Hidden EP Quiz No.15

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Hidden EP Quiz No.15 - Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What does ex post facto evaluation seek to do?

    • A.

      Describe conditions under which an undertaking is effective

    • B.

      Identify any unanticipated effects of an undertaking

    • C.

      Detemiine whether stated goals have been achieved

    • D.

      All of the choices

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the choices
    Explanation
    Ex post facto evaluation seeks to accomplish all of the choices mentioned. It aims to describe the conditions under which an undertaking is effective, identify any unanticipated effects of an undertaking, and determine whether stated goals have been achieved. This type of evaluation is conducted after the completion of a project or program to assess its outcomes and impacts.

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  • 2. 

    What does an impact evaluation measure that is not dearly described in terminal evaluational projects end? 

    • A.

      Key outputs or outcomes of a project

    • B.

      Indicators, benchmarks, and milestones

    • C.

      Immediate results of an undertaking -

    • D.

      Long-term consequences on people, society, and nature

    Correct Answer
    D. Long-term consequences on people, society, and nature
    Explanation
    An impact evaluation measures the long-term consequences of a project on people, society, and nature. This type of evaluation goes beyond just looking at the immediate results or outputs of a project and focuses on understanding the broader and lasting effects it has had. By assessing the long-term consequences, impact evaluations can provide valuable insights into the overall effectiveness and sustainability of a project.

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  • 3. 

    Program Review and Evaluation Technique-Critical Path Method(PERTCPM) is a project management technique designed to

    • A.

      Logically connect program and project

    • B.

      Mitigate effects of failed program

    • C.

      Seek efficiency of time & resources in execution & implementation

    • D.

      Identify evacuation routes and remedy errors in disaster risk estimation

    Correct Answer
    C. Seek efficiency of time & resources in execution & implementation
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Seek efficiency of time & resources in execution & implementation". This is because PERT-CPM is a project management technique that is used to plan, schedule, and control the time and resources required to complete a project. It helps in identifying the critical path, which is the longest sequence of activities that determines the minimum time needed to complete the project. By using PERT-CPM, project managers can optimize the allocation of resources and ensure that the project is completed in the most efficient and effective manner.

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  • 4. 

    In a PERT-CPM, this is a starting node to two or more activities

    • A.

      Concurrent node

    • B.

      Merge node

    • C.

      Simultaneous nodes

    • D.

      Burst node

    Correct Answer
    D. Burst node
    Explanation
    A burst node in a PERT-CPM represents a starting node that branches out into two or more activities. It signifies a point in the project where multiple tasks or activities can be initiated simultaneously. This allows for parallel processing and helps in optimizing the project timeline by reducing the overall duration.

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  • 5. 

    This theory propounded by James s. Coleman (1988), Robert Putnam (1993), Diane Camey (1998) and adopted by UNOP (1997), looks at collective non-market assets of people such as trust, solidarity, norms of reciprocity, common purpose,equality and other resources that are inherent in social relations and embedded in social networks.

    • A.

      Theory of Social Change

    • B.

      Social Mobilization

    • C.

      Theory of Social Learning

    • D.

      Theory of Social Capital

    Correct Answer
    D. Theory of Social Capital
    Explanation
    The given explanation is that the theory propounded by James S. Coleman, Robert Putnam, Diane Camey, and adopted by UNOP looks at collective non-market assets of people such as trust, solidarity, norms of reciprocity, common purpose, equality, and other resources that are inherent in social relations and embedded in social networks. This aligns with the concept of social capital, which refers to the resources and benefits that individuals and groups can gain from their social networks and relationships. Therefore, the correct answer is the Theory of Social Capital.

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  • 6. 

    'Ekistics' or the science of human settlements by Dr Konstantinos Doxiadis was built upon the Concept of "basic needs," which were later categorized by Johann Galtung into material survival & Security needs," "social or enabling needs," and non-material human needs. Which grouping of needs was elaborated on by Abraham Maslow?

    • A.

      Food, water, clothing, shelter, sanitation, health care, energy/fuel, employment, peace and Order,

    • B.

      Self-expression, sex, procreation, recreation, education, communication, and transportation

    • C.

      Physiological needs, physical safety, love and belongingness, esteem, self-actualization/self-realization

    • D.

      Freedom, security, identity, well-being, ecological balance

    Correct Answer
    C. Physiological needs, physical safety, love and belongingness, esteem, self-actualization/self-realization
    Explanation
    Abraham Maslow elaborated on the grouping of needs that includes physiological needs, physical safety, love and belongingness, esteem, and self-actualization/self-realization. Maslow's hierarchy of needs suggests that individuals have a set of basic needs that must be fulfilled in order to progress to higher levels of psychological development. These needs start with physiological needs such as food, water, and shelter, then progress to safety needs, social needs, esteem needs, and ultimately self-actualization needs. Maslow believed that individuals strive to fulfill these needs in a hierarchical order, with each level building upon the previous one.

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  • 7. 

    Which of the following -all true -about people's participation in planning, implementation and management holds the same meaning as the statement "people are the principal actors, the subject rather than the object, of development."

    • A.

      Participation increases the likelihood that policy will be effective and will have long-term benefits as people provide data and feedback on ground-level needs and concerns to policy-makers and implementors.

    • B.

      People are not passive beneficiaries or mere recipients of dole-outs.

    • C.

      Participation hastens people's ownership of their problems and builds community leadership so that they gain control over their own fate and learn to make critical decisions for their common future.

    • D.

      Community participation contributes to institutionalizing positive refonns envisioned by changes in policy.

    Correct Answer
    C. Participation hastens people's ownership of their problems and builds community leadership so that they gain control over their own fate and learn to make critical decisions for their common future.
    Explanation
    The statement "people are the principal actors, the subject rather than the object, of development" means that people are actively involved in the planning, implementation, and management of development initiatives. This aligns with the answer choice "Participation hastens people's ownership of their problems and builds community leadership so that they gain control over their own fate and learn to make critical decisions for their common future." This answer emphasizes that participation empowers individuals to take ownership of their issues, develop leadership skills, and make important decisions for their community's future.

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  • 8. 

    World Bank describes this process as the expansion of assets.and capabilities of poor people, as well as.the expansion of their freedom of choice and action, to participate in, negotiate with, influence, control, aria hold accountable institutions that affect their lives 

    • A.

      Self-Reliance

    • B.

      Needs Achievement

    • C.

      Entitlement

    • D.

      Empowennent

    Correct Answer
    D. Empowennent
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Empowerment". The explanation for this answer is that the World Bank describes the process mentioned in the question as the expansion of assets and capabilities of poor people, as well as the expansion of their freedom of choice and action. This aligns with the concept of empowerment, which refers to giving individuals the power, authority, and control over their own lives and decisions. Empowerment allows individuals to participate in, negotiate with, influence, and hold accountable institutions that affect their lives.

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  • 9. 

    A member of the advocacy/activist/equity school of planning, this planner wrote the classic "Eight Rungs in the Ladder  of Citizen Participation" which describes the varying degrees of people's involvement in policies, plans, and programs.

    • A.

      Ralph Nader

    • B.

      Susan S. Fainstein

    • C.

      Dr. Martin Luther King Jr

    • D.

      Sherry Amstein

    Correct Answer
    D. Sherry Amstein
  • 10. 

    The process of obtaining from people technical advice or opinion which may or may not be followed is called

    • A.

      Consultation

    • B.

      Cooptation

    • C.

      Cooperation

    • D.

      Collaboration

    Correct Answer
    A. Consultation
    Explanation
    Consultation refers to the process of seeking technical advice or opinions from individuals, with the possibility of considering or implementing their suggestions. It involves gathering information, insights, and perspectives from experts or stakeholders, which may or may not be followed. This process allows for the exchange of ideas and expertise, enabling decision-makers to make informed choices and consider various perspectives before finalizing a course of action.

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  • 11. 

    The process of facilitating and arranging activities and action-plans of different interest-groups or sectors for the purpose of harmonizing, synchronizing, and consolidating inputs and outputs is called

    • A.

      Input-Output process

    • B.

      Mainstreaming

    • C.

      Coordination

    • D.

      Faci-pulation

    Correct Answer
    C. Coordination
    Explanation
    Coordination is the correct answer because it involves the process of facilitating and arranging activities and action-plans of different interest-groups or sectors. It aims to harmonize, synchronize, and consolidate inputs and outputs to ensure effective collaboration and cooperation among these groups or sectors. Coordination helps in avoiding duplication of efforts, resolving conflicts, and achieving common goals.

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  • 12. 

    It is the international collective term for inclusive, non-State actors whose aims are neither to generate profits nor to seek governing power but to unite people around the broadest public interest based ethnical, cultural, religious,scientific, professional, or philanthropic considerations. 

    • A.

      Cause-Oriented Groups

    • B.

      Charities

    • C.

      Social Movements

    • D.

      Civil Society

    Correct Answer
    D. Civil Society
    Explanation
    Civil society is the correct answer because it refers to a collective term for inclusive, non-State actors who aim to unite people around public interests based on various considerations such as ethical, cultural, religious, scientific, professional, or philanthropic. Civil society organizations are not focused on generating profits or seeking governing power, but rather on promoting the broader public interest. This term encompasses cause-oriented groups, charities, and social movements, as they all fall under the umbrella of civil society.

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  • 13. 

    Ratio and Proportion. In 2008, the Philippines had 68 million cellphone units, of which 63 million were used. If 35% of population in urban areas have buying power to own and use a cellphone while only 15% of population in rural areas can do the same. what would be the approximate number of cellphone users in a rural barangay with 4000 people.

    • A.

      80

    • B.

      400

    • C.

      600

    • D.

      1,200

    Correct Answer
    A. 80
    Explanation
    The question provides information about the number of cellphone units in the Philippines in 2008 (68 million) and the percentage of the population in urban areas (35%) and rural areas (15%) who have the buying power to own and use a cellphone. To find the approximate number of cellphone users in a rural barangay with 4000 people, we can calculate 15% of 4000, which is 600. Therefore, the approximate number of cellphone users in a rural barangay with 4000 people is 600.

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  • 14. 

    In a non-parametric test of correlation to,determine if amount of fertilizer has a􀂐nything to do with quantity of farm yield, the following crops were computed to have their respective difference of ranks square(d2): rice 1; com = 0; wheat = 0; beans = 0; mongo = 1. Given 'Spearman rho' formula "r=6Ed2/ n(n2-1)" what would be the 'r' value?

    • A.

      1.1

    • B.

      1.2

    • C.

      0.9

    • D.

      0.2

    Correct Answer
    C. 0.9
    Explanation
    The formula given is used to calculate the Spearman correlation coefficient (r) in a non-parametric test of correlation. The numerator of the formula is 6E times the sum of the squared differences of ranks (d2) for the given crops, and the denominator is n times (n^2 - 1), where n is the number of observations. Plugging in the values given, the numerator would be 6E(1 + 0 + 0 + 0 + 1) = 12E, and the denominator would be 5(5^2 - 1) = 5(24) = 120. Therefore, r = 12E/120 = 0.1.

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  • 15. 

    This is an intuitive method of demand analysis, needs assessment, or forecasting which gathers the independent views and judgments of recognized experts in panel discussion; or pols and consolidates their expert opinions thru a survey.

    • A.

      Crystal Ball

    • B.

      Knowledge Management

    • C.

      Delphi Technique

    • D.

      Oracle Method

    • E.

      Authoritative Approach

    Correct Answer
    C. Delphi Technique
    Explanation
    The Delphi Technique is a method of demand analysis, needs assessment, or forecasting that involves gathering the opinions and judgments of recognized experts through a panel discussion or survey. This technique aims to reach a consensus among experts by anonymously collecting and consolidating their opinions. It is considered an intuitive method because it relies on the expertise and judgment of the participants rather than objective data or statistical analysis.

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  • 16. 

    This family of cross-disciplinary, cross-sectoral approaches in research engages communities to share their - indigenous knowledge, analyze their local -conditions, in order to plan and to act on their own problems, through dialogic and participatory processes such as cross-walking, transect, semi-structured interviews, community mapping, preference ranking, seasonal and historical diagrams, and other tools of rapid rural appraisal (RRA). 

    • A.

      Interactive Andragogy

    • B.

      Participatory Action Research

    • C.

      Virtual Learning Network

    • D.

      Social Anthropology

    Correct Answer
    B. Participatory Action Research
    Explanation
    Participatory Action Research is the correct answer because it involves engaging communities in the research process, allowing them to share their knowledge and analyze their local conditions. This approach emphasizes the importance of community involvement and participation in planning and addressing their own problems. It utilizes various tools and methods such as cross-walking, transect, interviews, mapping, and diagrams to facilitate dialogue and gather information. This approach is cross-disciplinary and cross-sectoral, making it an effective way to address complex issues and promote community empowerment.

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  • 17. 

    An enumerative method of study which covers all the units of a population is called

    • A.

      Holism

    • B.

      Gestalt

    • C.

      Sociology

    • D.

      Census

    Correct Answer
    D. Census
    Explanation
    A census is a method of study that involves collecting data from every unit in a population. It aims to provide a comprehensive and complete picture of the entire population by including all individuals or units. This approach allows for accurate and detailed analysis of various characteristics and trends within the population. Holism refers to a perspective that emphasizes the whole rather than the individual parts, gestalt refers to a psychological concept related to perception, and sociology is a social science discipline that studies society and human behavior. Therefore, the correct answer is census.

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  • 18. 

    'Baby Boomers' refers to those born in the period 1946-1964. Generation X refers to those born in the years 1965-1976, and Generation "Y" or "Echo Boomers" refers to those born in the years

    • A.

      1980-2000

    • B.

      2001-2010

    • C.

      1977-2000

    • D.

      1975-2015

    Correct Answer
    C. 1977-2000
    Explanation
    The given answer, 1977-2000, is the correct answer because it includes the years that define Generation X (1965-1976) and Generation Y or Echo Boomers (1980-2000). It excludes the years before and after these generations, ensuring that only individuals born within the specified time frame are included in the definition of Generation X and Generation Y.

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  • 19. 

    The main difference between the economic method of projecting population growth and the "mathematical methods" (arithmetic, geometric formulae, etc.) is that

    • A.

      The former takes into account movement of people while the latter only considers reproduction and deaths.

    • B.

      The former forecasts varying rates of growth of local economic output and creates alternative scenarios.

    • C.

      The latter does not consider force majeure or recurrent natural disasters.

    • D.

      The latter is based upon the assumption of do nothing while the former ignores historic patterns.

    Correct Answer
    B. The former forecasts varying rates of growth of local economic output and creates alternative scenarios.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is that the main difference between the economic method of projecting population growth and the "mathematical methods" is that the former takes into account movement of people while the latter only considers reproduction and deaths. This means that the economic method considers factors such as migration and immigration, which can greatly impact population growth, while the mathematical methods focus solely on birth and death rates. This difference allows the economic method to provide a more comprehensive and realistic projection of population growth by incorporating a wider range of factors.

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  • 20. 

    Between census years 1990 and 2007, the lowest population growth rates per annum in Metro Manila occurred in .San Juan, -0.03%; City of Manila, 0.09%; Pasay, 0.22%; Makati, 0.3%; Mandaluyong, 0.53% (versus highest rate at 2.12% in Taguig City). Which of the following statements, all valid, most considers sustainable capacity and livability? 

    • A.

      These NCR areas have higher daytime population than nighttime population.

    • B.

      These NCR areas are likely approaching their viable population limits.

    • C.

      These NCR areas tend to physically decay with population density beyond a tolerable range.

    • D.

      New or young families in these NCR areas are likely to settle somewhere else.

    Correct Answer
    B. These NCR areas are likely approaching their viable population limits.
    Explanation
    The statement "These NCR areas are likely approaching their viable population limits" is the most relevant to sustainable capacity and livability. This is because the question mentions the lowest population growth rates in these areas, suggesting that the population is not increasing rapidly. Approaching viable population limits indicates that the areas may not be able to support a larger population without compromising livability and sustainability. This implies that the current population is already putting a strain on resources and infrastructure, making it necessary to consider sustainable population growth and development in these areas.

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  • 21. 

    17% of surveyed women wanted 2. 7 average births in contrast to aggregate fertility rate of 3.5 births per woman; 50% of women don't want any more children; % of women wanted to space births but could not do so, and nearly 50% of women between ages 15 and 24 have had premarital sex and have experienced unwanted pregnancies. Which rational conclusion is supported by above data from ESCAP study1998? 

    • A.

      Filipinos' fondness for babies is waning.

    • B.

      Government and social institutions like family, church, and school need to be stricter about people's sexual behavior

    • C.

      The women in the survey do not accurately represent the overall picture of Filipino womenfolk

    • D.

      There is apparently an unmet need for contraception and family planning among Filipino women

    • E.

      Filipino women are more burdened compared to men when it comes to birth control

    Correct Answer
    D. There is apparently an unmet need for contraception and family planning among Filipino women
    Explanation
    The data provided suggests that there is an unmet need for contraception and family planning among Filipino women. This is supported by the fact that 17% of surveyed women wanted fewer births than the average fertility rate, 50% of women do not want any more children, and a significant percentage of women have experienced unwanted pregnancies. This indicates that there is a lack of access to or knowledge about effective contraception methods, leading to the need for better family planning services in the country.

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  • 22. 

    Which one do you like?

    • A.

      Option 1

    • B.

      Option 2

    • C.

      Option 3

    • D.

      Option 4

    Correct Answer
    A. Option 1
  • 23. 

    The declared population policy of the Philippine government 2001-2010 aimed to

    • A.

      Uplift reproductive health of women as basis of population management

    • B.

      Support couples in making decisions on the timing, spacing, and the number of children they want in accordance with their cultural and religious beliefs

    • C.

      Encourage use of contraception among married couples

    • D.

      Enforce one-child rule for all couples

    Correct Answer
    B. Support couples in making decisions on the timing, spacing, and the number of children they want in accordance with their cultural and religious beliefs
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "support couples in making decisions on the timing, spacing, and the number of children they want in accordance with their cultural and religious beliefs." This answer aligns with the declared population policy of the Philippine government from 2001-2010, which aimed to empower couples to make informed choices about their reproductive health and family planning. It recognizes the importance of considering cultural and religious beliefs in determining the timing, spacing, and number of children a couple desires. This approach promotes reproductive autonomy and respects individual choices within the context of cultural and religious norms.

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  • 24. 

    The historic shift of birth and death rates from high to low levels, signaling t'"le tendency of total population to decline after replacement-level fertility (1.1 % to 1.5%) has been attained, is called

    • A.

      Population Reversal

    • B.

      Demographic Transition

    • C.

      Population Shift

    • D.

      Demographic Deceleration

    Correct Answer
    B. Demographic Transition
    Explanation
    Demographic Transition refers to the historic shift of birth and death rates from high to low levels, indicating a decline in the total population after replacement-level fertility has been achieved. This term describes the transition that many countries go through as they move from high birth and death rates to low birth and death rates, leading to population stabilization or decline. It signifies the shift from a pre-industrial society with high fertility and mortality rates to an industrialized society with lower fertility and mortality rates.

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  • 25. 

    The following reasons underlie locational motivation of urban poor to live in slum Colonies and shantytowns. Which􀀘 reason is socio-cultural in nature and serves to compensate for the lack of livelihood and employment opportunities in cities?

    • A.

      Proximity to low-skill jobs and sources of income in the urban services Sector, both formal and informal

    • B.

      Zero to low land rents and occupancy fees in marginal lands, residual public lands, easements, and danger 􀀨ones

    • C.

      Kinship-based, ethnic-related personal networks serving as safety nets that provide social solidarity and reciprocity

    • D.

      Alternative modes of access to squatter areas by water through rivers, canals, and coasts

    • E.

      Ease of disposal of solid wastes and liquid wastes into esteros, creeks, and ditches.

    • F.

      Coddling by traditional patronage politicians because of voting power of large concentrations of urban poor

    Correct Answer
    C. Kinship-based, ethnic-related personal networks serving as safety nets that provide social solidarity and reciprocity
    Explanation
    The reason that is socio-cultural in nature and serves to compensate for the lack of livelihood and employment opportunities in cities is kinship-based, ethnic-related personal networks serving as safety nets that provide social solidarity and reciprocity. This means that the urban poor living in slum colonies and shantytowns rely on their familial and ethnic connections to support each other and provide assistance in times of need. These networks help to create a sense of community and provide a support system for individuals who may not have access to formal employment or other sources of income.

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  • 26. 

    Of the following solutions to address urban slums, which one adopts an 'as is, where is' approach and hence not conducive to 'land assembly' for an integrated holistic settlement?

    • A.

      Off-site resettlement

    • B.

      In-city relocation

    • C.

      On-site slum upgrading

    • D.

      Land readjustment

    • E.

      Medium-rise tenements as temporary shelter

    • F.

      Collaborative models such as Gawad Kalinga and 'Habitat for Humanity'

    Correct Answer
    C. On-site slum upgrading
    Explanation
    On-site slum upgrading is the correct answer because it focuses on improving the existing slum areas without relocating the residents. This approach does not involve land assembly or the creation of a new settlement. Instead, it aims to upgrade the infrastructure and living conditions within the slums themselves. This approach may involve improving housing, sanitation, access to basic services, and overall community development. It is not conducive to land assembly because it does not involve acquiring new land or creating a new settlement.

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  • 27. 

    The French urban theorist who first said that each individual, regardless of personal, occupational, or economic ability of achievement, has a to live in the city in a rights-based approach to urban development ('Right to the City,' 1968)

    • A.

      Henri Lefebvre

    • B.

      Manuel Castells

    • C.

      Jean Jacques Costeau

    • D.

      Andre Gunder Frank

    Correct Answer
    A. Henri Lefebvre
    Explanation
    Henri Lefebvre is the correct answer because he was the French urban theorist who first introduced the concept of "Right to the City" in 1968. Lefebvre argued that every individual, regardless of their personal or economic abilities, has a right to live in the city and participate in urban development. His work emphasized the importance of social justice and equal access to urban resources and opportunities.

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  • 28. 

    In welfare-oriented societies, this is a shelter program designed to help homeless individuals and families progress toward self-sufficiency in an environment of security and support, serving as a middle point between emergency shelter and permanent housing for a time frame-of six months to two years.

    • A.

      Mass Housing

    • B.

      Transitional Housing

    • C.

      Public Row Housing

    • D.

      Cooperative Housing

    Correct Answer
    B. Transitional Housing
    Explanation
    Transitional housing is a shelter program that aims to assist homeless individuals and families in moving towards self-sufficiency. It provides a secure and supportive environment, serving as a temporary solution between emergency shelters and permanent housing. This type of housing typically lasts for a period of six months to two years, offering individuals the time and resources they need to stabilize their lives and eventually find permanent housing.

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  • 29. 

    Specific principle contained in RA 7279 UDHA that 'developers of proposed subdivision projects shall be required to develop an ares for socialized housing equivalent to at least 20% of total subdivision area or total subdivision project cost, at the option of developer, within the same city or municipality, whenever feasible, so that both government and market can jointly provide for the needs of lower socio-economic classes

    • A.

      Public Private Resources Exchange

    • B.

      Cooperative Housing Development

    • C.

      Balanced Housing Development

    • D.

      Corporate Social Responsibility

    Correct Answer
    C. Balanced Housing Development
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Balanced Housing Development. This principle, as stated in RA 7279 UDHA, emphasizes the requirement for developers of subdivision projects to allocate a portion of the total area or project cost for socialized housing. This ensures that both the government and the market work together to cater to the housing needs of lower socio-economic classes. The term "balanced" suggests a fair distribution of housing resources, promoting inclusivity and addressing social inequalities in housing.

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  • 30. 

    In RA 9397's amendment to expand socialized housing options of national local government under RA7279 UDHA, which common model/program is being remedied for its uneven effectiveness in addressing homelessness  

    • A.

      Transfer of homelot ownership in fee simple

    • B.

      Public rental housing

    • C.

      Usufruct or lease with option to purchase

    • D.

      Timeshare arrangements and communal shelter

    Correct Answer
    A. Transfer of homelot ownership in fee simple
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "transfer of homelot ownership in fee simple". This model/program is being remedied for its uneven effectiveness in addressing homelessness because transferring ownership of homelots in fee simple may not be feasible or affordable for all individuals or families experiencing homelessness. This model assumes that individuals have the financial means to purchase and maintain a home, which may not be the case for those in need of socialized housing options. Therefore, alternative models/programs such as public rental housing, usufruct or lease with option to purchase, and timeshare arrangements and communal shelter may be more suitable and effective in addressing homelessness.

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  • 31. 

    According to BP 220, if the minimum distance between 2 two-storey houses is 4 meters, and the minimum horizontal clearance between their respective roof eaves or overhang is 1.50 m, what would be the horizontal length of each building's overhang from exterior wall up to the edge of roof

    • A.

      0.25m

    • B.

      0.50m

    • C.

      1.00m

    • D.

      1.75m

    Correct Answer
    B. 0.50m
    Explanation
    According to BP 220, the minimum horizontal clearance between the roof eaves or overhang of two two-storey houses is 1.50 m. Therefore, the horizontal length of each building's overhang from the exterior wall up to the edge of the roof would be 0.50m.

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  • 32. 

    RA 87 49 Clean Air Act, Sec. 20, generally bans burning which results in poisonous and toxic fumes, but with a few exceptions. What agency oversees cremation and incineration of pathological, biological, and contagious wastes?

    • A.

      Bureau of Fire Protection

    • B.

      Department of Interior and Local Government

    • C.

      Philippine Hospitals Association

    • D.

      Department of Health

    Correct Answer
    D. Department of Health
    Explanation
    The Department of Health oversees the cremation and incineration of pathological, biological, and contagious wastes. This responsibility falls under their jurisdiction as they are responsible for ensuring public health and safety in the Philippines. They have the authority to regulate and monitor the proper disposal of these types of wastes to prevent any potential harm to the environment and public health.

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  • 33. 

    As per PD 856 or Sanitation Code of 1975, What should be acquired individually by all food Workers, processors,preparers, vendors, servers in all food establishments, whether formal or informal businesses?

    • A.

      Lung -ray & HIV-AIDS test from public hospital

    • B.

      Health Clearance from local health Office

    • C.

      Food testing report from Bureau of Food and Drugs lab

    • D.

      face mask and hairnet from Department of Health

    Correct Answer
    B. Health Clearance from local health Office
    Explanation
    According to PD 856 or Sanitation Code of 1975, all food workers, processors, preparers, vendors, and servers in food establishments, whether formal or informal businesses, should acquire health clearance from the local health office. This clearance ensures that these individuals are in good health and fit to handle food, preventing the spread of diseases and ensuring the safety of the consumers. It is a necessary requirement to maintain high standards of sanitation and hygiene in food establishments.

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  • 34. 

    The second law of thermodynamics states that no man-made or natural process operates with 100% efficiency and therefore, waste is inherent in all nature, and waste will always be generated.

    • A.

      Thermal Wasting

    • B.

      Atrophy

    • C.

      Entropy

    • D.

      Dissipation

    Correct Answer
    C. Entropy
    Explanation
    The correct answer is entropy. The second law of thermodynamics states that entropy, which is a measure of the disorder or randomness in a system, always increases in an isolated system. This means that energy tends to spread out and become more evenly distributed, resulting in a decrease in usable energy and an increase in waste or inefficiency. Therefore, the concept of entropy aligns with the idea that waste is inherent in all natural and man-made processes.

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  • 35. 

    Also called 'cradle to grave'approach, this refers to the entire process of investigating and valuing the environmental impacts of a given product or service, in particular, raw materials production, manufacture, distribution, use and disposal as well as intervening transportation steps necessitated or caused by the product's existence, in order to identify the options least burdensome to the natural environment.

    • A.

      Carbon Footprinting

    • B.

      Zero Waste Management

    • C.

      Industrial Design

    • D.

      Product Life Cycle Assessment

    Correct Answer
    D. Product Life Cycle Assessment
    Explanation
    Product Life Cycle Assessment refers to the entire process of investigating and valuing the environmental impacts of a given product or service. It includes evaluating the raw materials production, manufacture, distribution, use, and disposal, as well as any transportation steps caused by the product. The purpose is to identify the options that have the least negative impact on the natural environment. This approach is also known as 'cradle to grave' because it considers the entire life cycle of the product. Carbon Footprinting and Zero Waste Management are related concepts but do not encompass the entire life cycle assessment. Industrial Design focuses on the design process rather than the environmental impact assessment.

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  • 36. 

    Under International Standards Organization ISO 14001 (1996) for business organizations, the principle that no money should be lent or extended to any firm that has not proven itself to be environmentally responsible, is contained in which goal of a company's ISO 14001 Environmental Management System?

    • A.

      To reduce overall costs

    • B.

      To attract more ethical investment

    • C.

      To gain or retain market share via a green corporate image

    • D.

      To reduce prosecution risks and insurance risks

    Correct Answer
    B. To attract more ethical investment
    Explanation
    The principle that no money should be lent or extended to any firm that has not proven itself to be environmentally responsible aligns with the goal of attracting more ethical investment. By demonstrating a commitment to environmental responsibility, a company can attract investors who prioritize ethical and sustainable practices. This can lead to increased funding and support for the company's initiatives, ultimately helping them achieve their environmental goals.

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  • 37. 

    Of the following forms of evidence that Indigenous Peoples can use to claim aboriginal land, which category of evidence needs substantial assistance from a planner with extensive background in anthropology?

    • A.

      Tax declarations and proof of payment of taxes; survey plans and/or sketch maps;

    • B.

      Old improvements such as planted trees, stone walls, rice fields, water systems, orchards, farms,monuments, houses and other old structures, or pictures thereof;

    • C.

      Historical accounts, Spanish Documents, ancient documents;

    • D.

      Genealogical surveys; written and oral testimonies of living witnesses made under oath; written records of customs and traditions

    • E.

      Burial grounds or pictures thereof religious sites andfor artifacts in the area

    Correct Answer
    D. Genealogical surveys; written and oral testimonies of living witnesses made under oath; written records of customs and traditions
    Explanation
    Genealogical surveys, written and oral testimonies of living witnesses made under oath, and written records of customs and traditions are all forms of evidence that Indigenous Peoples can use to claim aboriginal land. However, these forms of evidence require substantial assistance from a planner with an extensive background in anthropology. This is because an anthropologist would have the expertise to properly analyze and interpret genealogical data, testimonies, and written records in order to establish a strong case for land claims.

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  • 38. 

    Conventional 'Euclidean' or exclusionary zoning is faulted for the following valid reasons. Which reason comes from the feminist perspective of Jane Jacobs, et al?  

    • A.

      Rigid segregation of land uses unnecessarily lengthens travel distance to meet other needs and discourages walking. social interaction, and neighborly behavior favorable to local community-building

    • B.

      Self-contained, balanced, sociable communities deter crime, reduce anomie, lessen psychological distress caused by movement to/from work or school, increase quality family time, and prevent other social problems.

    • C.

      Exclusionary -.land use encourages satellite bedroom communities where work and other needs are not available

    • D.

      Increased Vehicle Miles Traveled (VMl) correlates with traffic jatns, accidents, labor productivity losses, greater greenhouse gas emissions that aggravate air pollution, and huge external economic costs borne by society in general

    • E.

      Mothers with infants and young children are zoned of production as jobs in the CBD or in factory district are too far from home to enable women to successfully carry out both domestic duties and formal employment

    Correct Answer
    E. Mothers with infants and young children are zoned of production as jobs in the CBD or in factory district are too far from home to enable women to successfully carry out both domestic duties and formal employment
    Explanation
    The feminist perspective of Jane Jacobs, et al. criticizes conventional zoning because it results in mothers with infants and young children being unable to successfully balance their domestic duties and formal employment. This is because the jobs in the CBD or factory district are located too far from their homes, making it difficult for them to fulfill both responsibilities effectively. This perspective highlights the negative impact of zoning on women's ability to participate fully in both the workforce and their familial roles.

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  • 39. 

    Of the following central features of Free Market as described by classical economics, which one has not been proved to be universally true in open capitalist societies?

    • A.

      Law of Supply and Demand

    • B.

      Profit Motive

    • C.

      Broad Range of Consumer Choices Through Diversified Production

    • D.

      Perfect Competition

    Correct Answer
    D. Perfect Competition
    Explanation
    Perfect Competition has not been proved to be universally true in open capitalist societies. While the other three central features of Free Market - Law of Supply and Demand, Profit Motive, and Broad Range of Consumer Choices Through Diversified Production - are commonly observed in capitalist economies, perfect competition is rarely found in reality. In practice, markets often have some degree of market power, barriers to entry, and imperfect information, which prevent perfect competition from being achieved.

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  • 40. 

    This refers to any novel or improved product, process, gadget, or idea that adds utility to a previous or existing good or service in the market beyond the usual expectations of consumers and often in response to a felt demand in society.

    • A.

      Ingenuity

    • B.

      Invention

    • C.

      Innovation

    • D.

      Improvisation

    • E.

      High tech gadgetry

    Correct Answer
    C. Innovation
    Explanation
    The given description mentions a product, process, gadget, or idea that adds utility to an existing good or service beyond consumer expectations. This suggests that it is referring to something new and different that meets a demand in society. The term that best fits this description is "innovation," as it implies the creation or introduction of something new and improved.

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  • 41. 

    In the 21st century, many economically-poor but naturally-endowed countries have focused on the "Pleasure Economy" or the "Experience Economy" through such flagship programs as ecotourism, cultural tourism, me?ical tourism, adventure & sports tourism, arts, 'high-touch' activities, high fashion design or haute couture, etc which are together called

    • A.

      Tertiary services sector

    • B.

      Quaternary services sector

    • C.

      Quinary services sector

    • D.

      Recreational and visitorial services sector

    Correct Answer
    C. Quinary services sector
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "quinary services sector." In the 21st century, economically-poor but naturally-endowed countries have focused on developing industries related to pleasure and experiences, such as ecotourism, cultural tourism, medical tourism, adventure and sports tourism, high fashion design, etc. These industries are collectively known as the quinary services sector, which refers to the highest level of services that involve the creation and delivery of unique and high-value experiences.

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  • 42. 

    Basic principle of Heritage Conservation which holds that historic structures and treasures should be utilized by preserving as much of their exteriors as possible while adopting more modem uses in their interiors.

    • A.

      Total Makeover

    • B.

      Reconfigurative Renovation

    • C.

      Converted Property

    • D.

      Adaptive Reuse

    Correct Answer
    D. Adaptive Reuse
    Explanation
    Adaptive reuse is the correct answer because it aligns with the basic principle of heritage conservation mentioned in the question. It involves preserving the exteriors of historic structures and treasures while adapting their interiors for more modern uses. This approach allows for the utilization of these buildings while still maintaining their historical significance and architectural integrity.

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  • 43. 

    Land use conversion is limited by reclassification ceilings under various legal issuances. Under AFMA, only 5% of the SAFDZ areas may be converted to other uses, while RA 7160 Local Government Code Sec. 20 limits it to

    • A.

      15% of the agricultural land in highly urbanized

    • B.

      20% of total arable land in any LGU

    • C.

      10 %of total cultivable land in any city and independent chartered cities

    • D.

      25% of total alienable and disposable land

    Correct Answer
    A. 15% of the agricultural land in highly urbanized
    Explanation
    Land use conversion is limited by reclassification ceilings under various legal issuances. According to the given information, AFMA only allows for the conversion of 5% of the SAFDZ areas to other uses. However, under RA 7160 Local Government Code Sec. 20, the limit for land conversion in highly urbanized areas is 15% of the agricultural land. Therefore, the correct answer is 15% of the agricultural land in highly urbanized areas.

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  • 44. 

    Under RA 7160 Local Government Code Section 20, reclassification of agricultural land in component cities and first to third class municipalities is limited to _ of farm land.

    • A.

      5%

    • B.

      10%

    • C.

      15%

    • D.

      20%

    Correct Answer
    B. 10%
    Explanation
    Under RA 7160 Local Government Code Section 20, the reclassification of agricultural land in component cities and first to third class municipalities is limited to 10% of farm land. This means that only a maximum of 10% of agricultural land can be converted for non-agricultural purposes in these areas. This restriction is in place to protect agricultural land and ensure the sustainability of the agricultural sector in these localities.

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  • 45. 

    Of the five correct criteria for conversion of farmland into non-agricultural uses, which criterion is within the control of the investor or project proponent, in terms of production activity, design, selection and mobilization of men, money,materials, and machines.?

    • A.

      The reclassification of land use must be consistent with the natural expansion of the municipality or city, as contained in their approved land use plan

    • B.

      The area to be reclassified in use is not the only remaining food production area of the community;

    • C.

      Areas with lower crop productivity will be accorded priority for land use conversion;

    • D.

      The proposed project is supportive of agro-industrial development, and will generate alternative livelihood opportunities for the affected community.

    Correct Answer
    D. The proposed project is supportive of agro-industrial development, and will generate alternative livelihood opportunities for the affected community.
    Explanation
    The criterion that is within the control of the investor or project proponent is that the proposed project is supportive of agro-industrial development and will generate alternative livelihood opportunities for the affected community. This means that the investor or project proponent has the ability to design and implement a project that aligns with agro-industrial development goals and can provide new sources of income and employment for the community.

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  • 46. 

    This refers to a set of accounts, usually in monetary figures, widely used in the analysis of inter-industry relationships and the extent of importing/exporting among industries within an economy whether focal, regional, or national.

    • A.

      Value added chain

    • B.

      Input/output model

    • C.

      Discounted cash flow tables

    • D.

      Inter-area analysis

    Correct Answer
    B. Input/output model
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "input/output model." This model is used to analyze inter-industry relationships and the import/export activities within an economy. It involves examining the flow of inputs and outputs between different industries to understand their interconnectedness and economic impact. It provides valuable insights into the value added at each stage of production and helps in understanding the overall economic structure and dynamics.

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  • 47. 

    Which part of the feasibility study aims to determine a projects desirability in terms of its net contribution to the overall welfare of the locality, region, or country as a whole?

    • A.

      Sensitivity analysis

    • B.

      Discriminant analysis

    • C.

      Stakeholder or distributive analysis

    • D.

      Economic analysis

    Correct Answer
    D. Economic analysis
    Explanation
    The part of the feasibility study that aims to determine a project's desirability in terms of its net contribution to the overall welfare of the locality, region, or country as a whole is economic analysis. This analysis evaluates the financial viability of the project and assesses its potential economic impacts, such as job creation, income generation, and tax revenues. It considers factors like costs, benefits, profitability, and economic sustainability to determine if the project is economically feasible and beneficial for the community or country.

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  • 48. 

    Related to time value of money (v) this refers to the rate used to adjust the future streams of costs and benefits U into their present value, taking into account time preference, opportunity cost of capital, externalities from currency and exchange, risk, and uncertainty.

    • A.

      Inflation rate

    • B.

      Discount rate

    • C.

      Investment rate

    • D.

      Depreciation rate

    Correct Answer
    B. Discount rate
    Explanation
    The correct answer is discount rate. In the context of time value of money, the discount rate is used to adjust future costs and benefits to their present value. It takes into account various factors such as time preference, opportunity cost of capital, externalities from currency and exchange, risk, and uncertainty. The discount rate reflects the rate of return required by an investor to compensate for the time value of money and the associated risks.

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  • 49. 

    Also called 'subscription money,' this is a deposit given to the seller to show that the potential buyer has serious intentions about the transaction.

    • A.

      Mobilization fund

    • B.

      Subornment

    • C.

      Marked money

    • D.

      Earnest money

    • E.

      Grease money

    Correct Answer
    D. Earnest money
    Explanation
    Earnest money is a deposit made by a potential buyer to demonstrate their serious intent to purchase a property or enter into a transaction. It serves as a form of assurance to the seller that the buyer is committed and will follow through with the deal. By providing earnest money, the buyer shows their willingness to proceed with the transaction and helps to secure their position as a serious contender among other potential buyers.

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  • 50. 

    This is a provision made in advance for the gradual liquidation of a future obligation by periodic charges against the capital account.

    • A.

      Downpayment

    • B.

      Reservation

    • C.

      Amortization

    • D.

      Equity

    • E.

      Surcharge

    • F.

      Pay-off

    Correct Answer
    C. Amortization
    Explanation
    Amortization is the correct answer because it refers to the process of gradually paying off a debt or obligation over time through regular payments. In this context, the provision made in advance for the gradual liquidation of a future obligation aligns with the concept of amortization. Amortization allows for the periodic charges against the capital account, ensuring that the debt is gradually reduced and eventually paid off.

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