Project Quality Management Trivia Questions

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Project Quality Management Trivia Questions - Quiz

When it comes to project management, getting the best quality out of the procedures applied to meet an objective is one of the most important things a manager should aim to get. There are different ways in which this can be achieved, and the quiz below is designed to see just how well you understand the process. Give it a try!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Action taken to bring rejected items into compliance with product requirements or specifications or other stakeholder expectations 

    • A.

      Project Adjustments

    • B.

      Rework

    • C.

      Acceptance Decisions

    Correct Answer
    B. Rework
    Explanation
    Rework refers to the action taken to bring rejected items into compliance with product requirements or specifications or other stakeholder expectations. When a product or component does not meet the desired standards or fails to meet the expectations of stakeholders, it needs to be reworked or repaired to ensure it meets the required criteria. Rework can involve various activities such as fixing defects, modifying designs, or making adjustments to achieve the desired outcome. It is an essential part of quality control and ensures that the final product meets the necessary standards.

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  • 2. 

    Correct or prevent further quality problems based on quality control measurements 

    • A.

      Rework

    • B.

      Acceptance Decisions

    • C.

      Project Adjustments

    Correct Answer
    C. Project Adjustments
    Explanation
    Project adjustments refer to making changes or modifications to the project plan or processes in order to correct or prevent quality problems. This can involve revising the project schedule, reallocating resources, redefining tasks, or implementing new quality control measures. By making these adjustments, the project team can address any issues or deviations from the desired quality standards and ensure that the project stays on track and delivers the expected level of quality.

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  • 3. 

    Trace complaints about quality problems back to the responsible production operations.  Also known as Fishbone or Ishikawa Diagrams 

    • A.

      Histogram

    • B.

      Cause and Effect Diagrams

    • C.

      Control Chart

    Correct Answer
    B. Cause and Effect Diagrams
    Explanation
    Cause and Effect Diagrams, also known as Fishbone or Ishikawa Diagrams, are used to trace complaints about quality problems back to the responsible production operations. These diagrams help identify the potential causes of a problem by visually organizing and categorizing various factors that could contribute to the issue. By analyzing these diagrams, organizations can pinpoint the root causes of quality problems and take corrective actions to improve their production operations.

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  • 4. 

    A graphic display of data that illustrates the results of a process over time

    • A.

      Control Chart

    • B.

      Cause and Effect Diagrams

    • C.

      Pareto Analysis (80/20 Rule)

    Correct Answer
    A. Control Chart
    Explanation
    A control chart is a graphic display of data that illustrates the results of a process over time. It is used to monitor and control the variation in a process and identify any potential issues or trends. The control chart helps in determining whether a process is in control or out of control by plotting the data points on a graph along with control limits. It enables the identification of common causes of variation and helps in making data-driven decisions to improve the process.

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  • 5. 

    States that if seven data points in a row are all below the mean, above the mean, or are all increasing or decreasing, then the process needs to be examined for non-random problems. 

    • A.

      Pareto Chart

    • B.

      Run Chart

    • C.

      Seven Run Rule

    Correct Answer
    C. Seven Run Rule
    Explanation
    The Seven Run Rule states that if seven consecutive data points in a row are all below the mean, above the mean, or are all increasing or decreasing, then the process needs to be examined for non-random problems. This rule helps identify patterns or trends in data that may indicate a problem or deviation from randomness. By analyzing the consecutive runs, it becomes easier to identify potential issues in the process and take corrective actions.

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  • 6. 

    Displays the history and patterns of variation of a process over time

    • A.

      Flowcharts

    • B.

      Run Chart

    • C.

      Pareto Chart

    Correct Answer
    B. Run Chart
    Explanation
    A run chart is a graphical tool that displays the history and patterns of variation of a process over time. It is used to track a process or system's performance, and can help identify trends, patterns, and shifts in data. By plotting data points in chronological order, a run chart allows for easy visualization of how a process is performing over time. It is a simple yet effective tool for analyzing process performance and identifying areas for improvement.

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  • 7. 

    A bar graph of a distribution of variables

    • A.

      Control Chart

    • B.

      Cause and Effect Diagrams

    • C.

      Histogram

    Correct Answer
    C. Histogram
    Explanation
    A histogram is a graphical representation of a distribution of variables. It is commonly used to display the frequency or count of data within specific intervals or bins. Each bar in the histogram represents a range of values, and the height of the bar corresponds to the frequency of data falling within that range. Histograms are useful for visualizing the shape of a distribution and identifying patterns or outliers in the data. They are commonly used in statistics and data analysis to summarize and interpret data.

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  • 8. 

    A histogram that can help you identify and prioritize problem areas

    • A.

      Pareto Chart

    • B.

      Control Chart

    • C.

      Flowcharts

    Correct Answer
    A. Pareto Chart
    Explanation
    A Pareto chart is a type of histogram that organizes and displays data in descending order to identify and prioritize problem areas. It helps to visually analyze the frequency or impact of different categories or factors contributing to a problem. By focusing on the most significant factors, the Pareto chart allows for effective problem-solving and decision-making to address the root causes of issues. Control charts, on the other hand, are used to monitor and control processes, while flowcharts are visual representations of a process or workflow.

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  • 9. 

    80 percent of problems are often due to 20 percent of the causes

    • A.

      Seven Run Rule

    • B.

      Pareto Analysis (80/20 Rule)

    • C.

      Cause and Effect Diagrams

    Correct Answer
    B. Pareto Analysis (80/20 Rule)
    Explanation
    Pareto Analysis, also known as the 80/20 Rule, suggests that 80 percent of problems are typically caused by only 20 percent of the underlying causes. This principle is based on the observation that a small number of factors or causes often have a disproportionately large impact on outcomes. By identifying and addressing these critical few causes, organizations can focus their efforts and resources on the most significant issues, leading to more effective problem-solving and improvement.

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  • 10. 

    Graphic displays of the logic and flow of processes that help you analyze how problems occur and how processes can be improved 

    • A.

      Pareto Analysis (80/20 Rule)

    • B.

      Histogram

    • C.

      Flowcharts

    Correct Answer
    C. Flowcharts
    Explanation
    Flowcharts are graphic displays that show the logic and flow of processes. They are used to analyze how problems occur and how processes can be improved. Flowcharts provide a visual representation of the steps involved in a process, allowing for a better understanding of the sequence of events and possible bottlenecks. By using symbols and arrows to depict decision points, actions, and connections between steps, flowcharts provide a clear and concise way to communicate complex processes. They are a valuable tool for identifying areas of improvement and optimizing workflows.

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  • 11. 

    Choosing part of a population of interest for inspection

    • A.

      Six Sigma

    • B.

      Statistical Sampling

    • C.

      Standard Deviation

    Correct Answer
    B. Statistical Sampling
    Explanation
    Statistical sampling refers to the process of selecting a subset of a population of interest for inspection or analysis. It involves using statistical techniques to choose a representative sample that accurately reflects the characteristics of the entire population. By selecting a sample rather than examining the entire population, statistical sampling allows for more efficient and cost-effective data collection and analysis. It helps in making inferences and drawing conclusions about the population based on the characteristics observed in the sample.

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  • 12. 

    A comprehensive and flexible system for achieving, sustaining and maximizing business success 

    • A.

      Statistical Sampling

    • B.

      Six 9s of Quality

    • C.

      Six Sigma

    Correct Answer
    C. Six Sigma
    Explanation
    Six Sigma is a comprehensive and flexible system for achieving, sustaining, and maximizing business success. It is a statistical sampling methodology that focuses on reducing defects and improving quality by systematically analyzing and improving processes. The goal of Six Sigma is to achieve a level of quality where there are only 3.4 defects per million opportunities. By implementing Six Sigma, organizations can improve customer satisfaction, reduce costs, and increase profitability.

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  • 13. 

    Stands for Define, Measure, Analyze, Improve, and Control

    • A.

      Unit Test

    • B.

      Integration Testing

    • C.

      DMAIC

    Correct Answer
    C. DMAIC
    Explanation
    DMAIC stands for Define, Measure, Analyze, Improve, and Control. It is a problem-solving methodology used in Six Sigma and other process improvement initiatives. The DMAIC approach provides a structured framework for identifying and addressing performance issues, reducing defects, and improving overall process efficiency. The Define phase involves clearly defining the problem and setting project goals. The Measure phase focuses on collecting data to understand the current state of the process. The Analyze phase involves analyzing the data to identify root causes of problems. The Improve phase focuses on implementing solutions to address the identified issues. The Control phase involves monitoring and sustaining the improvements made.

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  • 14. 

    Define the problem/opportunity, process, and customer requirements

    • A.

      Analyze

    • B.

      Define

    • C.

      Measure

    Correct Answer
    B. Define
    Explanation
    The given answer "Define" is correct because in the context of problem-solving or process improvement, the first step is to define the problem or opportunity. This involves clearly understanding and articulating the issue at hand, as well as identifying the desired outcome or customer requirements. Without a clear definition, it would be difficult to proceed with the analysis, measurement, and subsequent steps of the problem-solving process.

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  • 15. 

    Define measures, then collect, compile, and display data

    • A.

      Improve

    • B.

      Control

    • C.

      Measure

    Correct Answer
    C. Measure
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Measure" because in the given statement, the process of defining measures is mentioned first, followed by collecting, compiling, and displaying data. This implies that the step of measuring is the initial step in the process.

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  • 16. 

    Scrutinize process details to find improvement opportunities

    • A.

      Control

    • B.

      Analyze

    • C.

      Measure

    Correct Answer
    B. Analyze
    Explanation
    The given process involves scrutinizing process details to identify improvement opportunities. This implies that the process is already being measured and controlled, as these steps are necessary to gather data and ensure that the process is functioning within acceptable parameters. Therefore, the next logical step would be to analyze the gathered data and identify areas where improvements can be made. Analyzing the process details will help in identifying any inefficiencies or areas for optimization, leading to better overall performance.

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  • 17. 

    Generate solutions and ideas for improving the problem

    • A.

      Measure

    • B.

      Define

    • C.

      Improve

    Correct Answer
    C. Improve
    Explanation
    The answer "Improve" is the correct choice because the question asks for solutions and ideas for improving the problem. The word "improve" suggests finding ways to make the situation better or more effective. This could involve making changes, implementing new strategies, or finding innovative solutions to address the problem at hand.

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  • 18. 

    Track and verify the stability of the improvements and the predictability of the solution 

    • A.

      Improve

    • B.

      Control

    • C.

      Analyze

    Correct Answer
    B. Control
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Control" because it is the phase in the DMAIC (Define, Measure, Analyze, Improve, Control) methodology that focuses on monitoring and sustaining the improvements made during the previous phases. It involves implementing control measures, establishing metrics to track progress, and ensuring that the solution remains stable and predictable over time. This phase is crucial for maintaining the gains achieved through the improvement process and preventing regression.

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  • 19. 

    Measures how much variation exists in a distribution of data

    • A.

      Normal Distribution

    • B.

      Statistical Sampling

    • C.

      Standard Deviation

    Correct Answer
    C. Standard Deviation
    Explanation
    Standard deviation is a statistical measure that quantifies the amount of variation or dispersion in a set of data. It provides an indication of how spread out the data points are from the mean. A higher standard deviation indicates greater variability, while a lower standard deviation suggests that the data points are closer to the mean. Therefore, standard deviation is a suitable measure for assessing the amount of variation present in a distribution of data.

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  • 20. 

    A bell-shaped curve that is symmetrical regarding the average value of the population (the data being analyzed). 

    • A.

      Normal Distribution

    • B.

      Standard Deviation

    • C.

      Six Sigma

    Correct Answer
    A. Normal Distribution
    Explanation
    A normal distribution is a bell-shaped curve that is symmetrical around the average value of the population being analyzed. In a normal distribution, the majority of data points are clustered around the average, with fewer data points further away from the average. This type of distribution is commonly observed in many natural and social phenomena, such as height or test scores. It is characterized by its mean and standard deviation, which describe the central tendency and spread of the data, respectively.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 20, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Nov 19, 2009
    Quiz Created by
    Roadman19771
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