NCLEX Practice Exam 37 (10 Questions)

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NCLEX Practice Exam 37 (10 Questions) - Quiz

All questions are shown, but the results will only be given after you’ve finished the quiz. You are given 1 minute per question, a total of 10 minutes in this quiz.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    A client with diabetes visits the prenatal clinic at 28 weeks gestation. Which statement is true regarding insulin needs during pregnancy?

    • A.

      Insulin requirements moderate as the pregnancy progresses.

    • B.

      A decreased need for insulin occurs during the second trimester.

    • C.

      Elevations in human chorionic gonadotrophin decrease the need for insulin.

    • D.

      Fetal development depends on adequate insulin regulation.

    Correct Answer
    D. Fetal development depends on adequate insulin regulation.
    Explanation
    Fetal development depends on adequate nutrition and insulin regulation. Insulin needs increase during the second and third trimesters. insulin requirements do not moderate as the pregnancy progresses. and elevated human chorionic gonadotrophin elevates insulin needs. not decreases them; therefore. answers A. B. and C are incorrect.

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  • 2. 

    A client in the prenatal clinic is assessed to have a blood pressure of 180/96. The nurse should give priority to:

    • A.

      Providing a calm environment

    • B.

      Obtaining a diet history

    • C.

      Administering an analgesic

    • D.

      Assessing fetal heart tones

    Correct Answer
    A. Providing a calm environment
    Explanation
    A calm environment is needed to prevent seizure activity. Any stimulation can precipitate seizures. Obtaining a diet history should be done later. and administering an analgesic is not indicated because there is no data in the stem to indicate pain. Therefore. answers B and C are incorrect. Assessing the fetal heart tones is important. but this is not the highest priority in this situation as stated in answer D.

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  • 3. 

    A primigravida. age 42. is 6 weeks pregnant. Based on the client’s age. her infant is at risk for:

    • A.

      Down syndrome

    • B.

      Respiratory distress syndrome

    • C.

      Turner’s syndrome

    • D.

      Pathological jaundice

    Correct Answer
    A. Down syndrome
    Explanation
    The client who is age 42 is at risk for fetal anomalies such as Down syndrome and other chromosomal aberrations. Answers B. C. and D are incorrect because the client is not at higher risk for respiratory distress syndrome or pathological jaundice. and Turner’s syndrome is a genetic disorder.

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  • 4. 

    A client with a missed abortion at 29 weeks gestation is admitted to the hospital. The client will most likely be treated with:

    • A.

      Magnesium sulfate

    • B.

      Calcium gluconate

    • C.

      Dinoprostone (Prostin E.)

    • D.

      Bromocriptine (Parlodel)

    Correct Answer
    C. Dinoprostone (Prostin E.)
    Explanation
    The client with a missed abortion will have induction of labor. Prostin E. is a form of prostaglandin used to soften the cervix. Magnesium sulfate is used for preterm labor and preeclampsia. calcium gluconate is the antidote for magnesium sulfate. and Pardel is a dopamine receptor stimulant used to treat Parkinson’s disease; therefore. answers A. B. and D are incorrect. Pardel was used at one time to dry breast milk.

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  • 5. 

     A client with preeclampsia has been receiving an infusion containing magnesium sulfate for a blood pressure that is 160/80; deep tendon reflexes are 1 plus. and the urinary output for the past hour is 100mL. The nurse should:

    • A.

      Continue the infusion of magnesium sulfate while monitoring the client’s blood pressure

    • B.

      Stop the infusion of magnesium sulfate and contact the physician

    • C.

      Slow the infusion rate and turn the client on her left side

    • D.

      Administer calcium gluconate IV push and continue to monitor the blood pressure

    Correct Answer
    A. Continue the infusion of magnesium sulfate while monitoring the client’s blood pressure
    Explanation
    The client’s blood pressure and urinary output are within normal limits. The only alteration from normal is the decreased deep tendon reflexes. The nurse should continue to monitor the blood pressure and check the magnesium level. The therapeutic level is 4.8–9.6mg/dL. Answers B. C. and D are incorrect. There is no need to stop the infusion at this time or slow the rate. Calcium gluconate is the antidote for magnesium sulfate. but there is no data to indicate toxicity.

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  • 6. 

    Which statement made by the nurse describes the inheritance pattern of autosomal recessive disorders?

    • A.

      An affected newborn has unaffected parents.

    • B.

      An affected newborn has one affected parent.

    • C.

      Affected parents have a one in four chance of passing on the defective gene.

    • D.

      Affected parents have unaffected children who are carriers.

    Correct Answer
    C. Affected parents have a one in four chance of passing on the defective gene.
    Explanation
    Autosomal recessive disorders can be passed from the parents to the infant. If both parents pass the trait. the child will get two abnormal genes and the disease results. Parents can also pass the trait to the infant. Answer A is incorrect because. to have an affected newborn. the parents must be carriers. Answer B is incorrect because both parents must be carriers. Answer D is incorrect because the parents might have affected children.

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  • 7. 

    A pregnant client. age 32. asks the nurse why her doctor has recommended a serum alpha fetoprotein. The nurse should explain that the doctor has recommended the test:

    • A.

      Because it is a state law

    • B.

      To detect cardiovascular defects

    • C.

      Because of her age

    • D.

      To detect neurological defects

    Correct Answer
    D. To detect neurological defects
    Explanation
    Alpha fetoprotein is a screening test done to detect neural tube defects such as spina bifida. The test is not mandatory. as stated in answer A. It does not indicate cardiovascular defects. and the mother’s age has no bearing on the need for the test. so answers B and C are incorrect.

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  • 8. 

    A client with hypothyroidism asks the nurse if she will still need to take thyroid medication during the pregnancy. The nurse’s response is based on the knowledge that:

    • A.

      There is no need to take thyroid medication because the fetus’s thyroid produces a thyroid-stimulating hormone.

    • B.

      Regulation of thyroid medication is more difficult because the thyroid gland increases in size during pregnancy.

    • C.

      It is more difficult to maintain thyroid regulation during pregnancy due to a slowing of metabolism.

    • D.

      Fetal growth is arrested if thyroid medication is continued during pregnancy.

    Correct Answer
    B. Regulation of thyroid medication is more difficult because the thyroid gland increases in size during pregnancy.
    Explanation
    During pregnancy. the thyroid gland triples in size. This makes it more difficult to regulate thyroid medication. Answer A is incorrect because there could be a need for thyroid medication during pregnancy. Answer C is incorrect because the thyroid function does not slow. Fetal growth is not arrested if thyroid medication is continued. so answer D is incorrect.

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  • 9. 

    The nurse is responsible for performing a neonatal assessment on a full-term infant. At 1 minute. the nurse could expect to find:

    • A.

      An apical pulse of 100

    • B.

      An absence of tonus

    • C.

      Cyanosis of the feet and hands

    • D.

      Jaundice of the skin and sclera

    Correct Answer
    C. Cyanosis of the feet and hands
    Explanation
    Cyanosis of the feet and hands is acrocyanosis. This is a normal finding 1 minute after birth. An apical pulse should be 120–160. and the baby should have muscle tone. making answers A and B incorrect. Jaundice immediately after birth is pathological jaundice and is abnormal. so answer D is incorrect.

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  • 10. 

    A client with sickle cell anemia is admitted to the labor and delivery unit during the first phase of labor. The nurse should anticipate the client’s need for:

    • A.

      Supplemental oxygen

    • B.

      Fluid restriction

    • C.

      Blood transfusion

    • D.

      Delivery by Caesarean section

    Correct Answer
    A. Supplemental oxygen
    Explanation
    Clients with sickle cell crises are treated with heat. hydration. oxygen. and pain relief. Fluids are increased. not decreased. Blood transfusions are usually not required. and the client can be delivered vaginally; thus. answers B. C. and D are incorrect.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Jul 13, 2017
    Quiz Created by
    Santepro
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