Milady Sanitation Exam Review

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Milady Sanitation Exam Review - Quiz

Just because you can’t see them with the naked eye doesn’t mean that bacteria do not exist. In fact, not being able to see the presence of bacteria, be they harmful or otherwise, makes it far more important to have a healthy foundation of knowledge when it comes to general sanitation. Washing your hands and proper food storage is a good start, but how much else do you know about sanitation?


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Contact with nonintact skin, blood, body fluid, or other potentially infectious materials that is the result of the performance of an employees duties is a(n):

    • A.

      Allergy

    • B.

      Inflammation

    • C.

      Contamination

    • D.

      Exposure incident

    Correct Answer
    D. Exposure incident
    Explanation
    An exposure incident refers to the contact with nonintact skin, blood, body fluid, or other potentially infectious materials that occurs while an employee is performing their duties. This could include situations where an employee accidentally comes into contact with these substances, such as through a needlestick injury or a splash of blood. It is important to report and address exposure incidents promptly to minimize the risk of infection or transmission of diseases.

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  • 2. 

    The Scientific name for planters warts:

    • A.

      Human immunodeficiency virus(HIV)

    • B.

      Human papilloma virus(HPV)

    • C.

      Acquired immune deficiency syndrome(AIDS)

    • D.

      Hepititis B virus(HBV)

    Correct Answer
    B. Human papilloma virus(HPV)
    Explanation
    The correct answer is human papilloma virus (HPV). Plantar warts are caused by the HPV infection, specifically HPV types 1, 2, 4, 60, and 63. HPV is a common virus that infects the skin and mucous membranes, and it can cause various types of warts, including plantar warts. HIV, AIDS, and HBV are unrelated to plantar warts and are caused by different viruses.

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  • 3. 

    When cleaning and disinfecting a _______, remove the impeller, footplate, and any other removable parts according to the manufacturers instructions.

    • A.

      Whirlpool foot spa

    • B.

      Air-jet basin

    • C.

      Pipe-less foot spa

    • D.

      Disinfecting foot spa

    Correct Answer
    C. Pipe-less foot spa
    Explanation
    When cleaning and disinfecting a pipe-less foot spa, it is important to follow the manufacturer's instructions and remove the impeller, footplate, and any other removable parts. This is because these parts can harbor bacteria and other contaminants, and removing them allows for a more thorough cleaning and disinfection process. By following the manufacturer's instructions, you can ensure that all parts of the pipe-less foot spa are properly cleaned and disinfected, reducing the risk of infection for users.

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  • 4. 

    Never let disinfectants such as phenols and quats come in contact with your:

    • A.

      Implements

    • B.

      Skin

    • C.

      Gloves

    • D.

      Clothing

    Correct Answer
    B. Skin
    Explanation
    Disinfectants such as phenols and quats are strong chemicals that can cause skin irritation, burns, or allergic reactions. It is important to avoid direct contact with these disinfectants to protect your skin from any potential harm.

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  • 5. 

    Licensing, enforcement, and your conduct when you are working in the salon are regulated by ________ agencies.

    • A.

      Federal

    • B.

      State

    • C.

      City

    • D.

      International

    Correct Answer
    B. State
    Explanation
    Licensing, enforcement, and conduct in a salon are regulated by state agencies. These agencies are responsible for ensuring that salons and their employees comply with the necessary regulations and standards to maintain public health and safety. State agencies issue licenses to salon professionals, enforce regulations related to sanitation and hygiene, and oversee the overall operation of salons within their jurisdiction. They play a crucial role in maintaining the integrity and professionalism of the salon industry at the state level.

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  • 6. 

    Antiseptics are effective for:

    • A.

      Disinfecting instruments

    • B.

      Killing germs on the hands

    • C.

      Disinfecting equiptment

    • D.

      Sterilizing equiptment

    Correct Answer
    B. Killing germs on the hands
    Explanation
    Antiseptics are substances that can kill or inhibit the growth of microorganisms on living tissues. They are commonly used to clean and disinfect wounds, cuts, and abrasions. In this case, the correct answer is "killing germs on the hands." Antiseptics are effective for killing germs on the hands, which helps prevent the spread of infections and diseases. Regular use of antiseptics on the hands can help maintain good hand hygiene and reduce the risk of transmitting harmful microorganisms.

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  • 7. 

    Disinfectants used in salons must carry a(n) _________ registration number

    • A.

      Food and drug admin(fda)

    • B.

      Occupation protection agency (opa)

    • C.

      U.S. department of labor (dol)

    • D.

      Environmental protection agency (epa)

    Correct Answer
    D. Environmental protection agency (epa)
    Explanation
    Disinfectants used in salons must carry an environmental protection agency (epa) registration number because the EPA is responsible for regulating and approving disinfectants and other chemicals used in various industries, including salons. The EPA ensures that these products meet safety and efficacy standards to protect public health and the environment. Therefore, having an EPA registration number indicates that the disinfectant has been tested and approved for use in salons, ensuring the safety and well-being of both salon workers and customers.

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  • 8. 

    In 2000, a bacteria called mycobacterium fortuitum caused a client outbreak due to the failure of the practitioner to follow proper disinfection guidelines for:

    • A.

      Sharp impements

    • B.

      Whirlpool foot spas

    • C.

      Shampoo stations

    • D.

      Styling chairs

    Correct Answer
    B. Whirlpool foot spas
    Explanation
    The correct answer is whirlpool foot spas. In 2000, a bacteria called mycobacterium fortuitum caused a client outbreak. This outbreak occurred due to the failure of the practitioner to follow proper disinfection guidelines for whirlpool foot spas.

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  • 9. 

    Cocci are bacteria that are

    • A.

      Round shaped

    • B.

      Rod shaped

    • C.

      Flat shaped

    • D.

      Spore shaped

    Correct Answer
    A. Round shaped
    Explanation
    Cocci are bacteria that are round shaped. This means that they have a spherical or oval shape, resembling a small ball or berry. This shape allows them to easily divide and multiply, as well as to adhere to surfaces. Cocci can be found in various arrangements, such as in pairs (diplococci), chains (streptococci), or clusters (staphylococci). Their round shape is an important characteristic used in their classification and identification.

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  • 10. 

    You should clean a whirlpool foot spa and leave disinfectant solution in it overnight:

    • A.

      Everyday

    • B.

      At least once a month

    • C.

      At least once a week

    • D.

      Never

    Correct Answer
    C. At least once a week
    Explanation
    It is important to clean a whirlpool foot spa at least once a week because regular use of the spa can lead to the accumulation of dirt, dead skin cells, and bacteria in the water and the jets. Cleaning the spa helps to remove these contaminants and maintain proper hygiene. Leaving a disinfectant solution in the spa overnight ensures that any remaining bacteria or germs are killed, further preventing the spread of infections. Cleaning the spa on a weekly basis helps to ensure a clean and safe environment for foot soaking.

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  • 11. 

    Universal Precautions require employes to assume that human blood and body fluids are infectious for :

    • A.

      Bloodborne pathogens

    • B.

      Nonpathogenic pathogens

    • C.

      Influenza

    • D.

      Fungi

    Correct Answer
    A. Bloodborne pathogens
    Explanation
    Universal Precautions require employees to assume that human blood and body fluids are infectious for bloodborne pathogens. This means that regardless of the perceived infection status of the individual, precautions should be taken to prevent the transmission of bloodborne diseases such as HIV, hepatitis B, and hepatitis C. By assuming that all blood and body fluids are potentially infectious, employees can protect themselves and others from the risk of transmission.

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  • 12. 

    After cleaning and disinfecting a pipeless foot spa at the end of the day, how should you dry it?

    • A.

      With a clean paper towel

    • B.

      With a clean linen towel

    • C.

      With a blowdryer

    • D.

      Let it air dry

    Correct Answer
    A. With a clean paper towel
    Explanation
    After cleaning and disinfecting a pipeless foot spa at the end of the day, it is recommended to dry it with a clean paper towel. This is because paper towels are disposable and can help to remove any remaining moisture or disinfectant from the surface of the foot spa. Using a clean paper towel ensures that the foot spa is properly dried and ready for the next use, preventing the growth of bacteria or fungi.

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  • 13. 

    Which form of hepatitis is most difficult to kill?

    • A.

      Hepatitis a

    • B.

      Hepatitis b

    • C.

      Hepatitis c

    • D.

      Hepatitis d

    Correct Answer
    B. Hepatitis b
    Explanation
    Hepatitis B is the most difficult form of hepatitis to kill because it is a highly contagious virus that can survive outside the body for up to seven days. It can be transmitted through contact with infected blood or other bodily fluids. Additionally, the virus is resistant to many common disinfectants, making it more challenging to eliminate. Hepatitis B can cause chronic liver disease and increase the risk of liver cancer, making it a serious public health concern.

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  • 14. 

    Which of the following is not part of your professional responsibilities?

    • A.

      Follow state and federal laws

    • B.

      Keep your license current

    • C.

      Check for rule changes

    • D.

      Take shortcuts when cleaning

    Correct Answer
    D. Take shortcuts when cleaning
    Explanation
    Taking shortcuts when cleaning is not part of your professional responsibilities because it compromises the quality and effectiveness of the cleaning process. As a professional, it is important to adhere to high standards and follow proper procedures to ensure the safety and well-being of individuals or environments being cleaned. Cutting corners can lead to unsatisfactory results, potential health hazards, and may even violate regulations or guidelines set by state and federal laws. Therefore, it is crucial to prioritize thoroughness and professionalism in cleaning tasks rather than taking shortcuts.

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  • 15. 

    Accelerated hydrogen peroxide, or AHP, is a recently approved form of disinfectant that only needs to be changed every:

    • A.

      5 days

    • B.

      30 days

    • C.

      7 days

    • D.

      14 days

    Correct Answer
    D. 14 days
    Explanation
    Accelerated hydrogen peroxide (AHP) is a type of disinfectant that has been approved recently. It is designed to be long-lasting, which means it does not need to be changed frequently. The correct answer of 14 days suggests that AHP can remain effective for a period of two weeks before requiring a change. This longer duration makes it a convenient and efficient choice for disinfection purposes, as it reduces the frequency of maintenance and replacement.

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  • 16. 

    When disinfecting a whirlpool foot spa after use by a client, you must circulate the disinfectant for _________ or for the time recommended by the manufacturer.

    • A.

      5 minutes

    • B.

      10 minutes

    • C.

      60 seconds

    • D.

      20 minutes

    Correct Answer
    B. 10 minutes
    Explanation
    When disinfecting a whirlpool foot spa after use by a client, it is necessary to circulate the disinfectant for a sufficient amount of time to ensure effective disinfection. The recommended time for circulation is 10 minutes, as stated by the manufacturer. This duration allows the disinfectant to thoroughly penetrate and eliminate any potential pathogens or bacteria that may be present in the foot spa, ensuring a clean and safe environment for subsequent clients.

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  • 17. 

    It is important to wear ______ while disinfecting non electrical tools and implements

    • A.

      Gloves

    • B.

      Goggles

    • C.

      An apron

    • D.

      A facemask

    Correct Answer
    A. Gloves
    Explanation
    When disinfecting non electrical tools and implements, it is important to wear gloves. Gloves provide a protective barrier between the disinfectant and the skin, preventing any potential contact with harmful chemicals. This helps to ensure the safety and well-being of the person performing the disinfection process. Wearing gloves also helps to maintain hygiene and prevent the spread of germs or bacteria from the tools and implements.

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  • 18. 

    Disinfectants with a high pH that can cause skin irritation or burn the skin or eyes are:

    • A.

      Alcohol and bleach

    • B.

      EPA-registered disinfectants

    • C.

      Alcohol and quats

    • D.

      Phenolic disinfectants

    Correct Answer
    D. Phenolic disinfectants
    Explanation
    Phenolic disinfectants have a high pH and can cause skin irritation or burn the skin or eyes. This is because they contain phenol, which is a corrosive chemical that can cause damage to the skin and eyes upon contact. Therefore, phenolic disinfectants should be handled with caution and proper protective measures should be taken to avoid any harm or injury.

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  • 19. 

    Which following is a condition caused by an infestation of head lice?

    • A.

      Hepatitis

    • B.

      Scabies

    • C.

      Pediculosis capitis

    • D.

      Tinea pedis

    Correct Answer
    C. Pediculosis capitis
    Explanation
    Pediculosis capitis is a condition caused by an infestation of head lice. Head lice are small insects that infest the hair and scalp, causing itching and discomfort. This condition is commonly seen in children and is spread through close personal contact or sharing of personal items such as combs or hats. It is important to treat pediculosis capitis promptly to prevent the spread of lice to others.

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  • 20. 

    A salon implement that accidentally comes in contact with blood or body fluids must be thoroughly cleaned and :

    • A.

      Completely immersed in an EPA-registered disinfectant

    • B.

      Rinsed in an EPA-registered tuberculocidal that kills HIV and HBV

    • C.

      Placed in an EPA-registered antiseptic that kills hiv and hepatitis

    • D.

      Briefly dipped in an EPA-registered solution that kills hiv and aids

    Correct Answer
    A. Completely immersed in an EPA-registered disinfectant
    Explanation
    When a salon implement comes in contact with blood or body fluids, it is important to thoroughly clean it to prevent the spread of infections. The correct answer states that the implement should be completely immersed in an EPA-registered disinfectant. This ensures that all surfaces of the implement are properly disinfected, killing any potential pathogens, including HIV and HBV. Immersion in a disinfectant solution is more effective than just briefly dipping or rinsing the implement. Using an EPA-registered disinfectant also ensures that it meets the necessary standards for effectively killing harmful microorganisms.

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  • 21. 

    A _______ infection appears as a lesion containing pus and is confined to a particular part of the body

    • A.

      Contagioius

    • B.

      Local

    • C.

      Primary

    • D.

      Secondary

    Correct Answer
    B. Local
    Explanation
    A local infection appears as a lesion containing pus and is confined to a particular part of the body. This means that the infection is limited to a specific area and does not spread throughout the body. It is characterized by the presence of pus, which is a thick, yellowish fluid that is produced as a result of the body's immune response to the infection. Local infections can occur in various parts of the body, such as the skin, gums, or respiratory tract, and can be caused by bacteria, viruses, or fungi.

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  • 22. 

    The ability of the body to destroy and resist infection is called

    • A.

      Immunity

    • B.

      Decontaimination

    • C.

      Stasis

    • D.

      Regulation

    Correct Answer
    A. Immunity
    Explanation
    Immunity refers to the body's ability to protect itself from harmful pathogens, such as bacteria, viruses, and parasites. It involves a complex network of cells, tissues, and organs that work together to recognize and destroy these foreign invaders. Immunity can be acquired through natural processes, such as exposure to infections, or through vaccination. It plays a crucial role in preventing and fighting off infections, and is essential for maintaining overall health and well-being.

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  • 23. 

    Which agency publishes the guidelines known as Universal Precautions?

    • A.

      FDA

    • B.

      OSHA

    • C.

      CDC

    • D.

      EPA

    Correct Answer
    B. OSHA
    Explanation
    OSHA, the Occupational Safety and Health Administration, publishes the guidelines known as Universal Precautions. Universal Precautions are a set of measures designed to prevent the transmission of bloodborne pathogens in the workplace. OSHA is responsible for ensuring safe and healthy working conditions for employees, and their guidelines help protect workers from exposure to infectious diseases. The FDA (Food and Drug Administration) focuses on food and drug safety, the CDC (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) deals with public health, and the EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) is responsible for environmental protection.

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  • 24. 

    When washing your hands, you apply soap, lather and scrub your hands and under the free edges of nails with a nail brush for at least:

    • A.

      5 minutes

    • B.

      1 minute

    • C.

      45 seconds

    • D.

      10 seconds

    Correct Answer
    B. 1 minute
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 1 minute. Washing your hands thoroughly for at least 1 minute allows enough time for the soap to effectively remove dirt, bacteria, and viruses from your hands. It is important to lather and scrub all areas of your hands, including under the free edges of your nails, to ensure proper hygiene and reduce the risk of spreading infections.

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  • 25. 

    Which type of bacteria can cause strep throat or blood poisoning?

    • A.

      Fungi

    • B.

      Sprilla

    • C.

      Bacilli

    • D.

      Streptococci

    Correct Answer
    D. Streptococci
    Explanation
    Streptococci are a type of bacteria that can cause strep throat or blood poisoning. They are responsible for a variety of infections in humans, including respiratory tract infections, skin infections, and more serious conditions such as pneumonia and sepsis. Streptococci are typically transmitted through respiratory droplets or direct contact with infected individuals. The bacteria can invade the body and cause inflammation and infection in various tissues, leading to the symptoms associated with strep throat or blood poisoning.

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  • 26. 

    Bacteria generally consist of an outer cell wall containing a liquid called:

    • A.

      Nucleic acid

    • B.

      Cytoplasm

    • C.

      Protoplasm

    • D.

      Protons

    Correct Answer
    C. Protoplasm
    Explanation
    Bacteria generally consist of an outer cell wall containing a liquid called protoplasm. Protoplasm refers to the living content of a cell, which includes the cytoplasm and the nucleic acids. It is responsible for carrying out various cellular functions and processes. The cell wall provides structural support and protection to the bacteria. Therefore, protoplasm is the correct answer as it encompasses both the cytoplasm and nucleic acids present in the bacterial cell.

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  • 27. 

    Bacteria that grow in pairs and can cause pneumonia are:

    • A.

      Diplococci

    • B.

      Diphtheria

    • C.

      Discarded

    • D.

      Toxins

    Correct Answer
    A. Diplococci
    Explanation
    Diplococci are bacteria that grow in pairs and can cause pneumonia. They are spherical in shape and typically found in pairs, with one bacterium sitting next to another. These bacteria are responsible for causing various types of pneumonia, including pneumococcal pneumonia. They can invade the lungs and cause inflammation, leading to symptoms such as cough, fever, and difficulty breathing. Treatment for pneumonia caused by diplococci usually involves antibiotics targeted at killing these bacteria.

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  • 28. 

    The process whereby bacteria grow, reproduce, and divide into two new cells is:

    • A.

      Binary fission

    • B.

      Meiosis

    • C.

      Photosynthesis

    • D.

      Metamorphosis

    Correct Answer
    A. Binary fission
    Explanation
    Binary fission is the correct answer because it is the process by which bacteria grow, reproduce, and divide into two new cells. During binary fission, the bacterial cell replicates its DNA and then divides into two identical daughter cells. This process allows bacteria to multiply and increase their population rapidly. Meiosis is a type of cell division that occurs in eukaryotic organisms, not bacteria. Photosynthesis is the process by which plants convert sunlight into energy, and metamorphosis is a biological process of transformation, typically seen in insects and amphibians, but not in bacteria.

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  • 29. 

    Lyme disease and syphilis are caused by sprial or corkscrew-shaped bacteria called:

    • A.

      Flagella

    • B.

      Strep

    • C.

      Spirilla

    • D.

      Cocci

    Correct Answer
    C. Spirilla
    Explanation
    Lyme disease and syphilis are caused by spiral or corkscrew-shaped bacteria called spirilla. These bacteria have a unique shape that allows them to move efficiently through various environments, including the human body. The spiral shape helps them penetrate tissues and evade the immune system, leading to the development of these diseases.

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  • 30. 

    The presence of pus is a sign of:

    • A.

      Immunity

    • B.

      Congestion

    • C.

      Bacterial infection

    • D.

      Sunburn

    Correct Answer
    C. Bacterial infection
    Explanation
    The presence of pus is a sign of bacterial infection. Pus is a thick, yellowish fluid that is produced in response to an infection. It is composed of dead white blood cells, bacteria, and tissue debris. When the body detects the presence of harmful bacteria, it sends white blood cells to the site of infection to fight off the invaders. As the white blood cells attack and destroy the bacteria, pus is formed. Therefore, the presence of pus indicates an ongoing bacterial infection in the body.

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  • 31. 

    Quats solutions are _________ disinfectants when used properly in the salon.

    • A.

      Very effective

    • B.

      Somewhat effective

    • C.

      Never effective

    • D.

      Dangerous

    Correct Answer
    A. Very effective
    Explanation
    Quats solutions are very effective disinfectants when used properly in the salon. This means that when these solutions are utilized correctly, they have a high level of effectiveness in killing or eliminating harmful microorganisms. It is important to follow proper protocols and guidelines while using Quats solutions to ensure maximum disinfection and safety in the salon environment.

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  • 32. 

    Some ______ disinfectants are harmful to salon tools and equipment.

    • A.

      Antifungal

    • B.

      Nonporous

    • C.

      Hospital

    • D.

      Tuberculocidal

    Correct Answer
    D. Tuberculocidal
    Explanation
    Tuberculocidal disinfectants are harmful to salon tools and equipment. Tuberculocidal disinfectants are specifically designed to kill the bacteria that cause tuberculosis. These disinfectants are very strong and can be corrosive to certain materials, such as salon tools and equipment. Therefore, using tuberculocidal disinfectants on salon tools and equipment can cause damage and should be avoided.

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  • 33. 

    Fungal infections are much more common on the _______ than on the hands

    • A.

      Ears

    • B.

      Feet

    • C.

      Cheeks

    • D.

      Knees

    Correct Answer
    B. Feet
    Explanation
    Fungal infections are much more common on the feet than on the hands because feet are often enclosed in shoes and socks, creating a warm and moist environment that promotes fungal growth. Additionally, feet are more prone to sweating, which further increases the risk of fungal infections. On the other hand, hands are typically exposed to air and are washed more frequently, reducing the likelihood of fungal infections.

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  • 34. 

    Sterilization is the most reliable means of 

    • A.

      Infection control

    • B.

      Cleaning

    • C.

      Decontamination

    • D.

      Workplace safety

    Correct Answer
    A. Infection control
    Explanation
    Sterilization is the most reliable means of infection control because it eliminates or kills all forms of microorganisms, including bacteria, viruses, and fungi, from objects or surfaces. This process ensures that any potential sources of infection are completely eradicated, reducing the risk of spreading infections in healthcare settings or other environments. By effectively sterilizing equipment, instruments, and other items, healthcare providers can maintain a safe and clean environment for patients and staff, preventing the transmission of harmful pathogens.

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  • 35. 

    As a cosmetologist, you are _____ to recommend treatments for diseases.

    • A.

      Required

    • B.

      Not allowed

    • C.

      Encouraged

    • D.

      Allowed

    Correct Answer
    B. Not allowed
    Explanation
    As a cosmetologist, you are not allowed to recommend treatments for diseases. This is because cosmetologists are trained and licensed to provide beauty and aesthetic services, such as hair styling, makeup application, and skincare treatments. They do not have the medical expertise or qualifications to diagnose or treat diseases. Recommending treatments for diseases should be left to medical professionals, such as doctors or dermatologists, who have the necessary knowledge and training in healthcare.

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  • 36. 

    • if the label on a disinfection product includes the word concentrate, it means that the product must be:

    • A.

      Used without water

    • B.

      Heated during use

    • C.

      Diluted before use

    • D.

      Heated before use

    Correct Answer
    C. Diluted before use
    Explanation
    If the label on a disinfection product includes the word "concentrate," it means that the product must be diluted before use. This is because a concentrate is a substance that has been condensed or made stronger by the removal of water or other diluting agents. Therefore, in order to use the disinfection product safely and effectively, it needs to be mixed with water or another suitable diluent to achieve the desired concentration.

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  • 37. 

    Cosmetologist are not allowed to trim or cut living skin around:

    • A.

      The lunula

    • B.

      The nail tip

    • C.

      Any part of the nail

    • D.

      The nail bed

    Correct Answer
    C. Any part of the nail
    Explanation
    Cosmetologists are not allowed to trim or cut any part of the nail because it can cause injury or infection. Trimming or cutting the nail incorrectly can lead to pain, bleeding, and damage to the surrounding skin. It is important for cosmetologists to only work on the visible, dead part of the nail and avoid any contact with living skin. This helps to ensure the safety and well-being of the client.

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  • 38. 

    A surface must be properly cleaned before it can be 

    • A.

      Disinfected

    • B.

      Painted

    • C.

      Redecorated

    • D.

      Resurfaced

    Correct Answer
    A. Disinfected
    Explanation
    Before a surface can be disinfected, it must be properly cleaned. Cleaning removes dirt, debris, and other contaminants from the surface, allowing the disinfectant to effectively kill any remaining germs or bacteria. Disinfection is the process of using chemicals or other agents to kill or inactivate microorganisms on a surface, reducing the risk of infection or disease transmission. Therefore, cleaning is a necessary step before disinfection can occur.

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  • 39. 

    Antimicrobial and antibacterial soaps are _______ regular soaps and detergents.

    • A.

      Slightly more effective than

    • B.

      No more effective than

    • C.

      Just as effective as

    • D.

      Slightly less effective than

    Correct Answer
    B. No more effective than
    Explanation
    Antimicrobial and antibacterial soaps are no more effective than regular soaps and detergents. This means that there is no significant difference in their effectiveness compared to regular soaps and detergents in terms of killing or preventing the growth of microorganisms and bacteria.

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  • 40. 

    Using ______ bleach can damage metal and plastic

    • A.

      Too little

    • B.

      Diluted

    • C.

      Any amount of

    • D.

      Too much

    Correct Answer
    D. Too much
    Explanation
    Using too much bleach can damage metal and plastic because bleach is a strong chemical that can corrode and degrade these materials. The excessive amount of bleach can cause discoloration, warping, and even breakage in metal and plastic surfaces. It is important to use bleach in the appropriate amount and follow the instructions to avoid any damage to these materials.

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  • 41. 

    Salons should keep a _______ that identifies each time a piece of equiptment is used, cleaned, disinfected, tested, and maintained.

    • A.

      List

    • B.

      Diary

    • C.

      Logbook

    • D.

      Journal

    Correct Answer
    C. Logbook
    Explanation
    A logbook is a record-keeping tool that is commonly used in various industries to track and document important information. In the context of a salon, a logbook would be essential for keeping track of each time a piece of equipment is used, cleaned, disinfected, tested, and maintained. This helps ensure that all necessary tasks are completed regularly and that the equipment is in proper working condition. A logbook provides a systematic and organized way to monitor and maintain the salon's equipment, promoting safety and hygiene standards.

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  • 42. 

    Not having ______ available poses a health risk to anyone exposed to hazardous materials and violates federal and state regulations.

    • A.

      MSDSs

    • B.

      MRSAs

    • C.

      HRVs

    • D.

      CDCs

    Correct Answer
    A. MSDSs
    Explanation
    Not having MSDSs (Material Safety Data Sheets) available poses a health risk to anyone exposed to hazardous materials and violates federal and state regulations. MSDSs provide important information about the potential hazards of a substance, including its composition, physical and chemical properties, health effects, handling and storage procedures, and emergency response measures. Without access to this information, individuals may not be aware of the proper precautions to take or the potential dangers associated with the materials they are working with, which can lead to accidents, injuries, or illnesses. Compliance with regulations regarding the availability of MSDSs is crucial for ensuring the safety and well-being of workers and the general public.

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  • 43. 

    Fumigants are _______ in salons because they produce potentially harmful formaldehyde gas.

    • A.

      Used carefully

    • B.

      No longer used

    • C.

      Used after hours

    • D.

      Only used sometimes

    Correct Answer
    B. No longer used
    Explanation
    Fumigants are no longer used in salons because they produce potentially harmful formaldehyde gas. This means that salons have stopped using fumigants altogether due to the risks associated with the release of formaldehyde gas.

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  • 44. 

    Items that are _______ are also considered absorbent

    • A.

      Phenolic

    • B.

      Parasitic

    • C.

      Pathogenic

    • D.

      Porous

    Correct Answer
    D. Porous
    Explanation
    Porous items have small holes or spaces that allow liquids or gases to pass through. This characteristic enables them to absorb substances easily. Therefore, items that are porous are also considered absorbent.

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  • 45. 

    There is no additive, powder, or tablet that eliminates the need for you to ______ equipment such as whirlpool spas

    • A.

      Clean and sterilize

    • B.

      Clean and disinfect

    • C.

      Clean and maintain

    • D.

      Clean and immunize

    Correct Answer
    B. Clean and disinfect
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "clean and disinfect." This is because whirlpool spas require regular cleaning and disinfection to maintain proper hygiene and prevent the growth of bacteria and other harmful microorganisms. Cleaning involves removing dirt, debris, and organic matter from the equipment, while disinfection involves using chemicals or other methods to kill or inactivate microorganisms. This combination of cleaning and disinfecting is necessary to ensure the safety and cleanliness of the whirlpool spa.

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  • 46. 

    The ______ include hand washing, wearing gloves, and properly handling and disposing of items that may have been contaminated by blood or other body fluids

    • A.

      Universal Preconditons

    • B.

      Universal Provisions

    • C.

      Universal Precautions

    • D.

      Universal Preparations

    Correct Answer
    C. Universal Precautions
    Explanation
    Universal Precautions refer to a set of guidelines and practices that are implemented to prevent the transmission of infectious diseases in healthcare settings. These precautions include hand washing, wearing gloves, and proper handling and disposal of items that may have been contaminated by blood or other body fluids. By following these precautions, healthcare professionals can minimize the risk of infection and ensure the safety of both themselves and their patients.

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  • 47. 

    The one-celled microorganisms having both plant and animal characteristics are called:

    • A.

      Flagella

    • B.

      Fungi

    • C.

      Cocci

    • D.

      Bacteria

    Correct Answer
    D. Bacteria
    Explanation
    Bacteria are the one-celled microorganisms that possess both plant and animal characteristics. They can perform photosynthesis like plants and also exhibit locomotion and heterotrophic behavior like animals. Bacteria have flagella for movement, but flagella alone do not define them. Fungi are multicellular organisms, while cocci are spherical bacteria. Therefore, the correct answer is bacteria.

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  • 48. 

    After they have been properly cleaned and disinfected, implements should be stored in a(n) _______ container.

    • A.

      Permanently sealed

    • B.

      Disposable

    • C.

      Clean, uncovered

    • D.

      Clean, covered

    Correct Answer
    D. Clean, covered
    Explanation
    After cleaning and disinfecting, implements should be stored in a clean, covered container to maintain their cleanliness and prevent contamination. Storing them in a clean container ensures that they do not come into contact with any dirt or bacteria that could compromise their hygiene. Keeping them covered further protects them from dust, airborne particles, and potential cross-contamination. This practice helps to maintain the implements' cleanliness and ensures they are ready for use when needed.

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  • 49. 

    The transmission of blood or body fluids through touching, kissing, coughing, sneezing, or talking is known as _______ transmission

    • A.

      Sanitary

    • B.

      Infection

    • C.

      Sterile

    • D.

      Direct

    Correct Answer
    D. Direct
    Explanation
    Direct transmission refers to the transfer of pathogens from one person to another through physical contact, such as touching, kissing, coughing, sneezing, or talking. This mode of transmission does not involve any intermediate objects or surfaces. It is called direct transmission because the pathogens are directly transmitted from one person to another without any barriers or intermediaries.

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  • 50. 

    Before beginning any service, you should wash your hands using pump soap, water, and a:

    • A.

      Chemical disinfectant

    • B.

      Clean, disinfected nail brush

    • C.

      Clean, disinfected sponge

    • D.

      Chemical exfoliant

    Correct Answer
    B. Clean, disinfected nail brush
    Explanation
    Before beginning any service, it is important to wash your hands using pump soap, water, and a clean, disinfected nail brush. This is because a nail brush helps to effectively remove dirt, bacteria, and debris from under the nails and around the cuticles. By using a clean and disinfected nail brush, you can ensure that your hands are thoroughly cleaned and free from any potential contaminants before starting the service.

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Quiz Review Timeline +

Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Feb 07, 2024
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • May 14, 2013
    Quiz Created by
    Kimdcoomer
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