Test Your Knowledge On Geology

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Geology Quizzes & Trivia

The earth is a very interesting planet and this can be due to the fact that it is the only known planet that can support human life. This can be partly due to the constitution of the earth’s crust in general. Do you wish to test out your geology knowledge? If so then the quiz below is perfect to see if you have been attentive to all the presentations we have been having.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What is the very sticky form of clay till called?

    • A.

      Gumbo

    • B.

      Glue

    • C.

      Soup

    • D.

      Chili

    Correct Answer
    A. Gumbo
    Explanation
    Gumbo is the correct answer because it is a type of clay soil that is known for its sticky and adhesive properties. It is commonly found in areas with high clay content and can be difficult to work with due to its stickiness when wet. Gumbo clay is often used in construction and pottery due to its ability to hold its shape and provide stability.

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  • 2. 

    What percentage of known volcanoes are subaerial, meaning they erupt into the atmosphere?

    • A.

      65%

    • B.

      80%

    • C.

      70%

    • D.

      30%

    Correct Answer
    B. 80%
    Explanation
    80% of known volcanoes are subaerial, meaning they erupt into the atmosphere. This means that the majority of volcanoes on Earth are located on land rather than under the ocean. Subaerial volcanoes release their volcanic materials, such as lava, ash, and gases, into the air, which can have significant impacts on the environment and nearby communities. This high percentage suggests that subaerial volcanoes play a crucial role in shaping the Earth's surface and influencing its climate.

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  • 3. 

    What percentage of rock-forming minerals are silicates?

    • A.

      75%

    • B.

      60%

    • C.

      25%

    • D.

      90%

    Correct Answer
    D. 90%
    Explanation
    Silicates are the most abundant group of minerals in the Earth's crust, making up approximately 90% of all rock-forming minerals. This is because silicates are composed of silicon and oxygen, which are the two most abundant elements in the Earth's crust. Therefore, it can be concluded that 90% of rock-forming minerals are silicates.

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  • 4. 

    Which of the following terms refers to the process of mountain building?

    • A.

      Isotasy

    • B.

      Orogeny

    • C.

      Lithosphery

    • D.

      Metamorphism

    Correct Answer
    B. Orogeny
    Explanation
    Orogeny refers to the process of mountain building. It involves the formation of mountain ranges through the collision of tectonic plates or the uplift of crustal blocks. This process can result in the folding, faulting, and uplift of rock layers, leading to the formation of mountains. Isotasy is the state of equilibrium in the Earth's crust, Lithosphery refers to the rigid outer layer of the Earth, and Metamorphism refers to the process of transforming rocks through heat and pressure.

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  • 5. 

    What was the most common type of rock to be found during the Precambrian Period?

    • A.

      Greywacke

    • B.

      Gneiss

    • C.

      Greenstone

    • D.

      Granite

    Correct Answer
    B. Gneiss
    Explanation
    During the Precambrian Period, gneiss was the most common type of rock to be found. Gneiss is a metamorphic rock that forms through the intense heat and pressure deep within the Earth's crust. It is characterized by its banded appearance and is composed of minerals such as quartz, feldspar, and mica. Gneiss is commonly found in areas of high tectonic activity and is often associated with the formation of mountain ranges. Its prevalence during the Precambrian Period suggests that there were significant geological processes and mountain-building events occurring during that time.

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  • 6. 

    In which country is Fiordland, which contains the Milford Sound fiord, located?

    • A.

      Norway

    • B.

      Sweden

    • C.

      Iceland

    • D.

      New Zealand

    Correct Answer
    D. New Zealand
    Explanation
    Fiordland, which contains the Milford Sound fiord, is located in New Zealand. This region is known for its stunning natural beauty, with deep fjords, towering mountains, and pristine lakes. Milford Sound, one of the most famous attractions in Fiordland, is a breathtaking fiord surrounded by lush rainforests and cascading waterfalls. New Zealand is renowned for its diverse landscapes, and Fiordland is a prime example of the country's stunning scenery.

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  • 7. 

    Which of these is not a category of groundwater?

    • A.

      New Water

    • B.

      Juvenile Water

    • C.

      Fresh Water

    • D.

      Salt Water

    Correct Answer
    A. New Water
    Explanation
    New Water is not a category of groundwater because it refers to water that has been recently added to the hydrological cycle, such as through precipitation or melting ice. Groundwater, on the other hand, is water that is stored beneath the Earth's surface in saturated rock or soil formations. The other options, Juvenile Water, Fresh Water, and Salt Water, are all categories of groundwater as they refer to different qualities or compositions of groundwater.

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  • 8. 

    Which of these is not a group of modern desert?

    • A.

      Coastal

    • B.

      Continental-Interior

    • C.

      Tropical

    • D.

      Subtropical

    Correct Answer
    C. Tropical
    Explanation
    The given question asks for a group of modern deserts that is not included in the options. The options provided are Coastal, Continental-Interior, Tropical, and Subtropical. The correct answer is Tropical because tropical deserts are not included in the options. Tropical deserts are typically found near the equator and are characterized by high temperatures and low rainfall. The options provided include other types of deserts, such as coastal deserts found along coastlines, continental-interior deserts found in the middle of continents, and subtropical deserts found in areas with hot and dry climates.

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  • 9. 

    Which of these is not a metamorphic rock?

    • A.

      Phyllite

    • B.

      Limestone

    • C.

      Slate

    • D.

      Schist

    Correct Answer
    B. Limestone
    Explanation
    Limestone is not a metamorphic rock because it is primarily composed of organic remains (such as shells and coral) that have been compacted and cemented together. Metamorphic rocks, on the other hand, are formed from pre-existing rocks that have been subjected to high heat and pressure, causing changes in their mineralogy and texture. Phyllite, slate, and schist are all examples of metamorphic rocks that have undergone these changes. Therefore, limestone does not fit the criteria of a metamorphic rock.

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  • 10. 

    Which of these is not a type of coral-reef shoreline?

    • A.

      Fringing Reef

    • B.

      Coastal Reef

    • C.

      Barrier Reef

    • D.

      Atoll

    Correct Answer
    B. Coastal Reef
    Explanation
    A coastal reef is not a type of coral-reef shoreline. Fringing reefs, barrier reefs, and atolls are all types of coral-reef shorelines. Fringing reefs are located close to the shore, barrier reefs are separated from the shore by a lagoon, and atolls are circular reefs surrounding a central lagoon. However, a coastal reef refers to a reef that is found along the coast but does not meet the specific characteristics of the other types mentioned.

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  • 11. 

    Which of these is not a type of deep-sea sediment?

    • A.

      Pelagic

    • B.

      Authigenic

    • C.

      Terrigenous

    • D.

      Fossilized

    Correct Answer
    D. Fossilized
    Explanation
    Fossilized is not a type of deep-sea sediment because it refers to the preservation of ancient organisms or traces of their activity in rocks or minerals. Deep-sea sediments, on the other hand, are typically composed of pelagic (derived from the water column), authigenic (formed in place), or terrigenous (land-derived) materials. Fossilized materials are typically found in terrestrial or shallow marine environments, rather than in the deep-sea.

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  • 12. 

    Which volcano in Iceland was once thought to be a gateway to the underworld?

    • A.

      Krafla

    • B.

      Hekla

    • C.

      Laki

    • D.

      Katla

    Correct Answer
    B. Hekla
    Explanation
    Hekla is the correct answer because it is a volcano in Iceland that has a long history of eruptions and has been associated with various myths and legends. In the past, people believed that Hekla was a gateway to the underworld due to its frequent and powerful eruptions, which were seen as a connection between the earthly realm and the realm of the dead. This belief has made Hekla a significant and mysterious volcano in Icelandic folklore.

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  • 13. 

    Who published the book "The Theory of the Earth" in 1795?

    • A.

      James Hutton

    • B.

      Charles Lyell

    • C.

      Georges Cuvier

    • D.

      William Smith

    Correct Answer
    A. James Hutton
    Explanation
    James Hutton is the correct answer because he published the book "The Theory of the Earth" in 1795. This book is considered one of the foundational works in geology and it proposed the concept of deep time and uniformitarianism, which greatly influenced the understanding of Earth's history and processes. Hutton's work laid the groundwork for the development of modern geology. Charles Lyell, Georges Cuvier, and William Smith were also notable geologists but did not publish this specific book.

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  • 14. 

    Whose concept of erosion cycle dominated geology for 50 years after its release?

    • A.

      William Morris Davis

    • B.

      John Wesley Powell

    • C.

      Josiah Whitney

    • D.

      Harry Hess

    Correct Answer
    A. William Morris Davis
    Explanation
    William Morris Davis' concept of erosion cycle dominated geology for 50 years after its release. This concept, known as the Davisian cycle or the geomorphic cycle, proposed that landforms evolve through a series of stages, including uplift, youth, maturity, and old age. Davis' ideas revolutionized the understanding of landscape evolution and became the foundation for studying erosion and landform development. His work had a significant impact on the field of geology and shaped the way geologists approached the study of Earth's surface processes for several decades.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Mar 20, 2015
    Quiz Created by
    Cambronbill3
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