Quiz: Can You Pass This Geology 101 Test?

22 Questions | Total Attempts: 88

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Geology Quizzes & Trivia

Taking your first exam on any subject can be a little worrying, and one of the ways you can adequately prepare for them is by use of quizzes that prepare you for the test and help you review all that you have learned so far. Can you pass the Geology 101 test? Just take this quiz and ensure you do.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    A “100 year” flood is:
    • A. 

      One that only occurs once each century.

    • B. 

      The flood that resulted in the most damage during the last century.

    • C. 

      The flood with the highest water level recorded in the last century.

    • D. 

      A flood with a 100% probability of occurring within a given century.

    • E. 

      A flood with a 1% probability of occurring within a given year.

  • 2. 
    What characteristic of magma is the main control as to whether it will erupt as a lava flow or an explosive eruption?
    • A. 

      Amount of dissolved gases

    • B. 

      Magma temperature

    • C. 

      Duration of the eruption

    • D. 

      Whether the eruption occurs on a continent or an oceanic island

    • E. 

      Length of time that has elapsed since the last eruption of the same volcano

  • 3. 
    Love waves are best described as:
    • A. 

      Body waves that cause the ground to move in a rolling fashion

    • B. 

      Surface waves that cause the ground to move laterally, side-to-side

    • C. 

      Surface waves that cause the ground to move in a rolling fashion

    • D. 

      Body waves that cause the ground to move in a push-pull fashion

    • E. 

      Body waves that cause shearing of ground as they pass

  • 4. 
    Mudslides composed of a mixture of water and various sizes of volcanic rock, along with varying amounts of plant debris, are called:
    • A. 

      Pyroclastic flows

    • B. 

      Pahoehoe flows

    • C. 

      Volcanic collapses

    • D. 

      Lava tubes

    • E. 

      Lahars

  • 5. 
    In a meandering stream, erosion occurs mainly:
    • A. 

      In a down-cutting direction.

    • B. 

      Laterally, toward the outside of the meander bend.

    • C. 

      Laterally, along the inside of the meander bend.

    • D. 

      Laterally, along both banks of the stream.

  • 6. 
    True or False? Buildings made of concrete blocks are better capable of withstanding shaking from an earthquake than are buildings made of wood.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 7. 
    The most important factor controlling the nature of a given flood is:
    • A. 

      The size of the drainage basin involved.

    • B. 

      The gradient of the stream channel.

    • C. 

      The absolute discharge of the stream.

    • D. 

      The value of discharge per unit area of stream

    • E. 

      The length of the stream.

  • 8. 
    According to the video “Inside the Volcano”, the eruption of the volcano island Thera, on what is now known as Santorini, resulted in the collapse of which ancient civilization?
    • A. 

      Egyptians

    • B. 

      Minoans

    • C. 

      Persians

    • D. 

      Romans

    • E. 

      Macedonians

  • 9. 
    On average, how many great earthquakes (Magnitude equal to or greater than 8)  occur globally each year? 
    • A. 

      1

    • B. 

      10

    • C. 

      25

    • D. 

      50

    • E. 

      100

  • 10. 
    Most damage caused by earthquakes result from:
    • A. 

      P-waves

    • B. 

      S-waves

    • C. 

      Body waves

    • D. 

      Surface waves

    • E. 

      Micro-waves

  • 11. 
    The video “California’s Katrina” discusses the possibility of catastrophic flooding in which California city?
    • A. 

      San Francisco

    • B. 

      Sacramento

    • C. 

      Los Angeles

    • D. 

      San Diego

    • E. 

      Fresno

  • 12. 
    True or False? Compared to downstream floods, upstream floods typically result in fewer deaths but more property damage.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 13. 
    Which features characterize the upstream portions of a typical river?
    • A. 

      Steep gradient

    • B. 

      Narrow flood plain

    • C. 

      Meanders

    • D. 

      All the above

    • E. 

      a and b but not c

  • 14. 
    Which natural hazard is NOT covered by home owners insurance? 
    • A. 

      Earthquake damage

    • B. 

      Flood damage

    • C. 

      Wind damage

    • D. 

      Damage from volcanic eruptions

    • E. 

      Damage from landslides

  • 15. 
    According to the video “Inside the Volcano”, the style of eruption of Mt. Vesuvius in 79 A.D. is called:
    • A. 

      Strombolian

    • B. 

      Vulcanian

    • C. 

      Plinian

    • D. 

      Hawaiian

  • 16. 
    Ground motion caused by a magnitude 7 earthquake is how many times greater than that caused by a magnitude 4 earthquake?  
    • A. 

      3 times

    • B. 

      30 times

    • C. 

      100 times

    • D. 

      300 times

    • E. 

      1,000 times

  • 17. 
    Urbanization of an area may lead to increased flooding by:
    • A. 

      Covering porous and permeable soil with streets and parking lots, which increases the runoff to infiltration ratio for rainwater.

    • B. 

      Installing storm sewers along streets and residential neighborhoods, which decreased the time it takes water to reach a stream channel

    • C. 

      Elevating structures built on the floodplain, to keep them above the flood waters, which reduces the volume of available storage capacity for the flood waters, forcing them to go even higher.

    • D. 

      All the above

    • E. 

      B and c but not a

  • 18. 
    True or False? The intensity of an earthquake varies with distance from the epicenter, but the magnitude is a fixed value, determined by the amount of ground movement at the epicenter.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 19. 
    According to the video “Inside the Volcano,” the ancient cities of Pompei and Herculaneum were destroyed by what kind of eruptive product from Mt. Vesuvius?
    • A. 

      Lahars

    • B. 

      Pyroclastic flows and falls

    • C. 

      Lava flows

    • D. 

      Toxic gases

    • E. 

      Burning brimstone (sulfur)

  • 20. 
    True or False? Data upon which the Flood Recurrence Interval for a given stream are based are specific to that stream and will not change over time.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 21. 
    Some volcanoes produce fast-moving avalanches of ash, rock, volcanic glass fragments, and gas. What are these avalanches called?
    • A. 

      Landslides

    • B. 

      Ash fall

    • C. 

      Tephra fall

    • D. 

      Pyroclastic flows

    • E. 

      Lahars

  • 22. 
    According to the video “California’s Katrina”, flooding of New Orleans could not have been prevented; the design and construction of the levees protecting the city were sound.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False