Milady Standard Cosmetology Quiz! Test

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Milady Standard Cosmetology Quiz! Test - Quiz

The skin is exposed to a lot of harmful materials daily, which can lead to break-outs that leave a person feeling insecure. As a cosmetologist, you are required to assist your client to nurse their skin back to health and help it grow and maintain a good structure. Take this Milady standard cosmetology chapter 7 quiz on achieving that.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The medical branch of science that deals with the study of skin, its functions, diseases,  and treatment is:

    • A.

      Histology

    • B.

      Dermatology

    • C.

      Elasticity

    • D.

      Dermis

    Correct Answer
    B. Dermatology
    Explanation
    Dermatology is the medical branch that focuses on the study of the skin, its functions, diseases, and treatment. This field involves diagnosing and treating various skin conditions, such as acne, eczema, psoriasis, and skin cancer. Dermatologists also specialize in cosmetic procedures, like botox injections and laser treatments, to enhance the appearance of the skin. They play a crucial role in maintaining skin health and addressing any issues related to the skin, hair, and nails.

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  • 2. 

    The largest living organ of the body is the:  

    • A.

      Lungs

    • B.

      Heart

    • C.

      Skin

    • D.

      Neck

    Correct Answer
    C. Skin
    Explanation
    The skin is the largest living organ of the body. It covers and protects the entire body, acting as a barrier against external elements and preventing the loss of essential fluids. The skin also helps regulate body temperature, houses sensory receptors for touch, pressure, and pain, and plays a role in the production of vitamin D. It is composed of multiple layers and contains various structures such as hair follicles, sweat glands, and blood vessels.

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  • 3. 

    Healthy skin is slightly moist, soft, and flexible with a texture that is:

    • A.

      Soft and large pores

    • B.

      Smooth and fine grained

    • C.

      Smooth and nonacidic

    • D.

      Rough and acidic

    Correct Answer
    B. Smooth and fine grained
    Explanation
    Healthy skin is characterized by being smooth and fine grained. This means that the skin is free from roughness and has a smooth texture. It also implies that the skin is not coarse or uneven. Fine grained refers to the skin having a small and even texture, without any visible pores or blemishes.

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  • 4. 

    Continued pressure on any point of the skin can cause it to thicken and develop a:

    • A.

      Callus

    • B.

      Infection

    • C.

      Rash

    • D.

      Psoriasis

    Correct Answer
    A. Callus
    Explanation
    Continued pressure on any point of the skin can cause it to thicken and develop a callus. This is a natural protective response of the skin to prevent further damage. A callus is a thickened area of skin that forms as a result of repeated friction or pressure. It typically develops on the hands or feet and can be painful or uncomfortable. Calluses are common in individuals who engage in activities that involve repetitive movements or pressure on specific areas of the skin, such as athletes or manual laborers.

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  • 5. 

    Appendages of the skin include hair nails and:

    • A.

      Oil and dirt glands

    • B.

      Sweat and keratin glands

    • C.

      Sweat and oil glands

    • D.

      Oil and pore glands

    Correct Answer
    C. Sweat and oil glands
    Explanation
    The appendages of the skin, such as hair and nails, are known to be present. In addition to these, the skin also contains sweat and oil glands. These glands play a crucial role in maintaining the health and functionality of the skin. Sweat glands help regulate body temperature by producing sweat, while oil glands secrete oil to keep the skin moisturized and protected. Therefore, the correct answer is sweat and oil glands.

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  • 6. 

    The skin structure is generally thinnest on the:

    • A.

      Nose

    • B.

      Hands

    • C.

      Eyelids

    • D.

      Eyebrows

    Correct Answer
    C. Eyelids
    Explanation
    The skin structure is generally thinnest on the eyelids. This is because the skin on the eyelids is delicate and has fewer layers compared to other parts of the body. The thinness of the skin on the eyelids allows for flexibility and movement, which is necessary for blinking and opening and closing the eyes. Additionally, the thin skin on the eyelids makes them more susceptible to damage and can result in issues like dark circles or puffiness.

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  • 7. 

    The skin on the scalp has larger and deeper.

    • A.

      Nerve endings

    • B.

      Hair follicles

    • C.

      Keratin layers

    • D.

      Blood vessels

    Correct Answer
    B. Hair follicles
    Explanation
    The skin on the scalp has larger and deeper hair follicles compared to other areas of the body. Hair follicles are responsible for producing and growing hair. The scalp has a higher density of hair follicles, which is why it is the primary area where hair growth occurs.

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  • 8. 

    The outermost layer of the skin is also called the:

    • A.

      Epidermis layer

    • B.

      Dermal layer

    • C.

      Thinnest layer

    • D.

      Second layer

    Correct Answer
    A. Epidermis layer
    Explanation
    The outermost layer of the skin is called the epidermis layer. This layer is responsible for protecting the underlying tissues and organs from external factors such as bacteria, UV radiation, and physical damage. It is composed of several layers of cells, including keratinocytes, which produce the protein keratin that gives the skin its strength and waterproof properties. The epidermis layer also contains melanocytes, which produce melanin, the pigment responsible for skin color. Overall, the epidermis layer plays a crucial role in maintaining the integrity and function of the skin.

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  • 9. 

    The epidermis layer of the skin does not contain:

    • A.

      Nerve endings

    • B.

      Sweat glands

    • C.

      Blood vessels

    • D.

      Sensory nerves

    Correct Answer
    C. Blood vessels
    Explanation
    The epidermis is the outermost layer of the skin and is avascular, meaning it does not contain blood vessels. The lack of blood vessels in the epidermis is why it appears translucent. Nerve endings, sweat glands, and sensory nerves are all found in the dermis, the layer beneath the epidermis. These structures play important roles in sensation, regulation of body temperature, and overall skin health.

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  • 10. 

    The stratum germinativum is the deepest layer of the epidermis and is responsible for?

    • A.

      Growth of the epidermis

    • B.

      Strength of the epidermis

    • C.

      Nerve endings in the epidermis

    • D.

      Sweat and oil glands

    Correct Answer
    A. Growth of the epidermis
    Explanation
    The stratum germinativum is responsible for the growth of the epidermis. This layer contains cells called basal cells that continually divide and produce new cells, which then move up to the upper layers of the epidermis. These new cells replace the old, dead cells that are shed from the surface of the skin. Therefore, the stratum germinativum plays a crucial role in the regeneration and renewal of the epidermis.

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  • 11. 

    The dark special cells that protect sensitive cells and provide color to the skin are:

    • A.

      Reticular

    • B.

      Melanocytes

    • C.

      Dermis

    • D.

      Keratin

    Correct Answer
    B. Melanocytes
    Explanation
    Melanocytes are the dark special cells that protect sensitive cells and provide color to the skin. They produce a pigment called melanin, which is responsible for the color of the skin, hair, and eyes. Melanocytes are located in the epidermis, the outermost layer of the skin, and their main function is to protect the skin from the harmful effects of UV radiation. They also play a role in determining the skin's response to sun exposure and in the development of skin conditions such as melanoma.

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  • 12. 

    The granular layer if the skin is also called the:

    • A.

      Stratum granulosum layer

    • B.

      Stratus melanocytes layer

    • C.

      Protective layer

    • D.

      Adipose tissue layer

    Correct Answer
    A. Stratum granulosum layer
    Explanation
    The granular layer of the skin is also known as the stratum granulosum layer. This layer is located between the stratum lucidum layer and the stratum spinosum layer. It is responsible for producing keratin, a protein that provides strength and waterproofing to the skin. Additionally, the stratum granulosum layer helps to form the skin's protective barrier and plays a role in the skin's immune response.

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  • 13. 

    The outermost layer of the epidermis is the:

    • A.

      Fiber protein

    • B.

      Stratum corneum

    • C.

      Lipids layer

    • D.

      Second layer

    Correct Answer
    B. Stratum corneum
    Explanation
    The correct answer is stratum corneum. The stratum corneum is the outermost layer of the epidermis, which is the outermost layer of the skin. It is composed of dead skin cells that are constantly shedding and being replaced by new cells from the lower layers of the epidermis. The stratum corneum acts as a protective barrier for the skin, preventing water loss and protecting against external factors such as bacteria and UV radiation.

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  • 14. 

    A fiber protein that is the principal component of hair and nails is: 

    • A.

      Keratin

    • B.

      Melanin

    • C.

      Sebum

    • D.

      Subcutis

    Correct Answer
    A. Keratin
    Explanation
    Keratin is the correct answer because it is a fiber protein that is the main structural component of hair and nails. It provides strength and resilience to these structures, making them durable and resistant to damage. Melanin is a pigment that gives color to hair and skin, sebum is an oily substance produced by the sebaceous glands, and subcutis refers to the fatty layer of tissue beneath the skin.

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  • 15. 

    The deepest layer of the epidermis is the:

    • A.

      Horny layer

    • B.

      Stratum germinativum

    • C.

      Stratum papillae

    • D.

      Clear layer

    Correct Answer
    B. Stratum germinativum
    Explanation
    The stratum germinativum, also known as the basal layer, is the deepest layer of the epidermis. It is responsible for the production of new skin cells through cell division. This layer contains melanocytes, which produce the pigment melanin that gives color to the skin. The stratum germinativum also contains cells called keratinocytes, which produce the protein keratin that provides strength and waterproofing to the skin. Overall, the stratum germinativum plays a crucial role in the regeneration and maintenance of the epidermis.

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  • 16. 

    The clear, transparent layer under the skin surface is the: 

    • A.

      Subcutaneous tissue

    • B.

      Stratum corneum

    • C.

      Stratum lucidum

    • D.

      Nerve cells

    Correct Answer
    C. Stratum lucidum
    Explanation
    The stratum lucidum is the clear, transparent layer found in the epidermis (the outermost layer of the skin). It is located between the stratum granulosum and the stratum corneum. This layer is only present in thick skin, such as the skin on the palms of the hands and the soles of the feet. It is composed of flattened, dead skin cells that lack organelles and nuclei. The stratum lucidum helps to provide additional protection to the skin and contributes to its overall appearance and texture.

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  • 17. 

    Cells that are almost dead and pushed to the surface to replace cells are shed from the:

    • A.

      Follicles

    • B.

      Stratum lucidum layer

    • C.

      Fatty skin layer

    • D.

      Stratum granulosum layer

    Correct Answer
    D. Stratum granulosum layer
    Explanation
    The stratum granulosum layer is responsible for the production of keratin, a protein that helps to waterproof and protect the skin. As cells in this layer mature and produce keratin, they eventually die and are pushed to the surface to replace older cells. These dead cells are then shed from the skin, making the stratum granulosum layer the correct answer.

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  • 18. 

    The underlying or inner layer of the skin is the:

    • A.

      Dermis layer

    • B.

      Epidermis layer

    • C.

      Keratin layer

    • D.

      Basal layer

    Correct Answer
    A. Dermis layer
    Explanation
    The dermis layer is the underlying or inner layer of the skin. It is located beneath the epidermis layer and is responsible for providing strength, elasticity, and support to the skin. The dermis contains various structures such as blood vessels, nerves, hair follicles, and sweat glands. It also plays a crucial role in regulating body temperature and providing nourishment to the skin.

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  • 19. 

    The outermost layer, directly beneath the epidermis, is the:

    • A.

      Clear layer

    • B.

      Dermal layer

    • C.

      Papillary layer

    • D.

      Elastin layer

    Correct Answer
    C. Papillary layer
    Explanation
    The papillary layer is the correct answer because it is the outermost layer directly beneath the epidermis. This layer is made up of loose connective tissue and contains small blood vessels, nerve endings, and papillae that help with the exchange of nutrients and waste between the epidermis and the dermis. The other options, such as the clear layer, dermal layer, and elastin layer, do not accurately describe the outermost layer beneath the epidermis.

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  • 20. 

    The deepest layer of the dermis that supplies the skin with the oxygen and nutrients and contains sweat and oils glands is the:

    • A.

      Regular layer

    • B.

      Reticular layer

    • C.

      Subcutis layer

    • D.

      Highly sensitive layer

    Correct Answer
    B. Reticular layer
    Explanation
    The reticular layer is the deepest layer of the dermis that supplies the skin with oxygen and nutrients and contains sweat and oil glands. It is responsible for providing support and strength to the skin, as well as regulating body temperature through sweat production. The reticular layer also contains collagen and elastin fibers, which give the skin its elasticity and firmness.

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  • 21. 

    Tissue that give smoothness and contour to the body and provides a protective cushion is:

    • A.

      Subcutaneous tissue

    • B.

      Sweat pores

    • C.

      Epidermis

    • D.

      Basal cell layer

    Correct Answer
    A. Subcutaneous tissue
    Explanation
    The subcutaneous tissue is the correct answer because it is the layer of tissue that lies beneath the skin and provides smoothness and contour to the body. It also acts as a protective cushion, helping to absorb shock and protect underlying structures. The sweat pores, epidermis, and basal cell layer do not have the same functions as the subcutaneous tissue.

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  • 22. 

    The clear fluid that removes toxins and cellular waste and has immune functions is:

    • A.

      Blood

    • B.

      Nerves

    • C.

      Corpuscles

    • D.

      Lymph

    Correct Answer
    D. Lymph
    Explanation
    Lymph is a clear fluid that plays a vital role in the body's immune system. It helps remove toxins and cellular waste from tissues, transporting them to the lymph nodes where they are filtered and destroyed. Lymph also carries immune cells, such as lymphocytes, which help fight off infections and diseases. Unlike blood, which circulates throughout the body in vessels called blood vessels, lymph flows through a network of lymphatic vessels. Therefore, lymph is the correct answer as it accurately describes the clear fluid that removes toxins and cellular waste and has immune functions.

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  • 23. 

    Motor nerve fibers attached to the hair follicle that can cause goose bumps are: 

    • A.

      Arrector pili muscle

    • B.

      Body temperature

    • C.

      Sebum

    • D.

      Melanin

    Correct Answer
    A. Arrector pili muscle
    Explanation
    The correct answer is the arrector pili muscle. This muscle is attached to the hair follicle and is responsible for causing goosebumps. When the muscle contracts, it pulls the hair follicle upright, creating the appearance of bumps on the skin. This response is often triggered by cold temperatures or emotional arousal. Body temperature, sebum, and melanin do not directly cause goosebumps.

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  • 24. 

    Nerves that regulate the secretion of perspiration and sebum are:

    • A.

      Sweat pores

    • B.

      Melanocytes

    • C.

      Secretory nerve fibers

    • D.

      Tactile corpuscles

    Correct Answer
    C. Secretory nerve fibers
    Explanation
    The correct answer is secretory nerve fibers. These nerve fibers are responsible for regulating the secretion of perspiration and sebum. Sweat pores are the openings on the skin through which sweat is released. Melanocytes are cells that produce melanin, the pigment responsible for skin color. Tactile corpuscles are sensory receptors that detect touch. However, neither sweat pores, melanocytes, nor tactile corpuscles are directly involved in regulating the secretion of perspiration and sebum.

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  • 25. 

    Basic sensations such as touch pain heat cold and pressure are registered by:

    • A.

      Nerve fundus

    • B.

      Nerve endings

    • C.

      Light

    • D.

      Fear

    Correct Answer
    B. Nerve endings
    Explanation
    Basic sensations such as touch, pain, heat, cold, and pressure are registered by nerve endings. Nerve endings are specialized receptors located throughout the body that detect and transmit sensory information to the central nervous system. These nerve endings are sensitive to various stimuli, such as pressure, temperature, and mechanical deformation, allowing us to perceive and respond to our environment.

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  • 26. 

    The amount and type of pigment produced by an individual is determined by:

    • A.

      Sun

    • B.

      Blood

    • C.

      Genes

    • D.

      Age

    Correct Answer
    C. Genes
    Explanation
    The amount and type of pigment produced by an individual is determined by genes. Genes play a crucial role in determining the characteristics and traits of an individual, including the production of pigments. Different genes can determine the amount and type of pigment produced, leading to variations in skin, hair, and eye color among individuals. Factors like sun exposure, blood circulation, and age may influence the expression of these genes, but ultimately it is the genetic makeup that determines the pigment production.

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  • 27. 

    Two types of melanin produced by the body are:

    • A.

      Brown and basal layer

    • B.

      Keratin and elsastin

    • C.

      Light and red melanin

    • D.

      Pheomelanin and eumelanin

    Correct Answer
    D. Pheomelanin and eumelanin
    Explanation
    Melanin is the pigment responsible for determining the color of our skin, hair, and eyes. There are two main types of melanin: pheomelanin and eumelanin. Pheomelanin is responsible for producing red and yellow pigments, while eumelanin produces brown and black pigments. The combination and amount of these two types of melanin determine the specific coloration of an individual's skin, hair, and eyes.

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  • 28. 

    Skin gets its strength form and flexibility from flexible fibers found within the:

    • A.

      Dermis layer

    • B.

      Epidermis layer

    • C.

      True skin

    • D.

      Scarf skin

    Correct Answer
    A. Dermis layer
    Explanation
    The dermis layer of the skin is responsible for providing strength and flexibility. It contains flexible fibers such as collagen and elastin, which give the skin its ability to stretch and bounce back. The epidermis layer, on the other hand, is the outermost layer of the skin and mainly serves as a protective barrier. The term "true skin" is not a commonly used term in relation to the layers of the skin. The phrase "scarf skin" is not a recognized term in dermatology and does not provide any relevant information.

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  • 29. 

    The fibrous protein that gives skin its form and strenth is:

    • A.

      Granular

    • B.

      Melanin

    • C.

      Elastin

    • D.

      Collagen

    Correct Answer
    D. Collagen
    Explanation
    Collagen is the correct answer because it is a fibrous protein that provides structure and strength to the skin. It is the main component of the connective tissue in the skin and helps to maintain its firmness and elasticity. Collagen also plays a crucial role in wound healing and keeping the skin hydrated. Granular, melanin, and elastin are not proteins that specifically give skin its form and strength.

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  • 30. 

    A fiber that gives the skin its flexibility and elasticity is:

    • A.

      Elastin

    • B.

      Eumelanin

    • C.

      Melanin

    • D.

      Fibers

    Correct Answer
    A. Elastin
    Explanation
    Elastin is a protein fiber that is responsible for giving the skin its flexibility and elasticity. It allows the skin to stretch and then return to its original shape, helping to maintain its firmness and resilience. Elastin is found in the connective tissues of the skin, along with collagen, and plays a crucial role in maintaining the overall structure and function of the skin.

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  • 31. 

    The sudoriferous glads help the body regulate:

    • A.

      Dryness

    • B.

      Emotions

    • C.

      Temperature

    • D.

      Blood

    Correct Answer
    C. Temperature
    Explanation
    The sudoriferous glands help the body regulate temperature. These glands are responsible for producing sweat, which is then evaporated from the skin to cool down the body. When the body gets too hot, the sudoriferous glands release more sweat to increase cooling. Conversely, when the body is cold, the glands reduce sweat production to conserve heat. This mechanism helps maintain a stable body temperature and prevent overheating or hypothermia.

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  • 32. 

    A tubelike duct that ends at the skin surface to form the sweat pore is the:

    • A.

      Arrector pili

    • B.

      Secretory coil

    • C.

      Follicle

    • D.

      Papilla

    Correct Answer
    B. Secretory coil
    Explanation
    The secretory coil is the correct answer because it is the tubelike duct that ends at the skin surface to form the sweat pore. The secretory coil is responsible for producing and secreting sweat onto the skin surface, helping to regulate body temperature. The other options, such as arrector pili, follicle, and papilla, are not directly involved in sweat production and do not end at the skin surface to form the sweat pore.

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  • 33. 

    The sebaceous or oil glands are connected to the: 

    • A.

      Hair follicle

    • B.

      Adipose tissue

    • C.

      Nerve endings

    • D.

      Blood and lymph

    Correct Answer
    A. Hair follicle
    Explanation
    The sebaceous or oil glands are connected to the hair follicle. This is because the sebaceous glands are located near the hair follicles and their ducts open into the hair follicles. The sebaceous glands produce sebum, an oily substance that helps to lubricate and moisturize the hair and skin. The sebum travels through the hair follicle to reach the surface of the skin, where it helps to protect and nourish the hair and skin. Therefore, the hair follicle is the correct answer as it is the structure that provides a pathway for the sebaceous glands to release sebum.

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  • 34. 

    The principal functions of the skin are protection sensation heat regulation excretion and:

    • A.

      Flexibility and shape

    • B.

      Secretion and absorption

    • C.

      Strenth and muscle tone

    • D.

      Hormone balance and repair

    Correct Answer
    B. Secretion and absorption
    Explanation
    The principal functions of the skin include protection, sensation, heat regulation, excretion, secretion, and absorption. Secretion refers to the process of the skin releasing substances such as sweat and sebum, while absorption refers to the ability of the skin to take in certain substances from the external environment. These functions are important for maintaining the overall health and balance of the body.

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  • 35. 

    The best way to support the health of the skin is by eating foods from? 

    • A.

      Carbohydrates vitamins and water

    • B.

      Fats oils and vitamins

    • C.

      Water fairy and proteins

    • D.

      Fats carbohydrates and proteins

    Correct Answer
    D. Fats carbohydrates and proteins
    Explanation
    Eating foods that contain fats, carbohydrates, and proteins is the best way to support the health of the skin. Fats help to keep the skin moisturized and supple, while carbohydrates provide energy for the skin cells to function properly. Proteins are essential for the production of collagen and elastin, which are important for maintaining the skin's structure and elasticity. By including these three macronutrients in the diet, the skin can receive the necessary nutrients to stay healthy and vibrant.

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