Cosmetology Practice Exam 2016 ProProfs

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Cosmetology Practice Exam 2016 ProProfs - Quiz


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Wet hair with normal elasticity will stretch up to              of its original length

    Explanation
    Wet hair with normal elasticity can stretch up to 50% of its original length. This means that when wet, the hair can be stretched to half of its initial size without breaking or causing damage. This elasticity is due to the water molecules penetrating the hair shaft and temporarily changing its structure, making it more flexible and stretchable.

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  • 2. 

    An                  is a stable physical mixture of two or more substances.

    • A.

      Solution

    • B.

      Emulsion

    • C.

      Compound

    • D.

      Element

    Correct Answer
    A. Solution
    Explanation
    A solution is a stable physical mixture of two or more substances. In a solution, the solute particles are evenly distributed and do not settle out. This is different from other mixtures like emulsions, compounds, and elements. Emulsions are mixtures of two immiscible substances, compounds are formed by the chemical combination of two or more elements, and elements are pure substances that cannot be broken down into simpler substances. Therefore, the correct answer is solution.

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  • 3. 

    Solutions that contain undissolved particles that are visible to the naked eye are know as?

    • A.

      Suspensions

    • B.

      Mixtures

    • C.

      Solutes

    • D.

      Emulsions

    Correct Answer
    A. Suspensions
    Explanation
    Suspensions are solutions that contain undissolved particles that are visible to the naked eye. In a suspension, the particles are usually larger and do not dissolve completely in the solvent. Instead, they remain suspended and can be seen floating or settling at the bottom of the solution. This is different from mixtures, which can be a combination of two or more substances that are evenly distributed, and solutes, which are substances that dissolve in a solvent. Emulsions, on the other hand, are mixtures of two or more immiscible substances, typically with one being dispersed as droplets in the other.

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  • 4. 

    The                  is the lowest part of a hair strand

    • A.

      Hair root

    • B.

      Hair bulb

    • C.

      Hair cuticle

    • D.

      Hair follicle

    Correct Answer
    B. Hair bulb
    Explanation
    The hair bulb is the lowest part of a hair strand. It is located at the base of the hair follicle and is responsible for producing new hair cells. The hair bulb contains the dermal papilla, which supplies nutrients to the hair follicle and helps in hair growth. Additionally, the hair bulb also contains the hair matrix, which is responsible for the production of new hair cells. Therefore, the hair bulb is the correct answer as it is the essential part of the hair strand's growth and development.

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  • 5. 

    The epidermis is made up of 5 layers what are they?

    Correct Answer
    stratum corneum, stratum lucidium, startum granulosum, stratum spinosum, stratum germinatuvum
    Explanation
    The epidermis is the outermost layer of the skin and is composed of five layers. These layers are the stratum corneum, stratum lucidum, stratum granulosum, stratum spinosum, and stratum germinativum. The stratum corneum is the outermost layer and consists of dead skin cells that provide protection to the underlying layers. The stratum lucidum is a clear layer found only in thick skin areas. The stratum granulosum contains granules that help in the production of keratin. The stratum spinosum is responsible for the synthesis of keratinocytes. The stratum germinativum is the innermost layer and is responsible for the production of new skin cells.

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  • 6. 

    The system of nerves that carries impulses or messages to and from the central nervous system is called what ?

    • A.

      Involuntary nervous system

    • B.

      Voluntary nervous system

    • C.

      Automatic nervous system

    • D.

      Peripheral nervous system

    Correct Answer
    D. Peripheral nervous system
    Explanation
    The peripheral nervous system is responsible for carrying impulses or messages to and from the central nervous system. It consists of nerves that extend from the brain and spinal cord to the rest of the body, allowing communication between the central nervous system and the organs, muscles, and tissues. The peripheral nervous system controls voluntary movements, such as walking, as well as involuntary functions, such as heartbeat and digestion. It plays a crucial role in transmitting sensory information to the brain and coordinating motor responses.

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  • 7. 

    What bonds are individually very weak?

    • A.

      Hydrogen

    • B.

      Salt

    • C.

      Disufide

    • D.

      Both A and B

    Correct Answer
    D. Both A and B
    Explanation
    Both hydrogen and salt bonds are individually very weak. Hydrogen bonds are formed between a hydrogen atom and an electronegative atom, such as oxygen or nitrogen. These bonds are relatively weak compared to covalent or ionic bonds. Salt bonds, on the other hand, refer to ionic bonds formed between positively and negatively charged ions. These bonds are also relatively weak. Therefore, the correct answer is both A (hydrogen) and B (salt).

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  • 8. 

    Inorganic Chemistry is the study of substances that do not contain the element carbon but may contain which element?

    • A.

      Silicon

    • B.

      Oxygen

    • C.

      Hydrogen

    • D.

      Nitrogen

    Correct Answer
    C. Hydrogen
    Explanation
    Inorganic Chemistry is the study of substances that do not contain the element carbon. However, some inorganic compounds may contain the element hydrogen. Hydrogen is a versatile element that can form compounds with many other elements, including metals and nonmetals. These compounds are important in various fields such as industrial processes, energy production, and environmental science. Therefore, hydrogen can be present in inorganic compounds, making it a possible element in the study of Inorganic Chemistry.

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  • 9. 

    The deeper layer of the Dermis that supplies the skin with all of its oxygen and nutrients is what ?

    • A.

      Epidermis

    • B.

      Stratum lucideum

    • C.

      Papillary layer

    • D.

      Reticular layer

    Correct Answer
    D. Reticular layer
    Explanation
    The reticular layer is the deeper layer of the dermis that supplies the skin with all of its oxygen and nutrients. This layer contains blood vessels, lymphatic vessels, and nerves, which deliver oxygen and nutrients to the skin cells. It also houses sweat glands, sebaceous glands, and hair follicles, which are important for maintaining the health and function of the skin. The reticular layer is responsible for providing support and strength to the skin, as well as regulating temperature and sensation.

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  • 10. 

    A wavelength is the distance between successive peaks of             waves

    • A.

      Electric

    • B.

      Electromagnetic

    • C.

      Galvanic

    • D.

      Infrared

    Correct Answer
    B. Electromagnetic
    Explanation
    A wavelength refers to the distance between successive peaks of waves. In the context of the given options, electromagnetic waves are the type of waves that exhibit this property. Electromagnetic waves include various forms of radiation such as visible light, radio waves, microwaves, and X-rays. These waves have different wavelengths and frequencies, which determine their properties and uses. Therefore, the correct answer is electromagnetic.

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  • 11. 

    A chemical combination of matter in definite proportions is an?

    • A.

      Atomic substance

    • B.

      Combined substance

    • C.

      Miscible substance

    • D.

      Pure sudstance

    Correct Answer
    D. Pure sudstance
    Explanation
    A pure substance refers to a type of matter that is made up of only one type of particle or molecule. It has a fixed and definite composition, meaning that its components are present in specific proportions. In this context, a chemical combination of matter in definite proportions fits the description of a pure substance. It implies that the substance is not a mixture or a combination of different substances, but rather a single, homogeneous entity.

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  • 12. 

    The layer directly beneath the epidermis is the 

    • A.

      Reticular layer

    • B.

      Stratum spinosum

    • C.

      Papillary layer

    • D.

      Subcutaneous tissue

    Correct Answer
    C. Papillary layer
    Explanation
    The papillary layer is the layer directly beneath the epidermis. It is composed of loose connective tissue and contains blood vessels, nerve endings, and sensory receptors. This layer is responsible for providing nutrients to the epidermis and plays a role in regulating body temperature. It also helps in forming the ridges and grooves on the surface of the skin, which give rise to fingerprints.

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  • 13. 

    What nerve fiber is  distributed to the sudiriferous (sweat) glands and sebaceious (oil) glands. Part of the automatic nervous system. Also regulates excretion and control flow of sebum to surface of skin

    Correct Answer
    Secretory nerve fibers
    Explanation
    Secretory nerve fibers are the nerve fibers that are distributed to the sudoriferous (sweat) glands and sebaceous (oil) glands. These nerve fibers are part of the autonomic nervous system, which controls involuntary bodily functions. They play a role in regulating the excretion of sweat and controlling the flow of sebum to the surface of the skin.

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  • 14. 

    An imported wool fiber available in black or brown with a matte finish that is used in hair extensions is?

    • A.

      Lin

    • B.

      Yak

    • C.

      Rayon

    • D.

      Linen

    Correct Answer
    A. Lin
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "lin". Lin is an imported wool fiber that is available in black or brown with a matte finish. It is commonly used in hair extensions.

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  • 15. 

    Occipital artery supplies blood to?

    • A.

      Chest

    • B.

      Coougator

    • C.

      Buccinator

    • D.

      Back of the head

    Correct Answer
    D. Back of the head
    Explanation
    The occipital artery is responsible for supplying blood to the back of the head. This artery branches off from the external carotid artery and travels upwards towards the posterior region of the scalp. It provides oxygenated blood to the muscles, skin, and other structures located at the back of the head. This blood supply is crucial for maintaining the health and functionality of these structures.

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  • 16. 

    The               is the outermost and thinnest layer of skin, it also contains no blood vessels,but many small nerve endings

    Correct Answer
    Epidermis
    Explanation
    The epidermis is the outermost layer of the skin and is the thinnest. It is responsible for protecting the underlying layers of the skin from external factors such as bacteria, UV radiation, and chemicals. The epidermis does not contain any blood vessels, which is why it appears translucent. However, it does have numerous small nerve endings, which allow us to sense touch, temperature, and pain.

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  • 17. 

    Process of thinning the hair to graduated lengths with scissors by using a sliding movement of the shears ,with the blade slightly open 

    • A.

      Effilating

    • B.

      Slide cutting

    • C.

      Slithering

    • D.

      Both A and C

    Correct Answer
    D. Both A and C
    Explanation
    The correct answer is both A and C. The process described in the question, thinning the hair to graduated lengths with scissors using a sliding movement of the shears with the blade slightly open, is commonly known as effilating. It is also referred to as slithering. Therefore, both options A (effilating) and C (slithering) are correct.

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  • 18. 

    The layer of the epidermis where the process of skin cell shedding begins is the 

    • A.

      Stratum corneum

    • B.

      Stratum lucidum

    • C.

      Stratum germinativum

    • D.

      Stratum spinosum

    Correct Answer
    D. Stratum spinosum
    Explanation
    The stratum spinosum is the layer of the epidermis where the process of skin cell shedding begins. This layer is located above the stratum germinativum and below the stratum granulosum. The cells in the stratum spinosum are connected by desmosomes, which give them a spiny appearance. As new cells are produced in the stratum germinativum, they push older cells into the stratum spinosum. These older cells then undergo a process called desquamation, where they are shed from the skin's surface.

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  • 19. 

    Name four types of hydroxide relaxers

    Correct Answer
    sodium, potassium, lithium, guanidine
    Explanation
    The correct answer lists four types of hydroxide relaxers: sodium, potassium, lithium, and guanidine. These are all types of chemicals that are commonly used in hair relaxer products. Each of these hydroxide relaxers works by breaking down the protein structure in the hair, allowing it to be straightened. Sodium hydroxide is one of the most common types of relaxers and is known for its strong and effective results. Potassium hydroxide is typically used on more sensitive scalps. Lithium hydroxide is often used on coarse or resistant hair types. Guanidine hydroxide is a milder option that is commonly used in no-lye relaxers.

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  • 20. 

    Define chemical hair relaxing

    Correct Answer
    rearranging the structure of curly hair into a straighter or smoother form
    Explanation
    Chemical hair relaxing refers to the process of altering the natural structure of curly hair to make it straighter or smoother. This is achieved by using chemical products that break down the protein bonds in the hair, allowing it to be reshaped. The result is a more manageable and sleek appearance.

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  • 21. 

    Explain the difference between base and no-base relaxers

    Correct Answer
    no base do not require a protective cream, they contain a base cream that will melt at room temperature. Base relaxer requires the application of a protective base cream to all of the scalp.
    Explanation
    No-base relaxers and base relaxers differ in terms of the need for a protective cream. No-base relaxers do not require a protective cream as they already contain a base cream that will melt at room temperature. On the other hand, base relaxers necessitate the application of a protective base cream to the entire scalp.

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  • 22. 

    Which type of hair is harder to relax

    • A.

      Fine

    • B.

      Coarse

    • C.

      Wiry

    • D.

      Both b and c

    Correct Answer
    D. Both b and c
    Explanation
    Both coarse and wiry hair types are harder to relax compared to fine hair. Coarse hair has a larger diameter and is thicker, making it more resistant to chemical relaxers. Wiry hair, on the other hand, is characterized by its rough and tightly coiled texture, which makes it difficult for relaxers to penetrate and straighten the hair effectively. Therefore, both these hair types require more time and effort to achieve a relaxed or straightened look.

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  • 23. 

    What are the 3 steps in chemical relaxing

    Correct Answer
    processing, neutralizing, conditioning
    Explanation
    The three steps in chemical relaxing are processing, neutralizing, and conditioning. Processing involves applying the relaxer to the hair, which breaks down the protein bonds and alters the hair's structure. Neutralizing is the step where a neutralizing shampoo or solution is applied to stop the chemical process and restore the hair's pH balance. Conditioning is the final step, where a deep conditioner is used to nourish and moisturize the hair after the relaxing process, helping to restore its strength and prevent damage.

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  • 24. 

    What are two types of relaxers 

    Correct Answer
    Hydroxyd, Thio
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Hydroxyd and Thio. These two types of relaxers are commonly used in hair treatments. Hydroxyd relaxers are alkaline and work by breaking down the protein structure of the hair to straighten it. Thio relaxers, on the other hand, are acidic and work by softening the hair's protein structure to make it more manageable. Both types of relaxers have their own advantages and disadvantages, and it is important to choose the right type based on the individual's hair type and desired results.

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  • 25. 

    What temperature should the water be when rinsing out the relaxer from the hair?

    • A.

      Cold

    • B.

      Hot

    • C.

      Warm

    • D.

      As hot as the client can stand

    Correct Answer
    C. Warm
    Explanation
    The water should be warm when rinsing out the relaxer from the hair. Warm water helps to remove the relaxer product effectively without causing any discomfort to the client. Hot water can be too harsh on the scalp and may cause damage to the hair, while cold water may not effectively remove the relaxer. Therefore, using warm water is the most suitable option for rinsing out the relaxer from the hair.

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  • 26. 

    What are two other names for neutralizers?

    • A.

      Stabilizers

    • B.

      Fixers

    • C.

      Fixative

    • D.

      Toners

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Stabilizers
    C. Fixative
    Explanation
    The correct answer for this question is stabilizers and fixative. These two terms are used as alternative names for neutralizers. Stabilizers are substances that help maintain the stability or balance of a solution, while fixative is a substance that is used to fix or preserve something. In the context of neutralizers, both stabilizers and fixative can refer to substances that neutralize or counteract the effects of another substance.

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  • 27. 

    Where do you start the application of the base?

    • A.

      Crown

    • B.

      Apex

    • C.

      Nape

    • D.

      Occipatul

    Correct Answer
    A. Crown
    Explanation
    most resistant area of the head

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  • 28. 

    Why is a base used?

    Correct Answer
    protect the scalp
    Explanation
    A base is used to protect the scalp because it acts as a barrier between the scalp and any potentially harmful chemicals or substances that may be applied to the hair. This can include hair dyes, relaxers, or perms, which can cause irritation or damage to the scalp if they come into direct contact with it. The base helps to minimize the risk of scalp burns, irritation, or other adverse reactions, ensuring that the scalp remains protected during the hair treatment process.

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  • 29. 

    Where do you start the application of the base?

    • A.

      Hair line and ears

    • B.

      Ears only

    • C.

      Hair line only

    • D.

      Every where

    Correct Answer
    A. Hair line and ears
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "hair line and ears". When applying the base, it is important to start at the hairline and ears. This ensures that the base is evenly distributed and blended into the skin, creating a seamless transition between the base and the natural skin tone. Starting at the hairline and ears also helps to create a more natural and flawless look, as these areas are often more visible and prone to discoloration. By starting at these points, the base can be gradually blended into the rest of the face for a more cohesive and even application.

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  • 30. 

    The thinnest and weakest section of the hair strands are located where?

    • A.

      Shaft

    • B.

      Hair root

    • C.

      Twist

    • D.

      Hair ends

    Correct Answer
    C. Twist
    Explanation
    The thinnest and weakest section of the hair strands are located at the twist. This is because the twist is the point where the hair strands are bent or turned, causing stress and potential damage. The twisting motion can weaken the hair strands and make them more prone to breakage.

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  • 31. 

    All relaxers change the shape of the hair by?

    • A.

      Breaking the disulfid bonds

    • B.

      Breaking the salt bonds

    • C.

      Breaking the pH bond

    • D.

      Breaking the hydrogen bonds

    Correct Answer
    A. Breaking the disulfid bonds
    Explanation
    Relaxers are chemicals used to straighten curly or textured hair. They work by breaking the disulfide bonds, which are strong chemical bonds that give shape to the hair. By breaking these bonds, the relaxer allows the hair to be reshaped into a straighter form. Breaking the disulfide bonds is a necessary step in the relaxing process to achieve the desired hair texture.

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  • 32. 

    Thio relaxers have a pH of

    • A.

      Below 7

    • B.

      Above 10

    • C.

      5.5

    • D.

      7.5

    Correct Answer
    B. Above 10
    Explanation
    Thio relaxers are a type of hair relaxer that use chemicals with a high alkaline pH level to break down the protein structure of the hair. This process allows for the restructuring of the hair's bonds, resulting in a straighter and more relaxed texture. A pH level above 10 is considered highly alkaline, which is necessary for the thio relaxer to effectively alter the hair's structure. Therefore, the correct answer is above 10.

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  • 33. 

    Sodium hydroxide is also known as Caustic Soda

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Sodium hydroxide is commonly known as caustic soda because it is a strong base that can cause severe burns and is highly corrosive. It is used in various industries for its strong alkaline properties, such as in the production of soaps, detergents, and paper. The term "caustic" refers to its ability to burn or corrode organic matter, making it an appropriate name for sodium hydroxide. Therefore, the statement that sodium hydroxide is also known as caustic soda is true.

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  • 34. 

    Low pH relaxers are intended  for the use on color treated hair ,damaged hair, or fine hair.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Low pH relaxers are designed specifically for color treated hair, damaged hair, or fine hair because these types of hair are typically more delicate and prone to damage. The low pH formula helps to minimize the potential for further damage by being less harsh and aggressive on the hair. This makes it a suitable option for individuals with these specific hair types who want to relax their hair without causing excessive damage or compromising the integrity of their hair.

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  • 35. 

    What is an optional procedure in chemical relaxing?

    • A.

      Processing

    • B.

      Hair analysis

    • C.

      Neutalizing

    • D.

      Scalp examination

    Correct Answer
    C. Neutalizing
    Explanation
    Neutralizing is the correct answer because it is an optional procedure in chemical relaxing. After the hair has been chemically relaxed, neutralizing is done to stop the chemical process and restore the hair's pH balance. This step is crucial to prevent any further damage to the hair and to ensure that the hair remains smooth and straight. Neutralizing products are applied to the hair and left on for a specific amount of time before being rinsed out. This helps to neutralize any remaining chemicals and lock in the desired relaxed state of the hair.

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  • 36. 

    Why should the protective cream not touch the hair?

    • A.

      Speed up processing time

    • B.

      Melt the hair

    • C.

      Change the color of the hair

    • D.

      Slow down the chemically straighting process

    Correct Answer
    D. Slow down the chemically straighting process
    Explanation
    The protective cream should not touch the hair because it can slow down the chemically straightening process. The cream creates a barrier between the hair and the chemical straightening solution, preventing it from fully penetrating the hair shaft. This can result in a less effective straightening treatment and may prolong the processing time required to achieve the desired results.

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  • 37. 

    Hydroxide relaxers have a pH of ?

    • A.

      Lower than 13.0

    • B.

      Over 13.0

    • C.

      7

    • D.

      0

    Correct Answer
    A. Lower than 13.0
    Explanation
    Hydroxide relaxers are chemical products used for hair straightening. The pH level of a hydroxide relaxer determines its strength and effectiveness. A pH lower than 13.0 indicates that the relaxer is more acidic and milder in nature. This lower pH helps to minimize damage to the hair during the straightening process. Hydroxide relaxers with a pH over 13.0 would be highly alkaline and could cause severe damage to the hair. Therefore, the correct answer is "lower than 13.0".

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  • 38. 

    Periodic strand testing during processing will do what ?

    • A.

      Help you determine the hairs porosity

    • B.

      Help determine the hairs elasticity

    • C.

      Nothing at all

    • D.

      Help to tell you when the hair is relaxed

    Correct Answer
    D. Help to tell you when the hair is relaxed
    Explanation
    Periodic strand testing during processing will help to tell you when the hair is relaxed. This means that by conducting strand tests at various stages of the hair processing, such as perming or straightening, you can determine when the hair has reached the desired level of relaxation or straightness. This allows you to monitor the progress and ensure that the hair is not over-processed or damaged.

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  • 39. 

    What is a soft curl permanent?

    Correct Answer
    A combination of thio relaxer and thio permanent that is wrapped on large rods
    Explanation
    A soft curl permanent is a hair treatment that involves using a combination of thio relaxer and thio permanent. Thio relaxer helps to loosen the natural curl pattern of the hair, while thio permanent helps to create a new curl pattern. The hair is then wrapped on large rods to set the desired curl shape. This treatment results in soft, bouncy curls that last for a long time.

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  • 40. 

    Do not use hot irons or excessive heat on chemically relaxed hair

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Chemically relaxed hair is more susceptible to damage and breakage, and using hot irons or excessive heat can further weaken the hair strands. Heat can strip the hair of its natural moisture, causing it to become dry, brittle, and prone to breakage. Therefore, it is important to avoid using hot irons or excessive heat on chemically relaxed hair to maintain its health and strength.

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  • 41. 

    What should you perform before a chemical relaxer?

    • A.

      Food allergy test

    • B.

      Hair and scalp analysis

    • C.

      Client consoltation

    • D.

      Both b and c

    Correct Answer
    D. Both b and c
    Explanation
    Before performing a chemical relaxer, it is important to conduct a hair and scalp analysis to determine the condition of the hair and scalp. This analysis helps in identifying any existing damage or issues that may affect the relaxer process. Additionally, a client consultation is necessary to understand the client's hair history, preferences, and expectations. This allows the stylist to assess the client's suitability for the relaxer treatment and discuss any potential risks or allergies. Therefore, both a hair and scalp analysis and a client consultation are essential steps to ensure a successful and safe chemical relaxer treatment.

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  • 42. 

    Check all that may apply.Processing time for a relaxer will very according to what?

    • A.

      Hair type

    • B.

      Condition

    • C.

      Strength of relaxer

    • D.

      Desired results

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Hair type
    B. Condition
    C. Strength of relaxer
    D. Desired results
    Explanation
    The processing time for a relaxer may vary depending on the hair type, condition, strength of the relaxer, and desired results. Different hair types may require different processing times to achieve the desired level of relaxation. The condition of the hair, such as its health and previous chemical treatments, can also affect the processing time. The strength of the relaxer refers to its potency, and a stronger relaxer may require a shorter processing time. Lastly, the desired results, such as the level of straightness or curl retention, can also influence the processing time.

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  • 43. 

    Hydroxide relaxers remove a sulfur atom from a disulfide bond converting it to a lanthonine bond

    • A.

      Lanthionization

    • B.

      Oxidation

    • C.

      Reduction

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. Lanthionization
    Explanation
    Lanthionization is the correct answer because hydroxide relaxers, such as sodium hydroxide or calcium hydroxide, work by breaking the disulfide bonds in the hair. Disulfide bonds are responsible for the hair's natural curl or wave pattern. During the relaxing process, a sulfur atom is removed from the disulfide bond, converting it to a lanthonine bond. This chemical reaction permanently alters the hair's structure, allowing it to be straightened. Oxidation and reduction are not involved in this process.

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  • 44. 

    Section of hair molded in a circular movement to form a pin curl is called what?

    • A.

      Lifting

    • B.

      Shaping

    • C.

      Styling

    • D.

      Molding

    Correct Answer
    B. Shaping
    Explanation
    The section of hair molded in a circular movement to form a pin curl is called shaping. This term refers to the process of creating a specific shape or form with the hair by using techniques like curling or molding. In this case, the circular movement helps to shape the hair into a pin curl, which is a classic styling technique.

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  • 45. 

    A double comb press where the entire press procedure is is repeated

    • A.

      Soft press

    • B.

      Hard press

    • C.

      Base press

    • D.

      Low press

    Correct Answer
    B. Hard press
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "hard press" because it is the procedure in which the double comb press is repeated. This suggests that the press is being applied with a strong force or pressure, resulting in a more intense or firm outcome. The other options, such as soft press, base press, and low press, do not indicate the repetition or intensity of the press procedure.

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  • 46. 

    How can you remove dirt, oils and product residue from a thermal iron?

    • A.

      Ammonia and water

    • B.

      Water

    • C.

      Soap solution with a few drops of ammonia

    • D.

      Hand sanitizer

    Correct Answer
    C. Soap solution with a few drops of ammonia
    Explanation
    Soap solution with a few drops of ammonia is the correct answer because ammonia is an effective cleaning agent that can help remove dirt, oils, and product residue. When combined with a soap solution, it creates a powerful cleaning solution that can effectively clean a thermal iron. Water alone may not be sufficient to remove stubborn residue, while hand sanitizer is not specifically designed for cleaning thermal irons.

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  • 47. 

    What does the stem part of a pincurl do?

    • A.

      Makes it stationary and is attached to the scalp

    • B.

      Gives direction and movement

    • C.

      Determines the width of the wave and strenghth

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. Makes it stationary and is attached to the scalp
    Explanation
    The stem part of a pincurl makes it stationary and is attached to the scalp. This means that the stem is responsible for holding the pincurl in place and preventing it from moving or unraveling. By being attached to the scalp, the stem ensures that the pincurl stays secure and maintains its shape. This allows for a more controlled and precise hairstyling technique.

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  • 48. 

    What is the main ingredient in finger waving lotion?

    • A.

      Thioglycollate

    • B.

      Hydrogen peroxide

    • C.

      Karaya gum

    • D.

      Guanidine

    Correct Answer
    C. Karaya gum
    Explanation
    Karaya gum is the main ingredient in finger waving lotion. Finger waving is a hairstyling technique that creates S-shaped waves in the hair. Karaya gum is a natural gum derived from the Indian tree Sterculia urens. It is commonly used in hair products due to its ability to provide hold and texture. Karaya gum helps to create and maintain the desired wave pattern in finger waving, making it the main ingredient in finger waving lotion.

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  • 49. 

    Which one do you like?

    • A.

      Option 1

    • B.

      Option 2

    • C.

      Option 3

    • D.

      Option 4

    Correct Answer
    A. Option 1
  • 50. 

    Select all that may applywhat determines the size of the pincurl base you use?

    • A.

      Texture

    • B.

      Strength

    • C.

      Style

    • D.

      Diamater

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Texture
    C. Style
    Explanation
    The size of the pincurl base is determined by the texture and style of the hair. Different hair textures and styles require different base sizes to achieve the desired result.

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