Basic Geology Principles And Concepts Quiz

20 Questions

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Geology Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    What is a system?
    • A. 

      An album by Seal

    • B. 

      Anything that can be isolated and studied

    • C. 

      A group of stereo equipment

  • 2. 
    What are the 5 types of systems (spheres)?[lowercase, in alphabetical order, space between words]
  • 3. 
    What are the drivers for systems? [choose two]
    • A. 

      Gravitational forces

    • B. 

      Sun

    • C. 

      Magnetic field

    • D. 

      Residual heat/radioactivity

    • E. 

      Cosmic rays

  • 4. 
    What are the three types of boundaries?
    • A. 

      Transmogrified

    • B. 

      Convergent

    • C. 

      Transform

    • D. 

      Divergent

    • E. 

      Continental

  • 5. 
    In an oceanic-continental boundary, which type of crust goes back down into the mantle?
    • A. 

      Continental

    • B. 

      Oceanic

  • 6. 
    What type of boundaries are locations where plates are moving away from each other?[one word]
  • 7. 
    In the mechanical layers of Earth, which layer comes after the lithosphere and the asthenosphere?[one word]
  • 8. 
    Which of the following are seismic body waves?
    • A. 

      Rayleigh

    • B. 

      S

    • C. 

      Hess

    • D. 

      Love

    • E. 

      P

  • 9. 
    Can S waves travel through liquid?
    • A. 

      Yes

    • B. 

      No

  • 10. 
    How many stations do you need to find the epicenter of an earthquake?
  • 11. 
    What type of scale is used to measure an earthquake's intensity?
    • A. 

      Richter Scale

    • B. 

      Modified Mercalli Scale

  • 12. 
    When the hanging wall moves upward relative to the footwall, what type of fault is this?
    • A. 

      Normal

    • B. 

      Reverse

    • C. 

      Strike-Slip

  • 13. 
    In an anticline, the rocks at the center are ____________ relative to the rest of the anticline.
    • A. 

      Older

    • B. 

      Younger

  • 14. 
    How old is Earth?
    • A. 

      4.55 Ma

    • B. 

      3.55 Ga

    • C. 

      4.55 Ga

    • D. 

      4.0 Ga

  • 15. 
    Who came up with the hypothesis of continental drift?
    • A. 

      Hess

    • B. 

      Wegener

    • C. 

      Slucher

  • 16. 
    Which one of the following is a transform boundary?
    • A. 

      Aleutians

    • B. 

      NW Pacific coast

    • C. 

      San Andreas

  • 17. 
    What kind of movement do Love waves have?
    • A. 

      Up & down

    • B. 

      Side to side

  • 18. 
    The theory that Earth is shaped by sudden/violent events is called __________________.
  • 19. 
    The inner core is mainly made of ______________________
    • A. 

      Si, O, Ne, K

    • B. 

      Magma

    • C. 

      Fe, Mg

    • D. 

      Strawberry filling

    • E. 

      Igneous rock

  • 20. 
    In an earthquake, the point inside the Earth where stress is released is called the __________.