practices.

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  • 44. 

    The country where SHUSHURUTU originated

    • A.

      China

    • B.

      Egypt

    • C.

      India

    • D.

      Babylonia

    Correct Answer
    C. India
    Explanation
    India is the correct answer because SHUSHURUTU is an ancient Indian medical text. It originated in India and is considered one of the earliest texts on medicine in the world. The text contains information on various medical treatments and practices, including surgical procedures, herbal remedies, and diet recommendations. It provides valuable insights into the medical knowledge and practices of ancient India.

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  • 45. 

    They put girls clothes on male infants to drive evil forces away.

    • A.

      Chinese

    • B.

      Egyptian

    • C.

      Indian

    • D.

      Babylonian

    Correct Answer
    A. Chinese
    Explanation
    Chinese believe that male newborns are demon magnets. To fool those demons, they put female clothes on their male newborn.

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  • 46. 

    In what period of nursing do people believe in TREPHINING to drive evil forces away?  

    • A.

      Dark period

    • B.

      Intuitive period

    • C.

      Contemporary period

    • D.

      Educative period

    Correct Answer
    B. Intuitive period
    Explanation
    Egyptians believe that a sick person is someone with an evil force or demon that is inside their heads. To release these evil spirits, They would tend to drill holes on the patient's skull and it is called TREPHINING.

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  • 47. 

    This period ended when Pastor Fliedner, build Kaiserwerth institute for the training of Deaconesses  

    • A.

      Apprentice period

    • B.

      Dark period

    • C.

      Contemporary period

    • D.

      Educative period

    Correct Answer
    A. Apprentice period
    Explanation
    What delineates apprentice period among others is that it ENDED when formal schools were established. During the apprentice period, There is no formal educational institution for nurses. Most of them receive training inside the convent or church. Some of them are trained just for the purpose of nursing the wounded soldiers. But almost all of them are influenced by the christian faith to serve and nurse the sick. When Fliedner build the first formal school for nurses, It marked the end of the APPRENTICESHIP period.

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  • 48. 

    Period of nursing where religious Christian orders emerged to take care of the sick  

    • A.

      Apprentice period

    • B.

      Dark period

    • C.

      Contemporary period

    • D.

      Educative period

    Correct Answer
    A. Apprentice period
    Explanation
     Apprentice period is marked by the emergence of religious orders devoted to religious life and the practice of nursing.

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  • 49. 

    Founded the second order of St. Francis of Assisi

    • A.

      St. Catherine

    • B.

      St. Anne

    • C.

      St. Clare

    • D.

      St. Elizabeth

    Correct Answer
    C. St. Clare
    Explanation
    The poor clares, is the second order of St. Francis of assisi. The first order was founded by St. Francis himself. St. Catherine of Siena was the first lady with the lamp. St. Anne is the mother of mama mary. St. Elizabeth is the patron saint of Nursing.

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  • 50. 

    This period marked the religious upheaval of Luther, Who questions the Christian faith.  

    • A.

      Apprentice period

    • B.

      Dark period

    • C.

      Contemporary period

    • D.

      Educative period

    Correct Answer
    B. Dark period
    Explanation
    Protestantism emerged when Martin Luther questioned the Pope and Christianity. This started the Dark period of nursing when the Christian faith was smeared by controversies. This led to the closure of some hospitals and schools run by the church. Nursing became the work of prostitutes, slaves, mothers, and the least desirable of women.

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Amanda Nwachukwu |Pharm(D) |
Medical Expert
Amanda, holding a Doctorate in Pharmacy from Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center, adeptly simplifies complex medical concepts into accessible content. With clinical proficiency, she ensures optimal patient care, while her adept medical writing skills facilitate comprehension and accessibility of healthcare information. Utilizing her education and expertise, Amanda meticulously reviews medical science quizzes, ensuring accuracy and clarity. Her commitment to excellence in healthcare education drives her passion for delivering quality content, ultimately benefiting both healthcare professionals and patients alike.

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