MGT 502 Organizational Behavior - 2

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MGT 502 Organizational Behavior - 2


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Managers can raise a worker’s self esteem and increase worker productivity by changing the reward system or the job design.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement is true because managers have the ability to positively impact a worker's self-esteem and productivity by making changes to the reward system or job design. By providing recognition, incentives, and opportunities for growth and development, managers can create a supportive and motivating work environment that boosts self-esteem and encourages higher levels of productivity from workers. Additionally, by redesigning jobs to be more meaningful, challenging, and aligned with workers' skills and interests, managers can further enhance worker satisfaction and productivity.

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  • 2. 

    Older employees have lower rates of avoidable absence.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    In general, older employees have lower rates of avoidable absence. However, they have
    higher rates of unavoidable absence, probably due to their poorer health associated with
    aging and longer recovery periods when injured.

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  • 3. 

    There is a positive relationship between tenure and job productivity

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Extensive reviews of the seniority-productivity relationship have been conducted:
    • There is a positive relationship between tenure and job productivity.
    • There is a negative relationship between tenure to absence.
    • Tenure is also a potent variable in explaining turnover.
    • Tenure has consistently been found to be negatively related to turnover and has been
    suggested as one of the single best predictors of turnover.

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  • 4. 

    Personality is not a useful predictor of organizational outcomes whenthere are strong situational constraints.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Personality refers to individual traits and characteristics that influence behavior. However, when there are strong situational constraints in an organization, such as strict rules or procedures, the impact of individual personality becomes less significant. In such situations, individuals are more likely to conform to the situational demands rather than express their personal traits. Therefore, personality becomes less useful in predicting organizational outcomes when there are strong situational constraints. As a result, the answer is true.

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  • 5. 

    Which one is not amongst the big 5 Personality Traits

    • A.

      Extraversion

    • B.

      Agressiveness

    • C.

      Neuroticism

    • D.

      Agreeableness

    • E.

      Conscientiousness

    Correct Answer
    B. Agressiveness
    Explanation
    The Big Five personality traits are extraversion (positive affectivity), neuroticism (negative
    affectivity), agreeableness, conscientiousness, and openness to experience. Other personality
    traits particularly relevant to organizational behavior include locus of control, self-monitoring,
    self-esteem, Type A and Type B personality, and the needs for achievement, affiliation, and
    power.

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  • 6. 

    Locus of control refers to

    • A.

      Person's belief about what causes the good or bad results in his or her life.

    • B.

      Persons wanted to control others

    • C.

      Self-esteem

    • D.

      None

    Correct Answer
    A. Person's belief about what causes the good or bad results in his or her life.
    Explanation
    Locus of control refers to a person's belief about what causes the good or bad results in his or her life. It is the extent to which individuals believe they have control over the events that affect them. People with an internal locus of control believe that they have control over their outcomes, while those with an external locus of control believe that external factors or luck determine their outcomes. This belief can greatly impact a person's behavior, motivation, and overall well-being.

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  • 7. 

    Individual believes that his/her behaviour is guided by fate, luck, or other external circumstances

    • A.

      External Locus of Control

    • B.

      Internal Locus of Control

    • C.

      Type B personality

    • D.

      Self-esteem

    Correct Answer
    A. External Locus of Control
    Explanation
    External Locus of Control refers to the belief that one's behavior is influenced by external factors such as fate, luck, or other circumstances beyond their control. Individuals with an external locus of control tend to attribute their successes or failures to external forces rather than their own abilities or actions. They may feel that they have little control over their own lives and that their outcomes are determined by chance or external factors. This belief can impact their motivation, decision-making, and overall sense of personal responsibility.

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  • 8. 

    Individual believes that his/her behaviour is guided by his/her personal decisions and efforts.

    • A.

      External Locus of Control

    • B.

      Internal Locus of Control

    • C.

      Type B personality

    • D.

      Self-esteem

    Correct Answer
    B. Internal Locus of Control
    Explanation
    Internal Locus of Control refers to the belief that individuals have control over their own actions and outcomes. It suggests that people believe their behavior is guided by their personal decisions and efforts rather than external factors or luck. This belief is associated with a sense of personal responsibility and self-determination. Individuals with an internal locus of control tend to be more proactive, confident, and motivated to achieve their goals. They believe that their actions can influence the outcomes in their lives, leading to a greater sense of control and satisfaction.

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  • 9. 

    Mark two types of physical ability:

    • A.

      Ability to see relationships

    • B.

      Motor skills

    • C.

      Spatial

    • D.

      Physical skills

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. Motor skills
    D. Physical skills
    Explanation
    The correct answer is motor skills and physical skills. Motor skills refer to the ability to control and coordinate movements, such as running, jumping, or throwing. Physical skills, on the other hand, encompass a broader range of abilities related to physical fitness and performance, including strength, agility, and endurance. Both motor skills and physical skills are essential for engaging in various physical activities and sports.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Oct 06, 2009
    Quiz Created by
    Zubair
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