Take This Quiz And Learn About Geology

53 Questions | Total Attempts: 263

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Geology Quizzes & Trivia

Have you ever looked at the earth and wonder what secrets it holds from the lakes, seas and the major environmental sites that most people can’t explain? One way to understand it all is by taking up geology as most of your questions will get answered there. Do you wish to learn about geology? The quiz will help you do so. Try it out and tell us what you think.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which of the following contribute to weathering?
    • A. 

      Organisms such as worms, bacteria and trees

    • B. 

      Oxygen and carbon dioxide in the air

    • C. 

      Rain water

    • D. 

      Organic acids

    • E. 

      All of the above

  • 2. 
    Erosion is
    • A. 

      The movement of weathered material from its source site.

    • B. 

      The decomposition of rock.

    • C. 

      The disintegration of rock.

    • D. 

      The weathering of rock and transportation of sediment.

    • E. 

      The disintegration of soil.

  • 3. 
    Weathering is classified into which of the following categories?
    • A. 

      Mechanistic and compositional

    • B. 

      Mechanical and physical

    • C. 

      Chemical and mechanical

    • D. 

      Physical and chemical

    • E. 

      Organic and inorganic

  • 4. 
    Which of the following is a means of mechanical weathering?
    • A. 

      Frost wedging and heaving

    • B. 

      Pressure release

    • C. 

      Thermal expansion and contraction

    • D. 

      Burrowing and root wedging

    • E. 

      All of the above

  • 5. 
    Frost wedging in the mountains produces which type of material?
    • A. 

      Tailings

    • B. 

      Talus

    • C. 

      Conglomerate

    • D. 

      Exfoliation

    • E. 

      Regolith

  • 6. 
    Pressure release occurs under which of the following conditions?
    • A. 

      Humid and seasonal

    • B. 

      Hot and arid

    • C. 

      Cold and humid

    • D. 

      Withing mountain regions

    • E. 

      In the tropics

  • 7. 
    Pressure release weathering results in
    • A. 

      Sheet jointing

    • B. 

      Rock bursts

    • C. 

      Exfoliation

    • D. 

      Exfoliation domes

    • E. 

      All of the above

  • 8. 
    Thermal expansion and contraction occurs most commonly in which of the following conditions?
    • A. 

      Arid and hot

    • B. 

      Arid and cold

    • C. 

      Humid and cold

    • D. 

      Humid and hot

    • E. 

      All of the above

  • 9. 
    Chemical weathering is most effective in which combination of conditions?
    • A. 

      Cold and arid

    • B. 

      Warm and humid

    • C. 

      Warm and arid

    • D. 

      Humid and seasonal

    • E. 

      Cold and humid

  • 10. 
    An important type of solution weathering is performed by
    • A. 

      Carbolic acid

    • B. 

      Carbonic acid

    • C. 

      Bicarbomate acid

    • D. 

      Carbon dioxide acid

    • E. 

      Sulfuric acid

  • 11. 
    Carbonic acid produces solution weathering of
    • A. 

      Sandstone

    • B. 

      Rhyolite

    • C. 

      Granite

    • D. 

      Limestone

    • E. 

      Shale

  • 12. 
    Which of the following is a type of chemical weathering?
    • A. 

      Hydrogenation

    • B. 

      Reduction

    • C. 

      Dissolution

    • D. 

      Solution

    • E. 

      Oxygenation

  • 13. 
    A source of carbon dioxide for carbonic acid is
    • A. 

      The atmosphere

    • B. 

      Soil

    • C. 

      Groundwater

    • D. 

      Surface water

    • E. 

      All of the above

  • 14. 
    Hydrolysis is particularly effective in the weathering of
    • A. 

      Limestone

    • B. 

      Sandstone

    • C. 

      Quartz

    • D. 

      Calcite

    • E. 

      Feldspar

  • 15. 
    The important weathering product of hydrolysis of feldspar is
    • A. 

      Ferromagnesian minerals

    • B. 

      Sand minerals

    • C. 

      Dissolved Ca

    • D. 

      Clay minerals

    • E. 

      Accessory minerals

  • 16. 
    An important soluble product of hydrolysis is
    • A. 

      Calcium

    • B. 

      Sodium

    • C. 

      Silica

    • D. 

      B and C, only

    • E. 

      All of the above

  • 17. 
    Which of the following is not a factor influencing the rate of chemical weathering?
    • A. 

      Climate

    • B. 

      Particle size

    • C. 

      Parent material

    • D. 

      Humidity

    • E. 

      Gravity

  • 18. 
    Clay particles in soil are important to soil development because
    • A. 

      They hold soil particles apart

    • B. 

      They allow water and gases to enter soil

    • C. 

      They retain water and supply nutrients

    • D. 

      They allow the flow of grounwater

    • E. 

      They drain poorly

  • 19. 
    Humus
    • A. 

      Is the material always comprising the top-most soil horizon

    • B. 

      Is dark organic-rich material formed by bacterial decay

    • C. 

      Is leaf-litter

    • D. 

      Must include sediments

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 20. 
    What ore of aluminum is commonly developed in tropical soils?
    • A. 

      Borax

    • B. 

      Bauxite

    • C. 

      Laterite

    • D. 

      Phosphate

    • E. 

      Manganese

  • 21. 
    The texture and composition of sedimentary rocks does not necessarily reflect
    • A. 

      The pre-existing rock from which the sediment was derived

    • B. 

      The weathering processes responsible for creating the sediment

    • C. 

      The processes by which the sediments were transported

    • D. 

      The environment in which the sediment was deposited

  • 22. 
    The sediment in sedimentary rocks is derived from
    • A. 

      Solids produced by chemical and mechanical weathering

    • B. 

      Minerals precipitated from solution

    • C. 

      Minerals secreted by organisms

    • D. 

      A and B

    • E. 

      All of the above

  • 23. 
    The rounding and sorting of detrital sediment is a function of
    • A. 

      The transport process or mechanism

    • B. 

      The transport distance

    • C. 

      Depositional environmental

    • D. 

      B and C

    • E. 

      All of the above

  • 24. 
    The most common and effective agent for transporting sediment is
    • A. 

      Wind

    • B. 

      Waves and currents

    • C. 

      Glaciers

    • D. 

      Storms

    • E. 

      Streams

  • 25. 
    Sedimentary rocks include
    • A. 

      Any material which has settled from water.

    • B. 

      . organic, rock and mineral fragments, and precipitated minerals.

    • C. 

      . rocks which have been altered by compression.

    • D. 

      Any layered rock consisting of grains.

    • E. 

      Rocks which have been weathered.