Endocrine System Disorders | Diabetes Mellitus | NCLEX Quiz 102

10 Questions | Total Attempts: 2059

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Endocrine System Quizzes & Trivia

All questions are shown, but the results will only be given after you’ve finished the quiz. You are given 1 minute per question, a total of 10 minutes in this quiz.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    A 50-year-old widower is admitted to the hospital with a diagnosis of diabetes mellitus and complaints of rapid-onset weight loss. elevated blood glucose levels. and polyphagia. the gerontology nurse should anticipate which of the following secondary medical diagnoses?
    • A. 

      Impaired glucose tolerance

    • B. 

      Gestational diabetes mellitus

    • C. 

      Pituitary tumor

    • D. 

      Pancreatic tumor

  • 2. 
    An older woman with diabetes mellitus visits the clinic concerning her condition. Of which of the following symptoms might an older woman with diabetes mellitus complain?
    • A. 

      Anorexia

    • B. 

      Pain intolerance

    • C. 

      Weight loss

    • D. 

      Perineal itching

  • 3. 
    Gregory is a 52-year-old man identified as high-risk for diabetes mellitus. Which laboratory test should a nurse anticipate a physician would order for him? (Select all that apply.)
    • A. 

      Fasting Plasma Glucose (FPG)

    • B. 

      Two-hour Oral Glucose Tolerance Test (OGTT)

    • C. 

      Glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1C)

    • D. 

      Finger stick glucose three times daily

  • 4. 
    According to the National Diabetes Statistics Report. diabetes remains as one of the leading causes of death in the United States since 2010. Which of the following factors are risks for the development of diabetes mellitus? (Select all that apply.)
    • A. 

      Age over 45 years

    • B. 

      Overweight with a waist/hip ratio >1

    • C. 

      Having a consistent HDL level above 40 mg/dl

    • D. 

      Maintaining a sedentary lifestyle

  • 5. 
    During a visit in the hospital. the student nurses are asked which of the following persons would most likely be diagnosed with diabetes mellitus. They are correct if they answered a 44-year-old:
    • A. 

      Caucasian woman.

    • B. 

      Asian woman.

    • C. 

      African-American woman.

    • D. 

      Hispanic male.

  • 6. 
    An ailing 70-year-old woman with a diagnosis of type 2 diabetes mellitus has been ill with pneumonia. The client’s intake has been very poor. and she is admitted to the hospital for observation and management as needed. What is the most likely problem with this patient?
    • A. 

      Insulin resistance has developed.

    • B. 

      Diabetic ketoacidosis is occurring.

    • C. 

      Hypoglycemia unawareness is developing.

    • D. 

      Hyperglycemic hyperosmolar non-ketotic coma.

  • 7. 
    Daniel is diagnosed of having hyperthyroidism (Graves’ disease). Which of the following is a drug of choice for his condition?
    • A. 

      Furosemide (Lasix)

    • B. 

      Digoxin (Lanoxin)

    • C. 

      Propranolol (Inderal)

    • D. 

      Propylthiouracil (PTU)

  • 8. 
    Which of the following medications are most likely to cause hypothyroidism? (Select all that apply.)
    • A. 

      Acetylsalicylic acid (aspirin)

    • B. 

      Furosemide (Lasix)

    • C. 

      Docusate sodium (Colace)

    • D. 

      Rifampin (Rifadin)

  • 9. 
    After visiting the physician. Angela found out that she has a thyroid problem. In line with her condition. which of the following diagnostic studies is done to determine the size and composition of the thyroid gland?
    • A. 

      Thyroid scan with RAI 123I

    • B. 

      Electrocardiography

    • C. 

      Ultrasonography

    • D. 

      Venous duplex Doppler study

  • 10. 
    Nurse Gil is caring for a patient with a diagnosis of hypothyroidism. Which nursing diagnosis should the nurse most seriously consider when analyzing the needs of the patient?
    • A. 

      High risk for aspiration related to severe vomiting

    • B. 

      Diarrhea related to increased peristalsis

    • C. 

      Hypothermia related to slowed metabolic rate

    • D. 

      Oral mucous membrane. altered related to disease process

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