Trivia Questions On Microbiology Exam! Quiz

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Microbiology Quizzes & Trivia

Have you just finished chapter one and two on your microbiology exam and will start on chapter 3 in the next class? The quiz below is designed to ensure that you have a good chance of remembering all you covered in the two chapters by asking you some questions. Try it out and tackle the quiz on chapters 3 and four later.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    _________________ are organisms that are too small to be seen with the unaided eye.
  • 2. 
    The six main types of microorganisms are (BAFPAV)
  • 3. 
    Microorganisms produce O2 and sugars via
  • 4. 
  • 5. 
    The genus is capitalized and the specific epithet is 
  • 6. 
    Bacteria are prokaryotes and have 
  • 7. 
    Archaea are prokaryotic and lack
  • 8. 
    Fungi are eukaryotes and have 
  • 9. 
    Algae are eukaryotes and have 
  • 10. 
    Viruses are 
    • A. 

      Acellular

    • B. 

      Have DNA or RNA genome

    • C. 

      Surrounded by protein coat or lipid envelope

    • D. 

      Replicate only when they are in a living host cell

    • E. 

      All of the above

  • 11. 
    The Germ theory of disease states that ____________ cause disease.
  • 12. 
    Antibiotics are synthetic drugs used to treat disease.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 13. 
    Chemotherapeutic agents used to treat infectious diseases can only be synthetic drugs.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 14. 
    A pathogen that invades a susceptible host.
  • 15. 
    _____________ is the study of interactions between atoms and molecules.
  • 16. 
    The ______ is the smallest unit of matter that enters into chemical reactions.
  • 17. 
    Atoms interact to form __________.
  • 18. 
    ____________ are uncharged particles.
  • 19. 
    Protons and neutrons are in the __________.
  • 20. 
  • 21. 
    Electrons are arranged in _________ _________ corresponding to different energy levels.
  • 22. 
    The number of protons and electrons are _________ in an atom.
  • 23. 
    _________ are atoms that have gained or lost electrons and are charged.
  • 24. 
    _______ ________ are attractions between ions of opposite charge. One atom loses electrons and another gains electrons.
  • 25. 
    ___________ __________ form when two atoms share one or more pairs of electrons.
  • 26. 
    The sum of the atomic weights in a molecule is the _________ __________.
  • 27. 
    One ______ of a substance is its molecular weight in grams.
  • 28. 
    __________ reactions absorb energy.
  • 29. 
    _____________ reactions release energy.
  • 30. 
    __________ reactions occur when atoms, ions, or molecules combine to form new, larger molecules.
  • 31. 
    ___________ is the synthesis of molecules in a cell.
  • 32. 
    __________ reactions are part synthesis and part decomposition.
  • 33. 
    _________ reactions can readily go in either direction.
  • 34. 
    An ______ is a substance that dissociates into one or more H+.
  • 35. 
    A  _____ is a substance that dissociates into one or more OH-.
  • 36. 
    A ________ is a substance that dissociates into cations and anions, neither of which is H+ or OH-.
  • 37. 
    The amount of H+ in a solution is expressed as
  • 38. 
    Increasing [H+] increases 
  • 39. 
    Increasing [OH-] increases
  • 40. 
    Organic compounds always contain carbon and ________.
  • 41. 
    Inorganic compounds typically lack  _________.
  • 42. 
    ___________ are the primary components of cell membranes.
  • 43. 
    Lipids are  _____________ and insoluble in water.
  • 44. 
    _________ ___________ are called fats or triglycerides.
  • 45. 
    __________ are proteins that speed chemical reactions.
  • 46. 
    Flagella are made of ___________.
  • 47. 
    The primary structure of a protein is a __________ _________.  It is a chain of amino acids joined through peptide bonds.
  • 48. 
    _________________ proteins consist of amino acids and other organic molecules such as glycoproteins, nucleoproteins, and lipoproteins.
  • 49. 
    Nucleic acids consist of __________.
  • 50. 
    Nucleotides consist of
    • A. 

      Pentose

    • B. 

      Phosphate group

    • C. 

      Nitrogen-containing (purine or pyrimidine) base

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 51. 
    DNA has deoxyribose and exists as a 
  • 52. 
    RNA has ribose and is 
  • 53. 
    ATP has ribose, adenine, and 3 ___________ _________.
  • 54. 
    ATP is made by  ___________ ____________
  • 55. 
    ____________  is broken by hydrolysis to liberate useful energy for the cell.
  • 56. 
    _________________ DNA is DNA made from two different sources.