Trivia Quiz On Human Growth And Development

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Trivia Quiz On Human Growth And Development - Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    __________________ involves development of the body's makeup, including the brain, nervous system, muscles, senses, and the need for food, drink, and sleep.

    • A.

      Cognitive Development

    • B.

      Physical Development

    • C.

      Social Development

    • D.

      Learning Development

    Correct Answer
    B. Physical Development
    Explanation
    Physical development involves the growth and maturation of the body, including the brain, nervous system, muscles, senses, and the physiological needs such as food, drink, and sleep. It encompasses changes in size, strength, coordination, motor skills, and sensory abilities. This type of development is essential for individuals to engage in various activities, move, explore their environment, and interact with others effectively.

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  • 2. 

    __________________ involves development of the ways that growth and change in intellectual capabilities influence a person's behavior. 

    • A.

      Physical Development

    • B.

      Learning Development

    • C.

      Social Development

    • D.

      Cognitive Development

    Correct Answer
    D. Cognitive Development
    Explanation
    Cognitive development refers to the growth and change in intellectual capabilities that influence a person's behavior. This includes the development of skills such as problem-solving, memory, attention, and language. It involves the way individuals perceive, think, and understand the world around them, and how these cognitive processes shape their behavior and interactions with others.

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  • 3. 

    __________________ involves development in which individuals' reactions with others and their social relationships grow, change, and remain stable over the course of life. 

    • A.

      Physical Development

    • B.

      Social Competence

    • C.

      Social Development

    • D.

      Personality Development

    Correct Answer
    C. Social Development
    Explanation
    Social development involves development in which individuals' reactions with others and their social relationships grow, change, and remain stable over the course of life. This includes the development of social skills, the ability to form and maintain relationships, and the understanding of social norms and expectations. Social development is influenced by various factors, such as family, peers, and cultural environment, and it plays a crucial role in shaping an individual's overall well-being and functioning in society.

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  • 4. 

    __________________ involves development involving the ways that the enduring characteristics that differentiate one person from another change over the lifespan. 

    • A.

      Social Development

    • B.

      Cognitive Development

    • C.

      Personality Development

    • D.

      Physical Development

    Correct Answer
    C. Personality Development
    Explanation
    Personality development involves the development of enduring characteristics that differentiate one person from another and how these characteristics change over the lifespan. It includes the formation of traits, behaviors, attitudes, and emotions that make individuals unique. This development occurs through various influences such as genetics, environment, and experiences.

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  • 5. 

    The approach that encompasses changes in our interactions with and understandings of one another, as well as in our knowledge and understanding of ourselves as members of society.  

    • A.

      Psychosexual Development

    • B.

      Psychosocial Development

    • C.

      Initiative-vs-Guilt Stage

    • D.

      Behavioral Perspective

    Correct Answer
    B. Psychosocial Development
    Explanation
    Psychosocial development refers to the approach that encompasses changes in our interactions with and understandings of one another, as well as in our knowledge and understanding of ourselves as members of society. This term was coined by Erik Erikson, a developmental psychologist, who believed that individuals go through various stages of psychosocial development throughout their lives. These stages involve the resolution of conflicts and the development of important social and emotional skills.

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  • 6. 

    Refers to the environmental influences that shape behavior.

    • A.

      Nurture

    • B.

      Nature

    • C.

      Cohort

    • D.

      Accomodation

    Correct Answer
    A. Nurture
    Explanation
    The correct answer is nurture because it refers to the environmental influences that shape behavior. This means that how a person is raised, the experiences they have, and the social and cultural factors they are exposed to all play a role in shaping their behavior. Nature, on the other hand, refers to the genetic and biological factors that influence behavior. Cohort refers to a group of individuals who share a common characteristic or experience, and accommodation refers to the process of adapting or adjusting to new circumstances.

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  • 7. 

    Refers to traits, abilities, and capacities that are inherited from one’s parents. 

    • A.

      Nature

    • B.

      Nurture

    • C.

      Cohort

    • D.

      Accomodation

    Correct Answer
    A. Nature
    Explanation
    The term "nature" refers to traits, abilities, and capacities that are inherited from one's parents. This means that these characteristics are determined by genetics and are present from birth. It suggests that certain aspects of an individual's behavior, personality, and physical attributes are predetermined and influenced by their genetic makeup.

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  • 8. 

    A point in development when organisms are particularly susceptible to certain kinds of stimuli in their environments, but the absence of those stimuli does not always produce irreversible consequences. 

    • A.

      Critical Period

    • B.

      Sensitive Period

    • C.

      Embryonic Period

    • D.

      Assimilation

    Correct Answer
    B. Sensitive Period
    Explanation
    A sensitive period is a point in development when organisms are particularly susceptible to certain kinds of stimuli in their environments. During this period, the absence of those stimuli may not always produce irreversible consequences. This means that if the necessary stimuli are not present during the sensitive period, it may still be possible for the organism to develop those skills or traits later on, although it may require more effort or be less efficient. The term "sensitive period" emphasizes the importance of specific environmental influences during critical periods of development.

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  • 9. 

    A group of people born at around the same time in the same place. These people are products of the social time in which they live. 

    • A.

      Group

    • B.

      Cohort

    • C.

      Longitudinal Study

    • D.

      Family

    Correct Answer
    B. Cohort
    Explanation
    A cohort refers to a group of people who are born around the same time and in the same place. They share similar experiences and are influenced by the social conditions of their time. This term is commonly used in social sciences to study and analyze the effects of a particular generation or age group on various aspects of society. The answer "cohort" accurately describes the given definition and is the most appropriate choice among the options provided.

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  • 10. 

    A specific time during development when a particular event has its greatest consequences and the presence of certain kinds of environmental stimuli are necessary for development to proceed normally. 

    • A.

      Sensitive Period

    • B.

      Critical Period

    • C.

      Fetal Period

    • D.

      Critically Enhanced Period

    Correct Answer
    B. Critical Period
    Explanation
    A critical period refers to a specific time during development when a particular event has its greatest consequences and the presence of certain kinds of environmental stimuli are necessary for development to proceed normally. This period is characterized by a heightened sensitivity to certain experiences and if these experiences do not occur during this time, it may result in irreversible developmental consequences.

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  • 11. 

    Changes in existing ways of thinking in response to encounters with new stimuli or events. 

    • A.

      Accommodation

    • B.

      Niches

    • C.

      Schemes

    • D.

      Assimilation

    Correct Answer
    A. Accommodation
    Explanation
    Accommodation refers to the process of modifying existing ways of thinking in response to new experiences or information. It involves adapting one's mental frameworks or schemas to incorporate new knowledge or perspectives. When individuals encounter new stimuli or events that do not fit into their existing mental structures, they must adjust their thinking in order to accommodate these new experiences. This process allows for cognitive growth and the development of more complex understandings of the world.

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  • 12. 

    The approach that suggests that the keys to understanding development are observable behavior and outside stimuli in the environment. 

    • A.

      Psychosexual Development

    • B.

      Behavioral Development

    • C.

      Psychosocial Development

    • D.

      Behavioral Perspective

    Correct Answer
    D. Behavioral Perspective
    Explanation
    The behavioral perspective suggests that the keys to understanding development are observable behavior and outside stimuli in the environment. This perspective emphasizes the importance of studying behavior in order to understand how individuals learn and develop. It focuses on the role of reinforcement, punishment, and conditioning in shaping behavior. This perspective also emphasizes the influence of the environment on behavior, suggesting that behavior is largely a result of external factors rather than internal processes.

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  • 13. 

    The process by which a sperm and an ovum – the male and female gametes, respectively – join to form a single new cell. 

    • A.

      Fertilization

    • B.

      Zygote

    • C.

      Zygotic fertilization

    • D.

      Oogonia

    Correct Answer
    A. Fertilization
    Explanation
    Fertilization is the process in which a sperm and an ovum, which are the male and female gametes, respectively, join together to form a single new cell called a zygote. This is the initial step in the development of a new organism.

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  • 14. 

    The process in which people understand a new experience in terms of their current stage of cognitive development and existing ways of thinking. 

    • A.

      Schemes

    • B.

      Accommodation

    • C.

      Assimilation

    • D.

      Thinking

    Correct Answer
    C. Assimilation
    Explanation
    Assimilation is the correct answer because it refers to the process in which individuals understand and interpret new experiences by incorporating them into their existing cognitive structures or mental frameworks. This means that individuals use their existing knowledge and understanding to make sense of new information or experiences. Assimilation allows individuals to fit new information into their existing schemas or mental categories, helping them to make sense of the world around them.

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  • 15. 

    The newest of the diseases to affect a new born. Mothers who have the disease or who merely are carriers of the virus may pass it on to their fetuses through the blood that reaches the placenta.

    • A.

      HIV

    • B.

      AIDS

    • C.

      SIDS

    • D.

      Childhood Depression

    Correct Answer
    B. AIDS
    Explanation
    AIDS, or Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome, is the correct answer because it is a disease that can be passed from mother to fetus through the blood that reaches the placenta. HIV, the virus that causes AIDS, can be transmitted from an infected mother to her child during pregnancy, childbirth, or breastfeeding. This makes AIDS one of the newest diseases to affect a newborn, as mentioned in the explanation.

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  • 16. 

    Anderson (2001) has shown that if mothers with AIDS are treated with antiviral drugs, less than ___ of infants are born with the disease. In infants of mothers who do NOT receive treatment, the rate of transmission is closer to ____.

    • A.

      10%; 50%

    • B.

      5%; 30%

    • C.

      5%; 10%

    • D.

      5%; 20%

    Correct Answer
    B. 5%; 30%
    Explanation
    Anderson (2001) has shown that if mothers with AIDS are treated with antiviral drugs, less than 5% of infants are born with the disease. In infants of mothers who do NOT receive treatment, the rate of transmission is closer to 30%. This suggests that antiviral drugs can significantly reduce the risk of mother-to-child transmission of AIDS, as the transmission rate is much higher in untreated mothers compared to those who receive treatment.

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  • 17. 

    A factor that produces a birth defect. It is an environmental agent such as a drug, chemical, virus, or other factor that produces a birth defect. 

    • A.

      Cocaine

    • B.

      Drugs

    • C.

      Teratogens

    • D.

      Products of critical periods

    Correct Answer
    C. Teratogens
    Explanation
    Teratogens are substances or agents that can cause birth defects in developing embryos or fetuses. They can include drugs, chemicals, viruses, or other environmental factors. Cocaine is a specific example of a teratogen, as it has been shown to have harmful effects on fetal development when used during pregnancy. Therefore, the answer "Teratogens" is correct because it accurately describes substances or agents that produce birth defects, such as cocaine.

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  • 18. 

    The average pregnancy is ___ weeks from the last period, which is ___ days. 

    • A.

      36; 245

    • B.

      36; 277

    • C.

      35; 278

    • D.

      38; 266

    Correct Answer
    D. 38; 266
    Explanation
    The average pregnancy is 38 weeks from the last period, which is 266 days.

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  • 19. 

    These contractions are sometimes called “false labor” because they can fool eager and anxious parents. They occur after the fourth month of pregnancy to expand the uterus as the fetus grows.

    • A.

      Delivery Contractions

    • B.

      Engagement

    • C.

      Braxton-Hicks Contractions

    • D.

      Labor Contractions

    Correct Answer
    C. Braxton-Hicks Contractions
    Explanation
    Braxton-Hicks contractions are sometimes called "false labor" because they can deceive expectant parents into thinking that labor has begun. These contractions occur after the fourth month of pregnancy and are the body's way of preparing for labor. They help to expand the uterus as the fetus grows. Unlike true labor contractions, Braxton-Hicks contractions are usually irregular, shorter in duration, and less intense. They are often described as a tightening or squeezing sensation in the abdomen.

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  • 20. 

    The new cell formed by the process of fertilization. 

    • A.

      Gametes

    • B.

      Chromosomes

    • C.

      Zygote

    • D.

      Blastula

    Correct Answer
    C. Zygote
    Explanation
    The zygote is the correct answer because it is the new cell formed by the process of fertilization. Fertilization occurs when a sperm cell and an egg cell combine to form a zygote. The zygote then undergoes cell division and development to eventually form an embryo.

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  • 21. 

    Twins who are genetically identical. 

    • A.

      Dizygotic Twins

    • B.

      Monozygotic Twins

    • C.

      Prenatal Twins

    • D.

      Siblings

    Correct Answer
    B. Monozygotic Twins
    Explanation
    Monozygotic twins are also known as identical twins. They occur when a single fertilized egg splits into two embryos, resulting in two individuals who share the same genetic makeup. This means that monozygotic twins are genetically identical, as stated in the given correct answer. Dizygotic twins, on the other hand, are fraternal twins who develop from two separate fertilized eggs and are not genetically identical. Prenatal twins and siblings are not terms that specifically refer to twins who are genetically identical.

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  • 22. 

    Rod-shaped portions of DNA that are organized in 23 pairs. 

    • A.

      DNA

    • B.

      Chromosomes

    • C.

      Genetic Diversity

    • D.

      Genes

    Correct Answer
    B. Chromosomes
    Explanation
    Chromosomes are rod-shaped portions of DNA that are organized in 23 pairs. They contain the genetic information that is passed down from parents to offspring. Each chromosome contains many genes, which are segments of DNA that code for specific traits. The organization of DNA into chromosomes allows for the efficient packaging and transmission of genetic material during cell division and reproduction.

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  • 23. 

    The reproductive/sex cells of males and females. The male reproductive cell is called a sperm, and the female reproductive cell is called ova. 

    • A.

      Zygote

    • B.

      Gametes

    • C.

      Blastula

    • D.

      Sperm and Ovum

    Correct Answer
    B. Gametes
    Explanation
    Gametes are the reproductive/sex cells of males and females. The male gamete is called a sperm, and the female gamete is called an ovum. These gametes are responsible for sexual reproduction, where they combine during fertilization to form a zygote. The zygote then develops into a blastula, which is an early stage of embryonic development. Therefore, the term "gametes" is the correct answer as it accurately describes the reproductive cells of males and females.

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  • 24. 

    An incision sometimes made to increase the size of the opening of the vagina to allow the baby to pass. 

    • A.

      Laparotomy

    • B.

      Episiotomy

    • C.

      Abdominal Incision

    • D.

      C-Section

    Correct Answer
    B. Episiotomy
    Explanation
    Episiotomy is a surgical procedure in which an incision is made in the perineum, the area between the vagina and the anus, during childbirth. This incision is made to enlarge the vaginal opening and facilitate the passage of the baby through the birth canal. It is commonly performed when the baby's head is too large or if there is a risk of tearing the perineum. Episiotomy can help prevent severe tears and reduce the risk of long-term complications for both the mother and the baby.

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  • 25. 

    The basic unit of genetic information. 

    • A.

      Chromosomes

    • B.

      Genes

    • C.

      Nucleus

    • D.

      RNA

    Correct Answer
    B. Genes
    Explanation
    Genes are the basic unit of genetic information. They are segments of DNA that contain instructions for building and maintaining an organism. Genes determine an individual's traits and characteristics, such as eye color, height, and susceptibility to certain diseases. They are located on chromosomes, which are thread-like structures found in the nucleus of cells. RNA, on the other hand, plays a role in protein synthesis and is transcribed from genes. Therefore, genes are the correct answer as they are the fundamental units of genetic information.

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  • 26. 

    There are roughly _____ genes in a human.

    • A.

      35,000

    • B.

      45,000

    • C.

      26,000

    • D.

      25,000

    Correct Answer
    D. 25,000
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 25,000. This is the estimated number of genes in a human. Genes are segments of DNA that contain instructions for building proteins, which are essential for the structure and function of the body. The Human Genome Project, completed in 2003, provided a rough estimate of the number of genes in the human genome. However, it is important to note that this number can vary slightly among individuals and may be subject to further research and discovery.

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  • 27. 

    Twins who are produced when two separate ova are fertilized by two separate sperm at roughly the same time. 

    • A.

      Monozygotic Twins

    • B.

      Zygote

    • C.

      Siblings

    • D.

      Dizygotic Twins

    Correct Answer
    D. Dizygotic Twins
    Explanation
    Dizygotic twins, also known as fraternal twins, are produced when two separate ova (eggs) are fertilized by two separate sperm at roughly the same time. This means that each twin has their own placenta and amniotic sac. Dizygotic twins are genetically no more similar than any other siblings and can be of the same or different sexes. This is in contrast to monozygotic twins, who are produced from a single fertilized egg that splits into two embryos.

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  • 28. 

    The first stage of labor in which regular and increasingly frequent uterine contractions widen the cervix. Contractions occur every 8-10 minutes and last about 30 seconds. Contractions force the head of the fetus against the cervix.

    • A.

      Engagement

    • B.

      Effacement

    • C.

      Dilation and Effacement

    • D.

      Labor

    Correct Answer
    C. Dilation and Effacement
    Explanation
    Dilation and effacement is the correct answer because it accurately describes the first stage of labor. During this stage, the cervix widens (dilates) and thins out (effaces) in preparation for childbirth. Regular and increasingly frequent uterine contractions occur, which help to widen the cervix. The contractions typically occur every 8-10 minutes and last about 30 seconds. The contractions also help to push the head of the fetus against the cervix, further aiding in dilation and effacement.

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  • 29. 

    The contractions increase to their greatest intensity, a period known as ________. 

    • A.

      Transcription

    • B.

      Translation

    • C.

      Transition

    • D.

      Engagement

    Correct Answer
    C. Transition
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Transition." Transition refers to a period of change or movement from one state or condition to another. In the context of the question, it is referring to the period when contractions reach their greatest intensity before the birth of a baby.

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  • 30. 

    This stage can last from ___________.

    • A.

      15 to 25 hours

    • B.

      12 to 24 hours

    • C.

      16 to 24 hours

    • D.

      16 to 20 hours

    Correct Answer
    C. 16 to 24 hours
    Explanation
    This stage can last from 16 to 24 hours. The duration of this stage can vary, but typically it lasts between 16 to 24 hours.

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  • 31. 

    During the second stage of labor, the baby's head moves through the birth canal. This stage typically lasts ____ minutes. After each contraction the baby's head emerges more and increases the vaginal opening. In this stage, _________ commences.

    • A.

      90; Water Breaking

    • B.

      80; Labor

    • C.

      90; Labor

    • D.

      80; Contractions

    Correct Answer
    C. 90; Labor
    Explanation
    During the second stage of labor, the baby's head moves through the birth canal, which typically lasts around 90 minutes. After each contraction, the baby's head emerges more and increases the vaginal opening. In this stage, labor commences as the woman's body works to push the baby out.

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  • 32. 

    During the third stage of labor, the child's ________________ are expelled. This is the shortest stage, lasting only _____ minutes.

    • A.

      Amniotic sac and placenta; 5-10

    • B.

      Umbilical cord and placenta; 5-10

    • C.

      Umbilical cord and amniotic sac; 5-10

    • D.

      Placenta and liver; 5-10

    Correct Answer
    B. Umbilical cord and placenta; 5-10
    Explanation
    During the third stage of labor, the umbilical cord and placenta are expelled. This stage is the shortest, lasting only 5-10 minutes.

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  • Mar 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
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  • Oct 16, 2012
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