Trivia Questions Quiz On Cell! Exam

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Trivia Questions Quiz On Cell! Exam - Quiz


Cells make up everything in a living thing. Cells are mainly divided into eukaryotic and prokaryotic cells, and the difference is between the two is that one type has a nucleus while the other does not. Do you know that cells can divide themselves into more than one cell, and there are over two hundred different cells in the human body? This quiz will test out your cell knowledge.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    This image shows a cell membrane composed of a phospholipid bilayer with channel proteins. The glucose molecules move into the cell through the channel proteins. Based on the concentrations shown and the arrows shown on the image, what form of transport is the image showing?

    • A.

      Diffusion

    • B.

      Facilitated Diffusion

    • C.

      Protein Pump

    • D.

      Endocytosis

    Correct Answer
    B. Facilitated Diffusion
    Explanation
    This is facilitated diffusion because the glucose is going from an area of high concentration to low concentration and is moving through a transport protein. This is not a protein pump because it is moving from high to low and it is not using energy.

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  • 2. 

    Which of the following is the correct level of organization, starting from the lowest level to the highest level?

    • A.

      Muscle cell > smooth muscle tissue > stomach > digestive system

    • B.

      Smooth muscle tissue > muscle cell > stomach > digestive system

    • C.

      Digestive system > stomach > smooth muscle tissue > muscle cell

    • D.

      Muscle cell > stomach > smooth muscle tissue > digestive system

    Correct Answer
    A. Muscle cell > smooth muscle tissue > stomach > digestive system
    Explanation
    cell > tissue > organ > organ system

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  • 3. 

    You have a cell (5% salt) in salty seawater (30% salt). What will this cell do?

    • A.

      The cell will swell because it is in a hypotonic solution

    • B.

      The cell will shrink because it is in a hypertonic solution

    • C.

      The cell will stay the same because it is in an isotonic solution

    • D.

      The cell will shrink because it is in a hypotonic solution

    Correct Answer
    B. The cell will shrink because it is in a hypertonic solution
    Explanation
    more salts in the solution means that the cell is in a hypertonic solution

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  • 4. 

    This image is showing what kind of transport? Pay attention to the arrows.

    • A.

      Osmosis

    • B.

      Diffusion

    • C.

      Exocytosis

    • D.

      Endocytosis

    Correct Answer
    C. Exocytosis
    Explanation
    The cell is forming a membrane around the object and making it 'exit' the cell.

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  • 5. 

    Which of the labels represent a phospholipid?

    • A.

      D

    • B.

      E

    • C.

      F

    • D.

      H

    Correct Answer
    B. E
    Explanation
    the phospholipid is the phosphate head and the lipid tail

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  • 6. 

    Which of the following represents the steroid molecule that stabilizes the membrane. 

    • A.

      B

    • B.

      H

    • C.

      I

    • D.

      G

    Correct Answer
    B. H
    Explanation
    cholesterol is the steroid that stabilizes the membrane

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  • 7. 

    Suppose a biologist places a red blood cell (2% solute) in pure water. The cytoplasm of red blood cells has a higher concentration of sodium (Na+) than does pure water. Is there a net flow of water molecules into or our of the red blood cell, and by which process does this net flow of water occur? (ACT)

    • A.

      Out of the cell; osmosis

    • B.

      Into the cell; osmosis

    • C.

      Out of the cell; active transport

    • D.

      Into the cell; active transport

    Correct Answer
    B. Into the cell; osmosis
    Explanation
    The cell is in a hypotonic solution, therefore the cell will swell with water as water tries to equalize. This process is known as osmosis

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  • 8. 

    An organelle found in a liver cell would best be identified as a lysosome if its primary function was which of the following? (ACT)

    • A.

      Processing and packaging of cellular materials prior to export

    • B.

      Harvesting of light energy to produce carbohydrates

    • C.

      Providing energy to the cell in the form of ATP

    • D.

      Digestion/Destroying of macromolecules and old organelles

    Correct Answer
    D. Digestion/Destroying of macromolecules and old organelles
    Explanation
    lysosomes use their digestive enzymes to break things down

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  • 9. 

    Naomi adds cycloheximide to cells grown in a test tube. Within minutes, she identifies short incomplete segments of proteins in the cells. On which organelle does the cycloheximide act? (ACT)

    • A.

      Cell Membrane

    • B.

      Ribosome

    • C.

      Nucleus

    • D.

      Mitochondria

    Correct Answer
    B. Ribosome
    Explanation
    The proteins are not being made, the ribosome makes the protein, therefore the chemical inhibits the ribosome from working correctly.

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  • 10. 

    The presence of which of the following structures in a cell would indicate that the cell is NOT prokaryotic? (ACT)

    • A.

      Cell wall

    • B.

      DNA

    • C.

      Mitochondria

    • D.

      Ribosome

    Correct Answer
    C. Mitochondria
    Explanation
    Prokaryotes do not have any organelles

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  • 11. 

    A scientist places a cell in a solution, over time the cell gains mass and swells. What is the most likely explanation for the cell's gain in mass? (ACT)

    • A.

      The solution is hypertonic to the cell.

    • B.

      The solution is hypotonic to the cell.

    • C.

      The solution and the cell have equal concentrations

    • D.

      The solution is isotonic to the cell.

    Correct Answer
    B. The solution is hypotonic to the cell.
    Explanation
    Hypotonic means that the cell will gain water as the water tries to equalize.

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  • 12. 

    Which number shows where the mitochondria is located?

    • A.

      6

    • B.

      7

    • C.

      8

    • D.

      9

    Correct Answer
    D. 9
    Explanation
    The mitochondria is an organelle found in most eukaryotic cells. It is responsible for producing energy in the form of ATP through cellular respiration. Option 9 is the correct answer because it indicates the location of the mitochondria.

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  • 13. 

    Which of the following shows the part of the ER that contains ribosomes and makes proteins?

    • A.

      6

    • B.

      7

    • C.

      8

    • D.

      5

    Correct Answer
    D. 5
    Explanation
    Option 5 is the correct answer because it represents the rough endoplasmic reticulum (ER). The rough ER is involved in protein synthesis as it contains ribosomes that are responsible for translating mRNA into proteins. These ribosomes are attached to the surface of the rough ER, giving it a "rough" appearance. Therefore, option 5 accurately represents the part of the ER that contains ribosomes and makes proteins.

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  • 14. 

    What is the function of the item labeled '2'?

    • A.

      To protect and hold the DNA

    • B.

      To make ribosomes

    • C.

      To help the animal cell nucleus divide

    • D.

      To make proteins

    Correct Answer
    A. To protect and hold the DNA
    Explanation
    The item labeled '2' is responsible for protecting and holding the DNA. This suggests that it plays a role in safeguarding the genetic material within the cell. It is likely that this item is referring to the nuclear membrane or the nuclear envelope, which surrounds the nucleus and acts as a barrier between the DNA and the rest of the cell. The nuclear membrane helps to maintain the integrity of the DNA by preventing it from being damaged or disturbed by other cellular components. Additionally, it provides structural support to the nucleus and helps to organize the genetic material within the cell.

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  • 15. 

    Which of the following organelles make ribosomes?

    • A.

      Centrioles

    • B.

      Nucleolus

    • C.

      Mitochondria

    • D.

      Endoplasmic Reticulum

    Correct Answer
    B. Nucleolus
    Explanation
    The nucleolus is responsible for producing and assembling ribosomes in the cell. It contains the necessary components and machinery to synthesize ribosomal RNA (rRNA) and combine it with proteins to form ribosomes. These ribosomes are then transported to the cytoplasm, where they play a crucial role in protein synthesis. This makes the nucleolus the correct answer for the organelle that makes ribosomes.

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  • 16. 

    Which of the following would is NOT a major difference between plant cells and animal cells?

    • A.

      Chloroplast

    • B.

      Cell Wall

    • C.

      Large, central vacuole

    • D.

      Mitochondria

    Correct Answer
    D. Mitochondria
    Explanation
    The major difference between plant cells and animal cells is the presence of chloroplasts and cell walls in plant cells, which are not found in animal cells. Additionally, plant cells have a large, central vacuole, while animal cells have smaller vacuoles or none at all. However, both plant and animal cells have mitochondria, which are responsible for energy production. Therefore, the correct answer is mitochondria.

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  • 17. 

    Which of the following would not be seen in a prokaryotic cell?

    • A.

      Nucleus

    • B.

      DNA

    • C.

      Cell Membrane

    • D.

      Ribosome

    Correct Answer
    A. Nucleus
    Explanation
    Prokaryotic cells do not have a nucleus. Unlike eukaryotic cells, which have a defined nucleus that houses the genetic material, prokaryotic cells have their DNA floating freely in the cytoplasm. Instead of a nucleus, prokaryotic cells have a nucleoid region where the DNA is concentrated. Therefore, the absence of a nucleus is a characteristic feature of prokaryotic cells.

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  • 18. 

    What is the letter G in the image depicting?

    • A.

      Vacuole

    • B.

      Nucleus

    • C.

      Chloroplasts

    • D.

      Cell Wall

    Correct Answer
    A. Vacuole
    Explanation
    The letter G in the image is depicting the Vacuole.

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  • 19. 

    What is the function of the orange item in the picture surrounding the cell labeled 'J'?

    • A.

      To provide energy to the cell

    • B.

      To transfer sunlight energy into chemical energy

    • C.

      To protect the cell

    • D.

      To hold excess material in the cell

    Correct Answer
    C. To protect the cell
    Explanation
    The orange item in the picture surrounding the cell labeled 'J' is responsible for protecting the cell. It acts as a barrier, shielding the cell from potential damage or external threats. This protection is crucial for the cell's survival and proper functioning.

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  • 20. 

    What is the letter N in the image pointing to?

    • A.

      Endoplasmic Reticulum

    • B.

      Golgi Apparatus

    • C.

      Mitochondria

    • D.

      Nucleus

    Correct Answer
    B. Golgi Apparatus
  • 21. 

    What is the letter 'D' pointing to in the cell provided?

    • A.

      Cell Wall

    • B.

      Cell Membrane

    • C.

      Nuclear Membrane

    • D.

      Capsule

    Correct Answer
    C. Nuclear Membrane
    Explanation
    The letter 'D' is pointing to the Nuclear Membrane in the given cell. The Nuclear Membrane is a double-layered membrane that surrounds the nucleus of a cell and separates it from the cytoplasm. It controls the movement of materials in and out of the nucleus, thereby playing a crucial role in maintaining the integrity and function of the cell's genetic material.

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  • 22. 

    What is the function of ribosomes in the cell?

    • A.

      To help the cell move

    • B.

      To protect the cell

    • C.

      To get rid of waste

    • D.

      To make proteins

    Correct Answer
    D. To make proteins
    Explanation
    Ribosomes are responsible for protein synthesis in the cell. They are the cellular structures where proteins are assembled based on the instructions provided by the genetic material. Ribosomes play a crucial role in translating the genetic code into functional proteins, which are essential for various cellular processes. They bind to messenger RNA (mRNA) and facilitate the assembly of amino acids into a polypeptide chain, ultimately resulting in the formation of proteins. Therefore, the function of ribosomes in the cell is to make proteins.

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  • 23. 

    Which kind of cell is shown in the image provided?

    • A.

      Plant

    • B.

      Animal

    • C.

      Bacteria

    • D.

      Fungi

    Correct Answer
    C. Bacteria
    Explanation
    The image provided shows a cell that exhibits characteristics commonly found in bacteria. Bacteria are single-celled microorganisms that lack a nucleus and membrane-bound organelles. The image likely shows a prokaryotic cell with a simple structure, which is a characteristic feature of bacteria.

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  • 24. 

    Which of the following is FALSE about prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells?

    • A.

      They both always contain a cell membrane

    • B.

      They both always contain DNA

    • C.

      They both always contain a cell wall

    • D.

      They both always contain ribosomes

    Correct Answer
    C. They both always contain a cell wall
    Explanation
    The statement "They both always contain a cell wall" is false because not all prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells have a cell wall. While some prokaryotic cells, such as bacteria, have a cell wall, many eukaryotic cells, including animal cells, do not have a cell wall. Instead, they have a cell membrane that provides structure and protection. Therefore, the presence of a cell wall is not a universal characteristic of both prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells.

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  • 25. 

    If a cell has 5% dissolved solutes, and the solution that the cell is in has 3% dissolved solutes, what kind of solution is the cell in?

    • A.

      Hypertonic

    • B.

      Hypotonic

    • C.

      Isotonic

    Correct Answer
    B. Hypotonic
    Explanation
    The cell is in a hypotonic solution because the concentration of solutes inside the cell is higher (5%) compared to the concentration of solutes in the external solution (3%). In a hypotonic solution, water will move into the cell through osmosis, causing the cell to swell or potentially burst.

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  • 26. 

    If there is a cell that has 10% dissolved solutes, in a solution with 15% dissolved solutes, what is the type of solution that the cell is in?

    • A.

      Hypertonic

    • B.

      Hypotonic

    • C.

      Isotonic

    • D.

      Option 4

    Correct Answer
    A. Hypertonic
    Explanation
    The cell is in a hypertonic solution because the concentration of solutes outside the cell (15%) is higher than the concentration of solutes inside the cell (10%). In a hypertonic solution, water tends to move out of the cell, causing it to shrink or shrivel.

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  • 27. 

    Active Transport is

    • A.

      The movement of materials from an area of high concentration to an area of low concentration

    • B.

      The movement of materials from an area of low concentration to an area of high concentration

    • C.

      The movement of water from an area of high concentration to an area of low concentration

    • D.

      The movement of water from an area of low concentration to an area of high concentration

    Correct Answer
    B. The movement of materials from an area of low concentration to an area of high concentration
    Explanation
    Active transport is the movement of materials from an area of low concentration to an area of high concentration. This process requires the use of energy, usually in the form of ATP, to move molecules against their concentration gradient. By actively pumping molecules or ions into a region of higher concentration, cells are able to maintain or create concentration gradients necessary for various physiological processes.

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  • 28. 

    Which of the following is a form of active transport?

    • A.

      Endocytosis

    • B.

      Diffusion

    • C.

      Osmosis

    • D.

      Facilitated Diffusion

    Correct Answer
    A. Endocytosis
    Explanation
    Endocytosis is a form of active transport where cells engulf substances by forming a vesicle around them and bringing them into the cell. This process requires energy as the cell actively uses ATP to transport the substances against the concentration gradient. Unlike diffusion and osmosis, which are passive processes that do not require energy, endocytosis involves the active participation of the cell in transporting materials into the cell. Facilitated diffusion, on the other hand, is a passive process where molecules are transported across the cell membrane with the help of transport proteins.

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  • 29. 

    A cell with 5% dissolved solutes that is in a solution of 5% dissolved solutes, what is the name of this kind of solution?

    • A.

      Radioactive

    • B.

      Hypotonic

    • C.

      Hypertonic

    • D.

      Isotonic

    Correct Answer
    D. Isotonic
    Explanation
    An isotonic solution refers to a solution that has the same concentration of dissolved solutes as the cell. In this case, both the cell and the solution have a concentration of 5% dissolved solutes. Therefore, the solution can be classified as isotonic.

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  • 30. 

    Which of the following letters labels the part of the phospholipid bilayer that is the hydrophobic tail?

    • A.

      D

    • B.

      E

    • C.

      F

    • D.

      H

    Correct Answer
    A. D
    Explanation
    The hydrophobic tail of a phospholipid bilayer is the nonpolar, water-repellent region of the phospholipid molecule. This region is composed of fatty acid chains, which do not interact well with water molecules. Among the given options, the letter "d" is the correct answer as it represents the hydrophobic tail of the phospholipid bilayer.

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  • 31. 

    What is the function of the phospholipid bilayer?

    • A.

      Control what goes into and out of the cell

    • B.

      Provide energy for the cell

    • C.

      Help the cell move around

    • D.

      Store excess materials in the cell

    Correct Answer
    A. Control what goes into and out of the cell
    Explanation
    The phospholipid bilayer acts as a selectively permeable barrier in the cell membrane, controlling the movement of substances into and out of the cell. It is made up of phospholipids, which have hydrophilic heads and hydrophobic tails, arranging themselves in a double layer. This structure allows the phospholipid bilayer to regulate the passage of molecules, ions, and nutrients, ensuring that only specific substances can enter or exit the cell. This function is crucial for maintaining homeostasis and enabling cells to function properly.

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  • 32. 

    Which of the following letters labels the part of the phospholipid bilayer that is the transport protein?

    • A.

      D

    • B.

      E

    • C.

      F

    • D.

      I

    Correct Answer
    D. I
    Explanation
    The letter "i" labels the part of the phospholipid bilayer that is the transport protein.

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  • 33. 

    What is the job of the smooth endoplasmic reticulum?

    • A.

      To protect the cell

    • B.

      To make proteins

    • C.

      To make lipids

    • D.

      To hold the DNA

    Correct Answer
    C. To make lipids
    Explanation
    The smooth endoplasmic reticulum is responsible for the synthesis of lipids. It does not play a role in protecting the cell or making proteins. The smooth endoplasmic reticulum is involved in various cellular functions, including the production of lipids such as phospholipids and steroids. These lipids are essential components of cell membranes and are involved in various biological processes such as hormone production and detoxification. Therefore, the correct answer is "To make lipids."

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  • 34. 

    What does 'hydrophobic' mean?

    • A.

      Water-loving

    • B.

      Water-fearing

    • C.

      Water

    • D.

      Water-filled

    Correct Answer
    B. Water-fearing
    Explanation
    The term 'hydrophobic' refers to the characteristic of repelling or not mixing with water. It is derived from the Greek words "hydro" meaning water and "phobos" meaning fear. Therefore, the correct answer is "water-fearing" as it accurately describes the meaning of hydrophobic.

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  • 35. 

    After Tyler adds a chemical to normally functioning cells, proteins begin to accumulate in the cells' endoplasmic reticula. This chemical most likely prevents the movement of proteins from the endoplasmic reticulum to which organelle where they are typically transported throughout the cell? (ACT)

    • A.

      Golgi Apparatus

    • B.

      Lysosome

    • C.

      Nucleus

    • D.

      Ribosome

    Correct Answer
    A. Golgi Apparatus
    Explanation
    The golgi's job is to ship those proteins where they need to go, so the chemical is acting on the golgi.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Feb 03, 2016
    Quiz Created by
    Kylee Dueitt
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