Milady Sanitation Exam Review

71 Questions
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Sanitation Quizzes & Trivia

Questions taken from the milday test review book.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Contact with nonintact skin, blood, body fluid, or other potentially infectious materials that is the result of the performance of an employees duties is a(n):
    • A. 

      Allergy

    • B. 

      Inflammation

    • C. 

      Contamination

    • D. 

      Exposure incident

  • 2. 
    The Scientific name for planters warts:
    • A. 

      Human immunodeficiency virus(HIV)

    • B. 

      Human papilloma virus(HPV)

    • C. 

      Acquired immune deficiency syndrome(AIDS)

    • D. 

      Hepititis B virus(HBV)

  • 3. 
    When cleaning and disinfecting a _______, remove the impeller, footplate, and any other removable parts according to the manufacturers instructions.
    • A. 

      Whirlpool foot spa

    • B. 

      Air-jet basin

    • C. 

      Pipe-less foot spa

    • D. 

      Disinfecting foot spa

  • 4. 
    Never let disinfectants such as phenols and quats come in contact with your:
    • A. 

      Implements

    • B. 

      Skin

    • C. 

      Gloves

    • D. 

      Clothing

  • 5. 
    Licensing, enforcement, and your conduct when you are working in the salon are regulated by ________ agencies.
    • A. 

      Federal

    • B. 

      State

    • C. 

      City

    • D. 

      International

  • 6. 
    Antiseptics are effective for:
    • A. 

      Disinfecting instruments

    • B. 

      Killing germs on the hands

    • C. 

      Disinfecting equiptment

    • D. 

      Sterilizing equiptment

  • 7. 
    Disinfectants used in salons must carry a(n) _________ registration number
    • A. 

      Food and drug admin(fda)

    • B. 

      Occupation protection agency (opa)

    • C. 

      U.S. department of labor (dol)

    • D. 

      Environmental protection agency (epa)

  • 8. 
    In 2000, a bacteria called mycobacterium fortuitum caused a client outbreak due to the failure of the practitioner to follow proper disinfection guidelines for:
    • A. 

      Sharp impements

    • B. 

      Whirlpool foot spas

    • C. 

      Shampoo stations

    • D. 

      Styling chairs

  • 9. 
    Cocci are bacteria that are
    • A. 

      Round shaped

    • B. 

      Rod shaped

    • C. 

      Flat shaped

    • D. 

      Spore shaped

  • 10. 
    You should clean a whirlpool foot spa and leave disinfectant solution in it overnight:
    • A. 

      Everyday

    • B. 

      At least once a month

    • C. 

      At least once a week

    • D. 

      Never

  • 11. 
    Universal Precautions require employes to assume that human blood and body fluids are infectious for :
    • A. 

      Bloodborne pathogens

    • B. 

      Nonpathogenic pathogens

    • C. 

      Influenza

    • D. 

      Fungi

  • 12. 
    After cleaning and disinfecting a pipeless foot spa at the end of the day, how should you dry it?
    • A. 

      With a clean paper towel

    • B. 

      With a clean linen towel

    • C. 

      With a blowdryer

    • D. 

      Let it air dry

  • 13. 
    Which form of hepatitis is most difficult to kill?
    • A. 

      Hepatitis a

    • B. 

      Hepatitis b

    • C. 

      Hepatitis c

    • D. 

      Hepatitis d

  • 14. 
    Which of the following is not part of your professional responsibilities?
    • A. 

      Follow state and federal laws

    • B. 

      Keep your license current

    • C. 

      Check for rule changes

    • D. 

      Take shortcuts when cleaning

  • 15. 
    Accelerated hydrogen peroxide, or AHP, is a recently approved form of disinfectant that only needs to be changed every:
    • A. 

      5 days

    • B. 

      30 days

    • C. 

      7 days

    • D. 

      14 days

  • 16. 
    When disinfecting a whirlpool foot spa after use by a client, you must circulate the disinfectant for _________ or for the time recommended by the manufacturer.
    • A. 

      5 minutes

    • B. 

      10 minutes

    • C. 

      60 seconds

    • D. 

      20 minutes

  • 17. 
    It is important to wear ______ while disinfecting non electrical tools and implements
    • A. 

      Gloves

    • B. 

      Goggles

    • C. 

      An apron

    • D. 

      A facemask

  • 18. 
    Disinfectants with a high pH that can cause skin irritation or burn the skin or eyes are:
    • A. 

      Alcohol and bleach

    • B. 

      EPA-registered disinfectants

    • C. 

      Alcohol and quats

    • D. 

      Phenolic disinfectants

  • 19. 
    Which following is a condition caused by an infestation of head lice?
    • A. 

      Hepatitis

    • B. 

      Scabies

    • C. 

      Pediculosis capitis

    • D. 

      Tinea pedis

  • 20. 
    • A. 

      Completely immersed in an EPA-registered disinfectant

    • B. 

      Rinsed in an EPA-registered tuberculocidal that kills HIV and HBV

    • C. 

      Placed in an EPA-registered antiseptic that kills hiv and hepatitis

    • D. 

      Briefly dipped in an EPA-registered solution that kills hiv and aids

  • 21. 
    A _______ infection appears as a lesion containing pus and is confined to a particular part of the body
    • A. 

      Contagioius

    • B. 

      Local

    • C. 

      Primary

    • D. 

      Secondary

  • 22. 
    The ability of the body to destroy and resist infection is called
    • A. 

      Immunity

    • B. 

      Decontaimination

    • C. 

      Stasis

    • D. 

      Regulation

  • 23. 
    Which agency publishes the guidelines known as Universal Precautions?
    • A. 

      FDA

    • B. 

      OSHA

    • C. 

      CDC

    • D. 

      EPA

  • 24. 
    When washing your hands, you apply soap, lather and scrub your hands and under the free edges of nails with a nail brush for at least:
    • A. 

      5 minutes

    • B. 

      1 minute

    • C. 

      45 seconds

    • D. 

      10 seconds

  • 25. 
    Which type of bacteria can cause strep throat or blood poisoning?
    • A. 

      Fungi

    • B. 

      Sprilla

    • C. 

      Bacilli

    • D. 

      Streptococci

  • 26. 
    Bacteria generally consist of an outer cell wall containing a liquid called:
    • A. 

      Nucleic acid

    • B. 

      Cytoplasm

    • C. 

      Protoplasm

    • D. 

      Protons

  • 27. 
    Bacteria that grow in pairs and can cause pneumonia are:
    • A. 

      Diplococci

    • B. 

      Diphtheria

    • C. 

      Discarded

    • D. 

      Toxins

  • 28. 
    The process whereby bacteria grow, reproduce, and divide into two new cells is:
    • A. 

      Binary fission

    • B. 

      Meiosis

    • C. 

      Photosynthesis

    • D. 

      Metamorphosis

  • 29. 
    Lyme disease and syphilis are caused by sprial or corkscrew-shaped bacteria called:
    • A. 

      Flagella

    • B. 

      Strep

    • C. 

      Spirilla

    • D. 

      Cocci

  • 30. 
    The presence of pus is a sign of:
    • A. 

      Immunity

    • B. 

      Congestion

    • C. 

      Bacterial infection

    • D. 

      Sunburn

  • 31. 
    Quats solutions are _________ disinfectants when used properly in the salon.
    • A. 

      Very effective

    • B. 

      Somewhat effective

    • C. 

      Never effective

    • D. 

      Dangerous

  • 32. 
    Some ______ disinfectants are harmful to salon tools and equipment.
    • A. 

      Antifungal

    • B. 

      Nonporous

    • C. 

      Hospital

    • D. 

      Tuberculocidal

  • 33. 
    Fungal infections are much more common on the _______ than on the hands
    • A. 

      Ears

    • B. 

      Feet

    • C. 

      Cheeks

    • D. 

      Knees

  • 34. 
    Sterilization is the most reliable means of 
    • A. 

      Infection control

    • B. 

      Cleaning

    • C. 

      Decontamination

    • D. 

      Workplace safety

  • 35. 
    As a cosmetologist, you are _____ to recommend treatments for diseases.
    • A. 

      Required

    • B. 

      Not allowed

    • C. 

      Encouraged

    • D. 

      Allowed

  • 36. 
    • if the label on a disinfection product includes the word concentrate, it means that the product must be:
    • A. 

      Used without water

    • B. 

      Heated during use

    • C. 

      Diluted before use

    • D. 

      Heated before use

  • 37. 
    Cosmetologist are not allowed to trim or cut living skin around:
    • A. 

      The lunula

    • B. 

      The nail tip

    • C. 

      Any part of the nail

    • D. 

      The nail bed

  • 38. 
    A surface must be properly cleaned before it can be 
    • A. 

      Disinfected

    • B. 

      Painted

    • C. 

      Redecorated

    • D. 

      Resurfaced

  • 39. 
    Antimicrobial and antibacterial soaps are _______ regular soaps and detergents.
    • A. 

      Slightly more effective than

    • B. 

      No more effective than

    • C. 

      Just as effective as

    • D. 

      Slightly less effective than

  • 40. 
    Using ______ bleach can damage metal and plastic
    • A. 

      Too little

    • B. 

      Diluted

    • C. 

      Any amount of

    • D. 

      Too much

  • 41. 
    Salons should keep a _______ that identifies each time a piece of equiptment is used, cleaned, disinfected, tested, and maintained.
    • A. 

      List

    • B. 

      Diary

    • C. 

      Logbook

    • D. 

      Journal

  • 42. 
    Not having ______ available poses a health risk to anyone exposed to hazardous materials and violates federal and state regulations.
    • A. 

      MSDSs

    • B. 

      MRSAs

    • C. 

      HRVs

    • D. 

      CDCs

  • 43. 
    Fumigants are _______ in salons because they produce potentially harmful formaldehyde gas.
    • A. 

      Used carefully

    • B. 

      No longer used

    • C. 

      Used after hours

    • D. 

      Only used sometimes

  • 44. 
    Items that are _______ are also considered absorbent
    • A. 

      Phenolic

    • B. 

      Parasitic

    • C. 

      Pathogenic

    • D. 

      Porous

  • 45. 
    There is no additive, powder, or tablet that eliminates the need for you to ______ equipment such as whirlpool spas
    • A. 

      Clean and sterilize

    • B. 

      Clean and disinfect

    • C. 

      Clean and maintain

    • D. 

      Clean and immunize

  • 46. 
    The ______ include hand washing, wearing gloves, and properly handling and disposing of items that may have been contaminated by blood or other body fluids
    • A. 

      Universal Preconditons

    • B. 

      Universal Provisions

    • C. 

      Universal Precautions

    • D. 

      Universal Preparations

  • 47. 
    The one-celled microorganisms having both plant and animal characteristics are called:
    • A. 

      Flagella

    • B. 

      Fungi

    • C. 

      Cocci

    • D. 

      Bacteria

  • 48. 
    After they have been properly cleaned and disinfected, implements should be stored in a(n) _______ container.
    • A. 

      Permanently sealed

    • B. 

      Disposable

    • C. 

      Clean, uncovered

    • D. 

      Clean, covered

  • 49. 
    The transmission of blood or body fluids through touching, kissing, coughing, sneezing, or talking is known as _______ transmission
    • A. 

      Sanitary

    • B. 

      Infection

    • C. 

      Sterile

    • D. 

      Direct

  • 50. 
    Before beginning any service, you should wash your hands using pump soap, water, and a:
    • A. 

      Chemical disinfectant

    • B. 

      Clean, disinfected nail brush

    • C. 

      Clean, disinfected sponge

    • D. 

      Chemical exfoliant

  • 51. 
    At the end of every day , you should properly clean the non whirlpool foot basin or tub and then add the appropriate amount of disinfectant and let it soak for:
    • A. 

      10 minutes

    • B. 

      5 minutes

    • C. 

      1 minute

    • D. 

      10 seconds

  • 52. 
    Something caused by or capable of being transmitted by infection is called:
    • A. 

      Infectious

    • B. 

      Contagious

    • C. 

      Diseased

    • D. 

      Fungicidal

  • 53. 
    Transmission of blood or body fluids through contact with a(n)___________, such as a razor or an environmental surface, is indirect transmission.
    • A. 

      Disinfected contaminated object

    • B. 

      Local contaminated object

    • C. 

      Intermediate contaminated object

    • D. 

      Unidentified flying object

  • 54. 
    The removal of potentially infectious materials on an items surface and the removal of visible debris or residue is called:
    • A. 

      Disinfection

    • B. 

      Cleaning

    • C. 

      Decontamination

    • D. 

      Sterilization

  • 55. 
    Various poisonous substances produced by some microorganisms are called:
    • A. 

      Tinea

    • B. 

      Toxins

    • C. 

      Bacteria

    • D. 

      Flagella

  • 56. 
    A(n)_______ disease affects the body as a whole, often due to under- or over-functioning of internal glands or organs.
    • A. 

      Systemic

    • B. 

      Infectious

    • C. 

      Occupational

    • D. 

      Contagious

  • 57. 
    A disease caused by pathogenic microorganisms that enter the body, and which may or may not be spread from one person to another, is a(n):
    • A. 

      Systemic disease

    • B. 

      Infectious disease

    • C. 

      Occupational disease

    • D. 

      Contagious disease

  • 58. 
    Any organism of microscopic to submicroscopic size is a(n):
    • A. 

      Staphylococci

    • B. 

      Streptococci

    • C. 

      Mycobacterium

    • D. 

      Microorganism

  • 59. 
     A parasitic disease is caused by:
    • A. 

      Bacteria

    • B. 

      Bacilli

    • C. 

      Parasites

    • D. 

      Cocci

  • 60. 
    Organisms that grow, feed, and find shelter on or in another organism, while contributing nothing to survival of that organism, are:
    • A. 

      Cocci

    • B. 

      Bacilla

    • C. 

      Parasites

    • D. 

      Lawyers

  • 61. 
    A(n)______ is a submicroscopic  paricle that infects and resides in cells or biological organisms and is capable of replications only through taking over the host cells reproductive function.
    • A. 

      Cocci

    • B. 

      Virus

    • C. 

      Bacterium

    • D. 

      Parasite

  • 62. 
    The determination of the nature of a disease from its symptoms and/or tests is a(n):
    • A. 

      Analysis

    • B. 

      Disinfection

    • C. 

      Direct transmission

    • D. 

      Diagnosis

  • 63. 
    A(n) ______ is a condition in which the body reacts to injury, irritation, or infection.
    • A. 

      Allergy

    • B. 

      Inflammation

    • C. 

      Contamination

    • D. 

      Exposure incident

  • 64. 
    The virus that causes AIDS is:
    • A. 

      Hepatitis B virus (HBV)

    • B. 

      Human papillomia virus (HPV)

    • C. 

      Hepatitis c virus (HCV)

    • D. 

      Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)

  • 65. 
    The scientific name for barbers itch is:
    • A. 

      Tinea capitis

    • B. 

      Tinea pedis

    • C. 

      Tinea barbae

    • D. 

      Tinea sprillia

  • 66. 
    A reaction due to extreme sensitivity to certian foods, chemicals, or other normally harmless substances is a(n): 
    • A. 

      Allergy

    • B. 

      Contamination

    • C. 

      Inflammation

    • D. 

      Infection

  • 67. 
    Illnesses resulting from conditions associated with employment are:
    • A. 

      Contagious diseases

    • B. 

      Occupational diseases

    • C. 

      Pathogenic diseases

    • D. 

      Systemic diseases

  • 68. 
    The presence, or the reasonably anticipated presence, of potentially infectious materials on an items surface or visible debris or residues is called:
    • A. 

      Infecion

    • B. 

      Contamination

    • C. 

      Inflammation

    • D. 

      Allergy

  • 69. 
    The term _________ describes a ringworm fungus of the foot.
    • A. 

      Tinea capitis

    • B. 

      Tinea sprilla

    • C. 

      Tinea barbae

    • D. 

      Tinea pedis

  • 70. 
    • A. 

      Systemic disease

    • B. 

      Infectious disease

    • C. 

      Pathogenic disease

    • D. 

      Contagious disease

  • 71. 
    A(n)______ is an abnormal condition of all or part of the body, or its systems or organs, that makes the body incapable of functioning normally.
    • A. 

      Allergy

    • B. 

      Infection

    • C. 

      Disease

    • D. 

      Contamination