Module 1 Quiz Pharmacology

48 Questions | Total Attempts: 428

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Pharmacology Quizzes & Trivia

This includes chapter 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, and 7


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    1.ID: 526827937Which information is of highest priority when obtaining a pharmacologic history from a patient?
    • A. 

      Allergies

    • B. 

      Use of over-the-counter medications

    • C. 

      Home remedy use

    • D. 

      Alcohol intake

  • 2. 
    During the implementation phase of the nursing process, which action will the nurse perform when administering medications? 
    • A. 

      Switch the route of administration based on drug availability.

    • B. 

      Call the patient by name when entering the room to verify the drug is for the right person.

    • C. 

      Check the patient's armband before administering the medication.

    • D. 

      Prepare medications for all patients first, then administer by room to manage time appropriately.

  • 3. 
    For which activity is the nurse responsible during the evaluation phase of drug administration?​
    • A. 

      Preparing and administering prescribed medications safely

    • B. 

      Planning measurable outcomes for the patient related to drug therapy

    • C. 

      Monitoring the patient continuously for therapeutic as well as adverse effects

    • D. 

      Gathering data in a drug and dietary history

  • 4. 
     ID: 526827940The nurse should include which information when evaluating the outcome after a patient’s medication has been administered? 
    • A. 

      Dose of the medication administered

    • B. 

      Time medication administered

    • C. 

      Patient allergies to medications

    • D. 

      Therapeutic effect on patient

  • 5. 
    The nurse should check a medication how many times before administration of a medication under the “right drug” part of the Six Rights?
    • A. 

      One time

    • B. 

      Three times

    • C. 

      Five times

    • D. 

      Depends on the drug being administered

  • 6. 
    The nurse notes that a medication was scheduled to be administered at 0900. A medication error has occurred if the medication was administered at which time?
    • A. 

      0800

    • B. 

      0830

    • C. 

      0900

    • D. 

      0930

  • 7. 
    While the nurse is taking an admission history, the patient reports having a previous allergic reaction to penicillins. What will the nurse document as part of the patient’s allergic reaction response to penicillins?
    • A. 

      Hives

    • B. 

      Dry eyes

    • C. 

      Frequent urination

    • D. 

      Constipation

  • 8. 
    The nursing process is important as a well-established, research-supported framework for professional nursing practice. Which is the correct order for the steps of the nursing process?
    • A. 

      Evaluation, Planning, Diagnoses, Assessment, Implementation

    • B. 

      Planning, Assessment, Diagnoses, Implementation, Evaluation

    • C. 

      Diagnoses, Assessment, Planning, Evaluation, Implementation

    • D. 

      Assessment, Diagnoses, Planning, Implementation, Evaluation

  • 9. 
    Select the ones you likeThe nurse has an order for administering a medication to the patient. Which providers have legal authority to prescribe medications for patients? (Select all that apply.) 
    • A. 

      Physician

    • B. 

      Physical therapist

    • C. 

      Pharmacist

    • D. 

      Dentist

    • E. 

      Physician assistant

    • F. 

      Nurse practitioner

  • 10. 
    What is the study of the physiochemical properties of drugs and how they influence the body called?
    • A. 

      Pharmacokinetics

    • B. 

      Pharmacotherapeutics

    • C. 

      Pharmacodynamics

    • D. 

      Pharmacology

  • 11. 
    Pharmacokinetics involves the study of
    • A. 

      Physiologic interactions of drugs.

    • B. 

      distribution rates among various body compartments.

    • C. 

      Interactions between various drugs.

    • D. 

      adverse reactions to medications.

  • 12. 
    What is an alternate name for biotransformation of a drug?
    • A. 

      Absorption

    • B. 

      Dilution

    • C. 

      Excretion

    • D. 

      Metabolism

  • 13. 
    A drug given by which route is altered by the first-pass effect?
    • A. 

      Sublingual

    • B. 

      Subcutaneous

    • C. 

      Oral

    • D. 

      Intravenous

  • 14. 
    Drug half-life is defined as the amount of time required for 50% of a drug to
    • A. 

      Be absorbed by the body.

    • B. 

      exert a response.

    • C. 

      be eliminated by the body.

    • D. 

      Reach a therapeutic level.

  • 15. 
    Which action, when performed by the nurse, will increase the absorption of a medication administered intramuscularly? 
    • A. 

      Applying cold packs to the injection site

    • B. 

      Lowering the extremity below the level of the heart

    • C. 

      Administering the medication via the Z-track method

    • D. 

      Massaging the site after injection

  • 16. 
    Highly protein-bound drugs​
    • A. 

      increase the risk of drug-drug interactions.

    • B. 

      typically provide a short duration of action.

    • C. 

      must be administered with 8 ounces of water.

    • D. 

      have a decreased effect in patients with a low albumin level.

  • 17. 
    To achieve the most rapid onset of action, the health care provider will prescribe the medication to be administered by which route?
    • A. 

      Subcutaneously

    • B. 

      Intravenously

    • C. 

      Intramuscularly

    • D. 

      Intrathecally

  • 18. 
    Patients with renal failure would most likely have problems with drug
    • A. 

      Excretion.

    • B. 

      Absorption.

    • C. 

      Metabolism.

    • D. 

      Distribution.

  • 19. 
    What is the ratio between a drug’s therapeutic effects and toxic effects called?
    • A. 

      Tolerance

    • B. 

      Cumulative effect

    • C. 

      Therapeutic index

    • D. 

      Affinity

  • 20. 
    When a patient asks the nurse why a lower dose of intravenous pain medication is being given than the previous oral dose, what knowledge will the nurse draw on to respond to the patient?
    • A. 

      Medications given intravenously are not affected by the first-pass effect.

    • B. 

      Medications given orally bypass the portal circulatory system.

    • C. 

      A large percentage of an intravenously administered drug is metabolized into inactive metabolites in the liver.

    • D. 

      Drugs administered intravenously enter the portal system prior to systemic distribution.

  • 21. 
    The nurse understands that drugs exert their actions on the body by (Select all that apply.) 
    • A. 

      Interacting with receptors.

    • B. 

      Making the cell perform a new function.

    • C. 

      Inhibiting the action of a specific enzyme.

    • D. 

      Altering metabolic chemical processes.

  • 22. 
    The nurse needs to be aware that which factors will affect the absorption of orally administered medications? (Select all that apply.) 
    • A. 

      Presence of food in the stomach

    • B. 

      pH of the stomach

    • C. 

      Patient position upon intake of medication

    • D. 

      Form of drug preparation

    • E. 

      Time of day

  • 23. 
    Which actions will the nurse perform to ensure the medication dose for a pediatric patient is correct? (Select all that apply.) 
    • A. 

      Use the patient's weight in pounds.

    • B. 

      Use a current drug reference to determine usual dosage per 24 hours.

    • C. 

      Determine the dose parameters by multiplying the weight by the minimum and maximum daily doses of the drug (the safe range).

    • D. 

      Determine the total amount of the drug to administer per dose and per day.

    • E. 

      Compare the drug dosage prescribed with the calculated safe range.

    • F. 

      If the drug dosage prescribed varies from recommended reference range, notify the provider.

  • 24. 
    What is the nurse’s role in the development of new and investigational drugs?
    • A. 

      Monitoring for and reporting any adverse effects noted during Phase IV studies

    • B. 

      Selecting patients to participate in Phase I studies

    • C. 

      Identifying patients who are receiving placebo drugs during Phase III studies

    • D. 

      Informing patients of the specific drug they are receiving within a blinded investigational study during Phase III

  • 25. 
    Ethically, a nurse has the responsibility to
    • A. 

      Employ beneficence, the duty to do no harm to a patient.

    • B. 

      Withhold information from the patient as requested by the family.

    • C. 

      impose his or her own values upon the patient when doing so would help the patient.

    • D. 

      transfer care of a patient to another professional nurse if caring for the patient would violate personal ethical principles.

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