Microflora and Microfauna Quiz

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Microflora And Microfauna Quiz - Quiz

Have you ever heard about the terms microflora and microfauna? If you are a biology student, you must be aware of these biological terms. This quiz will give you basic knowledge about these microscopic things. Both contribute to soil health through the secretion and excretion of products. What are the main differences between these two? Give this microflora and microfauna quiz a try, and check what you know about microflora and microfauna. We wish you all the very best!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What are the most common components of microfauna?

    • A.

      Single-celled protozoans

    • B.

      Small nematodes

    • C.

      Tardigrades

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    All of the given options, including single-celled protozoans, small nematodes, and tardigrades, are considered common components of microfauna. Microfauna refers to the small organisms that are typically invisible to the naked eye. Single-celled protozoans are diverse and abundant in various habitats, while small nematodes are commonly found in soil and aquatic environments. Tardigrades, also known as water bears, are microscopic animals known for their ability to survive extreme conditions. Therefore, all three options are correct answers as they represent different types of microfauna.

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  • 2. 

    Microfauna is less than _____ mm in size.

    • A.

      0.001

    • B.

      0.1

    • C.

      0.01

    • D.

      0.2

    Correct Answer
    B. 0.1
    Explanation
    Microfauna refers to the small organisms that are less than 1mm in size. The given answer, 0.1, is the only option that falls within the range of microfauna size, as it is less than 1mm. Therefore, the correct answer is 0.1.

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  • 3. 

    Which microfauna are the major consumers of bacteria?

    • A.

      Protozoa

    • B.

      Nematodes

    • C.

      Arthropods

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. Protozoa
    Explanation
    Protozoa are the major consumers of bacteria because they are single-celled organisms that feed on bacteria as their primary source of nutrition. They have various feeding mechanisms such as engulfing bacteria through phagocytosis or absorbing nutrients from their surroundings. This makes them important in regulating bacterial populations and nutrient cycling in ecosystems. Nematodes and arthropods may also consume bacteria, but protozoa are considered the main consumers due to their abundance and specific adaptations for bacterial consumption.

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  • 4. 

    Microfauna is present in every habitat on Earth. Is the statement true or false?

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Microfauna refers to the microscopic organisms that are present in every habitat on Earth. These organisms include bacteria, fungi, protozoa, and other tiny animals. Due to their small size, they can be found in various environments such as soil, water, and even inside the bodies of other organisms. Therefore, the statement that microfauna is present in every habitat on Earth is true.

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  • 5. 

    What is microflora used for?

    • A.

      They help digest food.

    • B.

      They benefit health by breaking down toxins.

    • C.

      Both A and B

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    C. Both A and B
    Explanation
    Microflora refers to the community of microorganisms that reside in our bodies, particularly in the digestive system. These microorganisms play a crucial role in digestion by breaking down food and aiding in the absorption of nutrients. Additionally, they contribute to our overall health by breaking down toxins and harmful substances, thereby benefiting our immune system. Therefore, the correct answer is both A and B, as microflora is used for both digesting food and breaking down toxins to benefit our health.

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  • 6. 

    What is an example of microflora?

    • A.

      Bacteria

    • B.

      Autotrophic flagellates

    • C.

      Diatoms

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    All of the options listed in the question are examples of microflora. Bacteria are single-celled microorganisms that can be found in various environments, including the human body. Autotrophic flagellates are microscopic organisms that can produce their own food through photosynthesis. Diatoms are a type of algae that are also considered microflora. Therefore, "All of the above" is the correct answer as it includes all three examples of microflora mentioned in the question.

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  • 7. 

    What are the good bacteria called?

    • A.

      Antibiotic

    • B.

      Probiotics

    • C.

      Both A and B

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. Probiotics
    Explanation
    Probiotics are the good bacteria that are beneficial for our health. They help in maintaining a healthy balance of bacteria in our gut and support our immune system. Antibiotics, on the other hand, are medications used to treat bacterial infections, but they can also kill the good bacteria along with the harmful ones. Therefore, the correct answer is Probiotics, as they specifically refer to the good bacteria.

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  • 8. 

    Where is microflora found in the human body?

    • A.

      On the skin

    • B.

      In the mucous

    • C.

      In the gut

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    Microflora refers to the community of microorganisms that reside in or on the human body. These microorganisms can be found in various parts of the body, including the skin, mucous membranes, and the gut. The skin provides a habitat for a diverse range of microflora, which play a role in protecting against pathogens. Similarly, the mucous membranes, such as those lining the respiratory and digestive tracts, also harbor microflora that contribute to immune function and overall health. The gut, in particular, is home to a complex ecosystem of microorganisms that aid in digestion, nutrient absorption, and immune regulation. Therefore, the correct answer is "All of the above."

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  • 9. 

    Microflora is most commonly found in the range of

    • A.

      Less than five μm

    • B.

      5–50 μm

    • C.

      50–100 μm

    • D.

      It's not mentioned anywhere.

    Correct Answer
    B. 5–50 μm
    Explanation
    Microflora refers to the community of microorganisms that inhabit a particular environment. These microorganisms can include bacteria, fungi, viruses, and other microscopic organisms. The given answer of 5-50 μm suggests that microflora is most commonly found in the size range of 5 to 50 micrometers. This size range is suitable for microorganisms to thrive and carry out their metabolic activities. It is important to note that microflora can vary in size depending on the specific environment and the types of microorganisms present.

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  • 10. 

    When do these microflorae characterize as resident (autochthonous)?

    • A.

      When they colonize.

    • B.

      When they achieve some stability within the gut.

    • C.

      Both A ad B

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    C. Both A ad B
    Explanation
    Microflorae are considered resident or autochthonous when they colonize and achieve stability within the gut. This means that they not only establish themselves in the gut but also maintain a stable presence over time. Both colonization and stability are important factors in determining whether microflorae can be classified as resident or autochthonous.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Dec 16, 2022
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Dec 14, 2022
    Quiz Created by
    Nia Nicholson
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