Endocrine System Disorders | Diabetes Mellitus | NCLEX Quiz 101

10 Questions | Total Attempts: 2370

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Urinary System Disorders NCLEX Quizzes & Trivia

All questions are shown, but the results will only be given after you’ve finished the quiz. You are given 1 minute per question, a total of 10 minutes in this quiz.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Genevieve has diabetes type 1 and receives insulin for glycemic control. She tells the nurse that she likes to have a glass of wine with dinner. What will the best plan of the nurse for client education include?
    • A. 

      The alcohol could cause pancreatic disease.

    • B. 

      The alcohol could cause serious liver disease.

    • C. 

      The alcohol could predispose you to hypoglycemia.

    • D. 

      The alcohol could predispose you to hyperglycemia.

  • 2. 
    Dr. Wijangco orders insulin lispro (Humalog) 10 units for Alicia. a client with diabetes mellitus. When will the nurse administer this medication?
    • A. 

      When the client is eating

    • B. 

      Thirty minutes before meals

    • C. 

      Fifteen minutes before meals

    • D. 

      When the meal trays arrive on the floor

  • 3. 
    Nurse Matt makes a home visit to the client with diabetes mellitus. During the visit. Nurse Matt notes the client’s additional insulin vials are not refrigerated. What is the best action by the nurse at this time?
    • A. 

      Instruct the client to label each vial with the date when opened.

    • B. 

      Tell the client there is no need to keep additional vials.

    • C. 

      Have the client place the insulin vials in the refrigerator.

    • D. 

      Have the client discard the vials.

  • 4. 
    During the morning rounds. Nurse AJ accompanied the physician in every patient’s room. The physician writes orders for the client with diabetes mellitus. Which order would the nurse validate with the physician?
    • A. 

      Use Humalog insulin for sliding scale coverage.

    • B. 

      Metformin (Glucophage) 1000 mg per day in divided doses.

    • C. 

      Administer regular insulin 30 minutes prior to meals.

    • D. 

      Lantus insulin 20U BID.

  • 5. 
    Gary has diabetes type 2. Nurse Martha has taught him about the illness and evaluates learning has occurred when the client makes which statement?
    • A. 

      “My cells have increased their receptors. but there is enough insulin.”

    • B. 

      “My peripheral cells have increased sensitivity to insulin.”

    • C. 

      “My beta cells cannot produce enough insulin for my cells.”

    • D. 

      “My cells cannot use the insulin my pancreas makes.”

  • 6. 
    The principal goals of therapy for older patients who have poor glycemic control are:
    • A. 

      Enhancing quality of life.

    • B. 

      Decreasing the chance of complications.

    • C. 

      Improving self-care through education.

    • D. 

      All of the above.

  • 7. 
    Which of the following is accurate pertaining to physical exercise and type 1 diabetes mellitus?
    • A. 

      Physical exercise can slow the progression of diabetes mellitus.

    • B. 

      Strenuous exercise is beneficial when the blood glucose is high.

    • C. 

      Patients who take insulin and engage in strenuous physical exercise might experience hyperglycemia.

    • D. 

      Adjusting insulin regimen allows for safe participation in all forms of exercise.

  • 8. 
    Harry is a diabetic patient who is experiencing a reaction of alternating periods of nocturnal hypoglycemia and hyperglycemia. The patient might be manifesting which of the following?
    • A. 

      Uncontrolled diabetes

    • B. 

      Somogyi phenomenon

    • C. 

      Brittle diabetes

    • D. 

      Diabetes insipidus

  • 9. 
    Dr. Hugo has prescribed sulfonylureas for Rebecca in the management of diabetes mellitus type 2. As a nurse. you know that the primary purpose of sulfonylureas. such as long-acting glyburide (Micronase). is to:
    • A. 

      Induce hypoglycemia by decreasing insulin sensitivity.

    • B. 

      Improve insulin sensitivity and decrease hyperglycemia.

    • C. 

      Stimulate the beta cells of the pancreas to secrete insulin.

    • D. 

      Decrease insulin sensitivity by enhancing glucose uptake.

  • 10. 
    Rosemary has been taking Glargine (Lantus) to treat her condition. One of the benefits of Glargine (Lantus) insulin is its ability to:
    • A. 

      Release insulin rapidly throughout the day to help control basal glucose.

    • B. 

      Release insulin evenly throughout the day and control basal glucose levels.

    • C. 

      Simplify the dosing and better control blood glucose levels during the day.

    • D. 

      Cause hypoglycemia with other manifestation of other adverse reactions.

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