Milady Sanitation Exam Review

71 Questions

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Sanitation Quizzes & Trivia

Just because you can’t see them with the naked eye doesn’t mean that bacteria do not exist. In fact, not being able to see the presence of bacteria, be they harmful or otherwise, makes it far more important to have a healthy foundation of knowledge when it comes to general sanitation. Washing your hands and proper food storage is a good start, but how much else do you know about sanitation?


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Contact with nonintact skin, blood, body fluid, or other potentially infectious materials that is the result of the performance of an employees duties is a(n):
    • A. 

      Allergy

    • B. 

      Inflammation

    • C. 

      Contamination

    • D. 

      Exposure incident

  • 2. 
    The Scientific name for planters warts:
    • A. 

      Human immunodeficiency virus(HIV)

    • B. 

      Human papilloma virus(HPV)

    • C. 

      Acquired immune deficiency syndrome(AIDS)

    • D. 

      Hepititis B virus(HBV)

  • 3. 
    When cleaning and disinfecting a _______, remove the impeller, footplate, and any other removable parts according to the manufacturers instructions.
    • A. 

      Whirlpool foot spa

    • B. 

      Air-jet basin

    • C. 

      Pipe-less foot spa

    • D. 

      Disinfecting foot spa

  • 4. 
    Never let disinfectants such as phenols and quats come in contact with your:
    • A. 

      Implements

    • B. 

      Skin

    • C. 

      Gloves

    • D. 

      Clothing

  • 5. 
    Licensing, enforcement, and your conduct when you are working in the salon are regulated by ________ agencies.
    • A. 

      Federal

    • B. 

      State

    • C. 

      City

    • D. 

      International

  • 6. 
    Antiseptics are effective for:
    • A. 

      Disinfecting instruments

    • B. 

      Killing germs on the hands

    • C. 

      Disinfecting equiptment

    • D. 

      Sterilizing equiptment

  • 7. 
    Disinfectants used in salons must carry a(n) _________ registration number
    • A. 

      Food and drug admin(fda)

    • B. 

      Occupation protection agency (opa)

    • C. 

      U.S. department of labor (dol)

    • D. 

      Environmental protection agency (epa)

  • 8. 
    In 2000, a bacteria called mycobacterium fortuitum caused a client outbreak due to the failure of the practitioner to follow proper disinfection guidelines for:
    • A. 

      Sharp impements

    • B. 

      Whirlpool foot spas

    • C. 

      Shampoo stations

    • D. 

      Styling chairs

  • 9. 
    Cocci are bacteria that are
    • A. 

      Round shaped

    • B. 

      Rod shaped

    • C. 

      Flat shaped

    • D. 

      Spore shaped

  • 10. 
    You should clean a whirlpool foot spa and leave disinfectant solution in it overnight:
    • A. 

      Everyday

    • B. 

      At least once a month

    • C. 

      At least once a week

    • D. 

      Never

  • 11. 
    Universal Precautions require employes to assume that human blood and body fluids are infectious for :
    • A. 

      Bloodborne pathogens

    • B. 

      Nonpathogenic pathogens

    • C. 

      Influenza

    • D. 

      Fungi

  • 12. 
    After cleaning and disinfecting a pipeless foot spa at the end of the day, how should you dry it?
    • A. 

      With a clean paper towel

    • B. 

      With a clean linen towel

    • C. 

      With a blowdryer

    • D. 

      Let it air dry

  • 13. 
    Which form of hepatitis is most difficult to kill?
    • A. 

      Hepatitis a

    • B. 

      Hepatitis b

    • C. 

      Hepatitis c

    • D. 

      Hepatitis d

  • 14. 
    Which of the following is not part of your professional responsibilities?
    • A. 

      Follow state and federal laws

    • B. 

      Keep your license current

    • C. 

      Check for rule changes

    • D. 

      Take shortcuts when cleaning

  • 15. 
    Accelerated hydrogen peroxide, or AHP, is a recently approved form of disinfectant that only needs to be changed every:
    • A. 

      5 days

    • B. 

      30 days

    • C. 

      7 days

    • D. 

      14 days

  • 16. 
    When disinfecting a whirlpool foot spa after use by a client, you must circulate the disinfectant for _________ or for the time recommended by the manufacturer.
    • A. 

      5 minutes

    • B. 

      10 minutes

    • C. 

      60 seconds

    • D. 

      20 minutes

  • 17. 
    It is important to wear ______ while disinfecting non electrical tools and implements
    • A. 

      Gloves

    • B. 

      Goggles

    • C. 

      An apron

    • D. 

      A facemask

  • 18. 
    Disinfectants with a high pH that can cause skin irritation or burn the skin or eyes are:
    • A. 

      Alcohol and bleach

    • B. 

      EPA-registered disinfectants

    • C. 

      Alcohol and quats

    • D. 

      Phenolic disinfectants

  • 19. 
    Which following is a condition caused by an infestation of head lice?
    • A. 

      Hepatitis

    • B. 

      Scabies

    • C. 

      Pediculosis capitis

    • D. 

      Tinea pedis

  • 20. 
    • A. 

      Completely immersed in an EPA-registered disinfectant

    • B. 

      Rinsed in an EPA-registered tuberculocidal that kills HIV and HBV

    • C. 

      Placed in an EPA-registered antiseptic that kills hiv and hepatitis

    • D. 

      Briefly dipped in an EPA-registered solution that kills hiv and aids

  • 21. 
    A _______ infection appears as a lesion containing pus and is confined to a particular part of the body
    • A. 

      Contagioius

    • B. 

      Local

    • C. 

      Primary

    • D. 

      Secondary

  • 22. 
    The ability of the body to destroy and resist infection is called
    • A. 

      Immunity

    • B. 

      Decontaimination

    • C. 

      Stasis

    • D. 

      Regulation

  • 23. 
    Which agency publishes the guidelines known as Universal Precautions?
    • A. 

      FDA

    • B. 

      OSHA

    • C. 

      CDC

    • D. 

      EPA

  • 24. 
    When washing your hands, you apply soap, lather and scrub your hands and under the free edges of nails with a nail brush for at least:
    • A. 

      5 minutes

    • B. 

      1 minute

    • C. 

      45 seconds

    • D. 

      10 seconds

  • 25. 
    Which type of bacteria can cause strep throat or blood poisoning?
    • A. 

      Fungi

    • B. 

      Sprilla

    • C. 

      Bacilli

    • D. 

      Streptococci

  • 26. 
    Bacteria generally consist of an outer cell wall containing a liquid called:
    • A. 

      Nucleic acid

    • B. 

      Cytoplasm

    • C. 

      Protoplasm

    • D. 

      Protons

  • 27. 
    Bacteria that grow in pairs and can cause pneumonia are:
    • A. 

      Diplococci

    • B. 

      Diphtheria

    • C. 

      Discarded

    • D. 

      Toxins

  • 28. 
    The process whereby bacteria grow, reproduce, and divide into two new cells is:
    • A. 

      Binary fission

    • B. 

      Meiosis

    • C. 

      Photosynthesis

    • D. 

      Metamorphosis

  • 29. 
    Lyme disease and syphilis are caused by sprial or corkscrew-shaped bacteria called:
    • A. 

      Flagella

    • B. 

      Strep

    • C. 

      Spirilla

    • D. 

      Cocci

  • 30. 
    The presence of pus is a sign of:
    • A. 

      Immunity

    • B. 

      Congestion

    • C. 

      Bacterial infection

    • D. 

      Sunburn

  • 31. 
    Quats solutions are _________ disinfectants when used properly in the salon.
    • A. 

      Very effective

    • B. 

      Somewhat effective

    • C. 

      Never effective

    • D. 

      Dangerous

  • 32. 
    Some ______ disinfectants are harmful to salon tools and equipment.
    • A. 

      Antifungal

    • B. 

      Nonporous

    • C. 

      Hospital

    • D. 

      Tuberculocidal

  • 33. 
    Fungal infections are much more common on the _______ than on the hands
    • A. 

      Ears

    • B. 

      Feet

    • C. 

      Cheeks

    • D. 

      Knees

  • 34. 
    Sterilization is the most reliable means of 
    • A. 

      Infection control

    • B. 

      Cleaning

    • C. 

      Decontamination

    • D. 

      Workplace safety

  • 35. 
    As a cosmetologist, you are _____ to recommend treatments for diseases.
    • A. 

      Required

    • B. 

      Not allowed

    • C. 

      Encouraged

    • D. 

      Allowed

  • 36. 
    • if the label on a disinfection product includes the word concentrate, it means that the product must be:
    • A. 

      Used without water

    • B. 

      Heated during use

    • C. 

      Diluted before use

    • D. 

      Heated before use

  • 37. 
    Cosmetologist are not allowed to trim or cut living skin around:
    • A. 

      The lunula

    • B. 

      The nail tip

    • C. 

      Any part of the nail

    • D. 

      The nail bed

  • 38. 
    A surface must be properly cleaned before it can be 
    • A. 

      Disinfected

    • B. 

      Painted

    • C. 

      Redecorated

    • D. 

      Resurfaced

  • 39. 
    Antimicrobial and antibacterial soaps are _______ regular soaps and detergents.
    • A. 

      Slightly more effective than

    • B. 

      No more effective than

    • C. 

      Just as effective as

    • D. 

      Slightly less effective than

  • 40. 
    Using ______ bleach can damage metal and plastic
    • A. 

      Too little

    • B. 

      Diluted

    • C. 

      Any amount of

    • D. 

      Too much

  • 41. 
    Salons should keep a _______ that identifies each time a piece of equiptment is used, cleaned, disinfected, tested, and maintained.
    • A. 

      List

    • B. 

      Diary

    • C. 

      Logbook

    • D. 

      Journal

  • 42. 
    Not having ______ available poses a health risk to anyone exposed to hazardous materials and violates federal and state regulations.
    • A. 

      MSDSs

    • B. 

      MRSAs

    • C. 

      HRVs

    • D. 

      CDCs

  • 43. 
    Fumigants are _______ in salons because they produce potentially harmful formaldehyde gas.
    • A. 

      Used carefully

    • B. 

      No longer used

    • C. 

      Used after hours

    • D. 

      Only used sometimes

  • 44. 
    Items that are _______ are also considered absorbent
    • A. 

      Phenolic

    • B. 

      Parasitic

    • C. 

      Pathogenic

    • D. 

      Porous

  • 45. 
    There is no additive, powder, or tablet that eliminates the need for you to ______ equipment such as whirlpool spas
    • A. 

      Clean and sterilize

    • B. 

      Clean and disinfect

    • C. 

      Clean and maintain

    • D. 

      Clean and immunize

  • 46. 
    The ______ include hand washing, wearing gloves, and properly handling and disposing of items that may have been contaminated by blood or other body fluids
    • A. 

      Universal Preconditons

    • B. 

      Universal Provisions

    • C. 

      Universal Precautions

    • D. 

      Universal Preparations

  • 47. 
    The one-celled microorganisms having both plant and animal characteristics are called:
    • A. 

      Flagella

    • B. 

      Fungi

    • C. 

      Cocci

    • D. 

      Bacteria

  • 48. 
    After they have been properly cleaned and disinfected, implements should be stored in a(n) _______ container.
    • A. 

      Permanently sealed

    • B. 

      Disposable

    • C. 

      Clean, uncovered

    • D. 

      Clean, covered

  • 49. 
    The transmission of blood or body fluids through touching, kissing, coughing, sneezing, or talking is known as _______ transmission
    • A. 

      Sanitary

    • B. 

      Infection

    • C. 

      Sterile

    • D. 

      Direct

  • 50. 
    Before beginning any service, you should wash your hands using pump soap, water, and a:
    • A. 

      Chemical disinfectant

    • B. 

      Clean, disinfected nail brush

    • C. 

      Clean, disinfected sponge

    • D. 

      Chemical exfoliant

  • 51. 
    At the end of every day , you should properly clean the non whirlpool foot basin or tub and then add the appropriate amount of disinfectant and let it soak for:
    • A. 

      10 minutes

    • B. 

      5 minutes

    • C. 

      1 minute

    • D. 

      10 seconds

  • 52. 
    Something caused by or capable of being transmitted by infection is called:
    • A. 

      Infectious

    • B. 

      Contagious

    • C. 

      Diseased

    • D. 

      Fungicidal

  • 53. 
    Transmission of blood or body fluids through contact with a(n)___________, such as a razor or an environmental surface, is indirect transmission.
    • A. 

      Disinfected contaminated object

    • B. 

      Local contaminated object

    • C. 

      Intermediate contaminated object

    • D. 

      Unidentified flying object

  • 54. 
    The removal of potentially infectious materials on an items surface and the removal of visible debris or residue is called:
    • A. 

      Disinfection

    • B. 

      Cleaning

    • C. 

      Decontamination

    • D. 

      Sterilization

  • 55. 
    Various poisonous substances produced by some microorganisms are called:
    • A. 

      Tinea

    • B. 

      Toxins

    • C. 

      Bacteria

    • D. 

      Flagella

  • 56. 
    A(n)_______ disease affects the body as a whole, often due to under- or over-functioning of internal glands or organs.
    • A. 

      Systemic

    • B. 

      Infectious

    • C. 

      Occupational

    • D. 

      Contagious

  • 57. 
    A disease caused by pathogenic microorganisms that enter the body, and which may or may not be spread from one person to another, is a(n):
    • A. 

      Systemic disease

    • B. 

      Infectious disease

    • C. 

      Occupational disease

    • D. 

      Contagious disease

  • 58. 
    Any organism of microscopic to submicroscopic size is a(n):
    • A. 

      Staphylococci

    • B. 

      Streptococci

    • C. 

      Mycobacterium

    • D. 

      Microorganism

  • 59. 
     A parasitic disease is caused by:
    • A. 

      Bacteria

    • B. 

      Bacilli

    • C. 

      Parasites

    • D. 

      Cocci

  • 60. 
    Organisms that grow, feed, and find shelter on or in another organism, while contributing nothing to survival of that organism, are:
    • A. 

      Cocci

    • B. 

      Bacilla

    • C. 

      Parasites

    • D. 

      Lawyers

  • 61. 
    A(n)______ is a submicroscopic  paricle that infects and resides in cells or biological organisms and is capable of replications only through taking over the host cells reproductive function.
    • A. 

      Cocci

    • B. 

      Virus

    • C. 

      Bacterium

    • D. 

      Parasite

  • 62. 
    The determination of the nature of a disease from its symptoms and/or tests is a(n):
    • A. 

      Analysis

    • B. 

      Disinfection

    • C. 

      Direct transmission

    • D. 

      Diagnosis

  • 63. 
    A(n) ______ is a condition in which the body reacts to injury, irritation, or infection.
    • A. 

      Allergy

    • B. 

      Inflammation

    • C. 

      Contamination

    • D. 

      Exposure incident

  • 64. 
    The virus that causes AIDS is:
    • A. 

      Hepatitis B virus (HBV)

    • B. 

      Human papillomia virus (HPV)

    • C. 

      Hepatitis c virus (HCV)

    • D. 

      Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)

  • 65. 
    The scientific name for barbers itch is:
    • A. 

      Tinea capitis

    • B. 

      Tinea pedis

    • C. 

      Tinea barbae

    • D. 

      Tinea sprillia

  • 66. 
    A reaction due to extreme sensitivity to certian foods, chemicals, or other normally harmless substances is a(n): 
    • A. 

      Allergy

    • B. 

      Contamination

    • C. 

      Inflammation

    • D. 

      Infection

  • 67. 
    Illnesses resulting from conditions associated with employment are:
    • A. 

      Contagious diseases

    • B. 

      Occupational diseases

    • C. 

      Pathogenic diseases

    • D. 

      Systemic diseases

  • 68. 
    The presence, or the reasonably anticipated presence, of potentially infectious materials on an items surface or visible debris or residues is called:
    • A. 

      Infecion

    • B. 

      Contamination

    • C. 

      Inflammation

    • D. 

      Allergy

  • 69. 
    The term _________ describes a ringworm fungus of the foot.
    • A. 

      Tinea capitis

    • B. 

      Tinea sprilla

    • C. 

      Tinea barbae

    • D. 

      Tinea pedis

  • 70. 
    • A. 

      Systemic disease

    • B. 

      Infectious disease

    • C. 

      Pathogenic disease

    • D. 

      Contagious disease

  • 71. 
    A(n)______ is an abnormal condition of all or part of the body, or its systems or organs, that makes the body incapable of functioning normally.
    • A. 

      Allergy

    • B. 

      Infection

    • C. 

      Disease

    • D. 

      Contamination