1.
You are managing a project that is scheduled to be completed in 12 months, and your budget is $120,000. After three months of work, you have spent $32,000. At this rate, will you complete the project under, over, or exactly at budget, and by how much?
Correct Answer
D. Over budget by $16,000
Explanation
To determine whether the project will finish under, over, or exactly at budget, you need to analyze the spending rate and project it over the full term of the project.
In three months, you have spent $32,000.
The average monthly spending is therefore $32,000 / 3 = $10,666.67.
Over 12 months, at this rate, the total expenditure would be $10,666.67 x 12 = $128,000.
Comparing this with your total budget ($120,000), you are projected to be over budget.
The difference between your projected total expenditure ($128,000) and your budget ($120,000) is $8,000 over budget.
2.
I went to bed at 8 o'clock in the evening and wound up my watch, and set the alarm to sound at 9 o'clock in the morning. How many hours of sleep would I get before being awoken by the alarm?
Correct Answer
A. 13 hours
Explanation
If you went to bed at 8 o'clock in the evening and set the alarm for 9 o'clock in the morning, you would get 13 hours of sleep. Despite winding up your watch, indicating the passage of time, the actual sleep duration is from the bedtime until the alarm rings. Therefore, you would get 13 hours of sleep before being awoken by the alarm.
3.
Divide 30 by half and add ten. What do you get?
Correct Answer
B. 25
Explanation
Let's break down the expression "Divide 30 by half and add ten" step by step:
Divide 30 by half: Half of 30 is 15.
Add ten to the result: 15 + 10 = 25.
So, when you divide 30 by half and add ten, you get:
b) 25.
4.
If you had only one match and entered a COLD and DARK room, where there was an oil heater, an oil lamp, and a candle, which would you light first?
Correct Answer
D. Match
Explanation
In a COLD and DARK room with an oil heater, an oil lamp, and a candle, the logical step would be to light the match first. Without a lit match, none of the other items can be ignited. So, you would light the match first, and then use it to light either the oil heater, oil lamp, or candle, depending on your preference or need for warmth or illumination.
5.
Take 2 apples from 3 apples. What do you have?
Correct Answer
B. 2 apples
Explanation
If you take 2 apples from 3 apples, you would have 2 apples. The action of taking implies a reduction in the quantity, leaving you with 2 apples after removing them from the initial total of 3. Therefore, the result is 2 apples, and the correct answer is "2 apples."
6.
HAND is to Glove as HEAD is to:
Correct Answer
C. Cap
Explanation
The relationship between HAND and Glove is that a glove is worn on a hand to protect it. Similarly, the relationship between HEAD and Cap is that a cap is worn on the head to protect it or provide shade. Therefore, the correct answer is Cap.
7.
A boy is four years old, and his sister is three times as old as he is. When the boy is 12 years old, how old will his sister be?
Correct Answer
B. 20
Explanation
Let's start by finding out the age of the boy's sister when he is 12 years old.
The boy's sister is currently 3×4=123×4=12 years old because she is three times as old as the boy who is 4 years old.
When the boy is 12 years old, there will be an 8-year age gap between him and his sister (12 - 4 = 8) since he is 8 years younger. So, when the boy turns 12, his sister will be 12+8=2012+8=20 years old.
8.
A farmer initially had 17 sheep. After an unfortunate event, only 9 of them survived. How many sheep perished?
Correct Answer
B. 8
Explanation
The question states that all but 9 sheep died, meaning 17 - 9.
So, the number of sheep left alive is 8.
9.
What number is one-half of one-quarter of one-tenth of 800?
Correct Answer
B. 10
Explanation
To find one-half of one-quarter of one-tenth of 800, we need to divide 800 by 10, which gives us 80. Then, we divide 80 by 4, which gives us 20. Finally, we divide 20 by 2, which gives us 10. Therefore, the correct answer is 10.
10.
Inept is the opposite of:
Correct Answer
A. Competent
Explanation
Inept means lacking skill or ability, while competent means having the necessary skill or ability to do something successfully. Therefore, competent is the opposite of inept.
11.
Which one of the five choices makes the best comparison? LIVED is to DEVIL as 6323 is to:
Correct Answer
C. 3236
Explanation
The correct answer is 3236. In the word "LIVED", the letters are rearranged to form the word "DEVIL", with the order of the letters reversed. Similarly, in the number 6323, the digits are rearranged to form the number 3236, with the order of the digits reversed. Therefore, the best comparison is 6323 is to 3236.
12.
John likes 400 but not 300; he likes 100 but not 99; he likes 2500 but not 2400. Which does he like?
Correct Answer
C. 900
Explanation
John likes: 400 (which is 20 x 20) 100 (which is 10 x 10) 2500 (which is 50 x 50)
But he doesn't like- 300, 99, 2400
From the numbers John likes, it appears he likes perfect squares.
Given the options: 800 - Not a perfect square 1800 - Not a perfect square 900 - A perfect square (30 x 30) 200 - Not a perfect square
So, John would like 900.
13.
NASA received three messages in a strange language from a distant planet. The scientists studied the messages and found that "Necor Buldon Slock" means "Danger Rocket Explosion" and "Edwan Mynor Necor" means "Danger Spaceship Fire" and "Buldon Gimilzor Gondor" means "Bad Gas Explosion." What does "Slock" mean?
Correct Answer
A. Explosion
Explanation
"Necor Buldon Slock" means "Danger Rocket Explosion"
"Edwan Mynor Necor" means "Danger Spaceship Fire"
"Buldon Gimilzor Gondor" means "Bad Gas Explosion"
By comparing the words in the different messages, we can deduce the meanings of some words based on their repetition and the context they are used in.
"Necor" is common in the first and second messages, where both messages include the word "Danger."
"Buldon" is common in the first and third messages, where both messages include "Explosion," but since "Explosion" also appears in a message without "Buldon" (the second message), and there's another word ("Slock" and "Gondor") in those positions, "Buldon" could potentially mean "Rocket" or "Gas" due to its association with those specific types of explosions. However, "Gimilzor" and "Gondor" appear only in the third message, suggesting one of them specifically means "Gas," and the context of the other messages helps to deduce that.
"Slock" only appears in the first message, associated directly with "Explosion" and not in a message with "Fire" or in context with "Bad," which appears uniquely in the third message.
Given this analysis, "Slock" means "Explosion".