NCLEX Pharmacology Quiz 43 Gastrointestinal Medications

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NCLEX Pharmacology Quiz 43 Gastrointestinal Medications - Quiz

Get ready to take this "NCLEX Pharmacology Quiz 43 Gastrointestinal Medications" that we have here. All questions are shown, but the results will only be given after you've finished the quiz. You are given 1 minute per question. This quiz is not only to test but to give you more knowledge about the subject. Give your best as you take this quiz. Best of luck to you and have fun!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    A client has been prescribed Pancrelipase (Pancrease). Which symptom would prompt the nurse about medication having its therapeutic effect if noted

    • A.

      Negative abdominal pain.

    • B.

      An absence of constipation.

    • C.

      An absence of diarrhea.

    • D.

      Reduction of excess fat in feces.

    Correct Answer
    D. Reduction of excess fat in feces.
    Explanation
    Reduction of excess fat in feces would prompt the nurse about the medication having its therapeutic effect because Pancrelipase is a pancreatic enzyme replacement medication used to treat pancreatic insufficiency, which is characterized by the inability to properly digest and absorb fats. When the medication is effective, it helps to break down fats, leading to a reduction in the amount of fat present in the feces. Therefore, this symptom indicates that the medication is working as intended.

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  • 2. 

    A nurse gives nothing per orem instructions to a malnourished client who has diarrhea and abdominal pain episodes with about to receive a Total Parenteral Nutrition. Which statement is the most appropriate?

    • A.

      “It will help in your weight loss.”

    • B.

      “It can assure you that you feel better after receiving TPN.”

    • C.

      “It will decrease your diarrhea and your bowel can rest.”

    • D.

      “It will give you less time in the hospital.”

    Correct Answer
    C. “It will decrease your diarrhea and your bowel can rest.”
    Explanation
    The most appropriate statement is "It will decrease your diarrhea and your bowel can rest." This is because the client is experiencing diarrhea and abdominal pain episodes, which can be exacerbated by oral intake. By not giving anything per orem and instead providing Total Parenteral Nutrition, the client's bowel can rest and the diarrhea can decrease. This statement accurately reflects the benefits of withholding oral intake in this situation.

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  • 3. 

    A client receives Sulfasalazine (Azulfidine) for ulcerative colitis treatment. Which assessment finding will concern the nurse most?

    • A.

      Drowsiness.

    • B.

      Decreased urine output.

    • C.

      Urine discoloration.

    • D.

      Vomiting.

    Correct Answer
    B. Decreased urine output.
    Explanation
    The nurse would be most concerned about the assessment finding of decreased urine output in a client receiving Sulfasalazine (Azulfidine) for ulcerative colitis treatment. Sulfasalazine is metabolized in the liver and excreted primarily through the kidneys. Decreased urine output could indicate impaired renal function, which can lead to drug accumulation and potential toxicity. It is important for the nurse to monitor the client's renal function and report any changes to the healthcare provider for further evaluation and intervention.

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  • 4. 

    A client gets prescribed Sucralfate (Carafate) for gastric ulcer treatment. The nurse instructs the client to take this medication?

    • A.

      1 hour before meals

    • B.

      1 hour after meals

    • C.

      At the same time, with an antacid

    • D.

      Lunch time

    Correct Answer
    A. 1 hour before meals
    Explanation
    The nurse instructs the client to take Sucralfate (Carafate) 1 hour before meals because this medication forms a protective layer over the ulcer, preventing further damage and promoting healing. Taking it before meals ensures that the medication has time to form this protective layer before food is consumed, maximizing its effectiveness. Taking it 1 hour after meals or with an antacid may interfere with the medication's ability to form the protective layer. Taking it at lunchtime does not specify whether it should be taken before or after meals, so it is not the correct answer.

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  • 5. 

    A patient is given a tincture of opium which has diarrheal episodes. What is true regarding this medication?

    • A.

      Opium tincture is not a controlled substance.

    • B.

      Opium tincture should be used with medications.

    • C.

      It can be diluted with 15-30 ml of water.

    • D.

      It increases intestinal motility and peristalsis.

    Correct Answer
    C. It can be diluted with 15-30 ml of water.
    Explanation
    Opium tincture can be diluted with 15-30 ml of water.

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  • 6. 

    A nurse gives medicine instructions to a client who has hemorrhoids. He is receiving Mineral oil. Which statement by the client shows further teaching?

    • A.

      “I can take it at least 2 hours before bedtime”.

    • B.

      “It can interfere with the absorption of the vitamin E that I am taking”.

    • C.

      “If I miss a dose of mineral oil liquid. I’ll take it as soon as I remember”.

    • D.

      “I can use mineral oil liquid for an extended period to prevent further damage”.

    Correct Answer
    D. “I can use mineral oil liquid for an extended period to prevent further damage”.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "I can use mineral oil liquid for an extended period to prevent further damage". This statement shows a misunderstanding of the medication instructions. Mineral oil should not be used for an extended period of time as it can lead to vitamin deficiencies and other complications. The client should be taught that mineral oil is only meant for short-term use and should not be used as a preventive measure.

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  • 7. 

    A nurse gives discharge instructions to a client receiving a bulk-forming laxative as part of the home medications. They are examples of bulk-forming laxatives. Except

    • A.

      Docusate Sodium (Colace).

    • B.

      Methylcellulose (Citrucel).

    • C.

      Polycarbophil (Fibercon).

    • D.

      Psyllium (Metamucil).

    Correct Answer
    A. Docusate Sodium (Colace).
    Explanation
    Bulk-forming laxatives are used to treat constipation by increasing the bulk and water content of the stool, making it easier to pass. Docusate Sodium (Colace) is not a bulk-forming laxative, but rather a stool softener. Stool softeners work by increasing the amount of water in the stool, making it softer and easier to pass. Therefore, it is not an example of a bulk-forming laxative. The other options, Methylcellulose (Citrucel), Polycarbophil (Fibercon), and Psyllium (Metamucil), are all examples of bulk-forming laxatives.

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  • 8. 

    A client who has a history of chest pain gets admitted to irritable bowel syndrome. As a nurse, which medicine will you least expect as a part of medical management?

    • A.

      Alosetron (Lotronex).

    • B.

      Tegaserod (Zelnorm).

    • C.

      Lubiprostone (Amitiza).

    • D.

      Loperamide (Immodium).

    Correct Answer
    B. Tegaserod (Zelnorm).
    Explanation
    The use of tegaserod is restricted to patients with IBS due to the serious cardiovascular adverse effect that may happen such as heart attack and stroke.

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  • 9. 

    For a client who is receiving an antiemetic, what is the priority nursing intervention?

    • A.

      Monitor intake and output.

    • B.

      Keep items far away from the bed.

    • C.

      Give the client privacy.

    • D.

      Keep the bed in a low position with side rails up.

    Correct Answer
    D. Keep the bed in a low position with side rails up.
    Explanation
    The priority nursing intervention for a client receiving an antiemetic is to keep the bed in a low position with side rails up. This is important because antiemetics can cause drowsiness and dizziness, increasing the risk of falls. Keeping the bed low and side rails up helps to ensure the client's safety and prevent any potential injuries. Monitoring intake and output, keeping items away from the bed, and giving the client privacy are also important interventions, but they are not the priority in this situation.

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  • 10. 

    An osmotic laxative has to be prescribed for a client. The nurse knows about the medications that are osmotic laxatives. Select all that apply

    • A.

      Senna (Senokot).

    • B.

      Mineral Oil.

    • C.

      Polyethylene glycol and electrolytes (GoLYTELY).

    • D.

      Sodium Phosphate (Fleet enema).

    Correct Answer
    C. Polyethylene glycol and electrolytes (GoLYTELY).
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Polyethylene glycol and electrolytes (GoLYTELY). This medication is classified as an osmotic laxative because it works by drawing water into the intestines, which softens the stool and promotes bowel movements. Senna (Senokot) is a stimulant laxative, not an osmotic laxative. Mineral Oil is a lubricant laxative, not an osmotic laxative. Sodium Phosphate (Fleet enema) is a saline laxative, not an osmotic laxative.

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