What Do You Know About Geology?

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What Do You Know About Geology? - Quiz

Geology is an earth science concerned with the solid earth the rocks and the processes by which they change over time. Want to show off your knowledge in Geology? Take this test.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The structure of the earth beneath its surface, and the processes that have shaped that structure is described as?

    • A.

      Geology

    • B.

      Pysiology

    • C.

      Biology

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. Geology
    Explanation
    Geology is the correct answer because it is the scientific study of the Earth's structure, composition, and the processes that have shaped it over time. This includes the study of rocks, minerals, fossils, earthquakes, volcanoes, and other geological phenomena. Geologists analyze the Earth's layers, such as the crust, mantle, and core, to understand the planet's history and how it continues to evolve. By studying geology, scientists can gain insights into natural resources, environmental changes, and geological hazards, contributing to a better understanding of our planet.

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  • 2. 

    Everything that has to do with solid earth is referred to, as?

    • A.

      Geology

    • B.

      Physiology

    • C.

      Biology

    • D.

      Tectology

    Correct Answer
    A. Geology
    Explanation
    Geology is the correct answer because it is the scientific study of the solid earth, including its composition, structure, and processes. It encompasses the study of rocks, minerals, landforms, and the history of the earth. Geology helps us understand the formation of mountains, earthquakes, volcanoes, and other geological phenomena. Physiology is the study of the function and processes of living organisms, biology is the study of living organisms and their interactions, and tectology is not a recognized scientific term related to the solid earth.

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  • 3. 

    The easiest way to study the earth is to?

    • A.

      Concentrate

    • B.

      Focus

    • C.

      Think of the earth as a cube

    • D.

      Divide the earth into parts

    Correct Answer
    D. Divide the earth into parts
    Explanation
    Dividing the earth into parts is the easiest way to study it because it allows for a systematic and organized approach. By dividing the earth into regions or sections, researchers can focus on studying each part individually, which makes it easier to understand and analyze different aspects such as climate, geology, ecosystems, and human populations. This method also helps in comparing and contrasting different regions, identifying patterns, and making connections between various factors that influence the earth's systems.

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  • 4. 

    A person who studies preserved remains or trace of any once-living thing from a past geological age is called?

    • A.

      Terminologist

    • B.

      Sessimologist

    • C.

      Paleontologist

    • D.

      Physiologist

    Correct Answer
    C. Paleontologist
    Explanation
    A paleontologist is a person who studies preserved remains or traces of any once-living thing from a past geological age. They analyze fossils and other evidence to understand the history of life on Earth and how species have evolved over time. This field of study helps us gain insights into the diversity and extinction of different organisms and provides valuable information about the Earth's past environments.

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  • 5. 

    A rupture in the crust of a planetary-mass object, such as Earth, that allows hot lava, volcanic ash, and gases to escape from a magma chamber is known as?

    • A.

      Volcano

    • B.

      Molten

    • C.

      Fire Eruption

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. Volcano
    Explanation
    A rupture in the crust of a planetary-mass object, such as Earth, that allows hot lava, volcanic ash, and gases to escape from a magma chamber is known as a volcano.

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  • 6. 

    The two most abundant elements in the sky are?

    • A.

      Hydrogen and Helium

    • B.

      Oxygen and Nitrogen

    • C.

      Iron and Nickel

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. Hydrogen and Helium
    Explanation
    Hydrogen and helium are the two most abundant elements in the sky. This is because they are the main constituents of the sun and other stars, which emit vast amounts of these elements into space. Additionally, hydrogen is the most abundant element in the universe, while helium is the second most abundant. These two elements make up the majority of the composition of the sky, accounting for its overall abundance.

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  • 7. 

    What is the thickness of the crust of the earth?

    • A.

      4km

    • B.

      40miles

    • C.

      40km

    • D.

      400 miles

    Correct Answer
    C. 40km
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 40km. The Earth's crust is the outermost layer of the planet and has an average thickness of about 40 kilometers. This layer is relatively thin compared to the other layers of the Earth, such as the mantle and the core. The thickness of the crust can vary in different regions, with oceanic crust being thinner and continental crust being thicker. Understanding the thickness of the Earth's crust is important for studying tectonic plate movements and geological processes.

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  • 8. 

    Which of these layers separates the crust of the earth from the core?

    • A.

      Lithosphere

    • B.

      Mantle

    • C.

      Continent

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. Mantle
    Explanation
    The mantle is the layer that separates the crust of the earth from the core. It is located between the crust and the outer core. The mantle is composed of solid rock and is the largest layer of the Earth. It plays a crucial role in the movement of tectonic plates and the convection currents that drive plate tectonics. The mantle is divided into two parts: the upper mantle and the lower mantle. The upper mantle is more rigid and solid, while the lower mantle is hotter and more fluid-like.

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  • 9. 

    Which of these is NOT an example of a sedimentary rock?

    • A.

      Conglomerate

    • B.

      Breccia

    • C.

      Sandstone

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. None of the above
    Explanation
    All the options listed, Conglomerate, Breccia, and Sandstone, are examples of sedimentary rocks. The correct answer is "None of the above" because all the options provided are examples of sedimentary rocks.

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  • 10. 

    How many rock groups are there?

    • A.

      1

    • B.

      2

    • C.

      3

    • D.

      4

    Correct Answer
    C. 3
    Explanation
    The question is asking for the number of rock groups. The given options are 1, 2, 3, and 4. Out of these options, the correct answer is 3.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 19, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Nov 06, 2017
    Quiz Created by
    Jaksiboy
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