# Faults And Folds Quiz

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Quiz on the faults and folds of the earth

• 1.

### What is force?

• A.

The pulling of one object upon another

• B.

The pushing of one object upon another

• C.

All of the above

C. All of the above
Explanation
Force is a physical interaction between objects that can cause a change in their motion or shape. It can be exerted through both pulling and pushing actions. When one object pulls another, it applies a force of attraction towards itself. On the other hand, when one object pushes another, it applies a force of repulsion away from itself. Therefore, both pulling and pushing actions are valid examples of force, making the correct answer "all of the above".

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• 2.

### What causes earthquakes?

when forces applied quickly or at a specific angle break the crust's rocks. this fracturing may cause the earth's crust to tremble and vibrate.
Explanation
Earthquakes are caused when forces are applied quickly or at a specific angle, causing the rocks in the earth's crust to fracture. This fracturing leads to the trembling and vibrating of the earth's crust, resulting in an earthquake.

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• 3.

### If forces are applied gently to the crust's rocks, or if the crust's rocks are under high pressure, the rocks may bend as if they were plastic.

• A.

True

• B.

False

A. True
Explanation
When forces are applied gently to the crust's rocks or when the rocks are under high pressure, they can behave like plastic and bend. This means that instead of breaking or fracturing, the rocks are able to change shape without breaking apart. This behavior is similar to how plastic can be molded or bent without breaking. Therefore, the statement is true.

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• 4.

### What is a fault?

• A.

A rock forming above the ground

• B.

The boundary between stationary rocks and moving rocks

• C.

A hole filled with water

B. The boundary between stationary rocks and moving rocks
Explanation
A fault is the boundary between stationary rocks and moving rocks. It is a fracture or break in the Earth's crust where the rocks on either side have moved relative to each other. This movement can be horizontal, vertical, or a combination of both. Faults are commonly associated with earthquakes and can range in size from small, barely noticeable cracks to large, tectonic plate-scale features.

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• 5.

### Faults can suddenly form during earthquakes

• A.

True

• B.

False

A. True
Explanation
During earthquakes, the movement of tectonic plates can cause sudden shifts and fractures in the Earth's crust. These shifts and fractures, known as faults, can form rapidly during the intense shaking of an earthquake. Therefore, it is true that faults can suddenly form during earthquakes.

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• 6.

### What fault  in southwestern California has been the location of several well known earthquakes?

• A.

Grand Fault

• B.

Jose de'langus Fault

• C.

San Andreas Fault

C. San Andreas Fault
Explanation
The San Andreas Fault in southwestern California has been the location of several well-known earthquakes. This fault is a major geological feature that extends for approximately 800 miles through California. It is a transform boundary where the Pacific Plate and the North American Plate meet, causing significant tectonic activity. The movement along this fault has resulted in numerous earthquakes, including the famous 1906 San Francisco earthquake. The San Andreas Fault is therefore the correct answer to the question.

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• 7.

### According to the theory of plate tectonics, this fault marks the boundary between the Atlantic and North American plates.

• A.

True

• B.

False

B. False
Explanation
According to the theory of plate tectonics, the boundary between the Atlantic and North American plates is marked by the Mid-Atlantic Ridge, not a fault. Therefore, the statement is false.

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• 8.

### When does a normal fault occur?

when rocks along one side of a fault sink vertically.
Explanation
A normal fault occurs when the rocks on one side of a fault sink vertically. This type of faulting is caused by tensional forces that pull the rocks apart, causing the hanging wall to move downward relative to the footwall. This can happen when the Earth's crust is being stretched or pulled apart, such as in areas of tectonic plate divergence or during the formation of rift valleys.

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• 9.

### When does a strike-slip fault occur?

when rocks along one side of a fault move horizontally along the fault.
Explanation
A strike-slip fault occurs when rocks along one side of a fault move horizontally along the fault. This type of fault is caused by shearing forces that push the rocks in opposite directions. As a result, there is no vertical displacement of the rocks, only horizontal movement. Strike-slip faults are commonly found in areas where tectonic plates slide past each other, such as along transform boundaries. This movement can cause earthquakes and is responsible for the formation of features like fault lines and offset streams.

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• 10.

### When does a thrust fault occur?

when rocks on one side of a fault are shoved on top of the rocks on the other side.
Explanation
A thrust fault occurs when rocks on one side of a fault are pushed or shoved on top of the rocks on the other side. This typically happens in areas where compressional forces are acting, causing the rocks to be pushed together and creating a reverse fault. The rocks are forced to move in a horizontal direction, resulting in one side of the fault being uplifted or thrust over the other side. This type of faulting is common in areas of mountain building and can result in the formation of fold mountains.

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• 11.

### A fold forms-

• A.

By the bending or buckling of rocks under great force.

• B.

When a volcano erupts

• C.

None of the above

A. By the bending or buckling of rocks under great force.
Explanation
A fold forms by the bending or buckling of rocks under great force. This occurs when the rocks are subjected to intense pressure or stress, causing them to deform and fold. This process commonly occurs in areas of tectonic activity, such as where two tectonic plates collide or compress against each other. The force applied to the rocks causes them to bend and fold, resulting in the formation of folds in the Earth's crust.

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• 12.

### What are synclines?

rocks that bend downward during the folding process
Explanation
Synclines are a type of fold in rock formations where the layers of rock bend downward, creating a U-shaped structure. This occurs during the folding process, which is caused by tectonic forces and pressure. The rocks on the inside of the fold are older, while the rocks on the outside are younger. Synclines are often found in mountainous regions and can be seen as valleys or troughs in the landscape.

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• 13.

### What type of stucture do synclines form?

• A.

Archlike

• B.

Troughlike

• C.

None of the above

B. Troughlike
Explanation
Synclines are a type of fold in rock layers where the layers dip downwards in a U-shape. This creates a trough-like structure, with the youngest rock layers in the center and the oldest layers on the sides. Therefore, the correct answer is "troughlike".

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• 14.

### What are anticlines?

rocks that buckle upward during folding
Explanation
Anticlines are rock formations that bend or buckle upward during the process of folding. This occurs when layers of rock are subjected to compressive forces, causing them to fold and create an arch-like shape. The upward bending of the rock layers creates a convex shape, with the oldest layers at the core and the youngest layers on the outer edges. Anticlines often occur in areas where tectonic forces are actively deforming the Earth's crust, such as mountain ranges or regions of plate collision.

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• 15.

### What type of structure do anticlines form?

• A.

Troughlike

• B.

Archlike

• C.

None of the above

B. Archlike
Explanation
Anticlines are geological structures that form in an arch-like shape. They are characterized by upwardly convex folds in rock layers, where the oldest rock layers are found in the center and the youngest layers are found on the flanks. Anticlines are formed by compressional forces in the Earth's crust, which cause the rock layers to buckle and fold. This arch-like shape is a result of the folding process, where the rocks are pushed upward and the overlying layers are folded over the top.

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• Current Version
• Mar 21, 2023
Quiz Edited by
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• Sep 03, 2011
Quiz Created by
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