NCLEX Pharmacology Quiz 43 Gastrointestinal Medications

10 Questions | Total Attempts: 5655

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Get ready to take this "NCLEX Pharmacology Quiz 43 Gastrointestinal Medications" that we have here. All questions are shown, but the results will only be given after you've finished the quiz. You are given 1 minute per question. This quiz is not only to test but to give you more knowledge about the subject. Give your best as you take this quiz. Best of luck to you and have fun!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    A client has been prescribed Pancrelipase (Pancrease). Which symptom would prompt the nurse about medication having its therapeutic effect if noted
    • A. 

      Negative abdominal pain.

    • B. 

      An absence of constipation.

    • C. 

      An absence of diarrhea.

    • D. 

      Reduction of excess fat in feces.

  • 2. 
    A nurse gives nothing per orem instructions to a malnourished client who has diarrhea and abdominal pain episodes with about to receive a Total Parenteral Nutrition. Which statement is the most appropriate?
    • A. 

      “It will help in your weight loss.”

    • B. 

      “It can assure you that you feel better after receiving TPN.”

    • C. 

      “It will decrease your diarrhea and your bowel can rest.”

    • D. 

      “It will give you less time in the hospital.”

  • 3. 
    A client receives Sulfasalazine (Azulfidine) for ulcerative colitis treatment. Which assessment finding will concern the nurse most?
    • A. 

      Drowsiness.

    • B. 

      Decreased urine output.

    • C. 

      Urine discoloration.

    • D. 

      Vomiting.

  • 4. 
    A client gets prescribed Sucralfate (Carafate) for gastric ulcer treatment. The nurse instructs the client to take this medication?
    • A. 

      1 hour before meals

    • B. 

      1 hour after meals

    • C. 

      At the same time, with an antacid

    • D. 

      Lunch time

  • 5. 
    A patient is given a tincture of opium which has diarrheal episodes. What is true regarding this medication?
    • A. 

      Opium tincture is not a controlled substance.

    • B. 

      Opium tincture should be used with medications.

    • C. 

      It can be diluted with 15-30 ml of water.

    • D. 

      It increases intestinal motility and peristalsis.

  • 6. 
    A nurse gives medicine instructions to a client who has hemorrhoids. He is receiving Mineral oil. Which statement by the client shows further teaching?
    • A. 

      “I can take it at least 2 hours before bedtime”.

    • B. 

      “It can interfere with the absorption of the vitamin E that I am taking”.

    • C. 

      “If I miss a dose of mineral oil liquid. I’ll take it as soon as I remember”.

    • D. 

      “I can use mineral oil liquid for an extended period to prevent further damage”.

  • 7. 
    A nurse gives discharge instructions to a client receiving a bulk-forming laxative as part of the home medications. They are examples of bulk-forming laxatives. Except
    • A. 

      Docusate Sodium (Colace).

    • B. 

      Methylcellulose (Citrucel).

    • C. 

      Polycarbophil (Fibercon).

    • D. 

      Psyllium (Metamucil).

  • 8. 
    A client who has a history of chest pain gets admitted to irritable bowel syndrome. As a nurse, which medicine will you least expect as a part of medical management?
    • A. 

      Alosetron (Lotronex).

    • B. 

      Tegaserod (Zelnorm).

    • C. 

      Lubiprostone (Amitiza).

    • D. 

      Loperamide (Immodium).

  • 9. 
    For a client who is receiving an antiemetic, what is the priority nursing intervention?
    • A. 

      Monitor intake and output.

    • B. 

      Keep items far away from the bed.

    • C. 

      Give the client privacy.

    • D. 

      Keep the bed in a low position with side rails up.

  • 10. 
    An osmotic laxative has to be prescribed for a client. The nurse knows about the medications that are osmotic laxatives. Select all that apply
    • A. 

      Senna (Senokot).

    • B. 

      Mineral Oil.

    • C. 

      Polyethylene glycol and electrolytes (GoLYTELY).

    • D. 

      Sodium Phosphate (Fleet enema).

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