Role Of Microorganisms Quiz

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Role Of Microorganisms Quiz - Quiz

Did you know that microorganisms are significant for humans? Here is a "Role Of Microorganisms" quiz to test your knowledge of the various uses of microorganisms. From helping in the production of dairy products to being used in biotechnology and research, microorganisms find multiple uses. Take this quiz to find out some interesting facts about microorganisms. Let's see if you can get all the answers correct. All the best!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    How are bacteria important to the nitrogen cycle?

    • A.

      It becomes charged by lightning and releases energy into the soil.

    • B.

      It fixes atmospheric nitrogen into forms plants can use.

    • C.

      It uses nitrogen to make energy for other living organisms.

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. It fixes atmospheric nitrogen into forms plants can use.
    Explanation
    Bacteria are important to the nitrogen cycle because they have the ability to fix atmospheric nitrogen into forms that plants can use. This process, known as nitrogen fixation, converts atmospheric nitrogen gas into ammonia or other nitrogen compounds that can be absorbed by plants. This is essential for plant growth and the overall functioning of ecosystems, as nitrogen is a vital nutrient for plants. Therefore, bacteria play a crucial role in making nitrogen available to plants and facilitating the cycling of this important element in the environment.

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  • 2. 

    What are decomposing microorganisms' roles in ecosystems?

    • A.

      They recycle nutrients back into the soil for other organisms to use.

    • B.

      They are food for scavengers.

    • C.

      They are food for quaternary consumers.

    • D.

      They feed on other microorganisms.

    Correct Answer
    A. They recycle nutrients back into the soil for other organisms to use.
    Explanation
    Decomposing microorganisms play a crucial role in ecosystems by breaking down organic matter and returning nutrients back into the soil. This process, known as decomposition, allows other organisms to utilize these nutrients for their growth and survival. By recycling nutrients, decomposing microorganisms contribute to the overall balance and functioning of the ecosystem. They are not directly food for scavengers or quaternary consumers, nor do they solely feed on other microorganisms.

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  • 3. 

    Which of the following type of symbiotic relationships can microorganisms form?

    • A.

      Mutualism

    • B.

      Commensalism

    • C.

      Parasitism

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    Microorganisms can form all three types of symbiotic relationships. Mutualism is a type of relationship where both the microorganism and the host organism benefit from each other. Commensalism is a relationship where the microorganism benefits from the host organism without causing harm or benefit to the host. Parasitism is a relationship where the microorganism benefits at the expense of the host, causing harm or disease. Therefore, all of the above options are correct as microorganisms can form any of these symbiotic relationships.

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  • 4. 

    How do microorganisms make us sick?

    • A.

      They disrupt natural cell processes that hurt our cells.

    • B.

      They release toxins that hurt our cells.

    • C.

      Both A & B

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    C. Both A & B
    Explanation
    Microorganisms can make us sick by disrupting natural cell processes that harm our cells and by releasing toxins that also harm our cells. This means that both options A and B are correct. Microorganisms have the ability to interfere with the normal functioning of our cells, causing damage and leading to illness. Additionally, they can produce toxins that are harmful to our cells, further contributing to the sickness.

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  • 5. 

    Check the boxes that are diseases caused by bacteria in humans.

    • A.

      Strep Throat

    • B.

      HIV

    • C.

      Flu

    • D.

      Tuberculosis

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Strep Throat
    D. Tuberculosis
    Explanation
    Strep throat and tuberculosis are both diseases caused by bacteria in humans. Strep throat is caused by the bacteria Streptococcus pyogenes, which infects the throat and tonsils, causing symptoms such as sore throat, fever, and swollen lymph nodes. Tuberculosis is caused by the bacteria Mycobacterium tuberculosis, which primarily affects the lungs but can also spread to other parts of the body. It is characterized by symptoms such as persistent cough, chest pain, weight loss, and fatigue. HIV and flu, on the other hand, are caused by a virus and not bacteria.

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  • 6. 

    How do microorganisms help in the production of dairy products?

    • A.

      Helps in decomposition

    • B.

      Prevents it from getting spoiled

    • C.

      Helps in fermentation

    • D.

      Makes it safe for consumption

    Correct Answer
    C. Helps in fermentation
    Explanation
    Microorganisms help in the production of dairy products by aiding in the fermentation process. During fermentation, microorganisms such as bacteria or yeast convert the lactose in milk into lactic acid, which helps to preserve the dairy product and give it a characteristic flavor and texture. This process is essential for the production of various dairy products like yogurt, cheese, and buttermilk. Fermentation also improves the digestibility of dairy products and can increase their shelf life. Therefore, microorganisms play a crucial role in the production of dairy products through their involvement in the fermentation process.

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  • 7. 

    Which of the following enzyme(s) is/are derived by using microbes?

    • A.

      Lipase

    • B.

      Lactase

    • C.

      Protease

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    All of the given enzymes, lipase, lactase, and protease, are derived by using microbes. Microbes such as bacteria and fungi are commonly used in biotechnology to produce various enzymes through fermentation processes. Lipase is an enzyme that breaks down fats, lactase is an enzyme that breaks down lactose (a sugar found in milk), and protease is an enzyme that breaks down proteins. These enzymes are produced by specific microbial strains that have been genetically engineered or selected for their ability to produce high quantities of the desired enzyme.

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  • 8. 

    How do microorganisms help in increasing crop productivity?

    • A.

      Help in photosynthesis

    • B.

      Used as insecticides

    • C.

      Keep crops safe during heavy rainfall

    • D.

      Used as seeds

    Correct Answer
    B. Used as insecticides
    Explanation
    Microorganisms help in increasing crop productivity by being used as insecticides. Insects can cause significant damage to crops, leading to reduced yields. By using microorganisms as natural insecticides, farmers can control pests in a more environmentally friendly way. These microorganisms can target specific pests, reducing the need for chemical pesticides that can harm beneficial insects and have negative effects on the environment. Therefore, using microorganisms as insecticides can help protect crops and increase their productivity.

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  • 9. 

    What's the use of Vitamin B12 manufactured by fungi?

    • A.

      Helps in digestion in humans

    • B.

      Prevents humans from viral infections

    • C.

      Used in the manufacturing of leather products

    • D.

      Keeps plants immune to pest attacks

    Correct Answer
    A. Helps in digestion in humans
    Explanation
    Vitamin B12 is an essential nutrient that plays a crucial role in the digestion process in humans. It helps in the production of red blood cells, DNA synthesis, and the proper functioning of the nervous system. Without sufficient vitamin B12, individuals may experience digestive issues such as constipation, diarrhea, and loss of appetite. Therefore, the use of vitamin B12 manufactured by fungi is important for maintaining a healthy digestive system in humans.

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  • 10. 

    Which of these microorganisms are used in biotechnology and research?

    • A.

      Bacteria 

    • B.

      Fungi

    • C.

      Virus

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    All of the above microorganisms, including bacteria, fungi, and viruses, are used in biotechnology and research. Bacteria are commonly used in genetic engineering to produce recombinant proteins and enzymes. Fungi are utilized in the production of antibiotics, enzymes, and organic acids. Viruses are extensively studied in virology and are used as tools in gene therapy and vaccine development. Therefore, all three types of microorganisms play crucial roles in various biotechnological and research applications.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • May 23, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • May 03, 2023
    Quiz Created by
    Themes
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