Shampooing, Rinsing, And Conditioning Cosmetology Exam

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Shampooing, Rinsing, And Conditioning Cosmetology Exam - Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The primary purpose of shampooing in the salon is to:

    • A.

      Sell products

    • B.

      Wet the hair prior to a service

    • C.

      Help the client relax

    • D.

      Cleanse the hair and scalp

    Correct Answer
    D. Cleanse the hair and scalp
    Explanation
    The primary purpose of shampooing in the salon is to cleanse the hair and scalp. Shampooing removes dirt, oil, and product buildup from the hair and scalp, leaving them clean and refreshed. It is an essential step in any hair care routine and prepares the hair for further treatments or styling. While selling products, wetting the hair prior to a service, and helping the client relax may also be secondary benefits of shampooing, the main objective is to cleanse the hair and scalp.

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  • 2. 

    When selecting a shampoo, consider the:

    • A.

      Humectant in the shampoo

    • B.

      Height of the sink

    • C.

      Price of profit

    • D.

      Condition of the clients hair

    Correct Answer
    D. Condition of the clients hair
    Explanation
    When selecting a shampoo, it is important to consider the condition of the client's hair. This is because different hair types and conditions require different types of shampoos. For example, someone with dry and damaged hair may benefit from a moisturizing shampoo, while someone with oily hair may need a clarifying shampoo. Considering the client's hair condition helps to ensure that the shampoo chosen will effectively address their specific needs and provide the desired results.

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  • 3. 

    The pH level is an indicator of:

    • A.

      Sedimentation

    • B.

      Filtration level

    • C.

      Oxygen levels

    • D.

      Wether a solution is acid or alkaline

    Correct Answer
    D. Wether a solution is acid or alkaline
    Explanation
    The pH level is a measure of the acidity or alkalinity of a solution. It indicates whether a solution is acidic (pH less than 7), neutral (pH 7), or alkaline (pH greater than 7). Therefore, the correct answer is that the pH level is an indicator of whether a solution is acid or alkaline.

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  • 4. 

    Jheri redding was the first in the salon industry to market "pH-balance shampoos," wich were

    • A.

      Basic

    • B.

      Neutral

    • C.

      More acid

    • D.

      More alkaline

    Correct Answer
    C. More acid
    Explanation
    Jheri Redding was the first in the salon industry to market "pH-balance shampoos" that were more acid. This means that the pH level of these shampoos was lower than neutral, making them slightly acidic. The purpose of pH-balance shampoos is to restore the natural pH balance of the hair and scalp, which is typically slightly acidic. By using a shampoo that is more acid, it helps to maintain the optimal pH level, keeping the hair and scalp healthy.

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  • 5. 

    Fresh water is purified by:

    • A.

      Sedimentation and filtration

    • B.

      Water softners

    • C.

      Adding minerals

    • D.

      Adding chemicals

    Correct Answer
    A. Sedimentation and filtration
    Explanation
    Fresh water is purified by sedimentation and filtration. Sedimentation involves allowing water to sit undisturbed so that suspended particles, such as dirt and debris, settle at the bottom. Filtration then removes any remaining impurities by passing the water through a porous material that traps and removes particles. This process effectively removes both visible and invisible contaminants, resulting in clean and purified water.

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  • 6. 

    The softness or hardness of water is related to the:

    • A.

      Volume

    • B.

      Source of the water

    • C.

      Weight of the water

    • D.

      Amount of minerals present

    Correct Answer
    D. Amount of minerals present
    Explanation
    The softness or hardness of water is determined by the amount of minerals present in it. Water with a higher mineral content, such as calcium and magnesium, is considered hard water, while water with fewer minerals is considered soft water. The presence of minerals affects the water's ability to lather with soap and can also lead to the formation of scale in pipes and appliances. Therefore, the amount of minerals present in water is directly related to its softness or hardness.

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  • 7. 

    The main ingredient of shampoo is:

    • A.

      Moisturizer

    • B.

      Purified water

    • C.

      Surfactant

    • D.

      Hard water

    Correct Answer
    B. Purified water
    Explanation
    The main ingredient of shampoo is purified water because it serves as the base for the formulation. Purified water is used to dilute and dissolve other ingredients, ensuring that the shampoo has the right consistency and can be easily applied to the hair and scalp. It also helps in rinsing out the shampoo effectively. While other ingredients like moisturizer and surfactant are important components of shampoo, purified water is the primary ingredient that forms the bulk of the product. Hard water, on the other hand, is not an ingredient commonly used in shampoo formulations.

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  • 8. 

    The effectiveness of surfactants is due to

    • A.

      The surfactant molecule

    • B.

      Vitamin additives

    • C.

      Ammonia compounds

    • D.

      Protein-based ingredients

    Correct Answer
    A. The surfactant molecule
    Explanation
    Surfactants are effective due to the surfactant molecule itself. Surfactant molecules have a unique structure that allows them to lower the surface tension of liquids, making them more effective at removing dirt and oils. This structure consists of a hydrophilic (water-loving) head and a hydrophobic (water-repelling) tail. When surfactants are added to water, they align themselves at the interface between water and the substance being cleaned, such as grease or dirt. The hydrophilic head interacts with the water molecules, while the hydrophobic tail attaches to the dirt particles, allowing them to be easily rinsed away.

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  • 9. 

    Surfactant molecules work by:

    • A.

      Lifting off oils and dirt into the water

    • B.

      Raising the pH of the hair

    • C.

      Seperating oil and water

    • D.

      Deionizing water

    Correct Answer
    A. Lifting off oils and dirt into the water
    Explanation
    Surfactant molecules have a hydrophilic (water-loving) head and a hydrophobic (water-repelling) tail. When they come into contact with oils and dirt on surfaces such as hair or skin, the hydrophobic tails attach to the oils and dirt while the hydrophilic heads remain in contact with water. This action allows the surfactant molecules to lift off the oils and dirt from the surface and disperse them into the water, making it easier to rinse them away.

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  • 10. 

    The highest dollar expenditure for hair care products is for:

    • A.

      Shampoo

    • B.

      Setting gels

    • C.

      Conditioner

    • D.

      Haircolor

    Correct Answer
    A. Shampoo
    Explanation
    The highest dollar expenditure for hair care products is for shampoo. This is because shampoo is a basic necessity for hair care and is used by almost everyone on a regular basis. Additionally, there are a wide variety of shampoos available in the market, catering to different hair types and concerns, which further drives up the expenditure. On the other hand, while setting gels, conditioner, and hair color are also popular hair care products, they may not be purchased as frequently or in as large quantities as shampoo, leading to a lower expenditure.

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  • 11. 

    The pH in acid-balanced shampoo is

    • A.

      The same as in pure water

    • B.

      As high as possible

    • C.

      The same as in chemical treatments

    • D.

      Between 4.5 and 5.5

    Correct Answer
    D. Between 4.5 and 5.5
    Explanation
    The pH in acid-balanced shampoo is between 4.5 and 5.5. This range is considered ideal for shampoo because it is close to the natural pH of the scalp, which is typically around 5. This pH range helps to maintain the health and balance of the scalp by not stripping away natural oils or causing excessive dryness. It also helps to keep the hair cuticles closed, resulting in smoother and shinier hair.

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  • 12. 

    Conditioning shampoos contain agents that restore moisture and elasticity and:

    • A.

      Relieve scalp conditions

    • B.

      Cut through buildup

    • C.

      Strip artificial color

    • D.

      Add volume

    Correct Answer
    D. Add volume
    Explanation
    Conditioning shampoos contain agents that add volume to the hair. These agents help to increase the thickness and fullness of the hair strands, making it appear more voluminous. By moisturizing and restoring elasticity to the hair, conditioning shampoos can also improve the overall health and appearance of the hair, which can contribute to the perception of added volume.

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  • 13. 

    Medicaated shampoos can be very strong and in some cases:

    • A.

      Pick up dirt and oil as you brush through

    • B.

      Increase in shine

    • C.

      Improve manageability

    • D.

      Must sit on the scalp for a longer period

    Correct Answer
    D. Must sit on the scalp for a longer period
    Explanation
    Medicated shampoos are designed to treat specific scalp conditions such as dandruff or psoriasis. These shampoos often contain active ingredients that need more time to work effectively. Therefore, they must sit on the scalp for a longer period to allow the medication to penetrate the scalp and provide the desired therapeutic effects.

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  • 14. 

    Clarifying shampoos contain acidic ingredients that:

    • A.

      Reduce dandruff

    • B.

      Decrease shine

    • C.

      Are always a good idea

    • D.

      Cut through product buildup

    Correct Answer
    D. Cut through product buildup
    Explanation
    Clarifying shampoos contain acidic ingredients that cut through product buildup. This means that they are effective in removing excess oils, dirt, and styling products that can accumulate on the hair and scalp over time. By cutting through this buildup, clarifying shampoos help to cleanse the hair and restore its natural shine and health.

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  • 15. 

    Dry shampoo is recommended:

    • A.

      To make hair shiny

    • B.

      For elderly clients

    • C.

      Before chemical treatments

    • D.

      To repair damaged hair

    Correct Answer
    B. For elderly clients
    Explanation
    Dry shampoo is recommended for elderly clients because it can be challenging for them to wash their hair frequently due to mobility issues or other health conditions. Dry shampoo helps to absorb excess oil and refresh the hair without the need for water. It can be a convenient and effective solution to keep the hair clean and manageable for elderly individuals who may have difficulty with traditional washing methods.

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  • 16. 

    A shampoo that combines a surfactant base with basic colors is:

    • A.

      Therapeutic shampoo

    • B.

      Medicated shampoo

    • C.

      Acid-balanced shampoo

    • D.

      Color-enchancing shampoo

    Correct Answer
    D. Color-enchancing shampoo
    Explanation
    A color-enhancing shampoo is a type of shampoo that contains a surfactant base along with basic colors. This type of shampoo is specifically formulated to enhance and maintain the color of dyed or colored hair. It helps to prevent color fading and adds vibrancy to the hair. The surfactant base in the shampoo helps to cleanse the hair and scalp effectively, while the basic colors help to deposit pigments onto the hair shaft, enhancing the color. Therefore, a shampoo that combines a surfactant base with basic colors is a color-enhancing shampoo.

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  • 17. 

    A temporary remedy for hair that is dry or damaged is:

    • A.

      Medicated shampoo

    • B.

      Conditioner

    • C.

      Dry shampoo

    • D.

      Color-enchancing shampoo

    Correct Answer
    B. Conditioner
    Explanation
    Conditioner is a temporary remedy for hair that is dry or damaged because it helps to moisturize and nourish the hair. It contains ingredients that can help to restore moisture, repair damage, and improve the overall health and appearance of the hair. Using conditioner after shampooing can help to soften and smooth the hair, reduce frizz, and make it more manageable. While medicated shampoo, dry shampoo, and color-enhancing shampoo may have their own benefits, they are not specifically designed to provide the same level of hydration and repair as a conditioner.

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  • 18. 

    The texture and structure of the hair are controlled by:

    • A.

      Chemical process

    • B.

      Heredity,health,and diet

    • C.

      Conditioners

    • D.

      Scalp conditioners

    Correct Answer
    B. Heredity,health,and diet
    Explanation
    The texture and structure of the hair are primarily determined by heredity, health, and diet. Heredity plays a significant role as it determines the natural characteristics of hair, such as thickness, curl pattern, and porosity. Health and diet also influence the hair's condition and appearance. A balanced diet rich in essential nutrients, vitamins, and minerals promotes healthy hair growth and strength. Additionally, maintaining good overall health and proper hair care practices contribute to the texture and structure of the hair. While chemical processes and conditioners can temporarily alter the hair's texture, they do not have as significant of an impact as heredity, health, and diet.

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  • 19. 

    Rinse-through finishing rinse are useful for:

    • A.

      Deep conditioning

    • B.

      Improving the quality of new hair growth

    • C.

      Protection against breakage

    • D.

      Detangling hair after washing

    Correct Answer
    D. Detangling hair after washing
    Explanation
    Rinse-through finishing rinses are useful for detangling hair after washing. These rinses contain ingredients that help to smooth out the hair cuticles and reduce friction, making it easier to comb or brush through tangled hair. They provide slip and moisture to the hair, making it more manageable and preventing breakage while detangling. This step is especially beneficial for individuals with long or curly hair that tends to get tangled easily. By using a rinse-through finishing rinse, one can effectively detangle their hair and make it more manageable for styling.

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  • 20. 

    For repair and treatment,deep,penatrating conditioners must be left on the hair for:

    • A.

      30-40 minutes

    • B.

      10-20 minutes

    • C.

      Several hours

    • D.

      5-10 minutes

    Correct Answer
    B. 10-20 minutes
    Explanation
    Deep, penetrating conditioners need to be left on the hair for a sufficient amount of time to allow the ingredients to work effectively. Leaving the conditioner on for 10-20 minutes allows the product to penetrate the hair shaft and provide the necessary repair and treatment. This duration is long enough for the conditioner to deeply moisturize and nourish the hair, but not too long that it causes over-conditioning or product buildup.

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  • 21. 

    Most conditioners contain:

    • A.

      Humectants

    • B.

      Hydrophilic molecules

    • C.

      Citric acid

    • D.

      Surfactants

    Correct Answer
    A. Humectants
    Explanation
    Humectants are commonly found in conditioners as they help retain moisture in the hair. These ingredients attract water molecules from the surrounding environment and bind them to the hair strands, preventing dryness and frizz. Humectants also aid in improving the overall texture and manageability of the hair. Therefore, it is logical for conditioners to contain humectants to provide hydration and enhance the effectiveness of the product.

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  • 22. 

    The cuticle of the hair is the outermost layer and is made up of:

    • A.

      Protective oils

    • B.

      Overlapping scales

    • C.

      Long strands

    • D.

      Melanin scales

    Correct Answer
    B. Overlapping scales
    Explanation
    The cuticle of the hair is the outermost layer and is made up of overlapping scales. These scales provide protection to the inner layers of the hair by forming a barrier against external factors such as heat, chemicals, and environmental damage. The overlapping nature of the scales helps to prevent moisture loss from the hair, keeping it hydrated and healthy.

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  • 23. 

    Instant conditioners fall in the pH range of 3.5 to 6.0 and are used tp :

    • A.

      Restore pH Balance

    • B.

      Remove oil accumulation from the scalp

    • C.

      Add a slight amount

    • D.

      Improve the condition of the scalp

    Correct Answer
    A. Restore pH Balance
    Explanation
    Instant conditioners fall in the pH range of 3.5 to 6.0. This pH range is considered acidic, which helps to restore the pH balance of the hair and scalp. When the pH balance is disrupted, it can lead to various hair and scalp issues such as dryness, frizz, and dandruff. By using an instant conditioner with the appropriate pH, it helps to bring the pH levels back to normal, resulting in healthier and more manageable hair and scalp.

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  • 24. 

    Scalp astringment lotion is a conditioning agent applied to the scalp to :

    • A.

      Remove oil accumulation

    • B.

      Promote healing

    • C.

      Soften the scalp

    • D.

      Moisture the scalp

    Correct Answer
    A. Remove oil accumulation
    Explanation
    Scalp astringent lotion is a conditioning agent that is specifically designed to remove oil accumulation from the scalp. It helps to cleanse the scalp and eliminate excess oil, which can lead to greasy hair and scalp issues. By removing oil accumulation, the lotion helps to maintain a healthy scalp environment and prevent clogged hair follicles. This can contribute to overall scalp health and promote the growth of healthy hair.

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  • 25. 

    Quaternary ammonium compounds are included in the formulas of moisturizers for their ability to :

    • A.

      Attach to hair fibers

    • B.

      Detangle the hair

    • C.

      Promote healing of the scalp

    • D.

      Penetrate the cortex

    Correct Answer
    A. Attach to hair fibers
    Explanation
    Quaternary ammonium compounds are included in the formulas of moisturizers because they have the ability to attach to hair fibers. This helps in providing moisture to the hair and making it softer and more manageable. These compounds have positively charged ions that are attracted to the negatively charged hair fibers, allowing them to effectively adhere to the hair and provide the desired moisturizing effect.

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  • 26. 

    To increase hair diameter slightly, choose a :

    • A.

      Protein conditioner

    • B.

      Detanglers

    • C.

      Stiff the hairbrush

    • D.

      Cream rinse

    Correct Answer
    A. Protein conditioner
    Explanation
    Protein conditioners are designed to strengthen and nourish the hair by providing it with essential proteins. These proteins help to increase the diameter of each hair strand, making them appear thicker and fuller. By using a protein conditioner regularly, it can help to improve the overall health and thickness of the hair.

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  • 27. 

    Concentrated protein conditioners are designed to :

    • A.

      Make a bad haircut look good

    • B.

      Eliminate unwanted color tones

    • C.

      Pentrate the cortex

    • D.

      Improve the quality of new groth

    Correct Answer
    C. Pentrate the cortex
    Explanation
    Concentrated protein conditioners are designed to penetrate the cortex. The cortex is the middle layer of the hair shaft, and it is responsible for the hair's strength, elasticity, and overall structure. By penetrating the cortex, protein conditioners can repair and strengthen damaged or weak hair from within, resulting in improved hair quality. This can help to restore the hair's natural texture, reduce breakage, and enhance overall hair health.

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  • 28. 

    Hair treated with a concentrated protein conditioner has all the folling qualities except :

    • A.

      Equalized porosity

    • B.

      Improved quality of the new hair growth

    • C.

      Improved apperance

    • D.

      Increased elasticity

    Correct Answer
    B. Improved quality of the new hair growth
    Explanation
    Hair treated with a concentrated protein conditioner can have several benefits, including equalized porosity, improved appearance, and increased elasticity. However, it does not directly affect the quality of new hair growth. Protein conditioners primarily work by strengthening and repairing the existing hair strands, rather than influencing the growth of new hair.

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  • 29. 

    Deep conditioning treatments the chosen therapy when___ is needed.

    • A.

      Scalp conditiong

    • B.

      Thermal protection

    • C.

      Equal moistureizing and protien treatment

    • D.

      Hair detangling

    Correct Answer
    C. Equal moistureizing and protien treatment
    Explanation
    Deep conditioning treatments are the chosen therapy when equal moisturizing and protein treatment is needed. This type of treatment helps to restore and balance the moisture and protein levels in the hair, which is essential for maintaining its health and strength. Moistureizing treatments hydrate the hair and prevent dryness, while protein treatments help to strengthen and repair damaged hair. By combining both moisture and protein, deep conditioning treatments can effectively nourish and revitalize the hair, leaving it soft, smooth, and resilient.

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  • 30. 

    To protect hair from the harmful effects of blow-drying and elctric rollers, use :

    • A.

      Spray-on thremal protectors

    • B.

      Scalp conditioners

    • C.

      Protein treatment

    • D.

      Hair masks

    Correct Answer
    A. Spray-on thremal protectors
    Explanation
    Spray-on thermal protectors are the best option to protect hair from the harmful effects of blow-drying and electric rollers. These products create a barrier between the hair and the heat, reducing damage and preventing moisture loss. They also help to minimize frizz and add shine to the hair. Scalp conditioners, protein treatments, and hair masks may provide other benefits for the hair and scalp, but they are not specifically designed to protect against heat damage.

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  • 31. 

    If your client has a dry scalp, the condition may be helped by a :

    • A.

      Hair mask

    • B.

      Detangler

    • C.

      Protein treatment

    • D.

      Scalp conditioner

    Correct Answer
    D. Scalp conditioner
    Explanation
    A scalp conditioner is the most suitable option for helping with a dry scalp. Unlike a hair mask, which primarily focuses on nourishing and hydrating the hair strands, a scalp conditioner is specifically designed to target and address scalp-related issues. It helps to moisturize and soothe the dry scalp, providing relief from itchiness and flakiness. A detangler, on the other hand, is used to remove knots and tangles from the hair, while a protein treatment is beneficial for strengthening and repairing damaged hair.

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  • 32. 

    For a client with straight, fine hair all the following products are recommended except :

    • A.

      Volumizing shampoo

    • B.

      Moistureizing shampoo

    • C.

      Protien treatments

    • D.

      Detangler

    Correct Answer
    B. Moistureizing shampoo
    Explanation
    A client with straight, fine hair typically needs volumizing products to add body and volume to their hair. Moisturizing shampoos are not recommended for this hair type as they can weigh down the hair and make it appear flat. Protein treatments are beneficial for strengthening and repairing damaged hair, while detanglers help to smooth out knots and tangles. Therefore, the only product that is not recommended for a client with straight, fine hair is a moisturizing shampoo.

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  • 33. 

    If yhour client has dry damaged hair, all the following products are recommended except :

    • A.

      Gentle cleansing shampoo

    • B.

      Spray-on thermal protection

    • C.

      Light leav-in conditioner

    • D.

      Acid-balanced shampoo

    Correct Answer
    D. Acid-balanced shampoo
    Explanation
    An acid-balanced shampoo is not recommended for a client with dry damaged hair because it can further strip the hair of its natural oils and disrupt the pH balance of the scalp. This can lead to further dryness and damage. Gentle cleansing shampoo, spray-on thermal protection, and light leave-in conditioner are all suitable products for dry damaged hair as they help to moisturize, protect, and nourish the hair.

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  • 34. 

    Coreect hair brushing stimulates blood circulation to the scalp and helps

    • A.

      Massage the scalp

    • B.

      Remove tangles

    • C.

      Lossen scales from the scalp

    • D.

      Remove dust, dirt, and spary buildup

    Correct Answer
    B. Remove tangles
    Explanation
    Brushing the hair correctly helps to remove tangles. When we brush our hair, the bristles of the brush detangle the knots and snarls that may have formed in our hair. This not only makes our hair look neater and more presentable but also prevents breakage and damage to the hair strands. Removing tangles also allows for easier styling and prevents further tangling throughout the day.

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  • 35. 

    Brushing should be part of most hair services except before a :

    • A.

      Chemical service

    • B.

      Scalp treatment

    • C.

      Scalp massage

    • D.

      Shampoo

    Correct Answer
    A. Chemical service
    Explanation
    Brushing should be part of most hair services except before a chemical service. This is because brushing before a chemical service can cause the chemical products to spread unevenly or become diluted, leading to ineffective results. It is important to have clean, untangled hair before a chemical service, but brushing should be avoided in this specific case.

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  • 36. 

    The most highly recommended hairbrushes are made from :

    • A.

      Wire with rubber tips

    • B.

      Natural bristales

    • C.

      Widely spaced bristles

    • D.

      Nylon bristles

    Correct Answer
    B. Natural bristales
    Explanation
    Natural bristles are the most highly recommended material for hairbrushes because they are gentle on the hair and scalp. They have the ability to distribute the natural oils from the scalp to the hair, resulting in healthier and shinier locks. Natural bristles also help to detangle the hair without causing breakage or damage. Additionally, they are suitable for all hair types and are particularly beneficial for those with fine or delicate hair.

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  • 37. 

    The best method for hair brushing is to :

    • A.

      Brush random areas

    • B.

      Part it into sections

    • C.

      Brush the scalp virgorously

    • D.

      Focus on the ends

    Correct Answer
    B. Part it into sections
    Explanation
    The best method for hair brushing is to part it into sections. This allows for a more systematic and thorough brushing process, ensuring that all areas of the scalp and hair are properly brushed. By dividing the hair into sections, it becomes easier to reach the roots and distribute natural oils, while also preventing tangles and breakage. Additionally, parting the hair into sections allows for a more organized and efficient brushing routine, making it easier to maintain healthy and well-groomed hair.

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  • 38. 

    One method of providing scalp stimulation is :

    • A.

      Mud pack

    • B.

      Scalp conditioner

    • C.

      Virgorous combing

    • D.

      Massage

    Correct Answer
    D. Massage
    Explanation
    Massage is a method of providing scalp stimulation. It involves using pressure and movement to manipulate the scalp, which can increase blood flow, relax muscles, and promote hair growth. This technique can be performed using the fingertips or with the help of a massage tool. Unlike mud pack, scalp conditioner, and vigorous combing, massage specifically targets the scalp and has been proven to have various benefits for hair health.

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  • 39. 

    Scalp massage is an extra that keeps your clients coming back, and to be successful its's important to :

    • A.

      Have strong hands

    • B.

      Know the location of the blood vessels

    • C.

      Have medical training

    • D.

      Do it once or twice a year

    Correct Answer
    B. Know the location of the blood vessels
    Explanation
    To be successful in scalp massage, it is important to know the location of the blood vessels. This knowledge is crucial as massaging the scalp involves applying pressure to specific areas, and being aware of the location of blood vessels helps to avoid any potential harm or injury to the client. By understanding the location of blood vessels, the massage therapist can provide a safe and effective scalp massage, promoting relaxation and ensuring a positive experience for the client.

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  • 40. 

    Scalp manipulation techniques include all the following except :

    • A.

      Sliding and rotating movement

    • B.

      Rapid eye movement

    • C.

      Spine movement

    • D.

      Relaxing movement

    Correct Answer
    B. Rapid eye movement
    Explanation
    Scalp manipulation techniques involve various movements to promote relaxation and improve blood circulation in the scalp. Sliding and rotating movement, spine movement, and relaxing movement are all examples of scalp manipulation techniques. However, rapid eye movement is not a scalp manipulation technique. Rapid eye movement refers to the quick and involuntary movement of the eyes during the REM stage of sleep. It is unrelated to scalp manipulation techniques.

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  • 41. 

    The most important rule regarding posture when shampooing is to :

    • A.

      Allow your abdomen to relax

    • B.

      Lean over the client

    • C.

      Keep your shoulders back

    • D.

      Round back

    Correct Answer
    C. Keep your shoulders back
    Explanation
    Keeping your shoulders back is the most important rule regarding posture when shampooing because it helps maintain proper alignment of the spine and prevents strain on the neck and shoulders. By keeping the shoulders back, it promotes a neutral spine position and reduces the risk of developing musculoskeletal issues. This posture also allows for better control and balance while shampooing, ensuring a more comfortable and efficient experience for both the stylist and the client.

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  • 42. 

    All the following items are routinely used when giving a shampoo excpet :

    • A.

      An infred lamp

    • B.

      Comb and hairbrush

    • C.

      Shampoo cape

    • D.

      Towles

    Correct Answer
    A. An infred lamp
    Explanation
    An infrared lamp is not typically used when giving a shampoo. It is used for therapeutic purposes such as pain relief or muscle relaxation. The other items listed, such as a comb and hairbrush, shampoo cape, and towels, are commonly used during a shampoo to ensure proper cleansing and drying of the hair.

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  • 43. 

    Part of shampoo preparation is to :

    • A.

      Apply a scalp steamer

    • B.

      Examine the clients hair and scalp

    • C.

      Apply an infraed lamp

    • D.

      Brush the hair for 15 minutes

    Correct Answer
    B. Examine the clients hair and scalp
    Explanation
    The correct answer is to examine the client's hair and scalp. This step is crucial in shampoo preparation as it allows the stylist to assess the condition of the hair and scalp, identify any issues or concerns, and determine the appropriate products and techniques to use during the shampooing process. By examining the hair and scalp, the stylist can also identify any potential allergies or sensitivities the client may have, ensuring a safe and effective shampooing experience.

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  • 44. 

    When performing the shampoo service, an important consideration is :

    • A.

      The water temperature

    • B.

      The nerve points in the neck

    • C.

      The cost of the shampoo

    • D.

      A cold rinse

    Correct Answer
    A. The water temperature
    Explanation
    An important consideration when performing the shampoo service is the water temperature. This is because the temperature of the water can greatly affect the client's experience and the effectiveness of the shampoo. Using water that is too hot can be uncomfortable for the client and may even cause damage to their scalp or hair. On the other hand, using water that is too cold may not effectively cleanse the hair and scalp. Therefore, finding the right water temperature is crucial to ensure a pleasant and effective shampoo service.

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  • 45. 

    During a shampoo, when manipulating the scalp. use firm pressure if :

    • A.

      The client's scalp is tender

    • B.

      You are performing a chemical service

    • C.

      The client asks for less pressure

    • D.

      The client has healthy hair and scalp

    Correct Answer
    D. The client has healthy hair and scalp
    Explanation
    When manipulating the scalp during a shampoo, it is appropriate to use firm pressure if the client has healthy hair and scalp. This is because a healthy scalp can tolerate firmer pressure without experiencing discomfort or irritation. Using firm pressure can also help to stimulate blood circulation in the scalp, promoting hair growth and overall scalp health.

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  • 46. 

    After applying small quantities of shampoo, the next step in the shampoo procedure is to :

    • A.

      Manipulate the scalp

    • B.

      Adjust volume of the water

    • C.

      Rinse throughly

    • D.

      Squeeze excess water from hair

    Correct Answer
    A. Manipulate the scalp
    Explanation
    After applying small quantities of shampoo, the next step in the shampoo procedure is to manipulate the scalp. This step involves using the fingertips to gently massage the scalp in circular motions. Manipulating the scalp helps to improve blood circulation, remove dirt and excess oil, and stimulate the hair follicles. It also helps to distribute the shampoo evenly and ensure that it reaches all areas of the scalp. This step is important for cleansing the scalp and promoting healthy hair growth.

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  • 47. 

    Part of the cleanup and sanitation process at th end of shampooing is :

    • A.

      Scrubbing the entire area

    • B.

      Mopping the floor

    • C.

      Disinfecting combs and brushes

    • D.

      Boiling all combs and brushes

    Correct Answer
    C. Disinfecting combs and brushes
    Explanation
    Disinfecting combs and brushes is an important part of the cleanup and sanitation process at the end of shampooing. This is because combs and brushes come into direct contact with the hair and scalp, and can easily accumulate dirt, oils, and bacteria. By disinfecting them, any potential pathogens or contaminants can be eliminated, ensuring a clean and hygienic environment for future use. Scrubbing the entire area and mopping the floor are important for general cleanliness, but disinfecting combs and brushes specifically targets the tools that directly interact with the client's hair and scalp. Boiling all combs and brushes may not be necessary as disinfecting them using appropriate disinfectants can be equally effective.

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  • 48. 

    Following shampooing and rinsing, the next step is to :

    • A.

      Analyze the condition of the hair and scalp

    • B.

      Do a through brushing

    • C.

      Apply a conditioner

    • D.

      Do a scalp massage

    Correct Answer
    C. Apply a conditioner
    Explanation
    After shampooing and rinsing, applying a conditioner is the next step because it helps to nourish and hydrate the hair. Conditioners contain ingredients that can soften and detangle the hair, making it easier to manage and style. Additionally, conditioners can help to seal the hair cuticles, preventing moisture loss and reducing frizz. Applying a conditioner after shampooing can leave the hair feeling smoother, shinier, and more manageable.

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  • 49. 

    After applying conditioner :

    • A.

      Gently comb it through the hair

    • B.

      Immediatley rinse out

    • C.

      The hair is ready for styling

    • D.

      Comb through with a fine-tooth comb

    Correct Answer
    A. Gently comb it through the hair
    Explanation
    After applying conditioner, it is recommended to gently comb it through the hair. This helps in distributing the conditioner evenly and detangling any knots or tangles. Combing the hair with a fine-tooth comb can further smoothen the hair and ensure that the conditioner reaches all strands. Once the hair is combed through, it is ready for styling.

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  • 50. 

    When applying a deep conditioning treatment, you may have to :

    • A.

      Immediatly rinse it out

    • B.

      Wrap the client in heated towels

    • C.

      Place the client under a heated dryer

    • D.

      Keep the client in position

    Correct Answer
    C. Place the client under a heated dryer
    Explanation
    When applying a deep conditioning treatment, it is necessary to place the client under a heated dryer. This is because the heat from the dryer helps to open up the hair cuticles, allowing the conditioning treatment to penetrate deeply into the hair shaft. The heat also helps to enhance the effectiveness of the treatment by allowing it to be absorbed more efficiently. Additionally, the heat from the dryer can help to improve blood circulation to the scalp, promoting overall hair health.

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