Cosmetology Exam: Shampooing, Rinsing, And Conditioning MCQ Quiz

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Cosmetology Exam: Shampooing, Rinsing, And Conditioning MCQ Quiz - Quiz

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Do you want to prepare for your upcoming cosmetician exams? Then why not take this "Cosmetology Exam which is also a Shampooing, Rinsing, And Conditioning MCQ Quiz created to help you brush up on your topics. Do you know what is a shampoo and conditioner made of? What is the impact of hard water on hair? Being a beautician can be challenging, therefore dedication is essential. We hope that this awesome quiz helps you prepare well. Good Luck in your future endeavors!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The primary purpose of shampooing in the salon is to:

    • A.

      Sell products

    • B.

      Wet the hair prior to a service

    • C.

      Help the client relax

    • D.

      Cleanse the hair and scalp

    Correct Answer
    D. Cleanse the hair and scalp
    Explanation
    The primary purpose of shampooing in the salon is to cleanse the hair and scalp. Shampooing removes dirt, oil, and product buildup from the hair, leaving it clean and refreshed. It also helps to maintain a healthy scalp by removing excess sebum and promoting proper circulation. Cleansing the hair and scalp is essential for maintaining overall hair health and preparing it for any further salon services or treatments.

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  • 2. 

    When selecting a shampoo, consider the:

    • A.

      Humectant in the shampoo

    • B.

      Height of the sink

    • C.

      Price of profit

    • D.

      Condition of the clients hair

    Correct Answer
    D. Condition of the clients hair
    Explanation
    When selecting a shampoo, it is important to consider the condition of the client's hair. This is because different shampoos are formulated to address specific hair concerns such as dryness, damage, or oiliness. By considering the condition of the client's hair, one can choose a shampoo that is specifically designed to meet their needs and provide the necessary care and treatment for their hair.

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  • 3. 

    The pH level is an indicator of:

    • A.

      Sedimentation

    • B.

      Filtration level

    • C.

      Oxygen levels

    • D.

      Wether a solution is acid or alkaline

    Correct Answer
    D. Wether a solution is acid or alkaline
    Explanation
    The pH level is an indicator of whether a solution is acid or alkaline. pH stands for "potential of hydrogen" and it measures the concentration of hydrogen ions in a solution. A pH value below 7 indicates acidity, while a pH value above 7 indicates alkalinity. This measurement is important in various fields such as chemistry, biology, and environmental science as it helps determine the nature and properties of a solution.

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  • 4. 

    Jheri redding was the first in the salon industry to market "pH-balance shampoos," which were

    • A.

      Basic

    • B.

      Neutral

    • C.

      More acid

    • D.

      More alkaline

    Correct Answer
    C. More acid
    Explanation
    Jheri Redding was the first in the salon industry to market "pH-balance shampoos" that were more acid. The term "pH-balance" refers to maintaining the natural pH level of the hair and scalp, which is slightly acidic. By creating shampoos that were more acid, Redding aimed to restore the hair's natural pH balance and promote healthier hair. This innovation revolutionized the salon industry and set a new standard for hair care products.

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  • 5. 

    Fresh water is purified by:

    • A.

      Sedimentation and filtration

    • B.

      Water softners

    • C.

      Adding minerals

    • D.

      Adding chemicals

    Correct Answer
    A. Sedimentation and filtration
    Explanation
    Fresh water is purified through sedimentation and filtration. Sedimentation involves allowing the water to sit undisturbed, which causes the heavier particles and impurities to settle at the bottom. Filtration then removes the remaining smaller particles and impurities by passing the water through a filter medium. This process effectively removes suspended solids, sediments, and larger impurities from the water, making it cleaner and safer to consume.

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  • 6. 

    The softness or hardness of water is related to the:

    • A.

      Volume

    • B.

      Source of the water

    • C.

      Weight of the water

    • D.

      Amount of minerals present

    Correct Answer
    D. Amount of minerals present
    Explanation
    The softness or hardness of water is related to the amount of minerals present. Hard water contains a high concentration of minerals such as calcium and magnesium, while soft water has a lower mineral content. The presence of these minerals affects the water's ability to lather with soap and can leave mineral deposits on surfaces. Therefore, the amount of minerals present in the water determines its softness or hardness.

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  • 7. 

    The main ingredient of shampoo is:

    • A.

      Moisturizer

    • B.

      Purified water

    • C.

      Surfactant

    • D.

      Hard water

    Correct Answer
    B. Purified water
    Explanation
    The main ingredient of shampoo is purified water because water is used as a base for most shampoos. It helps to dilute and distribute other ingredients evenly throughout the product. Purified water is preferred to remove impurities and contaminants that may be present in tap water.

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  • 8. 

    The effectiveness of surfactants is due to

    • A.

      The surfactant molecule

    • B.

      Vitamin additives

    • C.

      Ammonia compounds

    • D.

      Protein-based ingredients

    Correct Answer
    A. The surfactant molecule
    Explanation
    Surfactants are effective due to the surfactant molecule itself. Surfactants are compounds that lower the surface tension between two substances, allowing them to mix more easily. The surfactant molecule has a hydrophilic (water-loving) head and a hydrophobic (water-repelling) tail. This unique structure allows surfactants to interact with both water and oil, making them effective at removing dirt and grease from surfaces. The hydrophilic head attracts water molecules while the hydrophobic tail attaches to oil and dirt particles, allowing them to be rinsed away. This property of the surfactant molecule makes it an essential ingredient in many cleaning and personal care products.

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  • 9. 

    Surfactant molecules work by:

    • A.

      Lifting off oils and dirt into the water

    • B.

      Raising the pH of the hair

    • C.

      Seperating oil and water

    • D.

      Deionizing water

    Correct Answer
    A. Lifting off oils and dirt into the water
    Explanation
    Surfactant molecules are compounds that have both hydrophilic (water-loving) and hydrophobic (water-repelling) regions. They work by reducing the surface tension between water and oil, allowing them to mix more easily. When surfactant molecules come into contact with oils and dirt on surfaces such as hair or skin, they surround and encapsulate them, lifting them off and dispersing them into the water. This process helps to remove oils and dirt from the surface, making it easier to rinse them away.

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  • 10. 

    The highest dollar expenditure for hair care products is for:

    • A.

      Shampoo

    • B.

      Setting gels

    • C.

      Conditioner

    • D.

      Haircolor

    Correct Answer
    A. Shampoo
    Explanation
    The highest dollar expenditure for hair care products is for shampoo. This is because shampoo is a basic necessity for maintaining cleanliness and hygiene of hair. It is used regularly by most individuals and therefore, the demand for shampoo is high. Additionally, there are various types of shampoos available in the market catering to different hair types and concerns, which further increases the expenditure on shampoo.

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  • 11. 

    The pH in acid-balanced shampoo is

    • A.

      The same as in pure water

    • B.

      As high as possible

    • C.

      The same as in chemical treatments

    • D.

      Between 4.5 and 5.5

    Correct Answer
    D. Between 4.5 and 5.5
    Explanation
    The pH in acid-balanced shampoo is between 4.5 and 5.5. This range is considered ideal for shampoo because it is close to the natural pH of the scalp, which is typically around 5.5. Shampoos with a pH within this range help to maintain the natural acidity of the scalp, which is important for keeping the hair and scalp healthy. Shampoos that are too alkaline or too acidic can disrupt the natural pH balance of the scalp, leading to issues such as dryness, irritation, and damage to the hair.

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  • 12. 

    Conditioning shampoos contain agents that restore moisture and elasticity and:

    • A.

      Relieve scalp conditions

    • B.

      Cut through buildup

    • C.

      Strip artificial color

    • D.

      Add volume

    Correct Answer
    D. Add volume
    Explanation
    Conditioning shampoos contain agents that add volume to the hair. These agents help to plump up the hair strands, making them appear fuller and thicker. This can be beneficial for those with fine or limp hair who want to achieve a more voluminous look. By adding volume, conditioning shampoos can help to create the appearance of fuller, more voluminous hair.

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  • 13. 

    Medicaated shampoos can be very strong and in some cases:

    • A.

      Pick up dirt and oil as you brush through

    • B.

      Increase in shine

    • C.

      Improve manageability

    • D.

      Must sit on the scalp for a longer period

    Correct Answer
    D. Must sit on the scalp for a longer period
    Explanation
    Medicated shampoos are formulated with strong ingredients that are designed to treat specific scalp conditions, such as dandruff or psoriasis. These shampoos often require a longer contact time with the scalp in order for the active ingredients to effectively work. By allowing the shampoo to sit on the scalp for a longer period, it gives the ingredients more time to penetrate the scalp, target the underlying issue, and provide the desired therapeutic effects.

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  • 14. 

    Clarifying shampoos contain acidic ingredients that:

    • A.

      Reduce dandruff

    • B.

      Decrease shine

    • C.

      Are always a good idea

    • D.

      Cut through product buildup

    Correct Answer
    D. Cut through product buildup
    Explanation
    Clarifying shampoos contain acidic ingredients that help to cut through and remove product buildup from the hair. This buildup can occur from the use of styling products, such as gels, mousses, and hairsprays, as well as from natural oils and pollutants in the environment. By cutting through this buildup, clarifying shampoos help to cleanse the hair and scalp, leaving them feeling fresh and clean.

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  • 15. 

    Dry shampoo is recommended:

    • A.

      To make hair shiny

    • B.

      For elderly clients

    • C.

      Before chemical treatments

    • D.

      To repair damaged hair

    Correct Answer
    B. For elderly clients
    Explanation
    Dry shampoo is recommended for elderly clients because they may have difficulty washing their hair frequently due to physical limitations or health conditions. Dry shampoo provides a convenient option for cleansing the hair without the need for water. It helps to absorb excess oil and refresh the hair, making it a suitable choice for elderly individuals who may not be able to wash their hair as often as they would like.

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  • 16. 

    A shampoo that combines a surfactant base with basic colors is:

    • A.

      Therapeutic shampoo

    • B.

      Medicated shampoo

    • C.

      Acid-balanced shampoo

    • D.

      Color-enchancing shampoo

    Correct Answer
    D. Color-enchancing shampoo
    Explanation
    A color-enhancing shampoo is a shampoo that combines a surfactant base with basic colors. This type of shampoo is specifically formulated to enhance the color of the hair, either by depositing pigments onto the hair strands or by enhancing the existing color. It is commonly used by individuals who want to maintain or enhance the vibrancy of their hair color.

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  • 17. 

    A temporary remedy for hair that is dry or damaged is:

    • A.

      Medicated shampoo

    • B.

      Conditioner

    • C.

      Dry shampoo

    • D.

      Color-enchancing shampoo

    Correct Answer
    B. Conditioner
    Explanation
    Conditioner is a temporary remedy for dry or damaged hair because it helps to hydrate and nourish the hair, making it softer and more manageable. It provides moisture to the hair shaft, reducing frizz and improving the overall texture. Conditioner also helps to repair any damage by sealing the cuticles and preventing further breakage. Unlike shampoos, which primarily cleanse the hair and scalp, conditioners are specifically formulated to provide moisture and improve the health and appearance of the hair.

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  • 18. 

    The texture and structure of the hair are controlled by:

    • A.

      Chemical process

    • B.

      Heredity,health,and diet

    • C.

      Conditioners

    • D.

      Scalp conditioners

    Correct Answer
    B. Heredity,health,and diet
    Explanation
    The texture and structure of the hair are controlled by heredity, health, and diet. This means that the genes we inherit from our parents play a role in determining the natural texture and structure of our hair. Additionally, factors such as our overall health and the nutrients we consume through our diet can also impact the health and appearance of our hair.

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  • 19. 

    Rinse-through finishing rinse are useful for:

    • A.

      Deep conditioning

    • B.

      Improving the quality of new hair growth

    • C.

      Protection against breakage

    • D.

      Detangling hair after washing

    Correct Answer
    D. Detangling hair after washing
    Explanation
    Rinse-through finishing rinses are useful for detangling hair after washing. These rinses typically contain ingredients that help to smooth and soften the hair, making it easier to comb through and remove any knots or tangles. By using a rinse-through finishing rinse, individuals can effectively manage their hair and prevent breakage that may occur during the detangling process. This can result in smoother, more manageable hair that is easier to style.

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  • 20. 

    For repair and treatment,deep,penatrating conditioners must be left on the hair for:

    • A.

      30-40 minutes

    • B.

      10-20 minutes

    • C.

      Several hours

    • D.

      5-10 minutes

    Correct Answer
    B. 10-20 minutes
    Explanation
    Deep, penetrating conditioners are designed to provide intense nourishment and repair to the hair. Leaving them on for 10-20 minutes allows the conditioner to deeply penetrate the hair shaft and provide maximum benefits. This duration gives the conditioner enough time to work its magic and effectively moisturize, strengthen, and repair the hair. Leaving it on for a shorter period may not provide enough time for the conditioner to fully penetrate, while leaving it on for several hours may lead to over-conditioning or product buildup.

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  • 21. 

    Most conditioners contain:

    • A.

      Humectants

    • B.

      Hydrophilic molecules

    • C.

      Citric acid

    • D.

      Surfactants

    Correct Answer
    A. Humectants
    Explanation
    Conditioners are hair care products that are used to improve the texture and manageability of hair. Humectants are a common ingredient found in most conditioners. Humectants are substances that attract and retain moisture from the air, helping to keep the hair hydrated and preventing it from becoming dry and brittle. By including humectants in conditioners, they help to moisturize and nourish the hair, leaving it soft, smooth, and healthy-looking.

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  • 22. 

    The cuticle of the hair is the outermost layer and is made up of:

    • A.

      Protective oils

    • B.

      Overlapping scales

    • C.

      Long strands

    • D.

      Melanin scales

    Correct Answer
    B. Overlapping scales
    Explanation
    The cuticle of the hair is the outermost layer, which acts as a protective barrier for the inner layers of the hair. It is made up of overlapping scales, which help to protect the hair shaft from damage and prevent moisture loss. These scales also contribute to the hair's texture and appearance.

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  • 23. 

    Instant conditioners fall in the pH range of 3.5 to 6.0 and are used tp :

    • A.

      Restore pH Balance

    • B.

      Remove oil accumulation from the scalp

    • C.

      Add a slight amount

    • D.

      Improve the condition of the scalp

    Correct Answer
    A. Restore pH Balance
    Explanation
    Instant conditioners fall in the pH range of 3.5 to 6.0 in order to restore pH balance. The pH of our hair and scalp is typically between 4.5 and 5.5, which is slightly acidic. Using regular shampoos and other hair products can disrupt this natural pH balance, causing the hair and scalp to become dry, damaged, or prone to issues like dandruff. Instant conditioners with a pH range of 3.5 to 6.0 help to restore the natural acidity of the hair and scalp, promoting healthier hair and scalp conditions.

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  • 24. 

    Scalp astringment lotion is a conditioning agent applied to the scalp to :

    • A.

      Remove oil accumulation

    • B.

      Promote healing

    • C.

      Soften the scalp

    • D.

      Moisture the scalp

    Correct Answer
    A. Remove oil accumulation
    Explanation
    Scalp astringent lotion is a conditioning agent that is specifically designed to remove oil accumulation from the scalp. It helps to cleanse and clarify the scalp, making it feel refreshed and less greasy. By effectively removing excess oil, the lotion can also help to prevent clogged hair follicles and promote a healthier scalp environment. This can contribute to overall scalp health and potentially improve hair growth.

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  • 25. 

    Quaternary ammonium compounds are included in the formulas of moisturizers for their ability to :

    • A.

      Attach to hair fibers

    • B.

      Detangle the hair

    • C.

      Promote healing of the scalp

    • D.

      Penetrate the cortex

    Correct Answer
    A. Attach to hair fibers
    Explanation
    Quaternary ammonium compounds are included in the formulas of moisturizers for their ability to attach to hair fibers. This allows them to provide conditioning and softening effects to the hair, making it easier to manage and style. These compounds have a positive charge that helps them bind to the negatively charged surface of the hair, creating a protective layer that can enhance the overall appearance and health of the hair.

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  • 26. 

    To increase hair diameter slightly, choose a :

    • A.

      Protein conditioner

    • B.

      Detanglers

    • C.

      Stiff the hairbrush

    • D.

      Cream rinse

    Correct Answer
    A. Protein conditioner
    Explanation
    Protein conditioners are designed to strengthen and nourish the hair by providing essential proteins that can help increase hair diameter. These conditioners contain ingredients like keratin, collagen, or amino acids that can penetrate the hair shaft and add thickness to the strands. By regularly using a protein conditioner, the hair can become stronger, healthier, and appear slightly thicker. Detanglers, stiff hairbrushes, and cream rinses may have their own benefits, but they do not specifically target increasing hair diameter like protein conditioners do.

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  • 27. 

    Concentrated protein conditioners are designed to :

    • A.

      Make a bad haircut look good

    • B.

      Eliminate unwanted color tones

    • C.

      Pentrate the cortex

    • D.

      Improve the quality of new groth

    Correct Answer
    C. Pentrate the cortex
    Explanation
    Concentrated protein conditioners are designed to penetrate the cortex of the hair. The cortex is the innermost layer of the hair shaft and it is responsible for the hair's strength, elasticity, and overall health. By penetrating the cortex, the protein conditioners can provide deep nourishment and repair damaged hair from within. This helps to improve the hair's quality, making it stronger, more resilient, and healthier overall.

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  • 28. 

    Hair treated with a concentrated protein conditioner has all the folling qualities except :

    • A.

      Equalized porosity

    • B.

      Improved quality of the new hair growth

    • C.

      Improved apperance

    • D.

      Increased elasticity

    Correct Answer
    B. Improved quality of the new hair growth
    Explanation
    Hair treated with a concentrated protein conditioner has several qualities, including equalized porosity, improved appearance, and increased elasticity. However, it does not have an improved quality of new hair growth. This means that while the conditioner may enhance the overall health and appearance of existing hair, it does not necessarily promote better or healthier growth of new hair.

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  • 29. 

    Deep conditioning treatments the chosen therapy when___ is needed.

    • A.

      Scalp conditiong

    • B.

      Thermal protection

    • C.

      Equal moistureizing and protien treatment

    • D.

      Hair detangling

    Correct Answer
    C. Equal moistureizing and protien treatment
    Explanation
    Deep conditioning treatments are chosen as the therapy when equal moisturizing and protein treatment is needed. This suggests that deep conditioning treatments are beneficial for restoring moisture and providing protein to the hair. This type of treatment helps to balance the moisture and protein levels in the hair, promoting overall hair health and preventing damage. It is important to maintain a proper balance of moisture and protein in the hair to keep it strong, hydrated, and free from breakage. Deep conditioning treatments can help achieve this balance, making them an ideal choice when equal moisturizing and protein treatment is required.

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  • 30. 

    To protect hair from the harmful effects of blow-drying and elctric rollers, use :

    • A.

      Spray-on thremal protectors

    • B.

      Scalp conditioners

    • C.

      Protein treatment

    • D.

      Hair masks

    Correct Answer
    A. Spray-on thremal protectors
    Explanation
    Spray-on thermal protectors are the best option for protecting hair from the harmful effects of blow-drying and electric rollers. These protectors create a barrier on the hair shaft, shielding it from the high heat and reducing damage caused by styling tools. Scalp conditioners and protein treatments may provide nourishment and improve hair health, but they do not specifically protect against heat damage. Hair masks, on the other hand, are beneficial for moisturizing and repairing damaged hair, but they do not offer the same level of heat protection as thermal protectors.

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  • 31. 

    If your client has a dry scalp, the condition may be helped by a :

    • A.

      Hair mask

    • B.

      Detangler

    • C.

      Protein treatment

    • D.

      Scalp conditioner

    Correct Answer
    D. Scalp conditioner
    Explanation
    A scalp conditioner is the most appropriate choice for helping with a dry scalp. Unlike a hair mask, which primarily focuses on nourishing and moisturizing the hair strands, a scalp conditioner is specifically formulated to address scalp issues such as dryness and itchiness. A detangler is used to make combing easier and does not directly target the scalp. While a protein treatment can be beneficial for damaged hair, it may not directly address the dryness of the scalp. Therefore, a scalp conditioner is the best option for treating a dry scalp.

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  • 32. 

    For a client with straight, fine hair all the following products are recommended except :

    • A.

      Volumizing shampoo

    • B.

      Moistureizing shampoo

    • C.

      Protien treatments

    • D.

      Detangler

    Correct Answer
    B. Moistureizing shampoo
    Explanation
    A client with straight, fine hair typically does not require moisturizing shampoo as it can make their hair appear greasy and weighed down. Volumizing shampoo is recommended to add volume and body to fine hair. Protein treatments help strengthen and repair damaged hair, which can be beneficial for fine hair that is prone to breakage. Detangler is useful for clients with tangled hair, regardless of hair type. Therefore, the exception in this case is the moisturizing shampoo.

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  • 33. 

    If yhour client has dry damaged hair, all the following products are recommended except :

    • A.

      Gentle cleansing shampoo

    • B.

      Spray-on thermal protection

    • C.

      Light leav-in conditioner

    • D.

      Acid-balanced shampoo

    Correct Answer
    D. Acid-balanced shampoo
    Explanation
    An acid-balanced shampoo is not recommended for clients with dry damaged hair because it can further strip the hair of its natural oils and moisture. Acid-balanced shampoos are typically designed for clients with oily hair or scalp conditions. Instead, gentle cleansing shampoo, spray-on thermal protection, and light leave-in conditioner are all recommended for clients with dry damaged hair. These products help to hydrate and nourish the hair, while also providing protection from heat styling tools.

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  • 34. 

    Coreect hair brushing stimulates blood circulation to the scalp and helps

    • A.

      Massage the scalp

    • B.

      Remove tangles

    • C.

      Lossen scales from the scalp

    • D.

      Remove dust, dirt, and spary buildup

    Correct Answer
    B. Remove tangles
    Explanation
    Brushing the hair helps to remove tangles. When we brush our hair, the bristles of the brush gently detangle knots and snarls, making the hair smoother and easier to manage. This also prevents hair breakage and damage that can occur when trying to comb through tangled hair. Regular brushing also helps distribute the natural oils produced by the scalp, keeping the hair healthy and moisturized.

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  • 35. 

    Brushing should be part of most hair services except before a :

    • A.

      Chemical service

    • B.

      Scalp treatment

    • C.

      Scalp massage

    • D.

      Shampoo

    Correct Answer
    A. Chemical service
    Explanation
    Brushing should be excluded before a chemical service because brushing can cause the chemicals to spread unevenly or disrupt the hair's natural structure. Chemical services involve applying substances like hair dye or relaxers, which need to be applied precisely to achieve the desired results. Brushing before a chemical service can lead to an inconsistent application or potential damage to the hair. Therefore, it is important to avoid brushing before a chemical service.

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  • 36. 

    The most highly recommended hairbrushes are made from :

    • A.

      Wire with rubber tips

    • B.

      Natural bristales

    • C.

      Widely spaced bristles

    • D.

      Nylon bristles

    Correct Answer
    B. Natural bristales
    Explanation
    Natural bristles are the most highly recommended material for hairbrushes because they are gentle on the scalp and hair. They help distribute the natural oils from the scalp to the ends of the hair, keeping it healthy and shiny. Natural bristles also provide a massaging effect on the scalp, promoting blood circulation and stimulating hair growth. They are suitable for all hair types and are particularly beneficial for those with fine or delicate hair.

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  • 37. 

    The best method for hair brushing is to :

    • A.

      Brush random areas

    • B.

      Part it into sections

    • C.

      Brush the scalp virgorously

    • D.

      Focus on the ends

    Correct Answer
    B. Part it into sections
    Explanation
    The best method for hair brushing is to part it into sections. This allows for a more systematic approach to brushing, ensuring that all areas of the scalp and hair are evenly brushed. By parting the hair into sections, it becomes easier to detangle any knots or tangles and distribute natural oils from the scalp to the ends of the hair. This method also helps to prevent excessive pulling or breakage, resulting in healthier and more manageable hair.

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  • 38. 

    One method of providing scalp stimulation is :

    • A.

      Mud pack

    • B.

      Scalp conditioner

    • C.

      Virgorous combing

    • D.

      Massage

    Correct Answer
    D. Massage
    Explanation
    Scalp massage is a method of providing scalp stimulation. Massaging the scalp helps to increase blood flow to the hair follicles, promoting hair growth and overall scalp health. It also helps to relax the muscles in the scalp, relieving tension and reducing stress. Scalp massage can be done using the fingertips or with the help of a massage tool, and it can be done with or without the use of oils or conditioners. Overall, scalp massage is a beneficial technique for maintaining a healthy scalp and promoting hair growth.

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  • 39. 

    Scalp massage is an extra that keeps your clients coming back, and to be successful its's important to :

    • A.

      Have strong hands

    • B.

      Know the location of the blood vessels

    • C.

      Have medical training

    • D.

      Do it once or twice a year

    Correct Answer
    B. Know the location of the blood vessels
    Explanation
    To be successful in scalp massage, it is important to know the location of the blood vessels. This knowledge is crucial as applying pressure or massaging certain areas incorrectly could lead to discomfort or even injury to the client. Understanding the location of the blood vessels allows the masseuse to target specific areas and apply the right amount of pressure, ensuring a safe and effective massage experience for the client.

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  • 40. 

    Scalp manipulation techniques include all the following except :

    • A.

      Sliding and rotating movement

    • B.

      Rapid eye movement

    • C.

      Spine movement

    • D.

      Relaxing movement

    Correct Answer
    B. Rapid eye movement
    Explanation
    Rapid eye movement is not a scalp manipulation technique. It is a natural phenomenon that occurs during certain stages of sleep and is unrelated to scalp manipulation. The other options, sliding and rotating movement, spine movement, and relaxing movement, are all techniques that can be used to manipulate the scalp.

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  • 41. 

    The most important rule regarding posture when shampooing is to :

    • A.

      Allow your abdomen to relax

    • B.

      Lean over the client

    • C.

      Keep your shoulders back

    • D.

      Round back

    Correct Answer
    C. Keep your shoulders back
    Explanation
    Keeping your shoulders back is the most important rule regarding posture when shampooing. This position helps maintain proper alignment of the spine and prevents strain on the neck and shoulders. It also allows for better control and balance while performing the task. By keeping the shoulders back, the hairdresser can avoid slouching or hunching over, which can lead to discomfort or injury. Overall, maintaining good posture by keeping the shoulders back is essential for ensuring a comfortable and effective shampooing experience for both the hairdresser and the client.

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  • 42. 

    All the following items are routinely used when giving a shampoo excpet :

    • A.

      An infred lamp

    • B.

      Comb and hairbrush

    • C.

      Shampoo cape

    • D.

      Towles

    Correct Answer
    A. An infred lamp
    Explanation
    An infrared lamp is not typically used when giving a shampoo. The other items listed, such as a comb and hairbrush, shampoo cape, and towels, are commonly used during the shampooing process. The infrared lamp is not necessary for shampooing and is not a standard item used in this context.

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  • 43. 

    Part of shampoo preparation is to :

    • A.

      Apply a scalp steamer

    • B.

      Examine the clients hair and scalp

    • C.

      Apply an infraed lamp

    • D.

      Brush the hair for 15 minutes

    Correct Answer
    B. Examine the clients hair and scalp
    Explanation
    The correct answer is to examine the client's hair and scalp. This is an important step in shampoo preparation as it allows the stylist to assess the condition of the hair and scalp, identify any issues or concerns, and determine the appropriate products and techniques to use during the shampooing process. By examining the hair and scalp, the stylist can also provide personalized recommendations and advice to the client for maintaining healthy hair and scalp.

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  • 44. 

    When performing the shampoo service, an important consideration is :

    • A.

      The water temperature

    • B.

      The nerve points in the neck

    • C.

      The cost of the shampoo

    • D.

      A cold rinse

    Correct Answer
    A. The water temperature
    Explanation
    When performing the shampoo service, the water temperature is an important consideration because it can greatly affect the client's experience. Using water that is too hot can cause discomfort or even burns, while water that is too cold can be unpleasant and shocking to the client. The ideal water temperature for a shampoo service should be warm and comfortable, allowing for a relaxing and enjoyable experience for the client.

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  • 45. 

    During a shampoo, when manipulating the scalp. use firm pressure if :

    • A.

      The client's scalp is tender

    • B.

      You are performing a chemical service

    • C.

      The client asks for less pressure

    • D.

      The client has healthy hair and scalp

    Correct Answer
    D. The client has healthy hair and scalp
    Explanation
    When the client has healthy hair and scalp, it is safe to use firm pressure while manipulating the scalp during a shampoo. This is because healthy hair and scalp can tolerate the pressure without any discomfort or damage. Firm pressure can help to stimulate blood circulation in the scalp, promote relaxation, and effectively cleanse the hair and scalp.

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  • 46. 

    After applying small quantities of shampoo, the next step in the shampoo procedure is to :

    • A.

      Manipulate the scalp

    • B.

      Adjust volume of the water

    • C.

      Rinse throughly

    • D.

      Squeeze excess water from hair

    Correct Answer
    A. Manipulate the scalp
    Explanation
    After applying small quantities of shampoo, the next step in the shampoo procedure is to manipulate the scalp. This step involves gently massaging the scalp using fingertips to stimulate blood circulation and help distribute the shampoo evenly. Manipulating the scalp also helps to remove any dirt, oil, and product buildup, promoting a thorough cleanse. Additionally, massaging the scalp can provide a relaxing and rejuvenating experience.

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  • 47. 

    Part of the cleanup and sanitation process at th end of shampooing is :

    • A.

      Scrubbing the entire area

    • B.

      Mopping the floor

    • C.

      Disinfecting combs and brushes

    • D.

      Boiling all combs and brushes

    Correct Answer
    C. Disinfecting combs and brushes
    Explanation
    In order to ensure proper hygiene and prevent the spread of germs, it is important to disinfect combs and brushes after shampooing. This step helps to eliminate any bacteria or pathogens that may have accumulated on the tools during the shampooing process. By disinfecting combs and brushes, the salon or individual can maintain a clean and safe environment for clients. Scrubbing the entire area and mopping the floor are important for overall cleanliness, but disinfecting the tools specifically targets the potential sources of contamination. Boiling all combs and brushes may not be necessary as disinfection can effectively kill the germs.

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  • 48. 

    Following shampooing and rinsing, the next step is to :

    • A.

      Analyze the condition of the hair and scalp

    • B.

      Do a through brushing

    • C.

      Apply a conditioner

    • D.

      Do a scalp massage

    Correct Answer
    C. Apply a conditioner
    Explanation
    After shampooing and rinsing, the next step is to apply a conditioner. Conditioner helps to replenish moisture and nutrients to the hair, making it softer, smoother, and more manageable. It also helps to detangle the hair and reduce frizz. Applying a conditioner after shampooing is an important step in a hair care routine to keep the hair healthy and nourished.

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  • 49. 

    After applying conditioner :

    • A.

      Gently comb it through the hair

    • B.

      Immediatley rinse out

    • C.

      The hair is ready for styling

    • D.

      Comb through with a fine-tooth comb

    Correct Answer
    A. Gently comb it through the hair
    Explanation
    After applying conditioner, it is recommended to gently comb it through the hair. This helps to evenly distribute the conditioner and detangle any knots or tangles. By combing through the hair, the conditioner can penetrate the strands effectively, leaving the hair moisturized and nourished. It also helps to smooth the hair cuticles, resulting in smoother and shinier hair.

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  • 50. 

    When applying a deep conditioning treatment, you may have to :

    • A.

      Immediatly rinse it out

    • B.

      Wrap the client in heated towels

    • C.

      Place the client under a heated dryer

    • D.

      Keep the client in position

    Correct Answer
    C. Place the client under a heated dryer
    Explanation
    When applying a deep conditioning treatment, it is necessary to place the client under a heated dryer. This is because the heat from the dryer helps to open the hair cuticles, allowing the conditioning treatment to penetrate deeply into the hair shaft. By placing the client under a heated dryer, the treatment can work more effectively and provide better results.

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