Human Growth And Development Test! Quiz

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| By 123yoyo
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123yoyo
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Quizzes Created: 1 | Total Attempts: 241
Questions: 22 | Attempts: 242

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Human Growth And Development Test! Quiz - Quiz


Do you know why the study of human growth and development is critical? Could you pass this quiz? Studying human development makes it easier to notice possible indications of difficulty. From problems with cognitive, social, or emotional development in early childhood to struggles later in life, being able to recognize potential problems is very important. Take this quiz and see how much you know about human growth and development.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    ____________ are small organs in your body that produces hormones.

    Explanation
    Glands are small organs in the body that produce hormones. Hormones are chemical messengers that regulate various bodily functions and processes. Glands can be found throughout the body and are responsible for producing and releasing hormones into the bloodstream. These hormones then travel to target cells or organs where they exert their effects and help to maintain homeostasis. Some examples of glands in the body include the pituitary gland, thyroid gland, adrenal glands, and pancreas.

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  • 2. 

    Hormones tell your cells what to do.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Hormones are chemical messengers that are produced by glands in the endocrine system. They travel through the bloodstream to target cells and tissues, where they bind to specific receptors and send signals that regulate various processes in the body. These signals can include instructions for cells to perform certain actions or carry out specific functions. Therefore, it is true that hormones tell your cells what to do.

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  • 3. 

    Which of the following isn't a part of the endocrine system?

    • A.

      Adrenal

    • B.

      Pituitary

    • C.

      Appendix

    • D.

      Pancteas

    Correct Answer
    C. Appendix
    Explanation
    The appendix is not a part of the endocrine system. The endocrine system consists of glands that produce and secrete hormones into the bloodstream, which regulate various bodily functions. The adrenal glands, pituitary gland, and pancreas are all examples of endocrine glands that play important roles in hormone production and regulation. However, the appendix is a small, finger-like pouch attached to the large intestine and does not produce or secrete hormones.

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  • 4. 

    _________(sometimes called master gland) gland is about a of a pea at the base of your brain.

    Correct Answer
    Pituitary
    Explanation
    The pituitary gland, sometimes called the master gland, is a small gland about the size of a pea located at the base of the brain. It is responsible for producing and releasing various hormones that regulate the functions of other endocrine glands in the body. The pituitary gland plays a crucial role in controlling growth, metabolism, reproduction, and many other important bodily functions.

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  • 5. 

    _________ gland is the largest gland in our body.

    Correct Answer
    Pancreas
    Explanation
    The pancreas is the largest gland in our body. It is located in the abdomen and plays a crucial role in digestion and regulating blood sugar levels. It produces digestive enzymes that help break down food in the small intestine and also produces insulin and glucagon, which are hormones that regulate blood sugar levels. The pancreas is essential for maintaining overall health and proper functioning of the body.

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  • 6. 

    Which of the followings are an endocrine system problem?

    • A.

      Diabetes

    • B.

      Leukaemia

    • C.

      Hemophilia

    Correct Answer
    A. Diabetes
    Explanation
    Diabetes is an endocrine system problem because it is caused by a malfunction in the pancreas, which is an endocrine gland. The pancreas produces insulin, a hormone that regulates blood sugar levels. In diabetes, either the pancreas does not produce enough insulin (Type 1 diabetes) or the body does not effectively use the insulin it produces (Type 2 diabetes). This disruption in the normal functioning of the endocrine system leads to problems in regulating blood sugar levels, resulting in high blood sugar levels and various complications.

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  • 7. 

    Pancreas produces ________ hormone.

    Correct Answer
    insulin
    Explanation
    The pancreas is an organ in the body that produces the hormone insulin. Insulin is responsible for regulating blood sugar levels and allowing cells to take in glucose for energy. Without insulin, the body cannot properly process glucose, leading to high blood sugar levels and potentially causing diabetes. Therefore, the correct answer is insulin.

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  • 8. 

    Puberty is the change in your body when you become an adult from a child.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Puberty is indeed the process of physical and sexual maturation that occurs during adolescence, marking the transition from childhood to adulthood. It involves various hormonal changes that lead to the development of secondary sexual characteristics, such as the growth of breasts in females and the deepening of the voice in males. This period is also characterized by the onset of menstruation in girls and the ability to produce sperm in boys. Therefore, the statement "Puberty is the change in your body when you become an adult from a child" is accurate.

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  • 9. 

    The pituitary gland releases a hormone that tells the ovaries to start releasing eggs.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The pituitary gland is responsible for releasing a hormone called follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), which stimulates the ovaries to start releasing eggs. This hormone plays a crucial role in the reproductive system and is essential for the process of ovulation. Therefore, the statement that the pituitary gland releases a hormone that tells the ovaries to start releasing eggs is true.

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  • 10. 

    Which of the following changes are just for girls.

    • A.

      Pubic hair

    • B.

      Underarm hair

    • C.

      Hips gain extra padding

    • D.

      Body hair

    • E.

      Breasts develop

    • F.

      Menstruation

    Correct Answer(s)
    C. Hips gain extra padding
    E. Breasts develop
    F. Menstruation
    Explanation
    During puberty, girls experience hormonal changes that lead to various physical changes in their bodies. Hips gaining extra padding is a change that is specific to girls, as it is a result of the widening of the pelvic bones to prepare for childbirth. Breasts developing is another change that is unique to girls, as it is a result of the growth of mammary glands and the accumulation of fatty tissue. Menstruation, or the monthly shedding of the uterine lining, is also a change that only occurs in girls and is necessary for reproduction.

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  • 11. 

    I boys the pituitary gland tells testes to let out more _________ hormone. 

    Correct Answer(s)
    testosterone
    Explanation
    The pituitary gland is responsible for regulating the production of hormones in the body. In the case of boys, the pituitary gland signals the testes to release more testosterone hormone. Testosterone is a male sex hormone that plays a crucial role in the development of male reproductive tissues and secondary sexual characteristics. It is responsible for the growth of facial and body hair, deepening of the voice, and muscle development, among other things.

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  • 12. 

    Which of the following are just for boys?

    • A.

      Facial hair

    • B.

      Pubic hair

    • C.

      Muscles develop

    • D.

      Genital enlages

    • E.

      Underarm hair

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Facial hair
    C. Muscles develop
    D. Genital enlages
    Explanation
    The given answer choices, facial hair, muscles develop, and genital enlarges, are all physical changes that typically occur during puberty in boys. These changes are driven by hormonal shifts in the body, specifically the increase in testosterone levels. Pubic hair and underarm hair can also develop during puberty, but they are not exclusive to boys as they can also occur in girls.

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  • 13. 

    Which of the following is for both boys and girls?

    • A.

      Awkwardness

    • B.

      Pubic hair

    • C.

      Deeper voice

    • D.

      Muscles develop

    • E.

      Underarm hair

    • F.

      Hips gain extra padding

    • G.

      Breasts develop

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Awkwardness
    B. Pubic hair
    E. Underarm hair
    Explanation
    Awkwardness, pubic hair, and underarm hair are characteristics that can develop in both boys and girls during puberty. These changes are a normal part of the physical and emotional development that occurs during adolescence. While some changes, such as deeper voice, muscles development, hips gaining extra padding, and breast development, are specific to either boys or girls, awkwardness and the growth of pubic and underarm hair are common experiences for both genders.

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  • 14. 

    Reproduction is the process in which organisms make more organisms like themselves.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Reproduction is indeed the process through which organisms create offspring that are similar to themselves. This can occur through sexual or asexual means, depending on the species. Sexual reproduction involves the fusion of gametes from two parents, resulting in genetic variation in the offspring. Asexual reproduction, on the other hand, involves the production of genetically identical offspring from a single parent. In both cases, the goal is to produce new organisms that share characteristics and traits with the parent organism(s). Therefore, the statement that reproduction is the process in which organisms make more organisms like themselves is true.

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  • 15. 

    The sex cells are also called _________.

    Correct Answer
    gametes
    Explanation
    Sex cells, also known as gametes, are reproductive cells that are involved in sexual reproduction. These cells, such as sperm and egg cells, contain half the number of chromosomes compared to other body cells. They are responsible for transmitting genetic information from one generation to the next during fertilization. Gametes are specialized cells that are produced through a process called meiosis, which ensures genetic diversity in offspring.

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  • 16. 

    The sex cells meet in the girls body to make a new individual.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Sex cells, also known as gametes, are the reproductive cells responsible for fertilization. In sexual reproduction, a sperm cell from the male and an egg cell from the female meet in the female's body to form a new individual. This process is called fertilization or conception. Therefore, the statement that sex cells meet in the girl's body to make a new individual is true.

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  • 17. 

    The passes on some characteristics through ___________. These are the thing that makes every child unique. 

    Correct Answer
    genes
    Explanation
    Genes are responsible for passing on characteristics from parents to their children. These characteristics can include physical traits, such as eye color and height, as well as certain predispositions to certain diseases or behaviors. Genes are the building blocks of heredity and are what make each child unique, as they inherit a unique combination of genes from their parents.

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  • 18. 

    A sexually mature male produces  

    • A.

      Millions

    • B.

      Thousands

    • C.

      Billions

    • D.

      Hundreds

    Correct Answer
    A. Millions
    Explanation
    A sexually mature male is capable of producing a large number of sperm cells. The word "millions" indicates a significantly high number, which is a plausible estimate for the quantity of sperm produced by a sexually mature male.

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  • 19. 

    The __________ is the female sex cell.

    Correct Answer
    egg
    ovum
    Explanation
    Both "egg" and "ovum" are correct answers for the female sex cell. "Egg" is a more commonly used term, while "ovum" is the scientific term. Both words refer to the same thing, the reproductive cell produced by females that can be fertilized by sperm during sexual reproduction.

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  • 20. 

    The female reproductive system protects and nourishes the fertilized egg until it is fully developed and gives birth.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The female reproductive system includes various organs such as the ovaries, fallopian tubes, uterus, and vagina, which work together to support the development of a fertilized egg. Once an egg is fertilized by sperm, it implants itself into the lining of the uterus, where it receives nourishment from the mother's blood supply. The uterus provides a safe environment for the fertilized egg to grow and develop into a fetus until it is ready to be delivered through the birth canal. Therefore, the statement that the female reproductive system protects and nourishes the fertilized egg until it is fully developed and gives birth is true.

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  • 21. 

    ___________ : an ovary sends an egg to the fallopian tube. Unless the egg is fertilized by a sperm the egg drues up and leaves the body 2 weeks later.

    Correct Answer
    Menstruation
    Menstrual Cycle
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Menstruation and Menstrual Cycle. Menstruation refers to the monthly shedding of the uterine lining, which occurs when the egg released by the ovary is not fertilized. The menstrual cycle is the regular hormonal cycle that prepares the uterus for pregnancy and includes the release of an egg from the ovary. If the egg is not fertilized, the uterine lining is shed during menstruation.

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  • 22. 

    Where does fertilization happen?

    • A.

      Vagina

    • B.

      Uterus

    • C.

      Fallopian tube

    Correct Answer
    C. Fallopian tube
    Explanation
    Fertilization happens in the fallopian tube. This is where the sperm and egg meet and combine to form a fertilized egg. The fallopian tube provides the necessary environment for the fertilization process to occur, including the presence of certain enzymes and the transportation of the egg towards the uterus for implantation.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Mar 18, 2013
    Quiz Created by
    123yoyo
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